TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the executive law, in relation to the
creation of a system of uniform identification cards for police and
PURPOSE: To create a system of uniform identification cards for
police and peace officers and to establish a statewide database for
the purpose of creating, distributing, and monitoring uniform
identification cards for police and peace officers.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section One - Amends the executive law by creating a new section 719.
This section establishes a centralized database to coordinate the
creation, distribution, and monitoring of uniform identification cards
which shall be done in coordination with the Division of Criminal
Justice Services and the databases they currently maintain pursuant to
sections 845 and 845A of the executive law. This section provides
standards that the uniform identification cards must meet.
Section One - Directs the Commissioner, in conjunction with the
division of criminal justice services, develop and distribute uniform
identification cards to all police and peace officers with a personal
identification number, person's badge number, height, weight, eye
color, sex and race. Also, the identification cards will include the
town, village. city, county, department, district, division, agency
or municipality that the person is a volunteer with or employed for.
Also, this section provides the Commissioner will promulgate the rules
and regulations necessary to obtain the information necessary to
implement this database.
Section Two - This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it
shall have become law.
JUSTIFICATION: The necessity of a uniform identification card and a
statewide database for all police and peace officers stems from the
desire to make New York safer and more equipped to mitigate the
effects of a natural or man-made disaster. On August 27, 2004 the
President issued Homeland Security Directive number 12 which outlined
the necessity to develop and implement policy that would create a
common or uniform identification standard for Federal employees and
contractors. This directive spawned a new Federal Information
Processing Standard (HPS) number 201; which, specifies the
architecture and technical requirements for a common identification
standard for Federal employees and contractors. The overall goal is to
achieve appropriate security assurance for multiple applications by
efficiently verifying the claimed identity of individuals seeking
physical access to Federally controlled government facilities and
electronic access to government information systems. According to a
Department of Homeland
Security Information Bulletin, terrorist groups view the theft or
other illegal acquisition of official identification, uniforms, or
vehicles as an effective way to increase access and decrease scrutiny
in furtherance of their planning and operations.
Terrorist groups have utilized police or military uniforms to mask
their identities and achieve closer access to their targets without
arousing suspicion. This was illustrated in the December 2002 suicide
bombings that targeted the Chechen Government Headquarters in Groznyy,
Russia. Terrorists in South America, the Philippines and Pakistan have
stolen emergency medical services uniforms to facilitate the execution
of their attacks on key facilities.
A report released on April 7, 2006 by the Heritage Foundation and
George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute Task
Force, Empowering America: A Proposal for Enhancing Regional
Preparedness, found that the Jack of a uniform identification system
hobbles interagency coordination. There are a number of professions
and capacities that people serve in that are critical to an effective
response to an emergency; because of this, the verification of
identification, affiliation, and expertise cannot be accomplished
rapidly during a crisis unless there is some uniform identification
system. This legislation will allow emergency planners and law
enforcement officials to better understand the specific human
resources on hand at any given time and in any region so that we can
fortify our plans and better manage our assets. This seamless
identification for all police and peace officers will be utilized in
many situations, such as: when officers are deployed to areas outside
of their normal geographical area for national security and special
events (e.g. The Republican National Convention); during mutual
assistance across counties, natural and man-made disasters, and for
multi-agency coordination centers (MACC).
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 06/06/12 Reported and committed to finance
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: According to the Division of Criminal Justice
Services there were 65,942 sworn law enforcement officers across New
York in 2004. At about $6.50 for each identification card, this
legislation would cost the state $428,623, much of which could be
offset by Federal funding sources.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after
it shall have become law.