senate Bill S472

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Prohibits smoking in private passenger cars, vans or trucks where minors less than 14 years of age are passengers in such vehicles; penalties for violation

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to transportation
Jan 09, 2013 referred to transportation

Co-Sponsors

S472 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A622
Current Committee:
Senate Transportation
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add ยง1229-e, V & T L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: A7285, S3082B, A7285B
2009-2010: A6714B, S3191B

S472 - Bill Texts

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Prohibits smoking in private passenger cars, vans and trucks where a minor less than 14 years of age is a passenger in such vehicles; provides for rebuttable presumption; provides that violations of such provisions shall be subject to a fine of not more than $100.

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BILL NUMBER:S472

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend
the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to restricting areas where
smoking is permitted

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
The purpose of this legislation is to
prohibit smoking in private passenger automobiles where minors less
than 14 years of age are passengers in such vehicles.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section 1. The vehicle and traffic law
is amended by adding a new section 1229-e.

1229-e: 1. Prohibits smoking in vehicles while children under 14 are
present.

2. A person who holds a lighted, cigar, cigarette, pipe or any other
matter or substance which contains tobacco or any other plant or
matter that can be smoked to, or in the immediate proximity of his or
her mouth, while in such vehicle is presumed to be engaging in
smoking within the meaning of this section. The presumption
established by this subdivision is rebuttable by evidence showing
that the person was not smoking a lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe or
other matter or substance which contains tobacco or any other plant
or matter that can be smoked.

JUSTIFICATION:
The harmful effect secondhand smoke (SHS) can have on
people, especially children, has been well documented. The EPA
estimates that secondhand smoke causes up to 62,000 deaths each year
among nonsmokers in the United States, including 3,000 deaths due to
lung cancer alone.

Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) is a major preventable contributor to
acute and chronic adverse health outcomes that affect children
disproportionately. An estimated 300,000 children nationwide develop
lower respiratory infections each year as a result of exposure to
secondhand smoke, with approximately 15,000 of these children
hospitalized due to their infections.
Exposure to secondhand smoke is a primary cause of asthma.

In 2006, the U.S. Surgeon General issued a report, "The Health
Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke," saying that
SHS is a serious health hazard that can lead to disease and premature
death in children. The report details that even brief exposure to SHS
has immediate, adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and that
because the bodies of infants and children are still developing; they
are especially vulnerable to the poisons in SHS.

That same year, the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reported
the results of a Harvard School of Public Health study on SHS in
automobiles. The study simulated children's exposure to secondhand


smoke in a motor vehicle by measuring carbon dioxide and respirable
suspended
particles (RSP) under actual driving conditions. The researchers
determined that the levels of RSP detected were deemed unsafe,
particularly for children. Their conclusion was that private
passenger cars are a domestic environment with the potential to yield
unsafe levels of SHS contaminants.

The World Health Organization has established 25 mcglm3 as the limit
for safe particulate matter levels. In 2012, The Scottish Centre for
Indoor Air at the University of Aberdeen conducted a study that
highlights the dangers of SHS in automobiles. Researchers measured
fine particulate matter in the rear passenger seat of cars driven by
14 smokers and three nonsmokers.
Particulate matter levels averaged 7.4 mcg/m3 during smoke-free
drives, but were 11 times higher (85 mcg/m3) in cars where smoking
occurred. Average levels peaked at 385 mcg/m3, with the highest level
being 880 mcg/m3.

While awareness of SHS has modified the behavior of smoking in
households, the same cannot be said of automobiles. A November 2012
Center for Child and Adolescent Health Research and Policy study
found that two out of three parents with smoke-free home policies
don't enforce the same rules in their car. Some three-quarters of
smoking parents admitted that someone had smoked in their car in the
last three months. In addition, only one-quarter of smoking parents
adopt a smoke-free car policy, and nearly half of those who don't
enforce a ban, smoke while their children are in the car.

Smoking is prohibited in many public places such as airplanes,
shopping malls, restaurants, bars, and a whole range of facilities
and spaces serving child age populations. The dangers secondhand
smoke can pose to a child in an enclosed area like a private
passenger vehicle are severe. We Currently provide protections for
both children and drivers by mandating the use of car seats and
seatbelts in private automobiles. This bill is an extension of those
protections by providing children clean air to breathe.

The $100 penalty imposed for violation of this ban is justified by the
significant, well documented negative health impact on those children
forcibly exposed to SHS in automobiles.

California, Maine, Louisiana, and Arkansas have enacted comparable
legislation. In New York State on the local level, Rockland County
has already enacted a ban on smoking in cars with children up to the
age of 18. At least 15 other states and the District of Columbia have
similar legislation pending. At present, seven states have enacted
legislation prohibiting smoking in cars that are transporting foster
children.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2010: S 3191 reported to Third Reading

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:


This act shall take effect on the one hundred
twentieth day after it shall have become law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   472

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sen. STAVISKY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  restricting
  areas where smoking is permitted

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  The vehicle and traffic law is amended  by  adding  a  new
section 1229-e to read as follows:
  S  1229-E. PROHIBITION ON SMOKING IN VEHICLES WHILE CHILDREN ARE PRES-
ENT. 1. IT SHALL BE UNLAWFUL FOR ANY PERSON TO SMOKE IN A VEHICLE  WHERE
A MINOR UNDER FOURTEEN YEARS OF AGE IS A PASSENGER IN SUCH VEHICLE.
  2.  A  PERSON  WHO HOLDS A LIGHTED CIGAR, CIGARETTE, PIPE OR ANY OTHER
MATTER OR SUBSTANCE WHICH CONTAINS TOBACCO OR ANY OTHER PLANT OR  MATTER
THAT  CAN  BE  SMOKED  TO,  OR  IN THE IMMEDIATE PROXIMITY OF HIS OR HER
MOUTH, WHILE IN SUCH VEHICLE IS PRESUMED TO BE ENGAGING IN SMOKING WITH-
IN THE MEANING OF THIS SECTION.  THE  PRESUMPTION  ESTABLISHED  BY  THIS
SUBDIVISION  IS  REBUTTABLE  BY EVIDENCE SHOWING THAT THE PERSON WAS NOT
SMOKING A LIGHTED CIGAR, CIGARETTE, PIPE OR OTHER  MATTER  OR  SUBSTANCE
WHICH CONTAINS TOBACCO OR ANY OTHER PLANT OR MATTER THAT CAN BE SMOKED.
  3.    A  VIOLATION  OF  THIS SECTION SHALL BE A TRAFFIC INFRACTION AND
SHALL BE PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF NOT MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after
it shall have become a law.



 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03860-01-3

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