senate Bill S3674

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Directs court to establish a period of commitment for persons found not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

do you support this bill?

Actions

view actions (2)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to codes
Feb 11, 2013 referred to codes

Co-Sponsors

S3674 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A5825
Current Committee:
Senate Codes
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยง330.20, CP L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S5589, A9671

S3674 - Bill Texts

view summary

Directs a criminal court to establish a period of commitment for persons found not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect; a person so committed shall not be eligible for release from the custody of the commissioner of mental health or the commissioner of developmental disabilities until completion of the period of commitment.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S3674

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation
to retention of custody of persons found not guilty by reason of mental
disease or defect

PURPOSE: Directs court to establish a period of commitment for persons
found not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Amends Section 330.20 of the criminal procedure
law to add language throughout the necessary subdivisions to create a
sentence; examination order which would require upon entry of a verdict
of not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect, or upon the
acceptance of a plea of not responsible by reason of mental disease or
defect, the court must impose a period of confinement in the custody of
the commissioner which is equal to the sentence of imprisonment such
defendant would have received pursuant to article seventy of the penal
law, upon conviction of the crime which he or she was charged and issue
an examination order.

In addition, under subdivision 6, under the issuance of such commitment
order for the term of period of confinement imposed, pursuant to para-
graph (a) of subdivision two of this section, and to such a secure
facility as shall be suitable for a mentally ill person or a person with
a dangerous mental disorder, as the case may be, based upon the examina-
tion reports.

JUSTIFICATION: This bill would amend the procedure following the
verdict of Not Guilty by Reason of Mental Disease or Defect. The bill
would impose a period of confinement in a mental hygiene facility for
the defendant that would be equal to the sentence of imprisonment for
which they would have served in a penal facility had they been found
guilty for the crime with which they had been charged.

The longer confinement would be beneficial for both the defendant and
for the community at large. The defendant would have more time in the
mental hygiene facility where they are guaranteed treatment for their
disease as well as having more time to gain skills to help them manage
their disease once released and cope with any guilt associated with the
crime(s) committed when found not guilty by reason of mental disease or
defect.

When treatment for mental illness is administered, studies show dramatic
drops in rates of suicide, homelessness, violence and future incarcera-
tion or hospitalization. This bill would also allow peace of mind for
those victims or families of victims knowing that this person will be in
a hospital receiving treatment for a significant amount of time and not
able to harm them or their family in the near future.

High profile cases like those of John Hinckley, Jr. who attempted to
assassinate President Ronald Reagan and recently Jared Lee Loughner of

Arizona who shot and killed six people, including a 9-year-old girl and
a federal judge while wounding 13 others including Congresswoman Gabr-
ielle Giffords demonstrate the need to make sure these dangerous indi-
viduals are confined whether it be in a penal or mental hygiene facility
for a determined period of time.

Once the individual has been confined for the determined period of time
if they are assessed to be "healthy" by mental health professionals and
experts they would be able to go through the process of being released
from such mental facility. However, should they still be perceived to be
a danger to themselves or others even after the period of determined
confinement is reached the state shall follow necessary procedures to
have such person civilly confined for their safety and that of the
community.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12 S. 5589/A. 9671 Codes Committee.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of January next
succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law and shall apply
to criminal offenses committed on or after such date.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3674

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  GRIFFO, SAVINO -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to retention  of
  custody  of  persons  found  not guilty by reason of mental disease or
  defect

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Section 330.20 of the criminal procedure law, as added by
chapter 548 of the laws of 1980, paragraph (o)  of  subdivision  1,  the
closing  paragraph  of  subdivision  2  and  subdivisions  7-a and 22 as
amended by chapter 107 of the laws of 2004, subdivisions  2  and  20  as
amended  by chapter 693 of the laws of 1989, subdivision 2-a as added by
chapter 1 of the laws of 2013, subdivisions 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13  and
14  as  amended  by  chapter  789 of the laws of 1985, subdivision 21 as
added by chapter 976 of the laws of 1983, and subparagraph (ii) of para-
graph (a) of subdivision 21 as amended by chapter 330  of  the  laws  of
1993, is amended to read as follows:
S  330.20  Procedure  following  verdict  or  plea of not responsible by
             reason of mental disease or defect.
  1. Definition of terms. As used in this section, the  following  terms
shall have the following meanings:
  (a)  "Commissioner" means the [state] commissioner of mental health or
the [state]  commissioner  of  [mental  retardation  and]  developmental
[disability] DISABILITIES.
  (b)  "Secure  facility"  means a facility within the [state] office of
mental health or the [state] office  [of  mental  retardation  and]  FOR
PEOPLE  WITH  developmental disabilities which is staffed with personnel
adequately trained in security methods and is so equipped as to minimize
the risk or danger of escapes, and which has been so specifically desig-
nated by the commissioner.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD06470-02-3

S. 3674                             2

  (c) "Dangerous mental disorder" means: (i) that a defendant  currently
suffers  from  a "mental illness" as that term is defined in subdivision
twenty of section 1.03 of the mental hygiene law, and (ii) that  because
of  such condition he currently constitutes a physical danger to himself
OR HERSELF or others.
  (d)  "Mentally  ill"  means  that a defendant currently suffers from a
mental illness for which care and treatment as a patient, in the  in-pa-
tient  services  of  a  psychiatric center under the jurisdiction of the
[state] office of  mental  health,  is  essential  to  such  defendant's
welfare  and  that  his OR HER judgment is so impaired that he OR SHE is
unable to understand the need for such care and treatment; and, where  a
defendant is mentally retarded, the term "mentally ill" shall also mean,
for  purposes of this section, that the defendant is in need of care and
treatment as a resident in the in-patient services  of  a  developmental
center  or  other  residential  facility  for  the mentally retarded and
developmentally disabled under the jurisdiction of  the  [state]  office
[of mental retardation and] FOR PEOPLE WITH developmental disabilities.
  (e)  "Examination  order"  means an order directed to the commissioner
requiring that a defendant submit to a psychiatric examination to deter-
mine whether the defendant has a dangerous mental disorder, or if he  OR
SHE  does  not  have  A  dangerous mental disorder, whether he OR SHE is
mentally ill.
  (f) "Commitment  order"  [or  "recommitment  order"]  means  an  order
committing  a  defendant to the custody of the commissioner for confine-
ment in a secure facility for care and treatment [for  six  months  from
the date of the order].
  (g)  "First  retention order" means an order which is effective at the
expiration of the period prescribed in a commitment  order  [for]  OR  a
recommitment  order, authorizing continued custody of a defendant by the
commissioner for a period not to exceed one year.
  (h) "Second retention order" means an order which is effective at  the
expiration  of the period prescribed in a first retention order, author-
izing continued custody of a defendant by the commissioner for a  period
not to exceed two years.
  (i)  "Subsequent retention order" means an order which is effective at
the expiration of the period prescribed in a second retention order or a
prior subsequent retention order  authorizing  continued  custody  of  a
defendant by the commissioner for a period not to exceed two years.
  (j)  "Retention  order"  means  a  first  retention  order,  a  second
retention order or a subsequent retention order.
  (k) "Furlough order" means an  order  directing  the  commissioner  to
allow  a defendant in confinement pursuant to a commitment order, recom-
mitment order or retention order to temporarily leave the facility for a
period not exceeding fourteen  days,  [either]  with  [or  without]  the
constant supervision of one or more employees of the facility.
  (l)  "Transfer  order"  means  an  order directing the commissioner to
transfer a defendant from a secure facility  to  a  non-secure  facility
under the jurisdiction of the commissioner or to any non-secure facility
designated by the commissioner.
  (m)  "Release  order"  means  an  order  directing the commissioner to
terminate  a  defendant's  in-patient  status  without  terminating  the
commissioner's responsibility for the defendant.
  (n)  "Discharge  order"  means an order terminating an order of condi-
tions or unconditionally discharging a defendant from supervision  under
the provisions of this section.

S. 3674                             3

  (o)  "Order  of  conditions"  means  an order directing a defendant to
comply with this prescribed treatment plan, or any other condition which
the court determines to be reasonably necessary or appropriate, and,  in
addition,  where  a  defendant is in custody of the commissioner, not to
leave  the  facility  without  authorization. In addition to such condi-
tions, when determined to be reasonably  necessary  or  appropriate,  an
order  of conditions may be accompanied by a special order of conditions
set forth in a separate document requiring that the defendant: (i)  stay
away  from  the  home,  school,  business  or place of employment of the
victim or victims, or of any witness designated by the  court,  of  such
offense;  or  (ii)  refrain from harassing, intimidating, threatening or
otherwise interfering with the victim or victims of the offense and such
members of the family or household of such victim or victims as shall be
specifically named by the court in  such  special  order.  An  order  of
conditions  or special order of conditions shall be valid for five years
from the date of its issuance, except that, for good  cause  shown,  the
court may extend the period for an additional five years.
  (p) "District attorney" means the office which prosecuted the criminal
action  resulting in the verdict or plea of not responsible by reason of
mental disease or defect.
  (q) "Qualified psychiatrist" means a physician who (i) is a  diplomate
of  the  American board of psychiatry and neurology or is eligible to be
certified by that board; or (ii) is certified by the American osteopath-
ic board of neurology and psychiatry or is eligible to be  certified  by
that board.
  (r)  "Licensed  psychologist"  means  a  person who is registered as a
psychologist under article one hundred fifty-three of the education law.
  (s)  "Psychiatric  examiner"  means  a  qualified  psychiatrist  or  a
licensed  psychologist  who  has  been designated by the commissioner to
examine a defendant pursuant to this section, and such designee need not
be an employee of the department of mental hygiene.
  2. [Examination] SENTENCE; EXAMINATION order;  psychiatric  examiners.
Upon  entry  of a verdict of not responsible by reason of mental disease
or defect, or upon the acceptance of a plea of not responsible by reason
of mental disease or defect, the court must  immediately  (A)  IMPOSE  A
PERIOD  OF CONFINEMENT IN THE CUSTODY OF THE COMMISSIONER WHICH IS EQUAL
TO THE SENTENCE OF  IMPRISONMENT  SUCH  DEFENDANT  WOULD  HAVE  RECEIVED
PURSUANT  TO  ARTICLE  SEVENTY  OF THE PENAL LAW, UPON CONVICTION OF THE
CRIME WITH WHICH HE OR SHE WAS CHARGED; AND  (B)  issue  an  examination
order.  Upon  receipt of such order, the commissioner must designate two
qualified psychiatric examiners to conduct the  examination  to  examine
the  defendant. In conducting their examination, the psychiatric examin-
ers may employ any method which is accepted by  the  medical  profession
for  the examination of persons alleged to be suffering from a dangerous
mental disorder or to be mentally ill or retarded. The court may author-
ize a psychiatrist or psychologist retained by a defendant to be present
at such examination. The clerk of the court must promptly forward a copy
of the examination order to the mental hygiene legal  service  and  such
service  may  thereafter participate in all subsequent proceedings under
this section.
  In all subsequent proceedings under this section, [prior to the  issu-
ance of a special order of conditions,] the court shall consider whether
any  order  of  protection  had  been  issued  prior to a verdict of not
responsible by reason of mental disease or defect in the case, or  prior
to  the  acceptance  of  a  plea  of not responsible by reason of mental
disease or defect in the case.

S. 3674                             4

  2-a. Firearm, rifle or  shotgun  surrender  order.  Upon  entry  of  a
verdict  of  not  responsible  by reason of mental disease or defect, or
upon the acceptance of a plea of not responsible  by  reason  of  mental
disease  or defect, or upon a finding that the defendant is an incapaci-
tated  person  pursuant to article seven hundred thirty of this chapter,
the court shall revoke the defendant's firearm license, if any,  inquire
of  the defendant as to the existence and location of any firearm, rifle
or shotgun owned or possessed by such defendant and direct the surrender
of such firearm, rifle or shotgun pursuant to subparagraph (f) of  para-
graph  one  of  subdivision  a  of section 265.20 and subdivision six of
section 400.05 of the penal law.
  3. Examination order; place of examination. Upon issuing  an  examina-
tion  order, the court must, except as otherwise provided in this subdi-
vision, direct that the defendant be  committed  to  a  secure  facility
designated  by  the commissioner as the place for such psychiatric exam-
ination. The sheriff must hold the defendant  in  custody  pending  such
designation  by  the commissioner, and when notified of the designation,
the sheriff must promptly deliver the defendant to such secure facility.
[When the defendant is not in custody at the time  of  such  verdict  or
plea,  because he was previously released on bail or on his own recogni-
zance, the court, in its discretion, may direct that such examination be
conducted on an out-patient basis, and at such time  and  place  as  the
commissioner  shall designate. If, however, the commissioner informs the
court that confinement of the defendant is necessary  for  an  effective
examination,  the  court must direct that the defendant be confined in a
facility  designated  by  the  commissioner  until  the  examination  is
completed.]
  4.  Examination  order,  duration.  Confinement  in  a secure facility
pursuant to an examination order shall be for  a  period  not  exceeding
thirty  days,  except  that,  upon  application of the commissioner, the
court may authorize confinement for an additional period  not  exceeding
thirty  days  when a longer period is necessary to complete the examina-
tion. [If the initial  hearing  required  by  subdivision  six  of  this
section  has  not commenced prior to the termination of such examination
period, the commissioner shall retain custody of the defendant  in  such
secure  facility  until  custody  is  transferred  to the sheriff in the
manner prescribed in subdivision six of this section.] During the period
of such confinement, the physician in charge of the facility may  admin-
ister  or  cause  to  be  administered  to  the defendant such emergency
psychiatric, medical or other therapeutic treatment as  in  his  OR  HER
judgment  should  be  administered.  [If the court has directed that the
examination be conducted on an out-patient basis, the examination  shall
be  completed  within thirty days after the defendant has first reported
to the place designated by the commissioner, except that, upon  applica-
tion of the commissioner, the court may extend such period for a reason-
able time if a longer period is necessary to complete the examination.]
  5.  Examination  order;  reports. After he OR SHE has completed his OR
HER examination of the defendant, each psychiatric examiner must prompt-
ly prepare a report of his OR HER findings and evaluation concerning the
defendant's mental condition, and submit such report to the  commission-
er.  If  the psychiatric examiners differ in their opinion as to whether
the defendant is mentally ill or is suffering from  a  dangerous  mental
disorder,  the  commissioner must designate another psychiatric examiner
to examine the defendant. Upon receipt of the examination  reports,  the
commissioner  must  submit them to the court that issued the examination
order. If the court is not satisfied with the findings of these  psychi-

S. 3674                             5

atric  examiners, the court may designate one or more additional psychi-
atric examiners pursuant to subdivision fifteen of this section.    [The
court must furnish a copy of the reports to the district attorney, coun-
sel for the defendant and the mental hygiene legal service.]
  6.  [Initial hearing; commitment] COMMITMENT order. After the examina-
tion reports are submitted, the court must[,  within  ten  days  of  the
receipt  of  such  reports,  conduct an initial hearing to determine the
defendant's present mental condition. If the defendant is in the custody
of the commissioner pursuant to an examination  order,  the  court  must
direct  the  sheriff to obtain custody of the defendant from the commis-
sioner and to confine the defendant pending further order of the  court,
except that the court may direct the sheriff to confine the defendant in
an  institution  located  near  the  place  where the court sits if that
institution has been designated by the commissioner as suitable for  the
temporary  and  secure  detention  of mentally disabled persons. At such
initial hearing, the district attorney must establish to  the  satisfac-
tion  of the court that the defendant has a dangerous mental disorder or
is mentally ill. If the court finds that the defendant has  a  dangerous
mental  disorder,  it must] issue a commitment order FOR THE TERM OF THE
PERIOD OF CONFINEMENT IMPOSED, PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (A) OF  SUBDIVISION
TWO  OF THIS SECTION, AND TO SUCH A SECURE FACILITY AS SHALL BE SUITABLE
FOR A MENTALLY ILL PERSON OR A PERSON WITH A DANGEROUS MENTAL  DISORDER,
AS  THE  CASE MAY BE, BASED UPON THE EXAMINATION REPORTS.  [If the court
finds that the defendant does not have a dangerous mental  disorder  but
is  mentally  ill,  the  provisions of subdivision seven of this section
shall apply.]
  7. [Initial hearing civil commitment and order of conditions.  If,  at
the  conclusion of the initial hearing conducted pursuant to subdivision
six of this section, the court finds that the defendant is mentally  ill
but  does  not have a dangerous mental disorder, the provisions of arti-
cles nine or fifteen of the mental hygiene law shall apply at that stage
of the proceedings and at all subsequent proceedings. Having found  that
the  defendant  is mentally ill, the court must issue an order of condi-
tions and an order committing  the  defendant  to  the  custody  of  the
commissioner. The latter order shall be deemed an order made pursuant to
the  mental  hygiene  law  and not pursuant to this section, and further
retention, conditional release or discharge of such defendant  shall  be
in  accordance with the provisions of the mental hygiene law. If, at the
conclusion of the initial hearing, the court finds  that  the  defendant
does  not  have a dangerous mental disorder and is not mentally ill, the
court must discharge the defendant either unconditionally or subject  to
an order of conditions.
  7-a.  Whenever the court issues a special order of conditions pursuant
to this section, the commissioner shall make reasonable efforts to noti-
fy the victim or victims or the designated witness or witnesses  that  a
special  order of conditions containing such provisions has been issued,
unless such victim or witness has requested that such notice should  not
be provided.
  8.]  First  retention order. When a defendant is in the custody of the
commissioner pursuant to a commitment order, the commissioner  must,  at
least  thirty  days  prior to the expiration of the period prescribed in
the order, apply to the court that issued the order, or  to  a  superior
court  in  the  county where the secure facility is located, for a first
retention order or a release order. The commissioner must  give  written
notice of the application to the district attorney, the defendant, coun-
sel  for  the  defendant,  and  the  mental  hygiene legal service. Upon

S. 3674                             6

receipt of such application, the court may, on its own motion, conduct a
hearing to determine whether the defendant has a dangerous mental disor-
der, and it must conduct such hearing if a demand therefor  is  made  by
the  district attorney, the defendant, counsel for the defendant, or the
mental hygiene legal service within ten days from the date  that  notice
of  the  application  was given to them. If such a hearing is held on an
application for retention, the commissioner must establish to the satis-
faction of the court that the defendant has a dangerous mental  disorder
or  is  mentally  ill. The district attorney shall be entitled to appear
and present evidence at such hearing. If such a hearing is  held  on  an
application  for  release,  the  district attorney must establish to the
satisfaction of the court that the  defendant  has  a  dangerous  mental
disorder or is mentally ill. If the court finds that the defendant has a
dangerous  mental disorder it must issue a first retention order. If the
court finds that the defendant is mentally  ill  but  does  not  have  a
dangerous  mental  disorder,  it must issue a first retention order and,
pursuant to subdivision [eleven] TEN of this section, a  transfer  order
and  an  order of conditions. If the court finds that the defendant does
not have a dangerous mental disorder and is not mentally  ill,  it  must
issue a release order and an order of conditions pursuant to subdivision
[twelve] ELEVEN of this section.
  [9.] 8. Second and subsequent retention orders. When a defendant is in
the custody of the commissioner pursuant to a first retention order, the
commissioner  must,  at least thirty days prior to the expiration of the
period prescribed in the order, apply  to  the  court  that  issued  the
order,  or  to  a  superior  court  in  the county where the facility is
located, for a second retention order or a release  order.  The  commis-
sioner  must  give  written  notice  of  the application to the district
attorney, the defendant, counsel  for  the  defendant,  and  the  mental
hygiene  legal service. Upon receipt of such application, the court may,
on its own motion, conduct a hearing to determine whether the  defendant
has  a  dangerous mental disorder, and it must conduct such hearing if a
demand therefor is made by the district attorney, the defendant, counsel
for the defendant, or the mental hygiene legal service within  ten  days
from  the date that notice of the application was given to them. If such
a hearing is held on an application for retention, the commissioner must
establish to the satisfaction of the court  that  the  defendant  has  a
dangerous  mental  disorder  or  is  mentally ill. The district attorney
shall be entitled to appear and present evidence  at  such  hearing.  If
such  a  hearing  is  held  on  an application for release, the district
attorney must establish to  the  satisfaction  of  the  court  that  the
defendant  has  a  dangerous  mental disorder or is mentally ill. If the
court finds that the defendant has a dangerous mental disorder  it  must
issue a second retention order. If the court finds that the defendant is
mentally  ill  but  does  not  have a dangerous mental disorder, it must
issue a second retention order and, pursuant to subdivision [eleven] TEN
of this section, a transfer order and an order  of  conditions.  If  the
court finds that the defendant does not have a dangerous mental disorder
and  is  not mentally ill, it must issue a release order and an order of
conditions pursuant to subdivision [twelve] ELEVEN of this section. When
a defendant is in the custody of the commissioner prior to  the  expira-
tion  of  the  period prescribed in a second retention order, the proce-
dures set forth in  this  subdivision  for  the  issuance  of  a  second
retention order shall govern the application for and the issuance of any
subsequent retention order.

S. 3674                             7

  [10.]  9.  Furlough  order.  The commissioner may apply for a furlough
order, pursuant to this subdivision, when a defendant is in his  OR  HER
custody  pursuant  to  a  [commitment  order,]  recommitment order[,] or
retention order and the commissioner is of  the  view  that,  consistent
with  the  public safety and welfare of the community and the defendant,
the clinical condition of the defendant warrants a granting of the priv-
ileges authorized by a furlough order. The application  for  a  furlough
order may be made to the court that issued the commitment order, or to a
superior  court  in the county where the secure facility is located. The
commissioner must give ten days written notice to the district attorney,
the defendant, counsel for the defendant, and the mental  hygiene  legal
service.  Upon  receipt  of  such application, the court may, on its own
motion, conduct a hearing to determine whether the application should be
granted, and must conduct such hearing if a demand therefor is  made  by
the  district  attorney.  If  the  court  finds  that  the issuance of a
furlough order is consistent with the public safety and welfare  of  the
community  and  the  defendant,  and  that the clinical condition of the
defendant warrants a granting of the privileges authorized by a furlough
order, the court must grant the application and issue a  furlough  order
containing  any  terms  and conditions that the court deems necessary or
appropriate. If the defendant fails to return to the secure facility  at
the time specified in the furlough order, then, for purposes of subdivi-
sion  [nineteen]  EIGHTEEN of this section, he OR SHE shall be deemed to
have escaped.
  [11.] 10. Transfer order and order of conditions. The commissioner may
apply for a transfer order, pursuant to this subdivision, when a defend-
ant is in his OR HER custody pursuant to a retention order or  a  recom-
mitment  order,  and  the commissioner is of the view that the defendant
does not have a dangerous mental disorder or that, consistent  with  the
public  safety and welfare of the community and the defendant, the clin-
ical condition of the defendant warrants his  OR  HER  transfer  from  a
secure  facility  to a non-secure facility under the jurisdiction of the
commissioner or to any non-secure facility designated by the commission-
er. The application for a transfer order may be made to the  court  that
issued  the  order under which the defendant is then in custody, or to a
superior court in the county where the secure facility is  located.  The
commissioner must give ten days written notice to the district attorney,
the  defendant,  counsel for the defendant, and the mental hygiene legal
service. Upon receipt of such application, the court  may,  on  its  own
motion, conduct a hearing to determine whether the application should be
granted, and must conduct such hearing if the demand therefor is made by
the  district  attorney.  At  such  hearing,  the district attorney must
establish to the satisfaction of the court  that  the  defendant  has  a
dangerous  mental  disorder  or that the issuance of a transfer order is
inconsistent with the public safety and welfare of  the  community.  The
court must grant the application and issue a transfer order if the court
finds  that  the defendant does not have a dangerous mental disorder, or
if the court finds that the issuance of a transfer order  is  consistent
with  the  public  safety and welfare of the community and the defendant
and that the clinical condition of the defendant, warrants  his  OR  HER
transfer  from  a secure facility to a non-secure facility. A court must
also issue a transfer order when, in connection with an application  for
a  first  retention  order pursuant to subdivision [eight] SEVEN of this
section or a second or subsequent retention order pursuant  to  subdivi-
sion [nine] EIGHT of this section, it finds that a defendant is mentally

S. 3674                             8

ill  but  does  not  have a dangerous mental disorder.  Whenever a court
issues a transfer order it must also issue an order of conditions.
  [12.]  11. Release order and order of conditions. The commissioner may
apply for a release order, pursuant to this subdivision, when a  defend-
ant  is in his OR HER custody pursuant to a retention order or recommit-
ment order, and the commissioner is of the view that  the  defendant  no
longer  has  a  dangerous mental disorder and is no longer mentally ill.
The application for a release order may be made to the court that issued
the order under which the defendant is then in custody, or to a superior
court in the county where the facility is located. The application  must
contain  a  description of the defendant's current mental condition, the
past course of treatment, a history of the  defendant's  conduct  subse-
quent  to  his  OR  HER commitment, a written service plan for continued
treatment which shall include the information specified  in  subdivision
(g) of section 29.15 of the mental hygiene law, and a detailed statement
of  the  extent  to  which supervision of the defendant after release is
proposed. The commissioner must give ten  days  written  notice  to  the
district  attorney,  the  defendant,  counsel for the defendant, and the
mental hygiene legal service. Upon  receipt  of  such  application,  the
court must promptly conduct a hearing to determine the defendant's pres-
ent  mental  condition.    At  such  hearing, the district attorney must
establish to the satisfaction of the court  that  the  defendant  has  a
dangerous  mental  disorder  or is mentally ill. If the court finds that
the defendant has a dangerous mental disorder, it must deny the applica-
tion for a release order. If the court finds that the defendant does not
have a dangerous mental disorder but is mentally ill, it  must  issue  a
transfer  order  pursuant to subdivision [eleven] TEN of this section if
the defendant is then confined in a secure facility. If the court  finds
that  the defendant does not have a dangerous mental disorder and is not
mentally ill, it must grant the application and issue a release order. A
court must also issue a release order when, in connection with an appli-
cation for a first retention order pursuant to subdivision [eight] SEVEN
of this section or a second or subsequent retention  order  pursuant  to
subdivision  [nine]  EIGHT  of this section, it finds that the defendant
does not have a dangerous mental disorder and is not mentally ill. When-
ever a court issues a release order it  must  also  issue  an  order  of
conditions.  If  the court has previously issued a transfer order and an
order of conditions, it must issue a new order of conditions upon  issu-
ing  a release order. The order of conditions issued in conjunction with
a release order shall incorporate a written service plan prepared  by  a
psychiatrist  familiar with the defendant's case history and approved by
the court, and shall contain any conditions that the court determines to
be reasonably necessary or appropriate. It shall be  the  responsibility
of  the  commissioner  to determine that such defendant is receiving the
services specified in the written service plan and is complying with any
conditions specified in such plan and the order of conditions.
  [13.] 12. Discharge order. The commissioner may apply for a  discharge
order,  pursuant  to this subdivision, when a defendant has been contin-
uously on an out-patient status for three years or more  pursuant  to  a
release order, and the commissioner is of the view that the defendant no
longer has a dangerous mental disorder and is no longer mentally ill and
that  the  issuance  of  a discharge order is consistent with the public
safety and welfare of the community and the defendant.  The  application
for  a  discharge order may be made to the court that issued the release
order, or to a superior court in the county where the defendant is  then
residing.  The  commissioner  must  give  ten days written notice to the

S. 3674                             9

district attorney, the defendant, counsel for  the  defendant,  and  the
mental  hygiene  legal  service.  Upon  receipt of such application, the
court may, on its own motion, conduct a hearing to determine whether the
application should be granted, and must conduct such hearing if a demand
therefor  is  made  by  the  district attorney. The court must grant the
application and issue a discharge order if  the  court  finds  that  the
defendant has been continuously on an out-patient status for three years
or more, that he OR SHE does not have a dangerous mental disorder and is
not  mentally  ill,  and  that  the  issuance  of the discharge order is
consistent with the public safety and welfare of the community  and  the
defendant.
  [14] 13.  Recommitment order. At any time during the period covered by
an order of conditions an application may be made by the commissioner or
the district attorney to the court that issued such order, or to a supe-
rior  court  in  the  county where the defendant is then residing, for a
recommitment order when the applicant is of the view that the  defendant
has  a dangerous mental disorder. The applicant must give written notice
of the application to the defendant, counsel for the defendant, and  the
mental  hygiene  legal service, and if the applicant is the commissioner
he OR SHE must give such notice to  the  district  attorney  or  if  the
applicant  is  the  district attorney he OR SHE must give such notice to
the commissioner. Upon receipt of such application the court must  order
the  defendant  to  appear  before  it for a hearing to determine if the
defendant has a dangerous mental disorder. Such order may be in the form
of a written notice, specifying the time and place of appearance, served
personally upon the defendant, or  mailed  to  his  OR  HER  last  known
address,  as  the court may direct.  If the defendant fails to appear in
court as directed, the court [may] SHALL issue a warrant to an appropri-
ate peace officer directing him OR HER to take the defendant into custo-
dy and bring him OR HER before the  court.  In  such  circumstance,  the
court  [may] SHALL direct that the defendant be confined in an appropri-
ate institution located near the place where the court sits.  The  court
must  conduct a hearing to determine whether the defendant has a danger-
ous mental disorder. At such hearing, the applicant, whether he  OR  SHE
be  the  commissioner  or  the  district  attorney must establish to the
satisfaction of the court that the  defendant  has  a  dangerous  mental
disorder.  If  the  applicant is the commissioner, the district attorney
shall be entitled to appear and present evidence at such hearing; if the
applicant is the district attorney, the commissioner shall  be  entitled
to  appear and present evidence at such hearing. If the court finds that
the defendant has a dangerous mental disorder, it must issue a recommit-
ment order. When a defendant is  in  the  custody  of  the  commissioner
pursuant  to  a recommitment order, the procedures set forth in subdivi-
sions SEVEN AND eight [and nine] of this section  for  the  issuance  of
retention  orders shall govern the application for and the issuance of a
first  retention  order,  a  second  retention  order,  and   subsequent
retention orders.
  [15]  14.    Designation  of psychiatric examiners. If, at any hearing
conducted under this section to determine the defendant's present mental
condition, the court is not satisfied with the findings of the psychiat-
ric examiners, the court may direct the commissioner to designate one or
more additional psychiatric examiners to conduct an examination  of  the
defendant  and submit a report of their findings. In addition, the court
may on its own motion, or upon request of a party, may designate one  or
more  psychiatric examiners to examine the defendant and submit a report
of their findings. The district attorney may apply to the court  for  an

S. 3674                            10

order directing that the defendant submit to an examination by a psychi-
atric examiner designated by the district attorney, and such psychiatric
examiner may testify at the hearing.
  [16] 15.  Rehearing and review. Any defendant who is in the custody of
the commissioner pursuant to a [commitment order,] a retention order, or
a recommitment order, if dissatisfied with such order, may, within thir-
ty days after the making of such order, obtain a rehearing and review of
the  proceedings  and of such order in accordance with the provisions of
section 9.35 or 15.35 of the mental hygiene law.
  [17] 16.   Rights  of  defendants.  Subject  to  the  limitations  and
provisions  of this section, a defendant committed to the custody of the
commissioner pursuant to this section shall have the rights  granted  to
patients under the mental hygiene law.
  [18]  17.    Notwithstanding  any  other  provision  of law, no person
confined by reason  of  a  [commitment  order,]  recommitment  order  or
retention  order  to  a  secure  facility  may be discharged or released
unless the commissioner shall deliver written notice, at least four days
excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, in advance of such  discharge
or release to all of the following:
  (a) the district attorney.
  (b) the police department having jurisdiction of the area to which the
defendant is to be discharged or released.
  (c) any other person the court may designate.
  The notices required by this subdivision shall be given by the facili-
ty staff physician who was treating the defendant or, if unavailable, by
the  defendant's  treatment  team  leader, but if neither is immediately
available, notice must be given by some other  member  of  the  clinical
staff of the facility. Such notice must be given by any means reasonably
calculated to give prompt actual notice.
  [19]  18.  Escape from custody; notice requirements. If a defendant is
in the custody of the commissioner pursuant to  an  order  issued  under
this  section, and such defendant escapes from custody, immediate notice
of such escape shall be given by the department facility staff  to:  (a)
the  district  attorney, (b) the superintendent of state police, (c) the
sheriff of the county where the escape occurred, (d) the police  depart-
ment  having jurisdiction of the area where the escape occurred, (e) any
person the facility staff believes to be in  danger,  and  (f)  any  law
enforcement  agency  and any person the facility staff believes would be
able to apprise such endangered person that the  defendant  has  escaped
from  the  facility.  Such notice shall be given as soon as the facility
staff know that the defendant has escaped from the  facility  and  shall
include  such  information as will adequately identify the defendant and
the person or persons believed to be in danger and  the  nature  of  the
danger.  The  notices required by this subdivision shall be given by the
facility staff physician who was treating the defendant or, if  unavail-
able,  by the defendant's treatment team leader, but if neither is imme-
diately available, notice must be given by  some  other  member  of  the
clinical  staff  of the facility. Such notice must be given by any means
reasonably calculated to give prompt actual notice. The defendant may be
apprehended, restrained, transported to, and returned  to  the  facility
from  which he escaped by any peace officer, and it shall be the duty of
the officer to assist any representative of the commissioner to take the
defendant into custody upon the request of such representative.
  [20] 19.   Required affidavit. No  application  may  be  made  by  the
commissioner  under  this section without an accompanying affidavit from
at least one psychiatric examiner supportive of relief requested in  the

S. 3674                            11

application,  which affidavit shall be served on all parties entitled to
receive the notice of application. Such affidavit shall  set  forth  the
defendant's clinical diagnosis, a detailed analysis of his or her mental
condition which caused the psychiatric examiner to formulate an opinion,
and  the opinion of the psychiatric examiner with respect to the defend-
ant. Any application submitted without the required affidavit  shall  be
dismissed by the court.
  [21]  20.  Appeals. (a) A party to proceedings conducted in accordance
with the provisions of this section may take an appeal to an  intermedi-
ate appellate court by permission of the intermediate appellate court as
follows:
  (i)  the  commissioner  may  appeal  from any release order, retention
order, transfer order, discharge order, order of conditions,  or  recom-
mitment order, for which he OR SHE has not applied;
  (ii)  a  defendant,  or the mental hygiene legal service on his or her
behalf, may appeal from any [commitment order,] retention order,  recom-
mitment  order, or, if the defendant has obtained a rehearing and review
of any such order pursuant to  subdivision  [sixteen]  FIFTEEN  of  this
section,  from an order, not otherwise appealable as of right, issued in
accordance with the provisions of section 9.35 or 15.35  of  the  mental
hygiene  law  authorizing  continued retention under the original order,
provided, however, that a defendant who takes an appeal from a  [commit-
ment order,] retention order, or recommitment order may not subsequently
obtain  a  rehearing  and  review  of such order pursuant to subdivision
[sixteen] FIFTEEN of this section;
  (iii) the district attorney may appeal from any release order,  trans-
fer  order,  discharge  order,  order  of conditions, furlough order, or
order denying an application for a recommitment order which  he  OR  SHE
opposed.
  (b) An aggrieved party may appeal from a final order of the intermedi-
ate  appellate court to the court of appeals by permission of the inter-
mediate appellate court granted  before  application  to  the  court  of
appeals,  or  by  permission of the court of appeals upon refusal by the
intermediate appellate court or upon direct application.
  (c) An appeal taken under this subdivision shall be  deemed  civil  in
nature,  and shall be governed by the laws and rules applicable to civil
appeals; provided, however, that a stay of the order appealed from  must
be  obtained in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (d) [hereof]
OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (d) The court from or to  which  an  appeal  is  taken  may  stay  all
proceedings  to  enforce  the  order  appealed from pending an appeal or
determination on a motion for permission  to  appeal,  or  may  grant  a
limited stay, except that only the court to which an appeal is taken may
vacate,  limit,  or  modify  a  stay  previously  granted.  If the order
appealed from is affirmed or modified, the stay shall continue for  five
days  after  service  upon  the  appellant of the order of affirmance or
modification with notice of its entry in the court to which  the  appeal
was  taken.  If  a  motion is made for permission to appeal from such an
order, before the expiration of the five days, the stay,  or  any  other
stay  granted  pending  determination  of  the  motion for permission to
appeal, shall:
  (i) if the motion is granted,  continue  until  five  days  after  the
appeal is determined; or
  (ii)  if  the  motion  is  denied,  continue until five days after the
movant is served with the order of denial with notice of its entry.

S. 3674                            12

  [22] 21.  Any special order of conditions issued pursuant to  subpara-
graph  (i)  or  (ii) of paragraph (o) of subdivision one of this section
shall bear in a conspicuous manner the term  "special  order  of  condi-
tions"  and  a  copy  shall  be filed by the clerk of the court with the
sheriff's  office in the county in which anyone intended to be protected
by such special order resides, or, if anyone intended to be protected by
such special order resides within a city, with the police department  of
such  city.    The  absence  of  language specifying that the order is a
"special order of conditions" shall not  affect  the  validity  of  such
order.  A copy of such special order of conditions may from time to time
be filed by the clerk of the court with any other police  department  or
sheriff's  office  having  jurisdiction of the residence, work place, or
school of anyone intended to be protected by such special order. A  copy
of  such  special  order  may  also  be  filed  by anyone intended to be
protected by such provisions at the  appropriate  police  department  or
sheriff's  office having jurisdiction. Any subsequent amendment or revo-
cation of such special order may be filed in the same manner as provided
in this subdivision.   Such special order of  conditions  shall  plainly
state the date that the order expires.
  S  2. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a  law  and  shall  apply  to
criminal  offenses  committed  on or after such date; provided, however,
that if section 1 of chapter 1 of the laws of 2013 shall not have  taken
effect  on  or  before such date then the amendments made to subdivision
2-a of section 330.20 of the criminal procedure law made by section  one
of this act shall take effect on the same date and in the same manner as
section 1 of such chapter of the laws of 2013 takes effect.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.