senate Bill S3160

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Requires access to new homes by persons with disabilities

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

do you support this bill?

Actions

view actions (2)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to housing, construction and community development
Jan 31, 2013 referred to housing, construction and community development

Co-Sponsors

S3160 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A5068
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Real Property Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 16 ยงยง480 - 484, RP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S429A, A1918A
2009-2010: S8150, A9409A

S3160 - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires access to new homes by persons with disabilities.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S3160

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the real property law, in relation to
the visitability of new homes by persons with disabilities

PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to establish minimum
regulations for the design and construction of new single family
homes, townhouses or the ground unit of a building with three or fewer
dwellings units by builders who receive state or federal funds and
subsidies to provide for the occupancy and 'visitability' for and by
person with disabilities.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: The real property law is amended by adding a
new Article 16: "Visitability" of New Construction.

The article establishes minimum standards for the accessibility by the
mobility impaired 1) from the public street or driveway to the
exterior door of a dwelling, 2) interior doors, 3) environmental
controls, 4) habitable space and 5) interior bathroom requirements.

The article also has an enforcement/penalty clause of not less than
fifty and not more t:han five hundred dollars for each offense and for
each day the violation continues to occur.

* Amendment: to include height and dimensions omitted from original
draft and enforcement provisions.

JUSTIFICATION: The availability of accessible, affordable and
integrated housing opportunities for people with disabilities is
critical to sustaining fully independent lives in their communities.

"Visitability" is a movement to change home construction practices so
that new homes offer a few specific features that would make it easier
for people with a mobility impairment to occupy and visit. The spirit
of "visitability" is the belief that it is unacceptable that new homes
continue to be built with gross barriers, given the ease of building
basic access into the majority of new homes and the harsh effects
major barriers have on people's lives, including physically unsafe
conditions, social isolation and unwanted institutionalization.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: One hundred eightieth day after it shall have become
a law and shall apply to dwelling units for which construction shall
begin on or after such date.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3160

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 31, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sens. KRUEGER, ADDABBO, VALESKY -- read twice and ordered
  printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Housing,
  Construction and Community Development

AN ACT to amend the real property law, in relation to  the  visitability
  of new homes by persons with disabilities

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The real property law is amended by adding a new article 16
to read as follows:
                               ARTICLE 16
                    VISITABILITY OF NEW CONSTRUCTION
SECTION 480. PURPOSE.
        481. APPLICABILITY OF NEW CONSTRUCTION.
        482. VISITABILITY REQUIREMENT.
        483. EXCLUSION.
        484. ENFORCEMENT.
  S 480. PURPOSE. THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE IS  TO  ESTABLISH  MINIMUM
REGULATIONS  FOR  THE  DESIGN  AND  CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOMES TO PROVIDE
VISITABILITY TO SUCH HOMES BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.
  S 481. APPLICABILITY OF NEW CONSTRUCTION. ANY NEW DWELLING UNIT  WHICH
WAS  DESIGNED,  CONSTRUCTED,  OR  COMMISSIONED,  CONTRACTED OR OTHERWISE
ARRANGED FOR DESIGN OR CONSTRUCTION, BY ANY PERSON OR ENTITY WHO, AT ANY
TIME DURING THE COMMISSIONING DESIGN OR CONSTRUCTION, RECEIVED NEW  YORK
STATE  OR  FEDERAL  FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR SUCH DESIGN OR CONSTRUCTION
SHALL COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS  OF  THIS  ARTICLE.    STATE  FINANCIAL
ASSISTANCE SHALL NOT INCLUDE LOANS BACKED BY THE STATE OF NEW YORK MORT-
GAGE  AGENCY  (SONYMA).   FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE SHALL NOT INCLUDE
LOANS BACKED BY FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION  (FANNIE  MAE)  OR
FEDERAL  HOUSING  ADMINISTRATION (FHA) FINANCING OR OTHER MORTGAGE LOANS
BACKED BY A FEDERAL  MORTGAGE  LOAN  PROGRAM.    FOR  PURPOSES  OF  THIS
SECTION,  THE  TERM  "DWELLING UNIT" SHALL MEAN A DETACHED SINGLE FAMILY

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD01793-01-3

S. 3160                             2

HOME, A GROUND FLOOR UNIT IN A TOWN HOUSE, OR A GROUND FLOOR UNIT  IN  A
BUILDING  OF  THREE  OR  FEWER  DWELLING  UNITS WHICH IS DESIGNED AS, OR
INTENDED FOR OCCUPANCY AS A RESIDENCE.
  S  482. VISITABILITY REQUIREMENT. THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A NEW
DWELLING UNIT SHALL COMPLY WITH THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS:
  1. ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCE. (A) EXCEPT AS PROVIDED  IN  PARAGRAPH  (B)  OF
THIS  SUBDIVISION,  THE GROUND LEVEL OF SUCH DWELLING UNIT SHALL CONTAIN
AT LEAST ONE ENTRANCE TO THE DWELLING UNIT THAT:
  (I) IS ACCESSIBLE TO, AND USABLE BY,  PEOPLE  WITH  DISABILITIES  SUCH
THAT ALL ROOMS ON THE LEVEL ARE CONNECTED BY AN ACCESSIBLE ROUTE;
  (II)  DOES  NOT  CONTAIN  ANY STEPS OR ANY DOOR THRESHOLD THAT EXCEEDS
ONE-HALF INCH IN HEIGHT; AND
  (III) IS LOCATED ON A CONTINUOUS UNOBSTRUCTED  PATH  FROM  THE  PUBLIC
STREET  OR  DRIVEWAY  THAT SERVES THE UNIT, WHICH PATH AT NO POINT HAS A
SLOPE EXCEEDING ONE INCH IN RISE FOR EVERY TWELVE INCHES IN LENGTH,  HAS
A  WIDTH  OF  NOT  LESS THAN THIRTY-SIX INCHES AND HAS A CROSS SLOPE NOT
GREATER THAN TWO PERCENT OF THE WIDTH. SUCH UNOBSTRUCTED PATH  SHALL  BE
ABLE  TO  BE  NEGOTIATED BY A PERSON AND MAY INCLUDE CURB RAMPS, PARKING
ACCESS AISLES, WALKS, AND RAMPS.
  (B) THE PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPH (A)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION  SHALL  NOT
APPLY TO A DWELLING UNIT IF:
  (I)  THE  FINISHED  GRADE  OF  THE SITE IS TOO STEEP TO PROVIDE A PATH
HAVING A SLOPE OF ONE INCH IN RISE FOR EVERY TWELVE INCHES IN LENGTH  AT
THE FRONT, SIDE, OR BACK OF THE UNIT;
  (II) THERE IS NO DRIVEWAY SERVING THE UNIT; AND
  (III)  THERE IS NO ALLEY OR OTHER ROADWAY CAPABLE OF PROVIDING VEHICU-
LAR ACCESS TO THE REAR OR SIDE OF THE UNIT.
  2. ACCESSIBLE INTERIOR DOORS. ALL DOORS THAT  ARE  DESIGNED  TO  ALLOW
PASSAGE  WITHIN  THE  GROUND  LEVEL  OF SUCH DWELLING UNIT SHALL HAVE AN
UNOBSTRUCTED OPENING OF AT LEAST THIRTY-SIX INCHES WHEN THE DOOR IS OPEN
AT A NINETY-DEGREE ANGLE.
  3. ACCESSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS. ALL ENVIRONMENTAL  CONTROLS  AND
OUTLETS  LOCATED  ON  THE  GROUND  LEVEL  OF SUCH DWELLING UNIT SHALL BE
LOCATED ON  THE  WALL  AT  LEAST  FIFTEEN  INCHES,  BUT  NOT  MORE  THAN
FORTY-EIGHT  INCHES,  ABOVE  THE  FLOOR OR, IN THE CASE OF ENVIRONMENTAL
CONTROLS AND OUTLETS LOCATED DIRECTLY ABOVE A COUNTER, SINK,  OR  APPLI-
ANCE, NOT MORE THAN THREE INCHES ABOVE SUCH COUNTER, SINK, OR APPLIANCE.
  4.  ACCESSIBLE  HABITABLE SPACE AND BATHROOM. THE GROUND LEVEL OF SUCH
DWELLING UNIT SHALL CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING:
  (A) AT LEAST ONE INDOOR ROOM THAT HAS AN AREA OF NOT LESS THAN SEVENTY
SQUARE FEET AND CONTAINS NO SIDE OR DIMENSION NARROWER THAN SEVEN  FEET;
AND
  (B) AT LEAST ONE BATHROOM THAT CONTAINS, AT A MINIMUM, THE FOLLOWING:
  (I)  CLEAR FLOOR SPACE OF THIRTY BY FORTY-EIGHT INCHES CENTERED ON AND
CONTIGUOUS TO THE SINK, WHICH IS NOT ENCROACHED BY THE SWING PATH OF THE
BATHROOM DOOR;
  (II) A SINK AND A TOILET THAT EACH ALLOW FOR  A  PARALLEL  OR  HEAD-ON
APPROACH BY A PERSON IN A WHEELCHAIR; AND
  (III)  WALLS THAT ARE REINFORCED TO BE CAPABLE OF SUPPORTING GRAB BARS
THAT RESIST SHEAR AND BENDING FORCES OF A MINIMUM OF TWO  HUNDRED  FIFTY
POUNDS, AS FOLLOWS:
  (A)  ALL  WALLS  ADJACENT  TO THE TOILET SHALL HAVE HORIZONTAL BACKING
REINFORCEMENTS, EACH AT LEAST THIRTY-THREE INCHES,  BUT  NOT  MORE  THAN
THIRTY-SIX  INCHES, ABOVE THE FLOOR, AND SUFFICIENT TO ALLOW FOR A TWEN-
TY-FOUR-INCH GRAB  BAR  ON  THE  WALL  BEHIND  THE  TOILET  AND  ANOTHER

S. 3160                             3

FORTY-TWO-INCH  GRAB  BAR  ON  ONE  OR  THE  OTHER WALLS ADJACENT TO THE
TOILET.
  (B) IF A BATHTUB IS PRESENT IN THE BATHROOM, SUCH REINFORCEMENTS SHALL
INCLUDE:
  (I)  TWO  BACKING REINFORCEMENTS ON THE BACK WALL OF THE BATHTUB, EACH
AT LEAST TWENTY-FOUR INCHES LONG, AT LEAST TWENTY INCHES  WIDE  AND  NOT
MORE  THAN  TWENTY-FOUR  INCHES FROM THE HEAD END WALL AND NOT MORE THAN
TWELVE INCHES FROM THE FOOT END WALL, ONE IN A  HORIZONTAL  POSITION  AT
LEAST  THIRTY-THREE  INCHES,  BUT NOT MORE THAN THIRTY-SIX INCHES, ABOVE
THE FLOOR, AND ONE NINE INCHES ABOVE THE RIM OF THE BATHTUB;
  (II) ONE BACKING REINFORCEMENT ON THE FOOT END WALL OF THE BATHTUB, AT
LEAST TWENTY INCHES LONG, AT LEAST EIGHTEEN INCHES WIDE AND  LOCATED  AT
THE FRONT EDGE OF THE BATHTUB; AND
  (III)  ONE  BACKING REINFORCEMENT ON THE HEAD END WALL OF THE BATHTUB,
AT LEAST TWELVE INCHES LONG, AT LEAST EIGHTEEN INCHES WIDE  AND  LOCATED
AT THE FRONT EDGE OF THE BATHTUB.
  (C)  IF A SHOWER IS PRESENT IN THE BATHROOM, SUCH REINFORCEMENTS SHALL
INCLUDE BACKING REINFORCEMENTS ON  AT  LEAST  TWO  WALLS  ON  WHICH  THE
CONTROL  VALVES  ARE  NOT  LOCATED,  EACH CENTERED AT LEAST THIRTY-THREE
INCHES, BUT NOT MORE THAN THIRTY-SIX INCHES,  ABOVE  THE  FLOOR  AND  AT
LEAST EIGHTEEN INCHES WIDE.
  S 483. EXCLUSION. THIS ARTICLE SHALL NOT APPLY TO SITES WHOSE PHYSICAL
CHARACTERISTICS RENDERS COMPLIANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE UNREASONABLE.
  S  484. ENFORCEMENT. ANY PERSON, FIRM, CORPORATION, PARTNERSHIP OR ANY
OTHER BUSINESS ENTITY THAT VIOLATES ANY PROVISION OF THIS ARTICLE  SHALL
BE  SUBJECT TO A CIVIL PENALTY OF NOT LESS THAN FIFTY NOR MORE THAN FIVE
HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR EACH  SUCH  OFFENSE  AND  EACH  DAY  ON  WHICH  SUCH
VIOLATION OCCURS OR CONTINUES TO OCCUR SHALL BE A SEPARATE OFFENSE.  ANY
VIOLATION  OF  THIS ARTICLE SHALL BE ENFORCEABLE BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
AND ANY AGGRIEVED PARTY, AND ANY SUCH PARTY SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO SEEK
LEGAL AND EQUITABLE RELIEF AND THE COURT MAY AWARD REASONABLE COSTS  AND
ATTORNEY'S FEES ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH ACTION.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
it  shall  have  become  a  law  and  shall  apply to dwelling units the
construction of which begins on or after such date.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.