senate Bill S4017

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Establishes a statewide database to maintain and track coded ammunition and establishing penalties for individuals who violate such provisions

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Mar 04, 2013 referred to codes

S4017 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8108
Current Committee:
Senate Codes
Law Section:
General Business Law
Laws Affected:
Add §396-gg, Gen Bus L; add §265.46, Pen L; add §91-g, St Fin L; amd §210, Tax L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S3629A
2009-2010: S2953

S4017 - Bill Texts

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Establishes a statewide database to maintain and track coded ammunition and establishes penalties for individuals who violate such provisions; establishes the ammunition coding system fund.

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BILL NUMBER:S4017

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the general business law and the penal
law, in relation to establishing a statewide database to maintain and
track coded ammunition and establishing penalties for individuals who
violate such provisions; to amend the state finance law, in relation
to establishing the ammunition coding system database fund; and to
amend the tax law, in relation to establishing a tax credit for
manufacturers or dealers who exchange old uncoded ammunition for new
coded ammunition

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To establish a statewide database to
track coded ammunition manufactured and sold for handguns and assault
rifles.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 - Legislative Findings.

Section 2 - The General Business law is amended by adding a new
section 396-gg. This section establishes the ammunition coding system
database. The New York State police is responsible for establishing
and maintaining an ammunition coding system database containing
information from the following: the manufacturing registry for coding
ammunition and the vender registry for tracking individuals who
purchase firearms with these codes. The ammunition coding system will
be reserved for key law enforcement personnel and will be released
only in connection with a criminal investigation. The cost of
maintaining the dataset shall be funded by the ammunition coding
system database fund established pursuant to section ninety-one-h of
the state finance law. Vendors shall charge an additional $.005 per
bullet or round of ammunition to the purchaser. Such moneys shall be
deposited into the fund. Fines will be leveled against any
manufacturer or vendor due to non-compliance.

The penal law is amended by adding a new section 265.46 which would
make unlawful sale or possession of uncoded ammunition a Class A
misdemeanor. The state finance law is amended by adding a new section
91-g creating the joint custody of the comptroller and the
commissioner of taxation and finance, a fund to be known as the
ammunition coding system database.

Section 210 of the tax law is amended by adding a new subdivision 46
to provide a credit exchange for uncoded ammunition.

JUSTIFICATION: Each year in the United States, more than 30% of all
homicides that involve a gun go unsolved. Current technology for
matching a bullet used in a crime to the gun that fired it has worked
moderately well for years, but presupposes that the weapon was
recovered by law enforcement. This legislation would establish the
Ammunition Accountability Act, which would give law enforcement a new
and effective way to quickly identify persons of interest in gun crime
investigations.

This bill would require all handgun and assault weapon ammunition
manufactured or sold in the state to be coded by the manufacturer.
Manufacturers and vendors would be required to maintain data on each
weapon and the ammunition. Access to the database would be reserved


for key law enforcement personnel and to be released only in
connection with a criminal investigation. Any vendor or manufacturer
that fails to comply with the provisions of this law would be fined
based on the number of violations. The database will be funded at an
estimated $.005 per bullet sold.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2007-08: A.10259 2010: A.3200/S.2953 -
Held in Consumer Protection

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Undetermined.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after
it shall have become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  4017

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              March 4, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  ADAMS  -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the general business law and the penal law, in  relation
  to establishing a statewide database to maintain and track coded ammu-
  nition  and  establishing  penalties  for individuals who violate such
  provisions; to amend the state finance law, in relation to  establish-
  ing  the  ammunition coding system database fund; and to amend the tax
  law, in relation to establishing a tax  credit  for  manufacturers  or
  dealers who exchange old uncoded ammunition for new coded ammunition

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings. The  legislature  hereby  finds  that
each year in the United States more than thirty percent of all homicides
involving  a  gun  go unsolved. Handgun ammunition accounts for approxi-
mately eighty percent of all ammunition sold within the  United  States.
Current technology for matching a bullet used in a crime to the gun that
fired  it has worked moderately well for years, but presupposes that the
weapon was recovered by law enforcement. Ammunition coding is a new  and
effective  way for law enforcement to quickly identify persons of inter-
est in gun crime investigations.
  S 2. The general business law is amended by adding a new section  396-
gg to read as follows:
  S  396-GG.  AMMUNITION  CODING  SYSTEM DATABASE. 1. THE NEW YORK STATE
POLICE ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ESTABLISHING AND  MAINTAINING  AN  AMMUNITION
CODING SYSTEM DATABASE CONTAINING INFORMATION FROM THE FOLLOWING:
  A.  THE  MANUFACTURER  REGISTRY. (I) EVERY MANUFACTURER SHALL REGISTER
WITH THE NEW YORK STATE POLICE IN A MANNER PRESCRIBED BY  THE  NEW  YORK
STATE  POLICE, AND SHALL MAINTAIN RECORDS ON THE BUSINESS PREMISES FOR A
PERIOD OF SEVEN YEARS CONCERNING ALL  SALES,  LOANS,  AND  TRANSFERS  OF
AMMUNITION TO, FROM, OR WITHIN THE STATE.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD05578-02-3

S. 4017                             2

  (II)  EVERY  MANUFACTURER  SHALL  CODE ANY AMMUNITION FOR HANDGUNS AND
ASSAULT WEAPONS SOLD OR MANUFACTURED AFTER JANUARY FIRST,  TWO  THOUSAND
FOURTEEN.
  B. THE VENDOR REGISTRY. EVERY VENDOR OF AMMUNITION SHALL REGISTER WITH
THE  NEW  YORK STATE POLICE IN A MANNER PRESCRIBED BY THE NEW YORK STATE
POLICE,  AND  SHALL  RECORD  THE  FOLLOWING  INFORMATION  IN  A   FORMAT
PRESCRIBED BY THE NEW YORK STATE POLICE:
  (I) THE DATE OF THE TRANSACTION;
  (II) THE NAME OF THE TRANSFEREE;
  (III)  THE  PURCHASER'S  DRIVER'S  LICENSE  NUMBER OR OTHER GOVERNMENT
ISSUED IDENTIFICATION CARD NUMBER;
  (IV) THE DATE OF BIRTH OF THE PURCHASER;
  (V) THE UNIQUE IDENTIFIER OF ALL HANDGUN AMMUNITION OR BULLETS  TRANS-
FERRED;
  (VI) THE CALIBER OF THE BULLET; AND
  (VII) ANY OTHER INFORMATION DETERMINED NECESSARY BY THE NEW YORK STATE
POLICE.
  EVERY  VENDOR  SHALL  MAINTAIN  THESE  RECORDS ON THEIR PREMISES FOR A
PERIOD OF AT LEAST THREE YEARS FROM THE DATE OF THE RECORDED PURCHASE.
  2. TO THE GREATEST EXTENT POSSIBLE OR PRACTICAL, THE AMMUNITION CODING
SYSTEM DATABASE SHALL BE BUILT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF EXISTING FIREARMS
DATABASES. THE AMMUNITION CODING SYSTEM DATABASE SHALL BE OPERATIONAL NO
LATER THAN JANUARY FIRST, TWO THOUSAND FOURTEEN.
  3. PRIVACY OF INDIVIDUALS IS  OF  THE  UTMOST  IMPORTANCE.  ACCESS  TO
INFORMATION IN THE AMMUNITION CODING SYSTEM DATABASE IS RESERVED FOR KEY
LAW  ENFORCEMENT  PERSONNEL AND TO BE RELEASED ONLY IN CONNECTION WITH A
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION.
  4. THE COST OF MAINTAINING THE DATABASE SHALL BE FUNDED BY THE AMMUNI-
TION CODING SYSTEM DATABASE FUND ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO  SECTION  NINE-
TY-ONE-G  OF  THE  STATE FINANCE LAW. VENDORS SHALL CHARGE AN ADDITIONAL
$.005 PER BULLET OR ROUND OF AMMUNITION TO THE PURCHASER.   SUCH  MONEYS
SHALL BE DEPOSITED INTO THE FUND.
  5.  ANY  PERSON  IN POSSESSION OF NON-CODED AMMUNITION MUST DISPOSE OF
SUCH AMMUNITION NO LATER THAN JANUARY FIRST, TWO THOUSAND FIFTEEN.
  6.  ANY PERSON WITH A VALID HUNTING LICENSE SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM  THIS
SECTION,  FOR  A  PERIOD  OF THREE YEARS COMMENCING THREE YEARS FROM THE
EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION.
  7. A. ANY  MANUFACTURER  THAT  WILLFULLY  FAILS  TO  COMPLY  WITH  THE
PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A FINE OF UP TO ONE THOU-
SAND  DOLLARS FOR A FIRST OFFENSE; A FINE OF UP TO FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS
FOR A SECOND OFFENSE; AND A FINE OF UP TO TEN  THOUSAND  DOLLARS  FOR  A
THIRD AND EACH SUBSEQUENT OFFENSE.
  B.  ANY  VENDOR  THAT WILLFULLY FAILS TO COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS OF
THIS SECTION SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A FINE OF UP TO  ONE  THOUSAND  DOLLARS
FOR  A  FIRST OFFENSE; A FINE OF UP TO TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR A SECOND
OFFENSE; AND A FINE OF UP TO FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR A THIRD AND  EACH
SUBSEQUENT  OFFENSE.  IN  ADDITION  TO ANY FINE IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS
SECTION, A VENDOR MAY BE SUBJECT TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF LESS  THAN
ONE YEAR FOR EACH VIOLATION.
  8.  FOR  PURPOSES  OF  THIS SECTION, "CODED AMMUNITION" MEANS A BULLET
CARRYING A UNIQUE IDENTIFIER THAT HAS BEEN APPLIED BY ETCHING  ONTO  THE
BASE OF THE BULLET PROJECTILE.
  S  3.  The penal law is amended by adding a new section 265.46 to read
as follows:
S 265.46 UNLAWFUL SALE OR POSSESSION OF UNCODED AMMUNITION.

S. 4017                             3

  A PERSON IS GUILTY OF UNLAWFUL SALE OR POSSESSION OF  UNCODED  AMMUNI-
TION WHEN HE OR SHE:
  1.  SELLS  ANY  AMMUNITION THAT HAS NOT BEEN CODED PURSUANT TO SECTION
THREE HUNDRED NINETY-SIX-GG OF THE GENERAL BUSINESS LAW; OR
  2. POSSESSES ANY AMMUNITION THAT IS UNCODED, OR THE CODE OF WHICH  HAS
BEEN  RENDERED  UNREADABLE,  EXCEPT  IF  SUCH POSSESSION IS WITHIN THREE
YEARS FROM THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION AND THE PERSON HAS A VALID
HUNTING LICENSE; OR
  3. POSSESSES ONE HUNDRED ROUNDS OR MORE OF AMMUNITION THAT IS UNCODED,
OR THE CODE OF WHICH HAS BEEN RENDERED UNREADABLE, DOES NOT HAVE A VALID
HUNTING LICENSE, AND SUCH POSSESSION TAKES PLACE AT LEAST ONE YEAR AFTER
THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION.
  UNLAWFUL SALE OR POSSESSION OF UNCODED AMMUNITION IS A CLASS A  MISDE-
MEANOR.
  S  4. The state finance law is amended by adding a new section 91-g to
read as follows:
  S 91-G. AMMUNITION CODING SYSTEM DATABASE FUND.  1.  THERE  IS  HEREBY
CREATED  IN THE JOINT CUSTODY OF THE COMPTROLLER AND THE COMMISSIONER OF
TAXATION AND FINANCE, A FUND TO BE KNOWN AS THE AMMUNITION CODING SYSTEM
DATABASE FUND.
  2. THE FUND SHALL CONSIST OF ALL MONEYS COLLECTED PURSUANT TO  SECTION
THREE  HUNDRED  NINETY-SIX-GG  OF THE GENERAL BUSINESS LAW, OR ANY OTHER
MONEY APPROPRIATED TO THE FUND BY LAW.
  3. THE MONEYS OF THE FUND SHALL BE USED TO ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN  THE
AMMUNITION  CODING  SYSTEM  DATABASE  CREATED  PURSUANT TO SECTION THREE
HUNDRED NINETY-SIX-GG OF THE GENERAL BUSINESS LAW.
  4. MONEYS SHALL BE PAYABLE FROM THE FUND ON THE AUDIT AND  WARRANT  OF
THE  STATE  COMPTROLLER ON VOUCHERS APPROVED AND CERTIFIED BY THE SUPER-
INTENDENT OF THE NEW YORK STATE POLICE.
  S 5.  Section 210 of the tax law is amended by adding a  new  subdivi-
sion 46 to read as follows:
  46.  CREDIT FOR EXCHANGE OF UNCODED AMMUNITION. (A) ALLOWANCE OF CRED-
IT. A TAXPAYER SHALL BE ALLOWED A CREDIT, TO BE COMPUTED AS  HEREINAFTER
PROVIDED, AGAINST THE TAX IMPOSED BY THIS ARTICLE, WHERE THE TAXPAYER IS
AN  AMMUNITION MANUFACTURER OR DEALER AND ACCEPTS OLD UNCODED AMMUNITION
IN EXCHANGE FOR NEW CODED AMMUNITION.
  (B) AMOUNT OF CREDIT. THE CREDIT ALLOWED IN THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL  BE
EQUAL  TO THE COST TO THE TAXPAYER FOR PROVIDING NEW CODED AMMUNITION IN
EXCHANGE FOR OLD UNCODED AMMUNITION, IN AN AMOUNT UP  TO  THREE  HUNDRED
THOUSAND DOLLARS.
  S  6.  This  act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall
have become a law.

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