senate Bill S4552A

Signed By Governor
2013-2014 Legislative Session

Allows the town board of the Town of Hempstead to adopt a local law or ordinance providing for a residential parking permit system

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Archive: Last Bill Status - Signed by Governor


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jul 31, 2013 signed chap.267
Jul 19, 2013 delivered to governor
Jun 21, 2013 returned to senate
passed assembly
home rule request
ordered to third reading rules cal.719
substituted for a6505c
Jun 17, 2013 referred to transportation
delivered to assembly
passed senate
home rule request
Jun 04, 2013 advanced to third reading
amended 4552b
Jun 03, 2013 2nd report cal.
May 30, 2013 1st report cal.831
May 21, 2013 print number 4552a
amend and recommit to transportation
Apr 10, 2013 referred to transportation

Votes

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Bill Amendments

Original
A
B (Active)
Original
A
B (Active)

S4552 - Bill Details

Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §1662-e, V & T L

S4552 - Bill Texts

view summary

Allows the town board of the town of Hempstead to adopt a local law or ordinance providing for a residential parking permit system.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S4552

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to authorizing a residential parking system in the Town of
Hempstead

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this legislation is to implement a residential parking
permit system in a portion of East Meadow in the Town of Hempstead.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section one creates a new section 1622-e of the Vehicle and Traffic
Law.

Section two specifies the individual town roadways covered by the
permit system, allowing the town to develop a specific ordinance
governing the times of day when the permit will apply and provisions
to protect some short-term parking.

Section three states the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:

The Nassau University Medical Center services hundreds of patients and
employees in the unincorporated area of East Meadow in the Town of
Hempstead. In June 2011, the Medical Center's parking garage was
condemned as structurally unsound. This caused a great number of
employees and visitors to park in the residential streets around the
hospital. The result is there a severe parking problem to the
residents of this area. A residential parking permit system is
required to address this problem.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

This is new legislation.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None to the State.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately.

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download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  4552

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                             April 10, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  HANNON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  authorizing
  a residential parking system in the Town of Hempstead

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings and intent. The legislature finds that
a lack of parking for residents of a section of East Meadow in the  town
of  Hempstead  has  resulted  in traffic hazards, congestion and air and
noise pollution. In addition, such lack of parking  poses  a  hazard  to
residents  and  other pedestrians in such areas. The legislature further
finds that a residential parking system will  reduce  such  hazards  and
will  reduce  pollution  levels  as  well.  The  legislature, therefore,
declares the necessity of this act to authorize the town of Hempstead to
adopt a residential parking system in accordance with the provisions  of
this act.
  S  2.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
1662-e to read as follows:
  S 1662-E. RESIDENTIAL PARKING SYSTEM IN THE TOWN  OF  HEMPSTEAD.    1.
NOTWITHSTANDING  THE  PROVISIONS  OF  ANY  LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE TOWN
BOARD OF THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD MAY, BY ADOPTION OF A LOCAL LAW OR  ORDI-
NANCE,  PROVIDE  FOR  A  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT SYSTEM AND FIX AND
REQUIRE THE PAYMENT OF FEES APPLICABLE TO PARKING  WITHIN  THE  AREA  IN
WHICH SUCH PARKING SYSTEM IS IN EFFECT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS
OF THIS SECTION.
  2.  SUCH  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT  SYSTEM MAY ONLY BE ESTABLISHED
WITHIN THE AREA KNOWN AS EAST MEADOW  OF  THE  TOWN  CONSISTING  OF  THE
FOLLOWING ROADWAYS:
  (A)  ROOSEVELT  AVENUE  EAST  OF  FOURTH  STREET  AND WEST OF PROSPECT
AVENUE;
  (B) JEFFERSON STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD09924-02-3

S. 4552                             2

  (C) FIRST STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (D) SECOND STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (E) THIRD STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (F) FOURTH STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (G) CLEARMEADOW DRIVE WEST OF PONTIAC PLACE;
  (H) NOTTINGHAM ROAD;
  (I) FLORENCE COURT;
  (J) JANE COURT;
  (K) DOFENA LANE;
  (L) BAILEY AVENUE; AND
  (M)  LINCOLN  AVENUE  SOUTH  OF HEMPSTEAD TURNPIKE AND NORTH OF FOURTH
STREET.
  3. NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING, NO PERMIT SHALL BE REQUIRED ON THOSE
PORTIONS OF SUCH STREETS WHERE THE ADJACENT  PROPERTIES  ARE  ZONED  FOR
COMMERCIAL/RETAIL USE.
  4.  THE  LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE PROVIDING FOR SUCH RESIDENTIAL PARKING
SYSTEM SHALL:
  (A) SET FORTH FACTORS NECESSITATING  THE  ENACTMENT  OF  SUCH  PARKING
SYSTEM;
  (B)  PROVIDE  THAT  MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION FOUR
HUNDRED FOUR-A OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM ANY PERMIT  REQUIRE-
MENT;
  (C)  PROVIDE THE TIMES OF DAY AND DAYS OF THE WEEK DURING WHICH PERMIT
REQUIREMENTS SHALL BE IN EFFECT;
  (D) MAKE NOT LESS THAN FIFTEEN PERCENT OF THE SPACES WITHIN THE PERMIT
AREA AVAILABLE TO NONRESIDENTS, AND SHALL PROVIDE SHORT TERM PARKING  OF
NOT LESS THAN SIXTY MINUTES IN DURATION IN THE PERMIT AREA;
  (E) PROVIDE THE SCHEDULE OF FEES TO BE PAID FOR SUCH PERMITS; AND
  (F)  PROVIDE  THAT  SUCH FEES SHALL BE CREDITED TO THE GENERAL FUND OF
THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED IN SUCH LOCAL LAW.
  5. THE TOWN BOARD MAY DETERMINE THAT THE  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT
SYSTEM  MAY  INCLUDE A LESSER AREA THAN THAT PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION TWO
OF THIS SECTION.
  6. NO ORDINANCE SHALL BE ADOPTED PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SECTION  UNTIL  A
PUBLIC  HEARING  THEREON HAS BEEN HAD IN THE SAME MANNER AS REQUIRED FOR
PUBLIC HEARINGS ON A LOCAL LAW PURSUANT TO THE MUNICIPAL HOME RULE LAW.
  7. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY STATE HIGHWAY
MAINTAINED BY THE STATE.
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

S4552A - Bill Details

Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §1662-e, V & T L

S4552A - Bill Texts

view summary

Allows the town board of the town of Hempstead to adopt a local law or ordinance providing for a residential parking permit system.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S4552A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to authorizing a residential parking system in the Town of
Hempstead

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this legislation is to implement a residential parking
permit system in a portion of East Meadow in the Town of Hempstead.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section one creates a new section 1622-e of the Vehicle and Traffic
Law.

Section two specifies the individual town roadways covered by the
permit system, allowing the town to develop a specific ordinance
governing the times of day when the permit will apply and provisions
to protect some short-term parking.

Section three states the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:

The Nassau University Medical Center services hundreds of patients and
employees in the unincorporated area of East Meadow in the Town of
Hempstead. In June 2011, the Medical Center's parking garage was
condemned as structurally unsound. This caused a great number of
employees and visitors to park in the residential streets around the
hospital. The result is there a severe parking problem to the
residents of this area. A residential parking permit system is
required to address this problem.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

This is new legislation.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None to the State.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 4552--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                             April 10, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  HANNON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation --  commit-
  tee  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recom-
  mitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  authorizing
  a residential parking system in the Town of Hempstead

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings and intent. The legislature finds that
a lack of parking for residents of a section of East Meadow in the  town
of  Hempstead  has  resulted  in traffic hazards, congestion and air and
noise pollution. In addition, such lack of parking  poses  a  hazard  to
residents  and  other pedestrians in such areas. The legislature further
finds that a residential parking system will  reduce  such  hazards  and
will  reduce  pollution  levels  as  well.  The  legislature, therefore,
declares the necessity of this act to authorize the town of Hempstead to
adopt a residential parking system in accordance with the provisions  of
this act.
  S  2.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
1662-e to read as follows:
  S 1662-E. RESIDENTIAL PARKING SYSTEM IN THE TOWN  OF  HEMPSTEAD.    1.
NOTWITHSTANDING  THE  PROVISIONS  OF  ANY  LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE TOWN
BOARD OF THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD MAY, BY ADOPTION OF A LOCAL LAW OR  ORDI-
NANCE,  PROVIDE  FOR  A  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT SYSTEM AND FIX AND
REQUIRE THE PAYMENT OF FEES APPLICABLE TO PARKING  WITHIN  THE  AREA  IN
WHICH SUCH PARKING SYSTEM IS IN EFFECT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS
OF THIS SECTION.
  2.  SUCH  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT  SYSTEM MAY ONLY BE ESTABLISHED
WITHIN THE AREA KNOWN AS EAST MEADOW  OF  THE  TOWN  CONSISTING  OF  THE
FOLLOWING ROADWAYS:
  (A) ROOSEVELT AVENUE WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD09924-08-3

S. 4552--A                          2

  (B) JEFFERSON STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (C) FIRST STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (D) SECOND STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (E) THIRD STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (F) FOURTH STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (G) CLEARMEADOW DRIVE;
  (H) NOTTINGHAM ROAD;
  (I) FLORENCE COURT;
  (J) JANE COURT;
  (K) DOFENA LANE;
  (L) FRANKLIN AVENUE NORTH OF 4TH STREET;
  (M) BAILEY AVENUE;
  (N)  FRANKLIN AVENUE, NORTH OF 7TH STREET AND SOUTH OF HEMPSTEAD TURN-
PIKE;
  (O) LINCOLN AVENUE, NORTH OF 7TH STREET AND SOUTH OF ROOSEVELT AVENUE;
  (P) 5TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (Q) 6TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (R) 7TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (S) PENGON CIRCLE;
  (T) LOIS COURT;
  (U) ERMA DRIVE;
  (V) AVA DRIVE;
  (W) DOROTHY DRIVE;
  (X) BARBARA DRIVE;
  (Y) ROSE DRIVE;
  (Z) BLY ROAD;
  (AA) MARION DRIVE; AND
  (BB) CONTI SQUARE BOULEVARD.
  3. NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING, NO PERMIT SHALL BE REQUIRED ON THOSE
PORTIONS OF SUCH STREETS WHERE THE ADJACENT  PROPERTIES  ARE  ZONED  FOR
COMMERCIAL/RETAIL USE.
  4.  THE  LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE PROVIDING FOR SUCH RESIDENTIAL PARKING
SYSTEM SHALL:
  (A) SET FORTH FACTORS NECESSITATING  THE  ENACTMENT  OF  SUCH  PARKING
SYSTEM;
  (B)  PROVIDE  THAT  MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION FOUR
HUNDRED FOUR-A OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM ANY PERMIT  REQUIRE-
MENT;
  (C)  PROVIDE THE TIMES OF DAY AND DAYS OF THE WEEK DURING WHICH PERMIT
REQUIREMENTS SHALL BE IN EFFECT;
  (D) MAKE NOT LESS THAN FIFTEEN PERCENT OF THE SPACES WITHIN THE PERMIT
AREA AVAILABLE TO NONRESIDENTS, AND SHALL PROVIDE SHORT TERM PARKING  OF
NOT LESS THAN SIXTY MINUTES IN DURATION IN THE PERMIT AREA;
  (E) PROVIDE THE SCHEDULE OF FEES TO BE PAID FOR SUCH PERMITS; AND
  (F)  PROVIDE  THAT  SUCH FEES SHALL BE CREDITED TO THE GENERAL FUND OF
THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED IN SUCH LOCAL LAW.
  5. THE TOWN BOARD MAY DETERMINE THAT THE  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT
SYSTEM  MAY  INCLUDE A LESSER AREA THAN THAT PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION TWO
OF THIS SECTION.
  6. NO ORDINANCE SHALL BE ADOPTED PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SECTION  UNTIL  A
PUBLIC  HEARING  THEREON HAS BEEN HAD IN THE SAME MANNER AS REQUIRED FOR
PUBLIC HEARINGS ON A LOCAL LAW PURSUANT TO THE MUNICIPAL HOME RULE LAW.
  7. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY STATE HIGHWAY
MAINTAINED BY THE STATE.
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

S4552B (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §1662-e, V & T L

S4552B (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Allows the town board of the town of Hempstead to adopt a local law or ordinance providing for a residential parking permit system.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S4552B

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to authorizing a residential parking system in the Town of
Hempstead

PURPOSE: The purpose of this legislation is to implement a
residential parking permit system in a portion of East Meadow in the
Town of Hempstead.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section two creates a new section 1662-e of the Vehicle and Traffic
Law.

Section two specifies the individual town roadways covered by the
permit system, allowing the town to develop a specific ordinance
governing the times of day when the permit will apply and provisions
to protect some short-term parking.

Section three states the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION: The Nassau University Medical Center services hundreds
of patients and employees in the unincorporated area of East Meadow in
the Town of Hempstead. In June 2011, the Medical Center's parking
garage was condemned as structurally unsound. This caused a great
number of employees and visitors to park in the residential streets
around the hospital. The result is there is a severe parking problem
for the residents of this area. A residential parking permit system is
required to address this problem.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is new legislation.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None to the State.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 4552--B
    Cal. No. 831

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                             April 10, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  HANNON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation --  commit-
  tee  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recom-
  mitted to said committee -- reported favorably  from  said  committee,
  ordered  to first and second report, amended on second report, ordered
  to a third reading, and to be  reprinted  as  amended,  retaining  its
  place in the order of third reading

AN  ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to authorizing
  a residential parking system in the Town of Hempstead

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings and intent. The legislature finds that
a  lack of parking for residents of a section of East Meadow in the town
of Hempstead has resulted in traffic hazards,  congestion  and  air  and
noise  pollution.  In  addition,  such lack of parking poses a hazard to
residents and other pedestrians in such areas. The  legislature  further
finds  that  a  residential  parking system will reduce such hazards and
will reduce  pollution  levels  as  well.  The  legislature,  therefore,
declares the necessity of this act to authorize the town of Hempstead to
adopt  a residential parking system in accordance with the provisions of
this act.
  S 2. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding  a  new  section
1662-e to read as follows:
  S  1662-E.  RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  SYSTEM IN THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD.  1.
NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF ANY LAW  TO  THE  CONTRARY,  THE  TOWN
BOARD  OF THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD MAY, BY ADOPTION OF A LOCAL LAW OR ORDI-
NANCE, PROVIDE FOR A RESIDENTIAL  PARKING  PERMIT  SYSTEM  AND  FIX  AND
REQUIRE  THE  PAYMENT  OF  FEES APPLICABLE TO PARKING WITHIN THE AREA IN
WHICH SUCH PARKING SYSTEM IS IN EFFECT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS
OF THIS SECTION.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD09924-10-3

S. 4552--B                          2

  2. SUCH RESIDENTIAL PARKING PERMIT  SYSTEM  MAY  ONLY  BE  ESTABLISHED
WITHIN  THE  AREA  KNOWN  AS  EAST  MEADOW OF THE TOWN CONSISTING OF THE
FOLLOWING ROADWAYS:
  (A) ROOSEVELT AVENUE WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (B) JEFFERSON STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (C) FIRST STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (D) SECOND STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (E) THIRD STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (F) FOURTH STREET WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (G) CLEARMEADOW DRIVE;
  (H) NOTTINGHAM ROAD;
  (I) FLORENCE COURT;
  (J) JANE COURT;
  (K) DOFENA LANE;
  (L) FRANKLIN AVENUE NORTH OF 4TH STREET;
  (M) BAILEY AVENUE;
  (N)  FRANKLIN AVENUE, NORTH OF 7TH STREET AND SOUTH OF HEMPSTEAD TURN-
PIKE;
  (O) LINCOLN AVENUE, NORTH OF 7TH STREET AND SOUTH OF ROOSEVELT AVENUE;
  (P) 5TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (Q) 6TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (R) 7TH STREET, WEST OF PROSPECT AVENUE;
  (S) PENGON CIRCLE;
  (T) LOIS COURT;
  (U) ERMA DRIVE;
  (V) AVA DRIVE;
  (W) DOROTHY DRIVE;
  (X) BARBARA DRIVE;
  (Y) ROSE DRIVE;
  (Z) BLY ROAD;
  (AA) MARION DRIVE; AND
  (BB) CONTI SQUARE BOULEVARD.
  3. NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING, NO PERMIT SHALL BE REQUIRED ON THOSE
PORTIONS OF SUCH STREETS WHERE THE ADJACENT  PROPERTIES  ARE  ZONED  FOR
COMMERCIAL/RETAIL USE.
  4.  THE  LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE PROVIDING FOR SUCH RESIDENTIAL PARKING
SYSTEM SHALL:
  (A) SET FORTH FACTORS NECESSITATING  THE  ENACTMENT  OF  SUCH  PARKING
SYSTEM;
  (B)  PROVIDE  THAT  MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION FOUR
HUNDRED FOUR-A OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL BE EXEMPT FROM ANY PERMIT  REQUIRE-
MENT;
  (C)  PROVIDE THE TIMES OF DAY AND DAYS OF THE WEEK DURING WHICH PERMIT
REQUIREMENTS SHALL BE IN EFFECT;
  (D) MAKE NOT LESS THAN FIFTEEN PERCENT OF THE SPACES WITHIN THE PERMIT
AREA AVAILABLE TO NONRESIDENTS, AND SHALL PROVIDE SHORT TERM PARKING  OF
NOT LESS THAN SIXTY MINUTES IN DURATION IN THE PERMIT AREA;
  (E) PROVIDE THE SCHEDULE OF FEES TO BE PAID FOR SUCH PERMITS; AND
  (F)  PROVIDE  THAT  SUCH FEES SHALL BE CREDITED TO THE GENERAL FUND OF
THE TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED IN SUCH LOCAL LAW.
  5. NO ORDINANCE SHALL BE ADOPTED PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SECTION  UNTIL  A
PUBLIC  HEARING  THEREON HAS BEEN HAD IN THE SAME MANNER AS REQUIRED FOR
PUBLIC HEARINGS ON A LOCAL LAW PURSUANT TO THE MUNICIPAL HOME RULE LAW.
  6. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY STATE HIGHWAY
MAINTAINED BY THE STATE.
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

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