senate Bill S4912A

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Provides for and regulates the operation and testing of motor vehicles with autonomous technology

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Apr 21, 2014 print number 4912a
amend and recommit to transportation
Jan 08, 2014 referred to transportation
May 01, 2013 referred to transportation

Bill Amendments

Original
A (Active)
Original
A (Active)

Co-Sponsors

S4912 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A7391A
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §§100-e, 100-f, 379, 507-a & 1212-a, V & T L; add Art 9 Title 3 §§9-301 & 9-303, Gen Ob L

S4912 - Bill Texts

view summary

Provides for and regulates the operation and testing of motor vehicles with autonomous technology.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S4912 REVISED MEMO 04/22/2014

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to authorizing the testing and operation of autonomous motor
vehicles upon public highways; to amend the general obligations law,
in relation to the liability of motor vehicle manufacturers for
vehicles converted to autonomous motor vehicles; and directing the
commissioner of motor vehicles to make recommendations upon additional
legislative actions relating to autonomous vehicles

PURPOSE:

To encourage and support the safe development, testing and operation
of motor vehicles with autonomous technology in New York State and for
the department of motor vehicles to study autonomous vehicles and
issue a report to the governor and legislature by February 12, 2016.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Adds new sections 100-e and 100-f to the vehicle and traffic law, to
define "autonomous technology and "autonomous vehicle;" adds a new
section 379 to the vehicle and traffic law regarding autonomous
vehicle requirements; adds a new section 507-a to the vehicle and
traffic law regarding the operation of autonomous vehicles; adds a new
section 1212-a to the vehicle and traffic law regarding the testing of
autonomous vehicles; amends article 9 of the general obligations law
by adding a new title 3 regarding original manufacturer liability.

JUSTIFICATION:

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has been
working with automobile manufacturers and other stake- holders on
autonomous vehicle technology. This innovative exploration will
potentially add a new method in reducing automobile accidents in the
United States. California, Florida and Nevada have enacted legislation
to permit the testing and operation of autonomous vehicles. As
automated vehicle technology continues to improve and approaches the
marketplace, New York State should have the ability to study and test
this groundbreaking endeavor as well.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

05/01/13- Referred to Transportation/

05/14/13- A.4912, Referred to Transportation

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall become
law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  4912

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               May 1, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  BALL  --  read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  authorizing
  the  testing  and  operation  of autonomous motor vehicles upon public
  highways; to amend the general obligations law,  in  relation  to  the
  liability  of  motor  vehicle  manufacturers for vehicles converted to
  autonomous motor vehicles; and directing  the  commissioner  of  motor
  vehicles  to  make recommendations upon additional legislative actions
  relating to autonomous vehicles

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.   Legislative intent. The legislature hereby declares that
it intends to encourage and support the safe  development,  testing  and
operation  of  motor vehicles with autonomous technology upon the public
highways of the state. This state, while not prohibiting the testing and
operation of motor vehicles with autonomous technology, hereby regulates
such testing and operation.
  S 2.   The vehicle and traffic  law  is  amended  by  adding  two  new
sections 100-e and 100-f to read as follows:
  S 100-E. AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY.  TECHNOLOGY INSTALLED ON A MOTOR VEHI-
CLE THAT HAS THE CAPABILITY TO DRIVE THE VEHICLE ON WHICH THE TECHNOLOGY
IS  INSTALLED WITHOUT THE ACTIVE CONTROL OR MONITORING BY A HUMAN OPERA-
TOR. SUCH TERM EXCLUDES A  MOTOR  VEHICLE  ENABLED  WITH  ACTIVE  SAFETY
SYSTEMS  OR  DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, A
SYSTEM TO PROVIDE ELECTRONIC BLIND  SPOT  ASSISTANCE,  CRASH  AVOIDANCE,
EMERGENCY  BRAKING,  PARKING  ASSISTANCE,  ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL, LANE
KEEP ASSISTANCE, LANE DEPARTURE WARNING,  OR  TRAFFIC  JAM  AND  QUEUING
ASSISTANT,  UNLESS  ANY  SUCH  SYSTEM ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER
SYSTEMS ENABLES THE MOTOR VEHICLE ON WHICH THE TECHNOLOGY  IS  INSTALLED
TO DRIVE WITHOUT THE ACTIVE CONTROL OR MONITORING BY A HUMAN OPERATOR.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD10536-02-3

S. 4912                             2

  S  100-F. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE. A MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH AUTONOMOUS
TECHNOLOGY.
  S  3.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
379 to read as follows:
  S 379. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES. 1. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES REGISTERED IN  THIS
STATE SHALL COMPLY WITH ALL FEDERAL STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS APPLICABLE
TO MOTOR VEHICLES. IN ADDITION, EACH AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE SHALL:
  (A)  HAVE  A  MEANS  TO ENGAGE AND DISENGAGE THE AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY
THEREIN WHICH IS EASILY ACCESSIBLE TO THE  OPERATOR  OF  THE  AUTONOMOUS
VEHICLE;
  (B)  HAVE  THE MEANS, INSIDE SUCH VEHICLE, TO INDICATE TO THE OPERATOR
THEREOF WHEN THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE IS OPERATING IN AUTONOMOUS MODE;
  (C) HAVE A MEANS TO ALERT THE OPERATOR THEREOF IF A TECHNOLOGY FAILURE
AFFECTING THE ABILITY OF SUCH VEHICLE TO SAFELY OPERATE AUTONOMOUSLY  IS
DETECTED  WHILE  THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE IS OPERATING AUTONOMOUSLY, SO AS
TO DIRECT THE VEHICLE OPERATOR TO RESUME CONTROL OF THE  MOTOR  VEHICLE;
AND
  (D)  BE CAPABLE OF BEING OPERATED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF
THIS CHAPTER AND ANY RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED PURSUANT THERETO.
  2. ALL FEDERAL REGULATIONS PROMULGATED BY THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC
SAFETY ADMINISTRATION SHALL  SUPERSEDE  ANY  INCONSISTENT  PROVISION  OF
SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION.
  S  4.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
507-a to read as follows:
  S 507-A. OPERATION OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES. 1. ANY PERSON WHO  HOLDS  A
CLASS  D  LICENSE OR ITS EQUIVALENT MAY OPERATE AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE IN
AUTONOMOUS MODE UPON A PUBLIC HIGHWAY.
  2. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS CHAPTER, A PERSON SHALL BE  DEEMED  TO  BE
OPERATING  AN  AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE OPERATING IN AUTONOMOUS MODE WHEN SUCH
PERSON CAUSES SUCH VEHICLE'S AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY TO ENGAGE, REGARDLESS
OF WHETHER SUCH PERSON IS PHYSICALLY PRESENT IN THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE.
  S 5. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding  a  new  section
1212-a to read as follows:
  S  1212-A.  TESTING  OF  AUTONOMOUS  VEHICLES.  1. MOTOR VEHICLES WITH
AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE OPERATED ON  PUBLIC  HIGHWAYS
BY  EMPLOYEES, CONTRACTORS OR OTHER PERSONS DESIGNATED BY A MANUFACTURER
OF AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY FOR THE PURPOSE  OF  TESTING  SUCH  TECHNOLOGY.
PROVIDED,  HOWEVER, THAT FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION A HUMAN OPERA-
TOR SHALL BE PRESENT WITHIN THE MOTOR VEHICLE SUCH  THAT  SUCH  OPERATOR
HAS  THE  ABILITY  TO MONITOR SUCH VEHICLE'S PERFORMANCE AND RESUME FULL
CONTROL OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE, IF NECESSARY.
  2. PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF ANY TESTING PURSUANT TO THIS  SECTION,
THE  ENTITY  SHALL  SUBMIT TO THE DEPARTMENT AN INSTRUMENT OF INSURANCE,
SURETY BOND OR PROOF OF SELF-INSURANCE ACCEPTABLE TO THE COMMISSIONER IN
AN AMOUNT OF NOT LESS THAN FIVE MILLION DOLLARS.
  S 6. Article 9 of the general obligations law is amended by  adding  a
new title 3 to read as follows:
                                 TITLE 3
                           AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES
SECTION 9-301. DEFINITIONS.
        9-303. LIABILITY  OF ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR OR DEAL-
                 ER.
  S 9-301. DEFINITIONS.  AS USED IN THIS TITLE:
  1. "AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE" SHALL HAVE THE SAME  MEANING  AS  PROVIDED  IN
SECTION ONE HUNDRED-F OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.

S. 4912                             3

  2.  "MOTOR VEHICLE" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS PROVIDED IN SECTION
ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-FIVE OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.
  S  9-303.  LIABILITY  OF ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR OR DEALER.
THE ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR OR  DEALER  OF  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE
CONVERTED TO BE AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE BY A THIRD PARTY AFTER DELIVERY OF
SUCH  MOTOR  VEHICLE  BY SUCH MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR OR DEALER, SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE IN, SHALL  HAVE  AN  ABSOLUTE  DEFENSE  TO  AND  SHALL  BE
DISCHARGED  FROM ANY CAUSE OF ACTION COMMENCED BY ANY PERSON FOR DAMAGES
DUE TO AN ALLEGED MOTOR VEHICLE DEFECT CAUSED BY THE CONVERSION OF  SUCH
VEHICLE  TO  AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE, OR BY ANY EQUIPMENT INSTALLED UPON A
MOTOR VEHICLE BY THE PERSON WHO CONVERTED SUCH VEHICLE TO AN  AUTONOMOUS
VEHICLE, UNLESS SUCH DEFECT IS ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN PRESENT IN THE MOTOR
VEHICLE AS ORIGINALLY MANUFACTURED.
  S  7. The commissioner of motor vehicles shall study the operation and
testing of autonomous vehicles, and shall, on  or  before  February  12,
2015, report his or her findings and recommendations to the governor and
the  legislature.  Such  report  shall  include recommendations and such
legislative proposals as shall be deemed necessary for the safe  testing
and operation of motor vehicles equipped with autonomous technology.
  S 8. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.

Co-Sponsors

S4912A (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A7391A
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §§100-e, 100-f, 379, 507-a & 1212-a, V & T L; add Art 9 Title 3 §§9-301 & 9-303, Gen Ob L

S4912A (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Provides for and regulates the operation and testing of motor vehicles with autonomous technology.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S4912A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to authorizing the testing and operation of autonomous motor
vehicles upon public highways; to amend the general obligations law,
in relation to the liability of motor vehicle manufacturers for
vehicles converted to autonomous motor vehicles; and directing the
commissioner of motor vehicles to make recommendations upon additional
legislative actions relating to autonomous vehicles

PURPOSE:

To encourage and support the safe development, testing and operation
of motor vehicles with autonomous technology in New York State and for
the department of motor vehicles to study autonomous vehicles and
issue a report to the governor and legislature by February 12, 2016.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Adds new sections 100-e and 100-f to the vehicle and traffic law, to
define "autonomous technology and "autonomous vehicle;" adds a new
section 379 to the vehicle and traffic law regarding autonomous
vehicle requirements; adds a new section 507-a to the vehicle and
traffic law regarding the operation of autonomous vehicles; adds a new
section 1212-a to the vehicle and traffic law regarding the testing of
autonomous vehicles; amends article 9 of the general obligations law
by adding a new title 3 regarding original manufacturer liability.

JUSTIFICATION:

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has been
working with automobile manufacturers and other stake- holders on
autonomous vehicle technology. This innovative exploration will
potentially add a new method in reducing automobile accidents in the
United States. California, Florida and Nevada have enacted legislation
to permit the testing and operation of autonomous vehicles. As
automated vehicle technology continues to improve and approaches the
marketplace, New York State should have the ability to study and test
this groundbreaking endeavor as well.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

05/01/13- Referred to Transportation
05/14/13- A.4912, Referred to Transportation

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall become
law.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 4912--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               May 1, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. BALL, MARCHIONE, SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered
  printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Trans-
  portation -- recommitted to the Committee on Transportation in accord-
  ance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged, bill amended,
  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN  ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to authorizing
  the testing and operation of autonomous  motor  vehicles  upon  public
  highways;  to  amend  the  general obligations law, in relation to the
  liability of motor vehicle manufacturers  for  vehicles  converted  to
  autonomous  motor  vehicles;  and  directing the commissioner of motor
  vehicles to make recommendations upon additional  legislative  actions
  relating to autonomous vehicles

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  Legislative intent. The legislature hereby  declares  that
it  intends  to  encourage and support the safe development, testing and
operation of motor vehicles with autonomous technology upon  the  public
highways of the state. This state, while not prohibiting the testing and
operation of motor vehicles with autonomous technology, hereby regulates
such testing and operation.
  S  2.    The  vehicle  and  traffic  law  is amended by adding two new
sections 100-e and 100-f to read as follows:
  S 100-E. AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY.  TECHNOLOGY INSTALLED ON A MOTOR VEHI-
CLE THAT HAS THE CAPABILITY TO DRIVE THE VEHICLE ON WHICH THE TECHNOLOGY
IS INSTALLED WITHOUT THE ACTIVE CONTROL OR MONITORING BY A HUMAN  OPERA-
TOR.  SUCH  TERM  EXCLUDES  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE ENABLED WITH ACTIVE SAFETY
SYSTEMS OR DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS, INCLUDING, WITHOUT  LIMITATION,  A
SYSTEM  TO  PROVIDE  ELECTRONIC  BLIND SPOT ASSISTANCE, CRASH AVOIDANCE,
EMERGENCY BRAKING, PARKING ASSISTANCE,  ADAPTIVE  CRUISE  CONTROL,  LANE
KEEP  ASSISTANCE,  LANE  DEPARTURE  WARNING,  OR TRAFFIC JAM AND QUEUING
ASSISTANT, UNLESS ANY SUCH SYSTEM ALONE OR  IN  COMBINATION  WITH  OTHER

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD10536-03-4

S. 4912--A                          2

SYSTEMS  ENABLES  THE MOTOR VEHICLE ON WHICH THE TECHNOLOGY IS INSTALLED
TO DRIVE WITHOUT THE ACTIVE CONTROL OR MONITORING BY A HUMAN OPERATOR.
  S  100-F. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE. A MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH AUTONOMOUS
TECHNOLOGY.
  S 3. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding  a  new  section
379 to read as follows:
  S  379. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES. 1. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES REGISTERED IN THIS
STATE SHALL COMPLY WITH ALL FEDERAL STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS APPLICABLE
TO MOTOR VEHICLES. IN ADDITION, EACH AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE SHALL:
  (A) HAVE A MEANS TO ENGAGE AND  DISENGAGE  THE  AUTONOMOUS  TECHNOLOGY
THEREIN  WHICH  IS  EASILY  ACCESSIBLE TO THE OPERATOR OF THE AUTONOMOUS
VEHICLE;
  (B) HAVE THE MEANS, INSIDE SUCH VEHICLE, TO INDICATE TO  THE  OPERATOR
THEREOF WHEN THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE IS OPERATING IN AUTONOMOUS MODE;
  (C) HAVE A MEANS TO ALERT THE OPERATOR THEREOF IF A TECHNOLOGY FAILURE
AFFECTING  THE ABILITY OF SUCH VEHICLE TO SAFELY OPERATE AUTONOMOUSLY IS
DETECTED WHILE THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE IS OPERATING AUTONOMOUSLY,  SO  AS
TO  DIRECT  THE VEHICLE OPERATOR TO RESUME CONTROL OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE;
AND
  (D) BE CAPABLE OF BEING OPERATED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS  OF
THIS CHAPTER AND ANY RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED PURSUANT THERETO.
  2. ALL FEDERAL REGULATIONS PROMULGATED BY THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC
SAFETY  ADMINISTRATION  SHALL  SUPERSEDE  ANY  INCONSISTENT PROVISION OF
SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION.
  S 4. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding  a  new  section
507-a to read as follows:
  S  507-A.  OPERATION OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES. 1. ANY PERSON WHO HOLDS A
CLASS D LICENSE OR ITS EQUIVALENT MAY OPERATE AN AUTONOMOUS  VEHICLE  IN
AUTONOMOUS MODE UPON A PUBLIC HIGHWAY.
  2.  FOR  THE  PURPOSES OF THIS CHAPTER, A PERSON SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE
OPERATING AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE OPERATING IN AUTONOMOUS MODE  WHEN  SUCH
PERSON CAUSES SUCH VEHICLE'S AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY TO ENGAGE, REGARDLESS
OF WHETHER SUCH PERSON IS PHYSICALLY PRESENT IN THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE.
  S  5.  The  vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section
1212-a to read as follows:
  S 1212-A. TESTING OF  AUTONOMOUS  VEHICLES.  1.  MOTOR  VEHICLES  WITH
AUTONOMOUS  TECHNOLOGY  ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE OPERATED ON PUBLIC HIGHWAYS
BY EMPLOYEES, CONTRACTORS OR OTHER PERSONS DESIGNATED BY A  MANUFACTURER
OF  AUTONOMOUS  TECHNOLOGY  FOR  THE PURPOSE OF TESTING SUCH TECHNOLOGY.
PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION A HUMAN  OPERA-
TOR  SHALL  BE  PRESENT WITHIN THE MOTOR VEHICLE SUCH THAT SUCH OPERATOR
HAS THE ABILITY TO MONITOR SUCH VEHICLE'S PERFORMANCE  AND  RESUME  FULL
CONTROL OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE, IF NECESSARY.
  2.  PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF ANY TESTING PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION,
THE ENTITY SHALL SUBMIT TO THE DEPARTMENT AN  INSTRUMENT  OF  INSURANCE,
SURETY BOND OR PROOF OF SELF-INSURANCE ACCEPTABLE TO THE COMMISSIONER IN
AN AMOUNT OF NOT LESS THAN FIVE MILLION DOLLARS.
  S  6.  Article 9 of the general obligations law is amended by adding a
new title 3 to read as follows:
                                 TITLE 3
                           AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES
SECTION 9-301. DEFINITIONS.
        9-303. LIABILITY OF ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR OR  DEAL-
                 ER.
  S 9-301. DEFINITIONS.  AS USED IN THIS TITLE:

S. 4912--A                          3

  1.  "AUTONOMOUS  VEHICLE"  SHALL  HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS PROVIDED IN
SECTION ONE HUNDRED-F OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.
  2.  "MOTOR VEHICLE" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS PROVIDED IN SECTION
ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-FIVE OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.
  S 9-303. LIABILITY OF ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER,  DISTRIBUTOR  OR  DEALER.
THE  ORIGINAL  MANUFACTURER,  DISTRIBUTOR  OR  DEALER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE
CONVERTED TO BE AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE BY A THIRD PARTY AFTER DELIVERY OF
SUCH MOTOR VEHICLE BY SUCH MANUFACTURER, DISTRIBUTOR  OR  DEALER,  SHALL
NOT  BE  LIABLE  IN,  SHALL  HAVE  AN  ABSOLUTE  DEFENSE TO AND SHALL BE
DISCHARGED FROM ANY CAUSE OF ACTION COMMENCED BY ANY PERSON FOR  DAMAGES
DUE  TO AN ALLEGED MOTOR VEHICLE DEFECT CAUSED BY THE CONVERSION OF SUCH
VEHICLE TO AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE, OR BY ANY EQUIPMENT INSTALLED  UPON  A
MOTOR  VEHICLE BY THE PERSON WHO CONVERTED SUCH VEHICLE TO AN AUTONOMOUS
VEHICLE, UNLESS SUCH DEFECT IS ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN PRESENT IN THE MOTOR
VEHICLE AS ORIGINALLY MANUFACTURED.
  S 7. The commissioner of motor vehicles shall study the operation  and
testing  of  autonomous  vehicles,  and shall, on or before February 12,
2016, report his or her findings and recommendations to the governor and
the legislature. Such report  shall  include  recommendations  and  such
legislative  proposals as shall be deemed necessary for the safe testing
and operation of motor vehicles equipped with autonomous technology.
  S 8. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day  after  it  shall
have become a law.

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