senate Bill S3327

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Requires all motor vehicle insurers to file annual detailed financial and claim data statements with the superintendent of financial services

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to insurance
Jan 31, 2013 referred to insurance

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S3327 - Bill Details

Current Committee:
Law Section:
Insurance Law
Laws Affected:
Add ยง342, Ins L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S3271
2009-2010: S7531

S3327 - Bill Texts

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Requires all motor vehicle insurers to file annual detailed financial and claim data statements with the superintendent of financial services; provides that all such statements shall be made available to the public.

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BILL NUMBER:S3327

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the insurance law, in relation to
requiring all motor vehicle insurers to file annual financial
statements and detailed claim data with the superintendent of
financial services

PURPOSE OF BILL: The bill expands upon current insurance reporting
laws by providing for more detailed reporting requirements of
automobile insurers' "financial statements" and "closed claims" data.
This enhanced data collection will provide lawmakers with a source of
reliable and accessible data that will better enable them to evaluate
automobile insurance and assist in providing an optimal product to New
York citizens.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF BILL: The proposed language provides for a
publicly accessible and neutral method for the systematic collection
of automobile insurers' financial and closed claims data. The
supplemental financial disclosure requirements stipulate that insurers
must provide detailed information concerning all sources of "income"
including, but not limited to, data on premiums received, investment
income, and profit from the sale of assets. Detailed information
regarding expenses must also be provided, including, expenses actually
incurred and paid, normal business expenses, salaries, commissions,
consulting fees, legal expenses, and advertising costs. A synopsis of
the total claims or settlements paid in each financial statement and
specific data on claims that have been settled with or without a
payment (closed claims) must also be provided.

Additionally, all submitted data must be signed by the insurer's chief
executive officer, attesting its' accuracy. Civil penalties will be
assessed against companies that fail to comply with any of the
provisions of the bill. The proposal also indicates that the insurance
department must make all information publicly available to consumers
on the department's web site.

JUSTIFICATION: Automobile insurance is a vital part of the New York
State economy and is of high importance to the citizens of New York.
Personal automobile insurance premiums in 2008 were $9.8 billion.
Commercial automobile insurance premiums in 2008 were $2.0 billion.
Automobile liability insurance protects against the possible adverse
financial consequences of being held liable for damage to another
person or another's property. Personal injury protection provides
first party medical benefits when an injury arises from an automobile
accident, as well as, providing other financial benefits such as
partial wage loss reimbursement. Physical damage insurance covers
damage to the policyholder's own vehicle; which is often one the
largest financial assets of a person; as well as being vital to other
aspects of a person's life such as transportation to and from work. A
failure to have fairly priced automobile insurance with adequate
benefits from solvent insurance companies could have dire consequences
for New York.

Given the significance of automobile insurance to New York State and
its citizens, the State has a compelling public interest in ensuring
that the parties with a stake in the transactions; policyholders,


insurance companies and the general public; are all treated fairly.
It is also important to ensure that the benefits to citizens are
adequate, that insurance companies have the opportunity to earn a fair
profit, that insurance companies will be able to make good on the
promises contained in insurance policies, and that insurance companies
operate in a fair efficient manner. In order for lawmakers to be able
to carefully evaluate various alternatives for achieving these
objectives, it is vital that information about automobile insurance be
available.

There are many entities that give the insurance industry's perspective
on automobile insurance. These entities include Insurance Services
Office (ISO), the Insurance Research Council (IRC) and the Insurance
Information Institute (III). ISO submits filings on behalf of
insurance companies to the Department of Insurance. The IRC is funded
and operated by a consortium of insurance companies which publishes
"studies" which merit careful analysis. A recent IRC publication
regarding automobile injury claims(1) stated "Shifts in treatment
alternatives and increased costs have led to the continued escalation
of medical care expenses," "Total claimed losses and total claim
payments have grown faster than inflation, spurred by increases in
medical expenses" and "Attorney involvement is associated with
extensive medical treatment, elevated claimed losses, and lower net
compensation for claimants."

The III acts as an advocate for the insurance industry. A recent
document by the III(2) claims that the New York No-Fault system is in
"crisis" and "out of control." The III then suggests insurance
industry "solutions" to these alleged "problems." However, it is
impossible to discern the veracity or accuracy of the contentions of
the IRC or the III absent analysis of their underlying data. All of
these insurance industry organizations have access to detailed
financial and claim data that insurance companies do not make
available to the public.

As things currently stand, no independent and neutral mechanism exists
to determine the root cause of declared insurance "crises" and policy
cancellations. And, because the insurers typically refuse requests,to
produce more detailed data, lawmakers and consumers have to rely on
the industry's reports to make policy decisions.

Clearly, independent, objective and accurate data is needed so
lawmakers and the public can conduct sound analyses in reaching a
public policy decision that impacts millions of New York citizens.
For example, more detailed claim data would help in evaluating the
insurance industry claims that the no-fault system is out of control
and that benefits to consumers need to be restricted. In the absence
of this basic data, it is impossible for lawmakers and consumers to
engage in rational decision-making about insurance industry proposals
that would severely limit consumer rights.

In order to level the playing field, and have a vibrant public
discussion and analysis of the issues involving automobile insurance,
it is critically important that all parties involved in the discussion
of automobile insurance have access to comprehensive information. This
bill takes a step in that direction by starting to make publicly
available certain information that insurance companies have resisted


disclosing. This bill will provide for the vigilant financial
examination of insurer activities and allows consumers to monitor
insurance industry for fair treatment.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2009-10: S.7531/A.10738 (Weinstein) - Referred
to Insurance

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Insurance Research Council, Auto Injury Insurance Claims:
Countrywide Patterns in Treatment Cost, and Compensation, 2008
Edition, January 2008, at 4 - 5. This report states that detailed data
on more than 1,500 New York automobile claims was collected, but the
IRC has not made that information public so that other entities could
perform their own analysis

(2) Insurance Information Institute, New York PIP Insurance Update, Is
New York's No-Fault Crisis Returning?, November 5, 2009.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3327

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 31, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sens. HASSELL-THOMPSON, KRUEGER -- read twice and ordered
  printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Insur-
  ance

AN  ACT  to  amend the insurance law, in relation to requiring all motor
  vehicle insurers to file  annual  financial  statements  and  detailed
  claim data with the superintendent of financial services

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  Legislative  intent.  The  legislature  hereby  finds  and
declares that insurance companies issuing motor vehicle policies in this
state owe a duty to those they insure and to those who may in the future
be insured by them, to fully disclose in a public and transparent manner
all  elements  relating  to their financial condition and solvency. Such
obligation is essential in maintaining the public's  inherent  right  to
know  the  details  and  specifics of such insurer's expenses and claims
history on a global basis so, as consumers, they can make a reasoned and
rational selection of the insurer with which they intend to do business.
As premiums escalate, it is more incumbent on  such  insurers  to  honor
this  obligation by making the public aware of the rationale they use in
determining the premiums they charge, and it is the sense of the  legis-
lature  that where the data used is available, it should be disclosed in
an open and public manner.
  S 2. The insurance law is amended by adding a new section 342 to  read
as follows:
  S  342.  FINANCIAL  STATEMENT AND DETAILED CLAIM DATA TO BE FILED WITH
THE DEPARTMENT.  (A) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,  THE  TERM  "INSURER"
SHALL MEAN ANY PERSON, CORPORATION, ASSOCIATION OR OTHER BUSINESS ENTITY
AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE A MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE POLICY IN THIS STATE.
  (B) ON OR BEFORE APRIL FIRST OF EACH YEAR, EVERY INSURER SHALL PROVIDE
THE SUPERINTENDENT WITH A DETAILED FINANCIAL STATEMENT TO SUPPLEMENT AND
EXPAND  UPON THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE STATUTORY ANNUAL STATEMENT

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03703-01-3

S. 3327                             2

FOR THE MOST RECENTLY CONCLUDED CALENDAR YEAR. THE  FINANCIAL  STATEMENT
SHALL CONTAIN INFORMATION ON A COMBINED BASIS FOR ALL LINES OF INSURANCE
AS  WELL  AS  INFORMATION  SEPARATELY FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING LINES OF
INSURANCE: (1) PRIVATE PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE OTHER LIABILITY, (2) PRIVATE
PASSENGER  AUTOMOBILE  PERSONAL INJURY PROTECTION, (3) PRIVATE PASSENGER
AUTOMOBILE PHYSICAL DAMAGE, (4) COMMERCIAL AUTOMOBILE  OTHER  LIABILITY,
(5) COMMERCIAL AUTOMOBILE PERSONAL INJURY PROTECTION, AND (6) COMMERCIAL
AUTOMOBILE  PHYSICAL DAMAGE.  THAT FINANCIAL STATEMENT SHALL INCLUDE THE
ENTIRETY  OF  ITS  BUSINESS  ACTIVITIES  CONDUCTED  IN  THIS  STATE,  OR
CONDUCTED  OUTSIDE  THIS STATE, BUT HAVING A NEXUS TO INSURANCE POLICIES
OR CONTRACTS OF INSURANCE INSURING  PERSONS  OR  RISKS  IN  THIS  STATE,
CONSISTENT  WITH THE PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE
BUSINESS FOR STATUTORY ANNUAL STATEMENT REPORTING PURPOSES. SUCH  STATE-
MENT SHALL BE IN A FORM DETERMINED BY THE SUPERINTENDENT. THE FORM SHALL
BE  SUFFICIENTLY  ITEMIZED  IN  A  MANNER THAT ALLOWS FOR AN ACTUARIALLY
SOUND ANALYSIS OF THE INCOME REALIZED BY THE INSURER  FROM  ALL  SOURCES
DURING  SUCH  YEAR,  INCLUDING  BUT  NOT LIMITED TO PREMIUMS, INVESTMENT
INCOME, PROFIT FROM SALE OF ASSETS AND ANY OTHER CATEGORY OR  CATEGORIES
OF  INCOME  AS  DETERMINED  BY  THE  SUPERINTENDENT  TO REFLECT THE FULL
DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION. AT A MINIMUM, SUCH  INFORMATION
SHALL CONSIST OF THE ITEMS SET FORTH IN THE STATEMENT OF INCOME, EXCLUD-
ING  THE  CAPITAL  AND  SURPLUS ACCOUNT SECTION OF THE PROPERTY/CASUALTY
STATUTORY ANNUAL STATEMENT, AS APPLICABLE  TO  THE  INSURER'S  NEW  YORK
STATE  BUSINESS,  AS  WELL  AS  THE OTHER INFORMATION DELINEATED IN THIS
SUBSECTION. SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENT SHALL ALSO CONTAIN A  COMPREHENSIVE
AND  DETAILED DISCLOSURE OF THE INSURER'S EXPENSES ACTUALLY INCURRED AND
PAID DURING SUCH CALENDAR YEAR, TO  INCLUDE  NORMAL  BUSINESS  EXPENSES,
SALARIES,  COMMISSIONS,  CONSULTING  FEES,  LEGAL  EXPENSES, ADVERTISING
COSTS AND ANY OTHER CATEGORY DEEMED PERTINENT  TO  THE  INTENT  OF  THIS
SECTION. AT A MINIMUM, THE EXPENSE INFORMATION REQUIRED SHALL CONSIST OF
THE  ITEMS SET FORTH IN THE UNDERWRITING AND INVESTMENT EXHIBIT - PART 3
- EXPENSES OF THE PROPERTY / CASUALTY  STATUTORY  ANNUAL  STATEMENT,  AS
APPLICABLE  TO  THE  INSURER'S  NEW YORK STATE BUSINESS. WITH RESPECT TO
SALARIES (INCLUDING ALL OTHER FORMS OF COMPENSATION), EACH INSURER SHALL
ITEMIZE THE SALARY OF THE TWENTY MOST HIGHLY  COMPENSATED  EMPLOYEES  OF
SUCH  INSURER DURING SUCH YEAR, PROVIDED THAT THE NAME OF SUCH EMPLOYEES
NEED NOT BE DISCLOSED. SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENT SHALL ALSO  PROVIDE  THE
PUBLIC  WITH  A  SYNOPSIS OF CLAIMS OR SETTLEMENTS PAID PURSUANT TO SUCH
POLICIES OR CONTRACTS, LISTING THE TOTAL OF SUCH CLAIMS AND  SETTLEMENTS
BY TYPE OF INSURANCE OR THE RISK INSURED. AT A MINIMUM, THE CLAIM INFOR-
MATION  REQUIRED  SHALL CONSIST OF THE ITEMS SET FORTH IN THE EXHIBIT OF
PREMIUMS AND LOSSES OF THE PROPERTY / CASUALTY STATUTORY  ANNUAL  STATE-
MENT, AS APPLICABLE TO THE INSURER'S NEW YORK STATE BUSINESS AND IDENTI-
FIED  AND  CATEGORIZED SEPARATELY FOR EACH ZIP CODE IN THIS STATE.  SUCH
FINANCIAL STATEMENT SHALL BE SIGNED AND ATTESTED AS FULL,  COMPLETE  AND
ACCURATE  BY  THE  CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE INSURER, AND HE OR SHE
SHALL BE HELD PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OF THE
CONTENT OF SUCH STATEMENT. THE  SUPERINTENDENT  SHALL  PROVIDE  INSURERS
WITH  A  METHOD  TO SUBMIT THEIR FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ELECTRONICALLY VIA
THE INTERNET, WHICH METHOD SHALL INCLUDE INSTRUCTIONS  RELATING  TO  THE
USE  OF AN ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE WHICH SHALL BE SUBJECT TO, AND SUBMITTED
IN ACCORDANCE WITH  SECTION  THREE  HUNDRED  SIXTEEN  OF  THIS  ARTICLE;
PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT NO EXCEPTION AUTHORIZED IN SUCH SECTION MAY BE
REQUESTED OR GRANTED.
  (C) ON OR BEFORE APRIL FIRST OF EACH YEAR, EVERY INSURER SHALL PROVIDE
THE SUPERINTENDENT WITH DETAILED CLOSED CLAIM INFORMATION FOR  THE  SAME

S. 3327                             3

LINES  OF  INSURANCE  PROVIDED FOR IN SUBSECTION (B) OF THIS SECTION FOR
THE MOST RECENTLY CONCLUDED  CALENDAR  YEAR.  UNTIL  THE  SUPERINTENDENT
PROMULGATES  DATA  COLLECTION FORMS AND PROCEDURES FOR PRIVATE PASSENGER
AUTOMOBILE  INSURANCE,  DATA SHALL BE COLLECTED USING, AT A MINIMUM, THE
MOST RECENT PUBLICLY AVAILABLE FORMS  USED  BY  THE  INSURANCE  RESEARCH
COUNCIL FOR ITS AUTO INJURY SURVEY. THE SUPERINTENDENT MAY REQUIRE ADDI-
TIONAL  INFORMATION  BEYOND THAT WHICH IS CONTAINED IN SUCH SURVEY IF HE
OR SHE DEEMS IT NECESSARY AND WARRANTED.  INSTEAD OF COLLECTING INFORMA-
TION FOR ALL PRIVATE PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE CLAIMS THE SUPERINTENDENT  MAY
COLLECT  DATA  FOR  A  STATISTICALLY VALID SAMPLE OF CLAIMS. THE MINIMUM
SAMPLE SIZE SHALL REPRESENT FIVE PER CENTUM OF THE NUMBER OF CLAIMS  FOR
EACH  YEAR.  UNTIL  THE SUPERINTENDENT PROMULGATES DATA COLLECTION FORMS
AND PROCEDURES  FOR  COMMERCIAL  AUTOMOBILE  INSURANCE,  DATA  SHALL  BE
COLLECTED  USING  INFORMATION  WHICH  MAY  BE  AVAILABLE  FROM ANY OTHER
SOURCE. FOR COMMERCIAL AUTOMOBILE CLAIMS, INSTEAD OF COLLECTING INFORMA-
TION FOR ALL CLAIMS THE SUPERINTENDENT MAY COLLECT DATA  FOR  A  STATIS-
TICALLY  VALID SAMPLE OF CLAIMS. THE MINIMUM SAMPLE SIZE SHALL REPRESENT
TEN PER CENTUM OF THE NUMBER OF CLAIMS FOR EACH YEAR FOR  SUCH  LINE  OF
INSURANCE.  SUCH  DETAILED  CLAIM  DATA  SHALL BE SIGNED AND ATTESTED AS
FULL, COMPLETE AND ACCURATE BY THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE INSUR-
ER, AND HE OR SHE SHALL BE HELD PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE WITH  RESPECT  TO
THE  ACCURACY OF THE DATA. THE DETAILED CLAIM DATA SHALL BE SUBMITTED IN
THE SAME MANNER AS PROVIDED FOR IN SUBSECTION (B) OF THIS SECTION.
  (D) THE SUPERINTENDENT SHALL, IN BOTH WRITTEN FORM AND AS PART OF  THE
DEPARTMENT  WEB  SITE, MAKE SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND DETAILED CLAIM
INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE  PUBLIC.  THE  DETAILED  CLAIM  INFORMATION
SHALL  BE  PROVIDED  IN AGGREGATE FORM FOR ALL INSURERS COMBINED WITHOUT
ANY IDENTIFICATION OF A SPECIFIC CLAIM TO A SPECIFIC  INSURER.  NONE  OF
THE  PUBLICLY  AVAILABLE  DETAILED  CLAIM INFORMATION SHALL IDENTIFY THE
INDIVIDUAL INSURER, DEFENDANT OR PLAINTIFF ASSOCIATED  WITH  THE  CLAIM.
SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND DETAILED CLAIM INFORMATION SHALL BE DEEMED
A  PUBLIC DOCUMENT AND NO PERSON SHALL BE REQUIRED TO FILE A REQUEST FOR
SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PURSUANT TO ARTICLE SIX OF THE PUBLIC OFFICERS
LAW IN ORDER TO RECEIVE A COPY THEREOF, BUT UPON REQUEST AND PAYMENT  OF
THE FEE FOR COPYING SUCH DOCUMENT, IT SHALL BE PROVIDED. WITH RESPECT TO
THE  ELECTRONIC  COPY  OF  SUCH  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND DETAILED CLAIM
INFORMATION, WHICH SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE ON THE DEPARTMENT'S WEB SITE, THE
DEPARTMENT SHALL HIGHLIGHT THE AVAILABILITY OF SUCH INFORMATION  TO  THE
PUBLIC ON SUCH WEB SITE, AND THE LINK TO EACH INSURER'S FINANCIAL STATE-
MENT  AND  THE AGGREGATED DETAILED CLAIM INFORMATION SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE
IN A SIMPLE AND EASY MANNER. BOTH THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT AND AGGREGATED
DETAILED CLAIM INFORMATION ON THE DEPARTMENT WEB SITE SHALL BE AVAILABLE
IN EXCEL FORMAT, IN ADDITION TO  ANY  OTHER  FORMAT  THE  SUPERINTENDENT
DETERMINES IS APPROPRIATE.
  (E)  ON  OR  BEFORE  JULY FIRST OF EACH YEAR, THE SUPERINTENDENT SHALL
ISSUE REPORTS SUMMARIZING AND EXPLAINING THE INFORMATION COLLECTED  FROM
THE  FINANCIAL  STATEMENTS AND THE DETAILED CLAIM INFORMATION. COPIES OF
SUCH REPORTS SHALL BE  FORWARDED  TO  THE  TEMPORARY  PRESIDENT  OF  THE
SENATE,  THE  SPEAKER  OF THE ASSEMBLY AND THE CHAIRS OF BOTH THE SENATE
AND ASSEMBLY INSURANCE COMMITTEES. SUCH REPORTS SHALL  BE  PUBLIC  DOCU-
MENTS AND SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE BOTH IN PAPER COPY AND ON THE DEPARTMENT'S
WEB SITE.
  (F)  WHERE  AN  INSURER FAILS OR REFUSES TO PROVIDE THE SUPERINTENDENT
WITH A FULL AND COMPLETE DISCLOSURE AS REQUIRED  BY  THIS  SECTION,  THE
SUPERINTENDENT SHALL TAKE SUCH ACTION HE OR SHE DEEMS NECESSARY TO BRING
THE INSURER INTO FULL COMPLIANCE.  SUCH ACTION MAY INCLUDE IMPOSITION OF

S. 3327                             4

A  CIVIL  PENALTY  OF  UP TO FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS ASSESSED AGAINST THE
INSURER FOR EACH VIOLATION, TEMPORARY SUSPENSION OF ANY RIGHT  TO  ISSUE
ADDITIONAL  POLICIES  OR  CONTRACTS UNTIL THE INSURER BRINGS ITSELF INTO
FULL  COMPLIANCE, AN AUDIT OF THE INSURER'S RECORDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OR
ITS DESIGNATED REPRESENTATIVE TO OBTAIN THE INFORMATION AND WHICH  AUDIT
SHALL  BE  PAID FOR BY THE INSURER, OR ANY OTHER CIVIL REMEDY THE SUPER-
INTENDENT  DEEMS  WARRANTED  OR  NECESSARY  UNTIL  SUCH  INSURER   FULLY
COMPLIES.  IN  ADDITION  THE  OFFICER WHOSE SIGNATURE IS AFFIXED TO SUCH
STATEMENT MAY BE PERSONALLY PENALIZED TO THE SAME EXTENT.
  (G) THE SUPERINTENDENT MAY PROMULGATE SUCH RULES AND REGULATIONS HE OR
SHE DEEMS NECESSARY FOR THE PROPER ADMINISTRATION OF THE  PROVISIONS  OF
THIS  SECTION,  AND  SUCH RULES AND REGULATIONS MAY BE PROMULGATED ON AN
EMERGENCY BASIS IF THE SUPERINTENDENT WARRANTS SUCH ACTION TO BE  NECES-
SARY.
  S 3. Severability. If any item, clause, sentence, subparagraph, subdi-
vision  or  other  part  of  this act, or the application thereof to any
person or circumstances shall be held to be invalid, such holding  shall
not  affect, impair or invalidate the remainder of this act but it shall
be confined in its operation to the  item,  clause,  sentence,  subpara-
graph,  subdivision  or other part of this act directly involved in such
holding, or to the person and circumstances therein involved.
  S 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

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