senate Bill S3339

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Extends the statute of limitations in criminal and civil actions for certain sex offenses committed against a child less than eighteen years of age

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

do you support this bill?

Actions

view actions (2)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to codes
Feb 01, 2013 referred to codes

Co-Sponsors

S3339 - Bill Details

Current Committee:
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §30.10, CP L; amd §208, add §§3012-b & 214-f, CPLR
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S3785
2009-2010: S5893A

S3339 - Bill Texts

view summary

Establishes the period of limitation for the prosecution of a sex offense defined in article 130 of the penal law, incest or use of a child in a sexual performance committed against a person less than eighteen years of age shall not begin to run until the person has reached the age of twenty-three or the offense is reported to law enforcement or the statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier; allows civil claims or causes of action brought by any person for physical, psychological or other injury or condition suffered as a result of conduct that is a sex offense as defined in article 130 of the penal law, incest or use of a child in a sexual performance committed against a child who was less than eighteen years of age at the time shall be allowed to be commenced five years after the child reaches the age of twenty-three; revives for 1 year, any such civil claim or cause of action which was barred because the applicable statute of limitations expired.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S3339

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in
relation to the timeliness of prosecutions for certain sex offenses;
and to amend the civil practice law and rules, in relation to the
timeliness for commencing certain civil actions related to sex
offenses

PURPOSE: The bill amends the Criminal Procedure Law and the Civil
Practice Law and Rules to extend the statute of limitations for
criminal and civil actions for sex offenses under article one hundred
thirty of the Penal Law committed against a child less than eighteen
years of age, for incest against a child less then eighteen years of
age or the use of a child in a sexual performance.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section one of the bill amends the Criminal Procedure Law to increase
the criminal statute of limitation for the prosecution of certain sex
offenses committed against a child under the age of eighteen, for
incest against a child less then eighteen years of age or the use of a
child in a sexual performance. The period of limitation would not
begin to run until the child reaches the age of 23 years or the
offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the statewide
central register of child abuse and maltreatment.

Section two of the bill would extend the civil statute of limitation
for causes of action to remedy injuries or conditions suffered as a
result of conduct which would constitute a sexual offense as defined
in article one hundred thirty of the penal law committed against a
child less than eighteen years of age, incest as defined in section
255.25, 255.26 or 255.27 of the penal law committed against a child
less than eighteen years of age, or the use of a child in a sexual
performance as defined in section 263.05 of the penal law. Such action
would have to be commenced within five years after the child reaches
the age of 23 years. Under current law, the criminal statute of
limitations in child sexual abuse cases in which a victim does not
report the crime to law enforcement is not applied until the victim
reaches age 18. This bill would add five years to the statute; so that
the five year statute of limitations in such cases would not begin to
run until the victim turned age 23 (extending the time for prosecution
until a child victim reached age 28).

Section three of the bill would revive expired civil causes of action
based on conduct which would constitute a sexual offense as defined in
article one hundred thirty of the venal law committed against a child
less than eighteen years of age, incest as defined in section 255.25,
255.26 or 255.27 of the penal law committed against a child less than
eighteen years of age, or the use of a child in a sexual performance
as defined in section 263.05 of the penal law. Persons for whom the
right to bring a civil action has been foreclosed because of the
current civil statute of limitations bar would be given a one-year
"window period" from the date of enactment of the bill. To recover
damages for any past instance of child sexual abuse the civil claim
must be commenced within forty years of the effective date of this
section or commenced within forty years of such child reaching the age


of eighteen years. Prior to the commencement of the action, the
plaintiff must obtain a certificate of merit by a mental health expert
that states in reasonable detail the facts and opinions relied upon
for concluding that the plaintiff was a victim of sexual abuse. The
complaint shall be accompanied by a certificate of merit as described
in subdivision (c) of this section.

Section four would removes notice of claim as condition precedent.

Section five of the bill is a savings clause.

Section six of the bill is the effective date. The bill would take
effect immediately.

JUSTIFICATION: Sex crimes, particularly those committed against
children, are among the most heinous and deeply disturbing in our
society. They are crimes that leave life-long scars, multiple victims
and require an all encompassing strategy to combat. This proposal
would extend the authority to prosecute and to bring a civil lawsuit
for damages in child sexual abuse cases in three significant ways,
regardless of whether or not DNA evidence is available. This bill will
provide a remedy for those whose lives have been unalterably changed
by the horror of childhood sexual abuse. Victims of these horrific
crimes will get their day in court and be able to seek the justice
they have been denied.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2009-10: S5893A/A.2596C (Markey) - Defeated by
Codes Committee/Codes A.11723/S.8053 - June 20, 2006 Passed in the
Assembly A.4560/S.4614 - June 4, 2007 Passed in the Assembly
A.45605/S.4614A - June 11, 2008 Passed in the Assembly

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3339

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 1, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sens. HASSELL-THOMPSON, KRUEGER -- read twice and ordered
  printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to  the  timeli-
  ness  of prosecutions for certain sex offenses; and to amend the civil
  practice law and rules, in relation to the timeliness  for  commencing
  certain civil actions related to sex offenses

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Paragraph (f) of subdivision 3  of  section  30.10  of  the
criminal  procedure  law, as separately amended by chapters 3 and 320 of
the laws of 2006, is amended to read as follows:
  (f) For purposes of  a  prosecution  involving  a  sexual  offense  as
defined  in  article  one  hundred thirty of the penal law, other than a
sexual offense delineated in paragraph (a) of subdivision  two  of  this
section,  committed  against  a  child  less than eighteen years of age,
incest in the first, second or  third  degree  as  defined  in  sections
255.27,  255.26  and  255.25  of the penal law committed against a child
less than eighteen years of age, or use of a child in a sexual  perform-
ance  as defined in section 263.05 of the penal law, the period of limi-
tation shall not begin to run until the child has  reached  the  age  of
[eighteen]  TWENTY-THREE or the offense is reported to a law enforcement
agency or statewide central register of child  abuse  and  maltreatment,
whichever occurs earlier.
  S  2.  The  opening paragraph of section 208 of the civil practice law
and rules is designated subdivision (a) and a  new  subdivision  (b)  is
added to read as follows:
  (B) NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION,
WITH  RESPECT  TO  ALL  CIVIL  CLAIMS OR CAUSES OF ACTION BROUGHT BY ANY
PERSON FOR PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL OR OTHER INJURY OR CONDITION SUFFERED
AS A RESULT OF CONDUCT  WHICH  WOULD  CONSTITUTE  A  SEXUAL  OFFENSE  AS
DEFINED IN ARTICLE ONE HUNDRED THIRTY OF THE PENAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD06411-01-3

S. 3339                             2

A  CHILD  LESS  THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE, INCEST AS DEFINED IN SECTION
255.25, 255.26 OR 255.27 OF THE PENAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST A CHILD LESS
THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE, OR THE USE OF A CHILD IN A  SEXUAL  PERFORM-
ANCE  AS  DEFINED  IN  SECTION 263.05 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR A PREDECESSOR
STATUTE THAT PROHIBITED SUCH CONDUCT AT  THE  TIME  OF  THE  ACT,  WHICH
CONDUCT  WAS  COMMITTED AGAINST A CHILD LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE,
THE TIME WITHIN WHICH THE ACTION MUST BE COMMENCED SHALL BE EXTENDED  TO
FIVE YEARS AFTER THE PERSON REACHES THE AGE OF TWENTY-THREE YEARS.
  S  3.  The  civil  practice  law  and rules is amended by adding a new
section 3012-b to  read as follows:
  S 3012-B. CERTAIN CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE CASES; CERTIFICATE OF MERIT.  (A)
NOTWITHSTANDING  ANY  PROVISION OF LAW WHICH IMPOSES A PERIOD OF LIMITA-
TION TO THE CONTRARY, EVERY CIVIL CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION BROUGHT BY  A
PERSON  FOR  PHYSICAL,  PSYCHOLOGICAL,  OR  OTHER  INJURY  OR  CONDITION
SUFFERED AS A RESULT OF CONDUCT WHICH WOULD CONSTITUTE A SEXUAL  OFFENSE
AS  DEFINED  IN  ARTICLE  ONE  HUNDRED THIRTY OF THE PENAL LAW COMMITTED
AGAINST A CHILD LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE, INCEST  AS  DEFINED  IN
SECTION  255.25,  255.26  OR 255.27 OF THE PENAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST A
CHILD LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE, OR THE USE OF A CHILD IN A SEXUAL
PERFORMANCE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 263.05 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR  A  PREDE-
CESSOR  STATUTE  THAT  PROHIBITED  SUCH  CONDUCT AT THE TIME OF THE ACT,
WHICH CONDUCT WAS COMMITTED AGAINST A CHILD LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS  OF
AGE,  WHICH  IS  BARRED AS OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION BECAUSE
THE APPLICABLE PERIOD OF LIMITATION HAS EXPIRED IS HEREBY  REVIVED,  AND
ACTION  THEREON  MAY BE COMMENCED PROVIDED THAT SUCH ACTION IS COMMENCED
WITHIN ONE YEAR OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION.
  (A-1) ANY CIVIL CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION BROUGHT PURSUANT TO  SUBDIVI-
SION  (A)  OF  THIS  SECTION MAY ONLY BE COMMENCED FOR CONDUCT COMMITTED
AGAINST SUCH CHILD FORTY YEARS OR LESS BEFORE THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS
SECTION OR COMMENCED WITHIN FORTY YEARS OF SUCH CHILD REACHING  THE  AGE
OF EIGHTEEN YEARS.
  (B)  IN ANY ACTION BROUGHT PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION
FOR PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, OR OTHER INJURY OR CONDITION SUFFERED AS  A
RESULT  OF  CONDUCT WHICH WOULD CONSTITUTE A SEXUAL OFFENSE AS DESCRIBED
IN SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION, THE COMPLAINT SHALL  BE  ACCOMPANIED
BY  A  CERTIFICATE  OF  MERIT  AS  DESCRIBED  IN SUBDIVISION (C) OF THIS
SECTION.
  (C) A CERTIFICATE OF MERIT FILED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (B)  OF  THIS
SECTION  SHALL  BE  FILED  BY  THE  ATTORNEY FOR THE PLAINTIFF AND SHALL
CONTAIN A NOTARIZED STATEMENT BY A QUALIFIED PSYCHIATRIST, AS DEFINED IN
SECTION 9.01 OF THE MENTAL  HYGIENE  LAW,  A  PSYCHOLOGIST  AS  LICENSED
PURSUANT  TO  ARTICLE ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-THREE OF THE EDUCATION LAW, OR A
PERSON IN THE PRACTICE OF MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING, AS DEFINED IN SUBDI-
VISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHTY-FOUR HUNDRED TWO OF THE EDUCATION LAW,  WHO
IS  KNOWLEDGEABLE  IN  THE  RELEVANT  FACTS  AND  ISSUES INVOLVED IN THE
PARTICULAR ACTION, AND STATES IN REASONABLE DETAIL THE FACTS  AND  OPIN-
IONS  THAT  THE  PERSON  HAS  RELIED UPON FOR CONCLUDING THAT THERE IS A
REASONABLE BASIS TO BELIEVE THAT THE PLAINTIFF HAS BEEN SUBJECT  TO  ONE
OR  MORE ACTS OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE OF THE TYPE DESCRIBED IN SUBDIVISION
(A) OF THIS SECTION. THE PERSON PROVIDING SUCH STATEMENT MAY  NOT  BE  A
PARTY TO THE LITIGATION.
  (D) WHERE A CERTIFICATE IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, A SINGLE
CERTIFICATE  SHALL  BE  FILED  FOR  EACH  ACTION,  EVEN IF MORE THAN ONE
DEFENDANT HAS BEEN NAMED IN THE COMPLAINT OR IS SUBSEQUENTLY NAMED.
  S 4. The civil practice law and rules  is  amended  by  adding  a  new
section 214-f to read as follows:

S. 3339                             3

  S  214-F.  ACTION  BY  VICTIM  OF  CONDUCT CONSTITUTING CERTAIN SEXUAL
OFFENSES AND NOTICE OF CLAIM AS CONDITION  PRECEDENT.  SECTIONS  FIFTY-E
AND  FIFTY-I  OF THE GENERAL MUNICIPAL LAW, SECTION THIRTY-EIGHT HUNDRED
THIRTEEN OF THE EDUCATION LAW AND THE PROVISIONS OF ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL
OR  LOCAL LAW OR CHARTER REQUIRING AS A CONDITION PRECEDENT TO COMMENCE-
MENT OF AN ACTION OR SPECIAL PROCEEDING THAT A  NOTICE  OF  A  CLAIM  BE
FILED  OR PRESENTED WITHIN A SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME AFTER THE CLAIM OR
ACTION OR ACTION ACCRUED, SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY CLAIM  MADE  FOR  PHYS-
ICAL,  PSYCHOLOGICAL,  OR OTHER INJURY OR CONDITION SUFFERED AS A RESULT
OF CONDUCT OF A DEFENDANT WHICH WOULD CONSTITUTE  A  SEXUAL  OFFENSE  AS
DEFINED IN ARTICLE ONE HUNDRED THIRTY OF THE PENAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST
A  CHILD  LESS  THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE, INCEST AS DEFINED IN SECTION
255.25, 255.26, OR 255.27 OF THE PENAL LAW  COMMITTED  AGAINST  A  CHILD
LESS  THAN  EIGHTEEN  YEARS  OF  AGE,  OR THE USE OF A CHILD IN A SEXUAL
PERFORMANCE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 263.05  OF  THE  PENAL  LAW  COMMITTED
AGAINST A CHILD LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE.
  S 5. The provisions of this act shall be severable, and if any clause,
sentence,  paragraph,  subdivision or part of this act shall be adjudged
by any court of competent jurisdiction  to  be  invalid,  such  judgment
shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall
be  confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, subdi-
vision or part thereof directly involved in  the  controversy  in  which
such judgment shall have been rendered.
  S 6. This act shall take effect immediately.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.