senate Bill S248

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Requires brokers who receive monies in a fiduciary capacity to deposit such monies in an interest on broker account

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to judiciary
Jan 09, 2013 referred to judiciary

S248 - Bill Details

Current Committee:
Law Section:
Real Property Law
Laws Affected:
Add §443-b, RP L; amd §§97-v & 98, St Fin L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S1715
2009-2010: S2974

S248 - Bill Texts

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Requires brokers who receive monies in a fiduciary capacity to deposit such monies in an interest on broker (IOBA) account.

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BILL NUMBER:S248

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the real property law and the state finance law, in relation to
brokers fiduciary funds

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
To direct real estate brokers to hold
escrowed monies in certain specialized accounts.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
This bill would
direct real estate
brokers to hold all escrowed monies held for the benefits of others
in specialized Interest On Brokers Accounts (IOBA), patterned after
Interest On Lawyers' Accounts (IOLA). All interest earned from IOBA
accounts would flow to the benefit of civil legal service funding,

JUSTIFICATION:
In 1993 Judiciary Law Sec. 497 was enacted, which
provided for attorney's escrow monies to be held in specialized IOLA
accounts. The interest proceeds from these accounts were then used to
fund much needed civil legal services. It is submitted that the
extension of these accounts for the benefit of civil legal services
would be a sensible and logical step which would likewise benefits
those with civil legal service needs, but without the resources to
pay for same. This bill extends the similar guidelines to financial
institutions and brokers applicable to said funds as had been made
applicable to attorneys pursuant to the aforementioned IOLA
legislation.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
S.1715 of 2011
01/11/11 REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
01/04/12 REFERRED TO JUDICIARY

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
This act shall take effect immediately; provided,
however, that the provisions of section one of this act shall not
take effect until the board of trustees of the IOLA fund established
under the provisions of section 97-v of the state finance law, as
added by chapter 659 of the laws of 1983, shall have certified to the
Secretary of State that the Commissioner of Internal Revenue of the
United States has ruled interest earned on an interest on broker
account is not includable in the gross income of either the broker
maintaining the account or the gross income of the beneficial owner;
provided further, that the Secretary of State shall notify the
Legislative Bill Drafting Commission as to whether or not the office
of the Secretary of State has timely received such certification in
order that the Commission may maintain an accurate and timely
effective data base of the official text of the laws of the State of


New York in furtherance of effecting the provisions of section 70-b
of the public officers law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   248

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary

AN ACT to amend the real property law and  the  state  finance  law,  in
  relation to brokers fiduciary funds

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The real property law is amended by adding  a  new  section
443-b to read as follows:
  S  443-B.  BROKERS  FIDUCIARY  FUNDS; INTEREST-BEARING ACCOUNTS. 1. AS
USED IN THIS SECTION:
  (A) "INTEREST ON BROKER  ACCOUNT"  OR  "IOBA"  MEANS  AN  UNSEGREGATED
INTEREST-BEARING  DEPOSIT  ACCOUNT  WITH  A  BANKING INSTITUTION FOR THE
DEPOSIT BY A BROKER OF QUALIFIED FUNDS.
  (B) "QUALIFIED FUNDS" MEANS MONEYS RECEIVED BY A BROKER IN A FIDUCIARY
CAPACITY FROM A CLIENT OR BENEFICIAL OWNER AND WHICH ARE NOT  PLACED  IN
AN INTEREST-BEARING ACCOUNT AT THE REQUEST OF AND FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE
CLIENT OR BENEFICIAL OWNER.
  (C) "FUNDS RECEIVED IN A FIDUCIARY CAPACITY" MEANS FUNDS RECEIVED BY A
BROKER  FROM  A  CLIENT  OR  BENEFICIAL OWNER IN THE COURSE OF BUSINESS,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, FUNDS RECEIVED IN AN ESCROW CAPACITY.
  (D) "BANKING INSTITUTION" MEANS A BANK, TRUST COMPANY,  SAVINGS  BANK,
SAVINGS  AND  LOAN  ASSOCIATION,  CREDIT UNION OR FOREIGN BANKING CORPO-
RATION WHETHER INCORPORATED, CHARTERED, ORGANIZED OR LICENSED UNDER  THE
LAWS  OF  THIS  STATE  OR  THE UNITED STATES, PROVIDED THAT SUCH BANKING
INSTITUTION CONDUCTS ITS PRINCIPAL BANKING BUSINESS IN THIS STATE.
  2. (A) UNLESS A  CLIENT  OR  BENEFICIAL  OWNER  SPECIFICALLY  REQUESTS
OTHERWISE,  OR  A  CONTRACT  PROVIDES  OTHERWISE,  A BROKER WHO RECEIVES
MONIES IN A FIDUCIARY CAPACITY SHALL DEPOSIT SUCH MONIES IN AN IOBA IN A
BANKING INSTITUTION OF HIS OR HER CHOICE OFFERING SUCH ACCOUNTS.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02245-01-3

S. 248                              2

  (B) A BROKER WHO  RECEIVES  QUALIFIED  FUNDS  SHALL  DISCLOSE  TO  ALL
PARTIES THE BANK IN WHICH THE FUNDS WILL BE DEPOSITED DURING THE TERM OF
THE ESCROW. NO FURTHER DISCLOSURE SHALL BE REQUIRED OF SUCH BROKER.
  (C)  A  BROKER  WHO DEPOSITS MONEY IN AN IOBA PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION
SHALL NOT BE DEEMED IN VIOLATION OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE'S  RULES  AND
REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE MAINTAINING OF ESCROW ACCOUNTS.
  (D)  NOTWITHSTANDING  THE DEPOSIT REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SUBDIVISION, NO
BROKER SHALL BE LIABLE IN DAMAGES NOR HELD TO ANSWER  FOR  A  CHARGE  OF
PROFESSIONAL  MISCONDUCT  FOR  FAILURE  TO DEPOSIT QUALIFIED FUNDS IN AN
IOBA.
  3. NO BROKER SHALL BE LIABLE IN DAMAGES  NOR  HELD  TO  ANSWER  FOR  A
CHARGE  OF  PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT BECAUSE OF A DEPOSIT OF MONEYS TO AN
IOBA PURSUANT TO A JUDGMENT IN GOOD FAITH THAT SUCH MONEYS  WERE  QUALI-
FIED FUNDS.
  (A) A BROKER WHICH RECEIVES QUALIFIED FUNDS IN THE COURSE OF ITS BUSI-
NESS  AND ESTABLISHES AND MAINTAINS AN IOBA SHALL DO SO BY (I) DESIGNAT-
ING THE ACCOUNT AS (NAME OF BROKER IOBA) WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE  BANK-
ING  INSTITUTION;  AND  (II)  NOTIFYING  THE NEW YORK INTEREST ON LAWYER
ACCOUNT FUND WITHIN THIRTY DAYS OF ESTABLISHING THE IOBA OF THE  ACCOUNT
NUMBER AND NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE BANKING INSTITUTION WHERE THE ACCOUNT
IS DEPOSITED.
  (B)  THE  RATE  OF INTEREST PAYABLE ON ANY IOBA SHALL BE NOT LESS THAN
THE RATE PAID BY THE BANKING INSTITUTION ON SIMILAR ACCOUNTS  MAINTAINED
AT  THAT  INSTITUTION,  AND  THE BANKING INSTITUTION SHALL NOT IMPOSE ON
SUCH ACCOUNTS ANY CHARGES OR FEES GREATER THAN  IT  IMPOSED  ON  SIMILAR
ACCOUNTS MAINTAINED AT THAT INSTITUTION.
  (C) WITH RESPECT TO IOBA'S, THE BANKING INSTITUTION SHALL:
  (I)  REMIT  AT  LEAST  QUARTERLY  ANY  INTEREST  EARNED ON THE ACCOUNT
DIRECTLY TO  THE  NEW  YORK  INTEREST  ON  LAWYER  ACCOUNT  FUND,  AFTER
DEDUCTION OF SERVICE CHARGES OR FEES, IF ANY, ARE APPLIED;
  (II)  TRANSMIT  TO  THE  NEW YORK INTEREST ON LAWYER ACCOUNT FUND WITH
EACH REMITTANCE A STATEMENT SHOWING AT LEAST THE NAME  OF  THE  ACCOUNT,
SERVICE CHARGES OR FEES DEDUCTED, IF ANY, AND THE AMOUNT OF NET INTEREST
REMITTED FROM SUCH ACCOUNT;
  (III)  TRANSMIT  TO  EACH  BROKER  WHICH MAINTAINS AN IOBA A STATEMENT
SHOWING AT LEAST THE NAME  OF  THE  ACCOUNT,  SERVICE  CHARGES  OR  FEES
DEDUCTED, IF ANY, AND THE AMOUNT OF INTEREST REMITTED FROM SUCH ACCOUNT;
  (IV)  BE PERMITTED TO IMPOSE REASONABLE SERVICE CHARGES FOR THE PREPA-
RATION AND ISSUANCE OF THE STATEMENT; AND
  (V) HAVE NO DUTY TO INQUIRE OR DETERMINE WHETHER DEPOSITS  CONSIST  OF
QUALIFIED FUNDS.
  4.  (A)  PAYMENT FROM AN IOBA TO OR UPON THE ORDER OF THE BROKER MAIN-
TAINING SUCH ACCOUNT SHALL BE VALID AND SUFFICIENT RELEASE OF ANY CLAIMS
BY ANY PERSON OR ENTITY AGAINST ANY BANKING INSTITUTION FOR ANY PAYMENTS
SO MADE.
  (B) ANY REMITTANCE OF INTEREST TO THE  NEW  YORK  INTEREST  ON  LAWYER
ACCOUNT  FUND BY A BANKING INSTITUTION PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL BE
A VALID AND SUFFICIENT RELEASE AND DISCHARGE OF ANY CLAIMS BY ANY PERSON
OR ENTITY AGAINST SUCH BANKING INSTITUTION FOR ANY PAYMENT SO MADE,  AND
NO ACTION SHALL BE MAINTAINED AGAINST ANY BANKING INSTITUTION SOLELY FOR
OPENING,  OFFERING,  OR MAINTAINING AN IOBA, FOR ACCEPTING ANY FUNDS FOR
DEPOSIT TO ANY SUCH ACCOUNT OR FOR REMITTING ANY  INTEREST  TO  THE  NEW
YORK INTEREST ON LAWYER ACCOUNT FUND.
  5. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO REQUIRE ANY
BANKING INSTITUTION TO OFFER, ACCEPT OR MAINTAIN IOBA'S.

S. 248                              3

  6.  ALL  PAPERS, RECORDS, DOCUMENTS OR OTHER INFORMATION IDENTIFYING A
BROKER, CLIENT OR BENEFICIAL OWNER OF AN IOBA SHALL BE CONFIDENTIAL  AND
SHALL  NOT BE DISCLOSED BY A BANKING INSTITUTION EXCEPT WITH THE CONSENT
OF THE ATTORNEY MAINTAINING THE ACCOUNT OR  AS  PERMITTED  BY  ANY  LAW,
REGULATION OR ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENT.
  7.  A BROKER THAT CAN ESTABLISH THAT COMPLIANCE WITH SUBDIVISION THREE
OF THIS SECTION HAS RESULTED IN ANY  BANKING  SERVICE  CHARGES  OR  FEES
SHALL  BE ENTITLED TO REIMBURSEMENT OF SUCH EXPENSE FROM THE INTEREST ON
LAWYER ACCOUNT FUND BY FILING A CLAIM WITH SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION WITH
THE FUND.
  S 2. Paragraphs d and g of subdivision 3 of section 97-v of the  state
finance law, as added by chapter 659 of the laws of 1983, are amended to
read as follows:
  d.  The board shall adopt rules and regulations for the administration
of the IOLA fund to carry  out  the  purposes  and  provisions  of  this
section and of [section] SECTIONS four hundred ninety-seven of the judi-
ciary law AND FOUR HUNDRED FORTY-THREE-B OF THE REAL PROPERTY LAW.  Such
regulations shall be adopted in accordance with article two of the state
administrative procedure act.
  g.  Notwithstanding  any  statute  or  rule to the contrary, the board
shall maintain all papers, records, documents or other information iden-
tifying an attorney, BROKER, client  or  beneficial  owner  of  an  IOLA
account  OR  AN INTEREST ON BROKER ACCOUNT on a private and confidential
basis and shall not disclose such information unless such disclosure  is
necessary  to  accomplish  the purposes of this section and section four
hundred ninety-seven of the  judiciary  law,  or  unless  disclosure  is
pursuant to compulsory legal process.
  S  3. The closing paragraph of section 98 of the state finance law, as
amended by chapter 317 of the laws  of  1994,  is  amended  to  read  as
follows:
  Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of any other general or special law,
the comptroller shall not invest the moneys of any fund in any  security
or  securities  except  as above described, provided, however, that: (a)
the comptroller may, in order to maximize the rate of return on  invest-
ments,  invest  the  moneys belonging to the New York interest on lawyer
account fund in notes, securities and deposits of  banking  institutions
which  accept  IOLA  AND/OR  INTEREST  ON  BROKER  accounts, and (b) the
provisions of this section shall not limit the types of investments that
may be made with moneys belonging to  the  volunteer  ambulance  service
award  fund established by section two hundred nineteen-h of the general
municipal law.
  S 4. This act shall take effect immediately; provided,  however,  that
the  provisions  of  section one of this act shall not take effect until
the board of trustees of the IOLA fund established under the  provisions
of section 97-v of the state finance law, as added by chapter 659 of the
laws  of  1983,  shall have certified to the secretary of state that the
commissioner of internal revenue of the United States has ruled interest
earned on an interest on broker account is not includable in  the  gross
income  of either the broker maintaining the account or the gross income
of the beneficial owner; provided further, that the secretary  of  state
shall  notify  the legislative bill drafting commission as to whether or
not the office of the  secretary  of  state  has  timely  received  such
certification  in order that the commission may maintain an accurate and
timely effective data base of the official text of the laws of the state
of New York in furtherance of effecting the provisions of  section  70-b
of the public officers law.

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