senate Bill S6466A

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Restricts the use of segregated confinement and creates alternative therapeutic and rehabilitative confinement options

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Apr 23, 2014 print number 6466a
amend and recommit to crime victims, crime and correction
Jan 28, 2014 referred to crime victims, crime and correction

Bill Amendments

Original
A (Active)
Original
A (Active)

Co-Sponsors

S6466 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8588A
Current Committee:
Senate Crime Victims, Crime And Correction
Law Section:
Correction Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§137, 2, 401-a & 45, Cor L

S6466 - Bill Texts

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Restricts the use of segregated confinement and creates alternative therapeutic and rehabilitative confinement options; limits the length of time a person may be in segregated confinement and excludes certain persons from being placed in segregated confinement.

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BILL NUMBER:S6466

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the correction law, in relation to
restricting the use of segregated confinement and creating alternative
therapeutic and rehabilitative confinement options

PURPOSE:

This bill will be known as the "Humane Alternatives to Long-Term
Solitary Confinement" Act (the HALT Solitary Confinement Act.)

This bill would limit the time an inmate can spend in segregated
confinement, end the segregated confinement of vulnerable people,
restrict the criteria that can result in such confinement, improve
conditions of confinement, and create more humane and effective
alternatives to such confinement.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 states the purpose of the bill.

Section 2 clarifies that the bill's provisions apply to all types and
locations of segregated confinement.

Section 3 defines "special populations"; "emergency", "short-term" and
"extended segregated confinement"; and "residential rehabilitation
units".

Section 4g prohibits segregation of vulnerable groups ("special
populations"), including young and elderly people, people with
physical or mental disabilities, pregnant women, and members of the
LGBTI community.

Section 4h places a limit of 15 consecutive days and a limit of 20
total days in a 60 day period on the amount of time any person can
spend in segregated confinement, and requires that beyond those limits
all persons must be released or sent to a separate secure residential
rehabilitation unit (RRU).

Section 4ii enhances conditions in segregated confinement, including
additional out-of-cell time, congregate recreation, access to
essential services, and bans on orders depriving basic necessities,
including restricted diets. It also provides for new RRUs as a more
humane and effective alternative that provide meaningful - human
contact and therapeutic, trauma-informed, and rehabilitative programs
aimed at addressing underlying causes of behavior.

Section 4j restricts the criteria for segregated confinement beyond
three days or RRUs to more serious acts of physical injury, forced
sexual acts, extortion, coercion, inciting serious disturbance,
procuring deadly weapons or dangerous contraband, or escape. It allows
for segregated confinement of three days for department rule
violations, and 24-hour emergency confinement if necessary. It
prohibits segregated confinement for purposes of protective custody
and requires that any protective custody unit at a minimum meet the
standards for RRUs.


Section 4k enhances procedural protections for placement in segregated
confinement including allowing for representation, and assessments for
determining whether someone is a member of a "special population"
prior to segregation.

Section 4l creates mechanisms for periodic review and release from an
RRU based on a resident's progress and acts, expiration of a
disciplinary sentence, expiration of a one-year limit, or independent
outside review after one year in an RRU.

Section 4m requires training for RRU staff and hearing officers and

Section 4n requires public reporting on the use of segregation and
RRUs.

Sections 5 and 6 require oversight over implementation of the bill.

JUSTIFICATION:

This bill aims to make New York's prison and jail practices more
humane and effective. The bill limits the length of time anyone can
spend in segregated confinement, restricts the criteria that can
result in such confinement, provides additional procedural protections
prior to such confinement, and exempts certain vulnerable groups. The
bill also provides an alternative mechanism for working with people
who engage in serious violence or other problematic behavior that
involves - not deprivation - but therapeutic and rehabilitative
support and programs.

Segregated confinement is inhumane and ineffective. Studies have long
and consistently found that subjecting people to segregated
confinement for twenty-two to twenty-four hours a day without
meaningful human contact, programming, or therapy often causes deep
and permanent psychological, physical, developmental, and social harm.
This harm not only violates common values of decency, but also is
counterproductive because people often have more difficulty complying
with prison rules after being placed in segregated confinement.
Segregated confinement can be particularly devastating for certain
vulnerable people, such as young or elderly people, pregnant women,
and people with disabilities or addiction or trauma histories; and
segregated members of the LGBTI community are more vulnerable to
abuse. Other states have dramatically reduced the number of people in
segregated confinement, and seen positive benefits in terms of safety
and decreased violence.

Despite the tremendous harm caused by massive isolation of thousands
of incarcerated persons, New York prisons and jails currently impose
segregated confinement too broadly, routinely, and for too long a
period of time. On any given day, there are nearly 4,000 people,
disproportionately people of color, in state prisons in Special
Housing Units (SHU) and thousands more in other forms of isolation.
There are also around a thousand more people in segregated confinement
in jails in New York City alone. Despite claims that segregated
confinement is used in response to the most violent behavior, five out
of six disciplinary infractions that result in SHU time in New York
prisons are for non-violent conduct. Moreover, people routinely suffer


in segregated confinement for months, years, and even decades in New
York.

A growing chorus of individuals, organizations, and policy-makers has
called for a dramatic transformation and curtailment of the use of
segregated confinement, The United Nations Special Rapporteur on
Torture concluded that solitary confinement can amount to torture and
recommended abolishing its use beyond 15 days and prohibiting any use
of solitary fox vulnerable groups or purposes of punishment. The New
York Civil Liberties Union and others have issued reports documenting
the arbitrary and unjustified use of segregated confinement in New
York and the negative impacts its use has on incarcerated persons,
staff, and safety in our prisons and communities. The New York State
Bar Association has called upon the state and city corrections
departments to profoundly restrict the use of segregated confinement,
end segregated confinement beyond 15 days, adopt stringent criteria
for any separation, and ensure any separation is for the briefest
period and in the least restrictive conditions practicable. This bill
takes up the growing call to limit segregated confinement and provide
more humane and effective alternatives.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New Bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

To be determined.

LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

To be determined.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act will take effect immediately.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  6466

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 28, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. PERKINS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Crime Victims,  Crime  and
  Correction

AN  ACT  to amend the correction law, in relation to restricting the use
  of segregated confinement and  creating  alternative  therapeutic  and
  rehabilitative confinement options

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 137 of the correction law is amended  by  adding  a
new subdivision 5-a to read as follows:
  5-A.  THE  USE OF SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT, EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN SPECIAL
POPULATIONS, AND LENGTH OF TIME  ANY  PERSON  CAN  SPEND  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  SHALL BE RESTRICTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH PARAGRAPHS (G), (H),
(I), (J), (K), (L), (M), AND (N) OF SUBDIVISION SIX OF THIS  SECTION  OR
ANY OTHER APPLICABLE LAW.
  S  2.  Subdivision  23 of section 2 of the correction law, as added by
chapter 1 of the laws of 2008, is amended to read as follows:
  23. "Segregated confinement"  means  the  [disciplinary]  confinement,
OTHER   THAN   FOR  EMERGENCY  CONFINEMENT  AS  DEFINED  IN  SUBDIVISION
THIRTY-THREE OF THIS SECTION,  OR  FOR  DOCUMENTED  MEDICAL  REASONS  OR
MENTAL  HEALTH EMERGENCIES, of an inmate in a special housing unit or in
a separate keeplock housing unit  OR  ANY  FORM  OF  KEEPLOCK,  OR  CELL
CONFINEMENT  FOR MORE THAN SEVENTEEN HOURS A DAY OTHER THAN IN A FACILI-
TY-WIDE LOCKDOWN.  Special housing units and separate keeplock units are
housing units that consist of cells grouped so as to provide  separation
from  the  general population, and may be used to house inmates confined
pursuant to the disciplinary procedures described in regulations.
  S 3. Section 2 of the correction law is amended  by  adding  five  new
subdivisions 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 to read as follows:
  32.  "SPECIAL  POPULATIONS"  MEANS ANY PERSON: (A) TWENTY-ONE YEARS OF
AGE OR YOUNGER; (B) FIFTY-FIVE YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER; (C) WITH  A  DISA-
BILITY AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION TWENTY-ONE OF SECTION TWO HUNDRED NINE-
TY-TWO  OF THE EXECUTIVE LAW, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, FOR PURPOSES
OF MENTAL IMPAIRMENT, PERSONS WITH A SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS  AS  DEFINED

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13381-02-4

S. 6466                             2

IN  PARAGRAPH (E) OF SUBDIVISION SIX OF SECTION ONE HUNDRED THIRTY-SEVEN
OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) WHO IS PREGNANT; OR (E) WHO IS OR IS  PERCEIVED  TO
BE LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER, OR INTERSEX.
  33.  "EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT" MEANS CONFINEMENT IN ANY CELL FOR NO MORE
THAN TWENTY-FOUR CONSECUTIVE HOURS AND NO MORE  THAN  FORTY-EIGHT  TOTAL
HOURS  IN  ANY FIFTEEN DAY PERIOD, WITH AT LEAST ONE HOUR OF OUT-OF-CELL
RECREATION FOR EVERY TWENTY-FOUR HOURS.
  34. "SHORT-TERM SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT" MEANS  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT
OF  NO  MORE  THAN  THREE CONSECUTIVE DAYS AND SIX DAYS TOTAL WITHIN ANY
THIRTY DAY PERIOD.
  35. "EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT" MEANS SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT  OF
NO  MORE  THAN FIFTEEN CONSECUTIVE DAYS AND TWENTY DAYS TOTAL WITHIN ANY
SIXTY DAY PERIOD.
  36. "RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT" MEANS SECURE AND SEPARATE  UNITS
USED  FOR  THERAPY,  TREATMENT, AND REHABILITATIVE PROGRAMMING OF PEOPLE
WHO WOULD BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  FOR  MORE  THAN  FIFTEEN
DAYS. SUCH UNITS ARE THERAPEUTIC AND TRAUMA-INFORMED, AND AIM TO ADDRESS
INDIVIDUAL  TREATMENT  AND REHABILITATION NEEDS AND UNDERLYING CAUSES OF
PROBLEMATIC BEHAVIORS.
  S 4. Subdivision 6 of section 137 of the correction law is amended  by
adding  eight  new paragraphs (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), and (n)
to read as follows:
  (G) PERSONS IN A SPECIAL POPULATION AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION  THIRTY-
TWO  OF  SECTION  TWO  OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL NOT BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT FOR ANY LENGTH OF TIME.  ANY  SUCH  PERSONS  THE  DEPARTMENT
WOULD  OTHERWISE PLACE IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL REMAIN IN GENERAL
POPULATION OR BE DIVERTED TO A RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION  UNIT.  IF  A
PERSON  IN  A  SPECIAL POPULATION IS PLACED IN EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT FOR
MORE THAN SIXTEEN HOURS, HE OR SHE SHALL BE ALLOWED OUT-OF-CELL AT LEAST
FOUR HOURS.
  (H) NO PERSON MAY BE IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT FOR LONGER THAN  NECES-
SARY  AND NEVER MORE THAN FIFTEEN CONSECUTIVE DAYS NOR TWENTY TOTAL DAYS
WITHIN ANY SIXTY DAY PERIOD. AT THESE LIMITS, PERSONS MUST  BE  RELEASED
FROM SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR DIVERTED TO A SEPARATE SECURE RESIDENTIAL
REHABILITATION UNIT.
  (I)  (I)  ALL  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  AND RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNITS SHALL CREATE THE LEAST RESTRICTIVE ENVIRONMENT NECESSARY  FOR  THE
SAFETY OF RESIDENTS, STAFF, AND THE SECURITY OF THE FACILITY.
  (II) PERSONS IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL BE ALLOWED OUT-OF-CELL AT
LEAST  FOUR  HOURS  PER DAY, INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE HOUR FOR RECREATION.
PERSONS IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS SHALL BE  ALLOWED  AT  LEAST
SIX  HOURS  PER  DAY  OUT-OF-CELL  FOR PROGRAMMING, SERVICES, TREATMENT,
AND/OR MEALS, AND AN ADDITIONAL MINIMUM  OF  ONE  HOUR  FOR  RECREATION.
RECREATION IN ALL UNITS SHALL TAKE PLACE IN A CONGREGATE SETTING, UNLESS
EXCEPTIONAL  CIRCUMSTANCES  MEAN DOING SO WOULD CREATE A SIGNIFICANT AND
UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE  SAFETY  AND  SECURITY  OF  OTHER  INCARCERATED
PERSONS, STAFF, OR THE FACILITY.
  (III) PERSONS IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT AND RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNITS  SHALL:  (A) RECEIVE AT LEAST COMPARABLE MEDICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH
CARE TO GENERAL  POPULATION,  INCLUDING  OBSTETRICAL  AND  GYNECOLOGICAL
SERVICES,  IN  A  SETTING ENSURING PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY; (B) HAVE
THEIR BASIC NEEDS MET IN A MANNER COMPARABLE TO GENERAL POPULATION,  AND
NEVER  HAVE  RESTRICTED  DIETS  NOR ANY ORDER RESTRICTING ANY BASIC NEED
IMPOSED AS A FORM OF PUNISHMENT; (C) IF IN A RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT BE ABLE TO RETAIN ALL THEIR PROPERTY WITH THEM; (D) HAVE COMPARABLE
ACCESS  TO  ALL SERVICES AND MATERIALS AS IN GENERAL POPULATION; AND (E)

S. 6466                             3

BE ABLE TO RETAIN PROGRAM MATERIALS, COMPLETE PROGRAM  ASSIGNMENTS,  AND
CONTINUE  UPON  RETURN  ALL  UNCOMPLETED  PROGRAMS THEY WERE IN PRIOR TO
PLACEMENT IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  OR  A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT.
  (IV)  WITHIN  TEN  DAYS  OF  ADMISSION TO A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNIT, AN ASSESSMENT  COMMITTEE  COMPRISED  OF  PROGRAM,  REHABILITATION,
MENTAL  HEALTH,  AND  SECURITY  STAFF SHALL ADMINISTER AN ASSESSMENT AND
DEVELOP IN COLLABORATION WITH THE RESIDENT AN INDIVIDUAL  REHABILITATION
PLAN,  BASED  UPON  THE PERSON'S MEDICAL, MENTAL HEALTH, AND PROGRAMMING
NEEDS, THAT IDENTIFIES  SPECIFIC  GOALS  AND  PROGRAMS,  TREATMENT,  AND
SERVICES  TO  BE  OFFERED, WITH PROJECTED TIME FRAMES FOR COMPLETION AND
RELEASE FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT.
  (V) RESIDENTS IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS SHALL HAVE ACCESS TO
PROGRAMS AND JOBS COMPARABLE TO ALL CORE OUT-OF-CELL PROGRAMS IN GENERAL
POPULATION.   SUCH  RESIDENTS  SHALL  ALSO  HAVE  ACCESS  TO  ADDITIONAL
OUT-OF-CELL,  TRAUMA-INFORMED THERAPEUTIC PROGRAMMING AIMED AT PROMOTING
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT, ADDRESSING UNDERLYING CAUSES OF PROBLEMATIC BEHAV-
IOR RESULTING IN PLACEMENT IN A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION  UNIT,  AND
HELPING PREPARE FOR DISCHARGE FROM THE UNIT AND TO THE COMMUNITY.
  (VI)  IF  THE  DEPARTMENT  ESTABLISHES  THAT A PERSON COMMITTED AN ACT
DEFINED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION WHILE
IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT AND POSES
A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY AND SECURITY OF  OTHER
RESIDENTS  OR  STAFF,  THE DEPARTMENT MAY RESTRICT THAT PERSON'S PARTIC-
IPATION IN PROGRAMMING AND OUT-OF-CELL TIME AS NECESSARY FOR THE  SAFETY
OF  OTHER RESIDENTS AND STAFF. IF RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT, THE DEPARTMENT  MUST  STILL  PROVIDE  AT  LEAST  TWO  HOURS
OUT-OF-CELL TIME. IF RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED IN A RESIDENTIAL REHABILI-
TATION  UNIT,  THE  DEPARTMENT  SHALL DEVELOP A NEW REHABILITATION PLAN,
PROVIDE AT LEAST THREE HOURS OUT-OF-CELL TIME, AND ON EACH DAY  PROGRAM-
MING  RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED PROVIDE AT LEAST TWO HOURS OF OUT-OF-CELL
ONE-ON-ONE THERAPY WITH THE RESIDENT AND ONE HOUR OF OUT-OF-CELL  RECRE-
ATION. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL REMOVE ALL RESTRICTIONS WITHIN FIFTEEN DAYS,
AND  MAY NOT IMPOSE NEW RESTRICTIONS UNLESS THE PERSON COMMITS A NEW ACT
DEFINED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (VII) RESTRAINTS SHALL NOT BE USED WHEN  RESIDENTS  LEAVE  A  CELL  OR
HOUSING  AREA  FOR  ON-UNIT OPERATIONS, UNLESS A RESIDENT WAS FOUND AT A
HEARING TO HAVE COMMITTED AN ACT OF VIOLENCE ON THE RESIDENTIAL REHABIL-
ITATION UNIT WITHIN THE PREVIOUS SEVEN DAYS OR IS CURRENTLY ACTING IN AN
UNACCEPTABLY VIOLENT MANNER, AND NOT USING  RESTRAINTS  WOULD  CREATE  A
SIGNIFICANT  AND  UNREASONABLE  RISK TO THE SAFETY AND SECURITY OF OTHER
RESIDENTS OR STAFF.
  (VIII) THERE SHALL BE A PRESUMPTION AGAINST THE IMPOSITION  OF  MISBE-
HAVIOR  REPORTS, PURSUIT OF DISCIPLINARY CHARGES, OR IMPOSITION OF ADDI-
TIONAL TIME IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  FOR  INDIVIDUALS  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  OR  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION UNITS. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL
USE OTHER NON-DISCIPLINARY  INTERVENTIONS  TO  ADDRESS  ANY  PROBLEMATIC
BEHAVIOR. NO RESIDENT SHALL RECEIVE SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT TIME WHILE IN
SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT EXCEPT WHERE
IT  IS  DETERMINED  PURSUANT  TO  A  DISCIPLINARY HEARING THAT HE OR SHE
COMMITTED ONE OR MORE ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH  (J)
OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION  WHILE  ON  THE  UNIT,  AND THAT HE OR SHE POSES A
SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OF RESIDENTS  OR  STAFF,
OR THE SECURITY OF THE FACILITY.
  (J)  (I)  THE  DEPARTMENT  MAY PLACE A PERSON IN EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT
WITHOUT A HEARING IF NECESSARY FOR IMMEDIATELY  DEFUSING  A  SUBSTANTIAL

S. 6466                             4

AND  IMMINENT  THREAT  TO  SAFETY OR SECURITY OF INCARCERATED PERSONS OR
STAFF.
  (II)  THE  DEPARTMENT IS ENCOURAGED TO USE RESPONSES OTHER THAN SEGRE-
GATED CONFINEMENT IN RESPONSE TO DEPARTMENT RULE VIOLATIONS. THE DEPART-
MENT MAY PLACE A PERSON IN  SHORT  TERM  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  IF  IT
DETERMINES,  PURSUANT TO AN EVIDENTIARY HEARING, THAT THE PERSON COMMIT-
TED A DEPARTMENT RULE VIOLATION  WARRANTING  SUCH  CONFINEMENT  AND  THE
LENGTH  OF  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  IMPOSED  IS  PROPORTIONATE  TO  THE
VIOLATION.
  (III) THE  DEPARTMENT  MAY  PLACE  A  PERSON  IN  EXTENDED  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT ONLY IF, PURSUANT TO AN
EVIDENTIARY  HEARING,  IT  DETERMINES  THE PERSON COMMITTED, WHILE UNDER
DEPARTMENT CUSTODY, OR PRIOR TO CUSTODY IF THE COMMISSIONER  OR  HIS  OR
HER  DESIGNEE DETERMINES IN WRITING BASED ON SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE CRITERIA
THE ACTS WERE SO HEINOUS OR DESTRUCTIVE THAT GENERAL POPULATION  HOUSING
CREATES  A SIGNIFICANT RISK OF IMMINENT SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY TO STAFF
OR OTHER INCARCERATED PERSONS, ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ACTS: (A) CAUSING OR
ATTEMPTING TO CAUSE SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY OR DEATH TO ANOTHER  PERSON;
(B)  COMPELLING  OR  ATTEMPTING  TO  COMPEL  ANOTHER PERSON, BY FORCE OR
THREAT OF FORCE, TO ENGAGE IN A SEXUAL ACT; (C)  EXTORTING  ANOTHER,  BY
FORCE  OR  THREAT OF FORCE, FOR PROPERTY OR MONEY; (D) COERCING ANOTHER,
BY FORCE OR THREAT OF FORCE, TO VIOLATE ANY RULE; (E) LEADING,  ORGANIZ-
ING,  OR  INCITING A SERIOUS DISTURBANCE THAT RESULTS IN THE TAKING OF A
HOSTAGE, MAJOR PROPERTY DAMAGE, OR PHYSICAL HARM TO ANOTHER PERSON;  (F)
PROCURING  DEADLY  WEAPONS  OR  OTHER  DANGEROUS CONTRABAND THAT POSES A
SERIOUS THREAT TO THE SECURITY OF  THE  INSTITUTION;  OR  (G)  ESCAPING,
ATTEMPTING TO ESCAPE OR FACILITATING AN ESCAPE FROM A FACILITY, OR WHILE
UNDER SUPERVISION OUTSIDE OF SUCH A FACILITY, RESULTING IN PHYSICAL HARM
OR  THREATENED  PHYSICAL  HARM TO OTHERS, OR IN MAJOR DESTRUCTION TO THE
PHYSICAL PLANT.
  (IV) NO PERSON MAY BE HELD IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  FOR  PROTECTIVE
CUSTODY.  ANY  UNIT  USED  FOR  PROTECTIVE  CUSTODY  MUST, AT A MINIMUM,
CONFORM TO REQUIREMENTS GOVERNING RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS UNDER
PARAGRAPHS (I), (L), (M), AND (N) OF THIS SUBDIVISION. WHEN APPLIED TO A
PERSON IN PROTECTIVE CUSTODY, THE  CRITERIA  IN  SUBPARAGRAPH  (II)  AND
CLAUSE  (A)  OF  SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (L) OF THIS SUBDIVISION
SHALL BE THAT "THE PERSON STILL IS IN NEED OF PROTECTIVE  CUSTODY";  AND
THE  CRITERIA  IN SUBPARAGRAPH (IV) OF PARAGRAPH (1) OF THIS SUBDIVISION
SHALL BE THAT "THE PERSON IS IN VOLUNTARY PROTECTIVE CUSTODY."
  (K) (I) ALL HEARINGS TO DETERMINE IF A PERSON MAY BE PLACED  IN  SHORT
TERM  OR  EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL OCCUR PRIOR TO PLACEMENT
IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT UNLESS A  SECURITY  SUPERVISOR,  WITH  WRITTEN
APPROVAL  OF  A FACILITY SUPERINTENDENT OR DESIGNEE, REASONABLY BELIEVES
THE PERSON FITS THE CRITERIA FOR EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT.  IF  A
HEARING  DOES  NOT TAKE PLACE PRIOR TO PLACEMENT, IT SHALL OCCUR AS SOON
AS REASONABLY PRACTICABLE AND AT  MOST  WITHIN  FIVE  DAYS  OF  TRANSFER
UNLESS THE CHARGED PERSON SEEKS MORE TIME. ALL HEARINGS SHALL AT A MINI-
MUM  COMPLY  WITH THE STANDARDS OF ALL DEPARTMENT RULES FOR DISCIPLINARY
HEARINGS AS OF JANUARY FIRST, TWO THOUSAND  FIFTEEN.    PERSONS  AT  ALL
HEARINGS  SHALL  BE  PERMITTED  TO  BE  REPRESENTED  BY  ANY PRO BONO OR
RETAINED ATTORNEY, OR LAW STUDENT;  OR  ANY  PARALEGAL  OR  INCARCERATED
PERSON UNLESS THE DEPARTMENT REASONABLY DISAPPROVES OF SUCH PARALEGAL OR
INCARCERATED  PERSON  BASED UPON OBJECTIVE WRITTEN CRITERIA DEVELOPED BY
THE DEPARTMENT CONCERNING QUALIFICATIONS TO BE AN ASSISTANT AT  A  HEAR-
ING.

S. 6466                             5

  (II)  ON  NOTIFICATION A PERSON IS TO BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED CONFINE-
MENT AND PRIOR TO SUCH PLACEMENT, HE OR SHE SHALL BE ASSESSED  BY  RELE-
VANT  LICENSED  MEDICAL,  SOCIAL,  AND/OR MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS TO
DETERMINE WHETHER HE OR SHE BELONGS TO ANY SPECIAL POPULATION AS DEFINED
IN  SUBDIVISION  THIRTY-TWO  OF SECTION TWO OF THIS CHAPTER. IF A PERSON
DISPUTES A DETERMINATION THAT HE OR SHE IS NOT IN A SPECIAL  POPULATION,
HE OR SHE SHALL BE PROVIDED A HEARING WITHIN SEVENTY-TWO HOURS OF PLACE-
MENT IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT TO CHALLENGE SUCH DETERMINATION.
  (L)  (I)  ANY  SANCTION  IMPOSED  ON  AN INCARCERATED PERSON REQUIRING
SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL RUN WHILE THE PERSON IS  IN  A  RESIDENTIAL
REHABILITATION  UNIT  AND  THE  PERSON SHALL BE DISCHARGED FROM THE UNIT
BEFORE OR AT THE TIME THAT SANCTION EXPIRES.
  (II) WITHIN THIRTY DAYS OF ADMISSION TO A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT  AND  EVERY  SIXTY  DAYS THEREAFTER, THE ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE SHALL
REVIEW EACH RESIDENT'S PROGRESS  AND  DISCHARGE  A  RESIDENT  UNLESS  IT
DETERMINES  IN WRITING THROUGH CREDIBLE AND RELIABLE EVIDENCE THAT THERE
IS CURRENTLY A SUBSTANTIAL LIKELIHOOD THAT THE RESIDENT WILL  COMMIT  AN
ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (III)  WITHIN  ONE HUNDRED DAYS AFTER ADMISSION TO A RESIDENTIAL REHA-
BILITATION UNIT AND EVERY ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS THEREAFTER, A REHABIL-
ITATION REVIEW COMMITTEE, COMPRISED OF CORRECTIONAL  FACILITY  EXECUTIVE
LEVEL  PROGRAM,  REHABILITATION,  AND  SECURITY  STAFF SHALL DISCHARGE A
RESIDENT FROM A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT UNLESS IT DETERMINES  IN
WRITING, AFTER CONSIDERING THE RESIDENT'S ORAL STATEMENT AND ANY WRITTEN
SUBMISSIONS  BY  THE  RESIDENT OR OTHERS, THAT: (A) THERE IS CURRENTLY A
SUBSTANTIAL LIKELIHOOD THAT THE RESIDENT WILL COMMIT AN  ACT  LISTED  IN
SUBPARAGRAPH  (III)  OF  PARAGRAPH  (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, SIGNIFICANT
THERAPEUTIC REASONS EXIST FOR  KEEPING  THE  RESIDENT  IN  THE  UNIT  TO
COMPLETE  SPECIFIC PROGRAM OR TREATMENT GOALS, AND REMAINING IN THE UNIT
IS IN THE BEST INTEREST OF THE RESIDENT; OR (B) THE RESIDENT HAS COMMIT-
TED AN ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS  SUBDI-
VISION DURING THE ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS PRIOR TO THE REVIEW.
  (IV)  IF A RESIDENT HAS SPENT ONE YEAR IN A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNIT OR IS WITHIN SIXTY DAYS OF A FIXED OR TENTATIVELY APPROVED DATE FOR
RELEASE FROM A CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, HE SHALL BE  DISCHARGED  FROM  THE
UNIT  UNLESS  HE OR SHE COMMITTED AN ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF
PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION WITHIN THE PRIOR  ONE  HUNDRED  EIGHTY
DAYS OR HE OR SHE CAUSED THE DEATH OF ANOTHER PERSON WHILE UNDER DEPART-
MENT  CUSTODY OR ESCAPED OR ATTEMPTED TO ESCAPE FROM DEPARTMENT OR OTHER
POLICE CUSTODY AND THE REHABILITATION REVIEW COMMITTEE DETERMINES HE  OR
SHE  POSES A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OR SECURITY
OF INCARCERATED PERSONS OR STAFF, BUT IN ANY SUCH CASE THE DECISION  NOT
TO   DISCHARGE  SUCH  PERSON  SHALL  BE  IMMEDIATELY  AND  AUTOMATICALLY
SUBJECTED TO AN INDEPENDENT REVIEW BY THE  JUSTICE  CENTER  ENTITY  WITH
OVERSIGHT  RESPONSIBILITIES  UNDER  SECTION  FOUR  HUNDRED ONE-A OF THIS
CHAPTER, WITH TIMELY NOTICE GIVEN TO  THE  INCARCERATED  PERSON  OF  THE
SUBMISSION  OF THE CASE TO THE JUSTICE CENTER AND OF THE DECISION OF THE
JUSTICE CENTER.  IF THE JUSTICE CENTER DISAGREES WITH  THE  DECISION  TO
NOT  DISCHARGE, THE RESIDENT WILL BE IMMEDIATELY RELEASED FROM THE RESI-
DENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT. IF THE JUSTICE CENTER AGREES WITH THE DECI-
SION TO NOT DISCHARGE, THE DISCHARGE PROCEDURES SET FORTH IN THIS  PARA-
GRAPH  SHALL  APPLY  INCLUDING ANNUAL REVIEWS BY THE JUSTICE CENTER OF A
DECISION BY THE REHABILITATION REVIEW COMMITTEE TO REFUSE TO  RELEASE  A
RESIDENT,  HOWEVER, UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL ANY SUCH PERSON BE HELD
IN THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT FOR MORE THAN THREE YEARS  UNLESS
THE  REHABILITATION  REVIEW  COMMITTEE DETERMINES HE OR SHE COMMITTED AN

S. 6466                             6

ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION
WITHIN ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY DAYS PRIOR TO THE EXPIRATION OF THE THREE YEAR
PERIOD  AND  POSES  A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OR
SECURITY OF INCARCERATED PERSONS OR STAFF.
  (V)  AFTER EACH ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE AND REHABILITATION REVIEW COMMIT-
TEE DECISION, IF A RESIDENT IS NOT DISCHARGED FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHA-
BILITATION UNIT, THE RESPECTIVE COMMITTEE SHALL SPECIFY IN  WRITING  (A)
THE  REASONS  FOR  THE  DETERMINATION  AND  (B)  THE PROGRAM, TREATMENT,
SERVICE, AND/OR CORRECTIVE ACTION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISCHARGE. THE  RESI-
DENT SHALL BE GIVEN ACCESS TO THE PROGRAMS, TREATMENT AND SERVICES SPEC-
IFIED,  AND SHALL BE DISCHARGED FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT
UPON COMPLETION UNLESS THE RESIDENT  HAS  COMMITTED  AN  ACT  LISTED  IN
SUBPARAGRAPH  (III)  OF  PARAGRAPH  (J)  OF  THIS SUBDIVISION DURING THE
PREVIOUS ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS.
  (VI) WHEN A RESIDENT IS DISCHARGED FROM A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT,  ANY  REMAINING  SENTENCE  TO  SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT TIME WILL BE
DISMISSED. IF A  RESIDENT  SUBSTANTIALLY  COMPLETES  HIS  REHABILITATION
PLAN, HE OR SHE WILL HAVE ALL GOOD TIME RESTORED UPON DISCHARGE FROM THE
UNIT.
  (M)  ALL  STAFF,  INCLUDING SUPERVISORY STAFF, WORKING IN A SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT OR RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT SHALL UNDERGO  A  MINIMUM
OF  FORTY HOURS OF TRAINING PRIOR TO WORKING ON THE UNIT AND TWENTY-FOUR
HOURS ANNUALLY THEREAFTER, ON SUBSTANTIVE CONTENT DEVELOPED IN CONSULTA-
TION WITH RELEVANT EXPERTS, INCLUDING TRAUMA, PSYCHIATRIC  AND  RESTORA-
TIVE  JUSTICE  EXPERTS,  ON  TOPICS  INCLUDING,  BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
PURPOSE AND  GOALS  OF  THE  NON-PUNITIVE  THERAPEUTIC  ENVIRONMENT  AND
DISPUTE  RESOLUTION  METHODS.  PRIOR TO PRESIDING OVER ANY HEARINGS, ALL
HEARING OFFICERS SHALL UNDERGO A MINIMUM OF FORTY HOURS OF TRAINING, AND
EIGHT HOURS ANNUALLY THEREAFTER, ON RELEVANT TOPICS, INCLUDING  BUT  NOT
LIMITED  TO,  THE  PHYSICAL  AND  PSYCHOLOGICAL  EFFECTS  OF  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT, PROCEDURAL AND DUE  PROCESS  RIGHTS  OF  THE  ACCUSED,  AND
RESTORATIVE JUSTICE REMEDIES.
  (N)  THE  DEPARTMENT  SHALL MAKE PUBLICLY AVAILABLE MONTHLY REPORTS OF
THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE AS OF THE FIRST DAY OF EACH MONTH, AND  SEMI-ANNUAL
AND ANNUAL CUMULATIVE REPORTS OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE, WHO ARE (I)
IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT; AND (II) IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS;
ALONG  WITH  A  BREAKDOWN  OF  THE  NUMBER OF PEOPLE (III) IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT AND (IV) IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS BY (A) AGE; (B)
RACE; (C) GENDER; (D) MENTAL HEALTH LEVEL; (E) HEALTH STATUS;  (F)  DRUG
ADDICTION  STATUS;  (G)  PREGNANCY  STATUS;  (H) LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL,
TRANSGENDER, OR INTERSEX STATUS; AND  (I)  TOTAL  CONTINUOUS  LENGTH  OF
STAY,  AND  TOTAL  LENGTH  OF STAY IN THE PAST SIXTY DAYS, IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT.
  S 5. Section 401-a of the correction law is amended by  adding  a  new
subdivision 4 to read as follows:
  4.  THE  JUSTICE CENTER SHALL ASSESS COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS OF, AND
AT LEAST ANNUALLY REPORT ON AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE  DEPARTMENT,
LEGISLATURE,  AND PUBLIC IN WRITING, REGARDING ALL ASPECTS OF SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT AND RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS IN  STATE  CORRECTIONAL
FACILITIES PURSUANT TO SECTION ONE HUNDRED THIRTY-SEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER,
INCLUDING  BUT  NOT  LIMITED  TO  POLICIES  AND PRACTICES REGARDING: (A)
PLACEMENT OF PERSONS; (B) SPECIAL POPULATIONS; (C) LENGTH OF TIME SPENT;
(D) HEARINGS AND PROCEDURES; (E) CONDITIONS, PROGRAMS,  SERVICES,  CARE,
AND  TREATMENT; AND (F) ASSESSMENTS AND REHABILITATION PLANS, AND PROCE-
DURES AND DETERMINATIONS MADE AS TO WHETHER  PERSONS  SHOULD  REMAIN  IN
RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS.

S. 6466                             7

  S  6. Subdivision 4 of section 45 of the correction law, as amended by
section 15 of subpart A of part C of chapter 62 of the laws of 2011,  is
amended to read as follows:
  4.  (A)  Establish  procedures  to  assure  effective investigation of
grievances of, and conditions affecting, inmates of  local  correctional
facilities.  Such procedures shall include but not be limited to receipt
of  written complaints, interviews of persons, and on-site monitoring of
conditions.  In addition, the commission shall establish procedures  for
the  speedy  and  impartial  review  of grievances referred to it by the
commissioner of the department of corrections and community supervision.
  (B) THE COMMISSION SHALL ALSO ASSESS COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS OF, AND
AT LEAST ANNUALLY REPORT ON AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE  DEPARTMENT,
LEGISLATURE, AND PUBLIC, REGARDING ALL ASPECTS OF SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT
AND  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION UNITS IN FACILITIES GOVERNED BY SECTION
FIVE HUNDRED-K OF THIS CHAPTER, INCLUDING BUT NOT  LIMITED  TO  POLICIES
AND PRACTICES FOR BOTH REGARDING: (I) PLACEMENT OF PERSONS; (II) SPECIAL
POPULATIONS;  (III)  LENGTH OF TIME SPENT; (IV) HEARINGS AND PROCEDURES;
(V) CONDITIONS,  PROGRAMS,  SERVICES,  CARE,  AND  TREATMENT;  AND  (VI)
ASSESSMENTS  AND REHABILITATION PLANS, AND PROCEDURES AND DETERMINATIONS
MADE AS TO WHETHER PERSONS SHOULD REMAIN IN  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNITS.
  S 7. This act shall take effect immediately.

Co-Sponsors

view additional co-sponsors

S6466A (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8588A
Current Committee:
Senate Crime Victims, Crime And Correction
Law Section:
Correction Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§137, 2, 401-a & 45, Cor L

S6466A (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Restricts the use of segregated confinement and creates alternative therapeutic and rehabilitative confinement options; limits the length of time a person may be in segregated confinement and excludes certain persons from being placed in segregated confinement.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6466A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the correction law, in relation to
restricting the use of segregated confinement and creating alternative
therapeutic and rehabilitative confinement options

PURPOSE:

This bill will be known as the "Humane Alternatives to Long-Term
Solitary Confinement" Act (the HALT Solitary Confinement Act.)

This bill would limit the time an inmate can spend in segregated
confinement, end the segregated confinement of vulnerable people,
restrict the criteria that can result in such confinement, improve
conditions of confinement, and create more humane and effective
alternatives to such confinement.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 states the purpose of the bill.

Section 2 clarifies that the bill's provisions apply to all types and
locations of segregated confinement.

Section 3 defines "special populations"; "emergency", "short-term" and
"extended segregated confinement"; and "residential rehabilitation
units".

Section 4g prohibits segregation of vulnerable groups ("special
populations"), including young and elderly people, people with
physical or mental disabilities, pregnant women, new mothers, and
members of the LGBTI community.

Section 4h places a limit of 15 consecutive days and a limit of 20
total days in a 60 day period on the amount of time any person can
spend in segregated confinement, and requires that beyond those limits
all persons must be released or sent to a separate secure residential
rehabilitation unit (RRU).

Section 4ii enhances conditions in segregated confinement, including
additional out-of-cell time, congregate recreation, access to
essential services, and bans on orders depriving basic necessities,
including restricted diets. It also provides for new RRUs as a more
humane and effective alternative that provide meaningful - human
contact and therapeutic, trauma-informed, and rehabilitative programs
aimed at addressing underlying causes of behavior.

Section 4j restricts the criteria for segregated confinement beyond
three days or RRUs to more serious acts of physical injury, forced
sexual acts, extortion, coercion, inciting serious disturbance,
procuring deadly weapons or dangerous contraband, or escape. It allows
for segregated confinement of three days for department rule
violations, and 24-hour emergency confinement if necessary. It
prohibits segregated confinement for purposes of protective custody
and requires that any protective custody unit at a minimum meet the
standards for RRUs.


Section 4k enhances procedural protections for placement in segregated
confinement including allowing for representation, and assessments for
determining whether someone is a member of a "special population"
prior to segregation.

Section 4l creates mechanisms for periodic review and release from an
RRU based on a resident's progress and acts, expiration of a
disciplinary sentence, expiration of a one-year limit, or independent
outside review after one year in an RRU.

Section 4m requires training for RRU staff and hearing officers and

Section 4n requires public reporting on the use of segregation and
RRUs.

Sections 5 and 6 require oversight over implementation of the bill.

JUSTIFICATION:

This bill aims to make New York's prison and jail practices more
humane and effective. The bill limits the length of time anyone can
spend in segregated confinement, restricts the criteria that can
result in such confinement, provides additional procedural protections
prior to such confinement, and exempts certain vulnerable groups. The
bill also provides an alternative mechanism for working with people
who engage in serious violence or other problematic behavior that
involves - not deprivation - but therapeutic and rehabilitative
support and programs.

Segregated confinement is inhumane and ineffective. Studies have long
and consistently found that subjecting people to segregated
confinement for twenty-two to twenty-four hours a day without
meaningful human contact, programming, or therapy often causes deep
and permanent psychological, physical, developmental, and social harm.
This harm not only violates common values of decency, but also is
counterproductive because people often have more difficulty complying
with prison rules after being placed in segregated confinement.
Segregated confinement can be particularly devastating for certain
vulnerable people, such as young or elderly people, pregnant women,
and people with disabilities or addiction or trauma histories; and
segregated members of the LGBTI community are more vulnerable to
abuse. Other states have dramatically reduced the number of people in
segregated confinement, and seen positive benefits in terms of safety
and decreased violence.

Despite the tremendous harm caused by massive isolation of thousands
of incarcerated persons, New York prisons and jails currently impose
segregated confinement too broadly, routinely, and for too long a
period of time. On any given day, there are nearly 4,000 people,
disproportionately people of color, in state prisons in Special
Housing Units (SHU) and thousands more in other forms of isolation.
There are also around a thousand more people in segregated confinement
in jails in New York City alone. Despite claims that segregated
confinement is used in response to the most violent behavior, five out
of six disciplinary infractions that result in SHU time in New York
prisons are for non-violent conduct. Moreover, people routinely


suffer in segregated confinement for months, years, and even decades
in New York.

A growing chorus of individuals, organizations, and policy-makers has
called for a dramatic transformation and curtailment of the use of
segregated confinement. The United Nations Special Rapporteur on
Torture concluded that solitary confinement can amount to torture and
recommended abolishing its use beyond 15 days and prohibiting any use
of solitary for vulnerable groups or purposes of punishment. The New
York Civil Liberties Union and others have issued reports documenting
the arbitrary and unjustified use of segregated confinement in New
York and the negative impacts its use has on incarcerated persons,
staff, and safety in our prisons and communities. The New York State
Bar Association has called upon the state and city corrections
departments to profoundly restrict the use of segregated confinement,
end segregated confinement beyond 15 days, adopt stringent criteria
for any separation, and ensure any separation is for the briefest
period and in the least restrictive conditions practicable. This bill
takes up the growing call to limit segregated confinement and provide
more humane and effective alternatives.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New Bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

To be determined.

LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

To be determined.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act will take effect immediately.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6466--A

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 28, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  PERKINS,  HASSELL-THOMPSON,  HOYLMAN, MONTGOMERY,
  SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed,  and  when  printed  to  be
  committed  to  the Committee on Crime Victims, Crime and Correction --
  committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as  amended  and
  recommitted to said committee

AN  ACT  to amend the correction law, in relation to restricting the use
  of segregated confinement and  creating  alternative  therapeutic  and
  rehabilitative confinement options

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 137 of the correction law is amended  by  adding  a
new subdivision 5-a to read as follows:
  5-A.  THE  USE OF SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT, EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN SPECIAL
POPULATIONS, AND LENGTH OF TIME  ANY  PERSON  CAN  SPEND  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  SHALL BE RESTRICTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH PARAGRAPHS (G), (H),
(I), (J), (K), (L), (M), AND (N) OF SUBDIVISION SIX OF THIS  SECTION  OR
ANY OTHER APPLICABLE LAW.
  S  2.  Subdivision  23 of section 2 of the correction law, as added by
chapter 1 of the laws of 2008, is amended to read as follows:
  23. "Segregated confinement"  means  the  [disciplinary]  confinement,
OTHER   THAN   FOR  EMERGENCY  CONFINEMENT  AS  DEFINED  IN  SUBDIVISION
THIRTY-THREE OF THIS SECTION,  OR  FOR  DOCUMENTED  MEDICAL  REASONS  OR
MENTAL  HEALTH EMERGENCIES, of an inmate in a special housing unit or in
a separate keeplock housing unit  OR  ANY  FORM  OF  KEEPLOCK,  OR  CELL
CONFINEMENT  FOR MORE THAN SEVENTEEN HOURS A DAY OTHER THAN IN A FACILI-
TY-WIDE LOCKDOWN.  Special housing units and separate keeplock units are
housing units that consist of cells grouped so as to provide  separation
from  the  general population, and may be used to house inmates confined
pursuant to the disciplinary procedures described in regulations.
  S 3. Section 2 of the correction law is amended  by  adding  five  new
subdivisions 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 to read as follows:
  32.  "SPECIAL  POPULATIONS"  MEANS ANY PERSON: (A) TWENTY-ONE YEARS OF
AGE OR YOUNGER; (B) FIFTY-FIVE YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER; (C) WITH  A  DISA-
BILITY AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION TWENTY-ONE OF SECTION TWO HUNDRED NINE-

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13381-04-4

S. 6466--A                          2

TY-TWO  OF THE EXECUTIVE LAW, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, FOR PURPOSES
OF MENTAL IMPAIRMENT, PERSONS WITH A SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS  AS  DEFINED
IN  PARAGRAPH (E) OF SUBDIVISION SIX OF SECTION ONE HUNDRED THIRTY-SEVEN
OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) WHO IS PREGNANT, IS IN THE FIRST EIGHT WEEKS OF THE
POST-PARTUM RECOVERY PERIOD AFTER GIVING BIRTH, OR IS CARING FOR A CHILD
IN  A  CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISIONS TWO OR THREE OF
SECTION SIX HUNDRED ELEVEN  OF  THIS  CHAPTER;  OR  (E)  WHO  IS  OR  IS
PERCEIVED TO BE LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER, OR INTERSEX.
  33.  "EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT" MEANS CONFINEMENT IN ANY CELL FOR NO MORE
THAN TWENTY-FOUR CONSECUTIVE HOURS AND NO MORE  THAN  FORTY-EIGHT  TOTAL
HOURS  IN  ANY FIFTEEN DAY PERIOD, WITH AT LEAST ONE HOUR OF OUT-OF-CELL
RECREATION FOR EVERY TWENTY-FOUR HOURS.
  34. "SHORT-TERM SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT" MEANS  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT
OF  NO  MORE  THAN  THREE CONSECUTIVE DAYS AND SIX DAYS TOTAL WITHIN ANY
THIRTY DAY PERIOD.
  35. "EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT" MEANS SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT  OF
NO  MORE  THAN FIFTEEN CONSECUTIVE DAYS AND TWENTY DAYS TOTAL WITHIN ANY
SIXTY DAY PERIOD.
  36. "RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT" MEANS SECURE AND SEPARATE  UNITS
USED  FOR  THERAPY,  TREATMENT, AND REHABILITATIVE PROGRAMMING OF PEOPLE
WHO WOULD BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  FOR  MORE  THAN  FIFTEEN
DAYS. SUCH UNITS ARE THERAPEUTIC AND TRAUMA-INFORMED, AND AIM TO ADDRESS
INDIVIDUAL  TREATMENT  AND REHABILITATION NEEDS AND UNDERLYING CAUSES OF
PROBLEMATIC BEHAVIORS.
  S 4. Subdivision 6 of section 137 of the correction law is amended  by
adding  eight  new paragraphs (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), and (n)
to read as follows:
  (G) PERSONS IN A SPECIAL POPULATION AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION  THIRTY-
TWO  OF  SECTION  TWO  OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL NOT BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT FOR ANY LENGTH OF TIME.  ANY  SUCH  PERSONS  THE  DEPARTMENT
WOULD  OTHERWISE PLACE IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL REMAIN IN GENERAL
POPULATION OR BE DIVERTED TO A RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION  UNIT.  IF  A
PERSON  IN  A  SPECIAL POPULATION IS PLACED IN EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT FOR
MORE THAN SIXTEEN HOURS, HE OR SHE SHALL BE ALLOWED OUT-OF-CELL AT LEAST
FOUR HOURS.
  (H) NO PERSON MAY BE IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT FOR LONGER THAN  NECES-
SARY  AND NEVER MORE THAN FIFTEEN CONSECUTIVE DAYS NOR TWENTY TOTAL DAYS
WITHIN ANY SIXTY DAY PERIOD. AT THESE LIMITS, PERSONS MUST  BE  RELEASED
FROM SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR DIVERTED TO A SEPARATE SECURE RESIDENTIAL
REHABILITATION UNIT.
  (I)  (I)  ALL  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  AND RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNITS SHALL CREATE THE LEAST RESTRICTIVE ENVIRONMENT NECESSARY  FOR  THE
SAFETY OF RESIDENTS, STAFF, AND THE SECURITY OF THE FACILITY.
  (II) PERSONS IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL BE ALLOWED OUT-OF-CELL AT
LEAST  FOUR  HOURS  PER DAY, INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE HOUR FOR RECREATION.
PERSONS IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS SHALL BE  ALLOWED  AT  LEAST
SIX  HOURS  PER  DAY  OUT-OF-CELL  FOR PROGRAMMING, SERVICES, TREATMENT,
AND/OR MEALS, AND AN ADDITIONAL MINIMUM  OF  ONE  HOUR  FOR  RECREATION.
RECREATION IN ALL UNITS SHALL TAKE PLACE IN A CONGREGATE SETTING, UNLESS
EXCEPTIONAL  CIRCUMSTANCES  MEAN DOING SO WOULD CREATE A SIGNIFICANT AND
UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE  SAFETY  AND  SECURITY  OF  OTHER  INCARCERATED
PERSONS, STAFF, OR THE FACILITY.
  (III) PERSONS IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT AND RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNITS  SHALL:  (A) RECEIVE AT LEAST COMPARABLE MEDICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH
CARE TO GENERAL  POPULATION,  INCLUDING  OBSTETRICAL  AND  GYNECOLOGICAL
SERVICES,  IN  A  SETTING ENSURING PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY; (B) HAVE

S. 6466--A                          3

THEIR BASIC NEEDS MET IN A MANNER COMPARABLE TO GENERAL POPULATION,  AND
NEVER  HAVE  RESTRICTED  DIETS  NOR ANY ORDER RESTRICTING ANY BASIC NEED
IMPOSED AS A FORM OF PUNISHMENT; (C) IF IN A RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT BE ABLE TO RETAIN ALL THEIR PROPERTY WITH THEM; (D) HAVE COMPARABLE
ACCESS  TO  ALL SERVICES AND MATERIALS AS IN GENERAL POPULATION; AND (E)
BE ABLE TO RETAIN PROGRAM MATERIALS, COMPLETE PROGRAM  ASSIGNMENTS,  AND
CONTINUE  UPON  RETURN  ALL  UNCOMPLETED  PROGRAMS THEY WERE IN PRIOR TO
PLACEMENT IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  OR  A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT.
  (IV)  WITHIN  TEN  DAYS  OF  ADMISSION TO A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNIT, AN ASSESSMENT  COMMITTEE  COMPRISED  OF  PROGRAM,  REHABILITATION,
MENTAL  HEALTH,  AND  SECURITY  STAFF SHALL ADMINISTER AN ASSESSMENT AND
DEVELOP IN COLLABORATION WITH THE RESIDENT AN INDIVIDUAL  REHABILITATION
PLAN,  BASED  UPON  THE PERSON'S MEDICAL, MENTAL HEALTH, AND PROGRAMMING
NEEDS, THAT IDENTIFIES  SPECIFIC  GOALS  AND  PROGRAMS,  TREATMENT,  AND
SERVICES  TO  BE  OFFERED, WITH PROJECTED TIME FRAMES FOR COMPLETION AND
RELEASE FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT.
  (V) RESIDENTS IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS SHALL HAVE ACCESS TO
PROGRAMS AND JOBS COMPARABLE TO ALL CORE OUT-OF-CELL PROGRAMS IN GENERAL
POPULATION.   SUCH  RESIDENTS  SHALL  ALSO  HAVE  ACCESS  TO  ADDITIONAL
OUT-OF-CELL,  TRAUMA-INFORMED THERAPEUTIC PROGRAMMING AIMED AT PROMOTING
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT, ADDRESSING UNDERLYING CAUSES OF PROBLEMATIC BEHAV-
IOR RESULTING IN PLACEMENT IN A  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION  UNIT,  AND
HELPING PREPARE FOR DISCHARGE FROM THE UNIT AND TO THE COMMUNITY.
  (VI)  IF  THE  DEPARTMENT  ESTABLISHES  THAT A PERSON COMMITTED AN ACT
DEFINED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION WHILE
IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT AND POSES
A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY AND SECURITY OF  OTHER
RESIDENTS  OR  STAFF,  THE DEPARTMENT MAY RESTRICT THAT PERSON'S PARTIC-
IPATION IN PROGRAMMING AND OUT-OF-CELL TIME AS NECESSARY FOR THE  SAFETY
OF  OTHER RESIDENTS AND STAFF. IF RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED IN SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT, THE DEPARTMENT  MUST  STILL  PROVIDE  AT  LEAST  TWO  HOURS
OUT-OF-CELL TIME. IF RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED IN A RESIDENTIAL REHABILI-
TATION  UNIT,  THE  DEPARTMENT  SHALL DEVELOP A NEW REHABILITATION PLAN,
PROVIDE AT LEAST THREE HOURS OUT-OF-CELL TIME, AND ON EACH DAY  PROGRAM-
MING  RESTRICTIONS ARE IMPOSED PROVIDE AT LEAST TWO HOURS OF OUT-OF-CELL
ONE-ON-ONE THERAPY WITH THE RESIDENT AND ONE HOUR OF OUT-OF-CELL  RECRE-
ATION. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL REMOVE ALL RESTRICTIONS WITHIN FIFTEEN DAYS,
AND  MAY NOT IMPOSE NEW RESTRICTIONS UNLESS THE PERSON COMMITS A NEW ACT
DEFINED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (VII) RESTRAINTS SHALL NOT BE USED WHEN  RESIDENTS  LEAVE  A  CELL  OR
HOUSING  AREA  FOR  ON-UNIT OPERATIONS, UNLESS A RESIDENT WAS FOUND AT A
HEARING TO HAVE COMMITTED AN ACT OF VIOLENCE ON THE RESIDENTIAL REHABIL-
ITATION UNIT WITHIN THE PREVIOUS SEVEN DAYS OR IS CURRENTLY ACTING IN AN
UNACCEPTABLY VIOLENT MANNER, AND NOT USING  RESTRAINTS  WOULD  CREATE  A
SIGNIFICANT  AND  UNREASONABLE  RISK TO THE SAFETY AND SECURITY OF OTHER
RESIDENTS OR STAFF.
  (VIII) THERE SHALL BE A PRESUMPTION AGAINST THE IMPOSITION  OF  MISBE-
HAVIOR  REPORTS, PURSUIT OF DISCIPLINARY CHARGES, OR IMPOSITION OF ADDI-
TIONAL TIME IN SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  FOR  INDIVIDUALS  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  OR  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION UNITS. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL
USE OTHER NON-DISCIPLINARY  INTERVENTIONS  TO  ADDRESS  ANY  PROBLEMATIC
BEHAVIOR. NO RESIDENT SHALL RECEIVE SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT TIME WHILE IN
SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT EXCEPT WHERE
IT  IS  DETERMINED  PURSUANT  TO  A  DISCIPLINARY HEARING THAT HE OR SHE
COMMITTED ONE OR MORE ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH  (J)

S. 6466--A                          4

OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION  WHILE  ON  THE  UNIT,  AND THAT HE OR SHE POSES A
SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OF RESIDENTS  OR  STAFF,
OR THE SECURITY OF THE FACILITY.
  (J)  (I)  THE  DEPARTMENT  MAY PLACE A PERSON IN EMERGENCY CONFINEMENT
WITHOUT A HEARING IF NECESSARY FOR IMMEDIATELY  DEFUSING  A  SUBSTANTIAL
AND  IMMINENT  THREAT  TO  SAFETY OR SECURITY OF INCARCERATED PERSONS OR
STAFF.
  (II) THE DEPARTMENT IS ENCOURAGED TO USE RESPONSES OTHER  THAN  SEGRE-
GATED CONFINEMENT IN RESPONSE TO DEPARTMENT RULE VIOLATIONS. THE DEPART-
MENT  MAY  PLACE  A  PERSON  IN  SHORT TERM SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT IF IT
DETERMINES, PURSUANT TO AN EVIDENTIARY HEARING, THAT THE PERSON  COMMIT-
TED  A  DEPARTMENT  RULE  VIOLATION  WARRANTING SUCH CONFINEMENT AND THE
LENGTH  OF  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  IMPOSED  IS  PROPORTIONATE  TO  THE
VIOLATION.
  (III)  THE  DEPARTMENT  MAY  PLACE  A  PERSON  IN  EXTENDED SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT ONLY IF, PURSUANT TO AN
EVIDENTIARY HEARING, IT DETERMINES THE  PERSON  COMMITTED,  WHILE  UNDER
DEPARTMENT  CUSTODY,  OR  PRIOR TO CUSTODY IF THE COMMISSIONER OR HIS OR
HER DESIGNEE DETERMINES IN WRITING BASED ON SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE  CRITERIA
THE  ACTS WERE SO HEINOUS OR DESTRUCTIVE THAT GENERAL POPULATION HOUSING
CREATES A SIGNIFICANT RISK OF IMMINENT SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY TO  STAFF
OR OTHER INCARCERATED PERSONS, ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ACTS: (A) CAUSING OR
ATTEMPTING  TO CAUSE SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY OR DEATH TO ANOTHER PERSON;
(B) COMPELLING OR ATTEMPTING TO  COMPEL  ANOTHER  PERSON,  BY  FORCE  OR
THREAT  OF  FORCE,  TO ENGAGE IN A SEXUAL ACT; (C) EXTORTING ANOTHER, BY
FORCE OR THREAT OF FORCE, FOR PROPERTY OR MONEY; (D)  COERCING  ANOTHER,
BY  FORCE OR THREAT OF FORCE, TO VIOLATE ANY RULE; (E) LEADING, ORGANIZ-
ING, OR INCITING A SERIOUS DISTURBANCE THAT RESULTS IN THE TAKING  OF  A
HOSTAGE,  MAJOR PROPERTY DAMAGE, OR PHYSICAL HARM TO ANOTHER PERSON; (F)
PROCURING DEADLY WEAPONS OR OTHER  DANGEROUS  CONTRABAND  THAT  POSES  A
SERIOUS  THREAT  TO  THE  SECURITY  OF THE INSTITUTION; OR (G) ESCAPING,
ATTEMPTING TO ESCAPE OR FACILITATING AN ESCAPE FROM A FACILITY, OR WHILE
UNDER SUPERVISION OUTSIDE OF SUCH A FACILITY, RESULTING IN PHYSICAL HARM
OR THREATENED PHYSICAL HARM TO OTHERS, OR IN MAJOR  DESTRUCTION  TO  THE
PHYSICAL PLANT.
  (IV)  NO  PERSON  MAY BE HELD IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT FOR PROTECTIVE
CUSTODY. ANY UNIT USED  FOR  PROTECTIVE  CUSTODY  MUST,  AT  A  MINIMUM,
CONFORM TO REQUIREMENTS GOVERNING RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS UNDER
PARAGRAPHS (I), (L), (M), AND (N) OF THIS SUBDIVISION. WHEN APPLIED TO A
PERSON  IN  PROTECTIVE  CUSTODY,  THE  CRITERIA IN SUBPARAGRAPH (II) AND
CLAUSE (A) OF SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (L)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION
SHALL  BE  THAT "THE PERSON STILL IS IN NEED OF PROTECTIVE CUSTODY"; AND
THE CRITERIA IN SUBPARAGRAPH (IV) OF PARAGRAPH (L) OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION
SHALL BE THAT "THE PERSON IS IN VOLUNTARY PROTECTIVE CUSTODY."
  (K)  (I)  ALL HEARINGS TO DETERMINE IF A PERSON MAY BE PLACED IN SHORT
TERM OR EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT SHALL OCCUR PRIOR  TO  PLACEMENT
IN  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  UNLESS  A SECURITY SUPERVISOR, WITH WRITTEN
APPROVAL OF A FACILITY SUPERINTENDENT OR DESIGNEE,  REASONABLY  BELIEVES
THE  PERSON  FITS THE CRITERIA FOR EXTENDED SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT. IF A
HEARING DOES NOT TAKE PLACE PRIOR TO PLACEMENT, IT SHALL OCCUR  AS  SOON
AS  REASONABLY  PRACTICABLE  AND  AT  MOST  WITHIN FIVE DAYS OF TRANSFER
UNLESS THE CHARGED PERSON SEEKS MORE TIME. ALL HEARINGS SHALL AT A MINI-
MUM COMPLY WITH THE STANDARDS OF ALL DEPARTMENT RULES  FOR  DISCIPLINARY
HEARINGS  AS  OF  JANUARY  FIRST, TWO THOUSAND FIFTEEN.   PERSONS AT ALL
HEARINGS SHALL BE PERMITTED  TO  BE  REPRESENTED  BY  ANY  PRO  BONO  OR
RETAINED  ATTORNEY,  OR  LAW  STUDENT;  OR ANY PARALEGAL OR INCARCERATED

S. 6466--A                          5

PERSON UNLESS THE DEPARTMENT REASONABLY DISAPPROVES OF SUCH PARALEGAL OR
INCARCERATED PERSON BASED UPON OBJECTIVE WRITTEN CRITERIA  DEVELOPED  BY
THE  DEPARTMENT  CONCERNING QUALIFICATIONS TO BE AN ASSISTANT AT A HEAR-
ING.
  (II)  ON  NOTIFICATION A PERSON IS TO BE PLACED IN SEGREGATED CONFINE-
MENT AND PRIOR TO SUCH PLACEMENT, HE OR SHE SHALL BE ASSESSED  BY  RELE-
VANT  LICENSED  MEDICAL,  SOCIAL,  AND/OR MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS TO
DETERMINE WHETHER HE OR SHE BELONGS TO ANY SPECIAL POPULATION AS DEFINED
IN SUBDIVISION THIRTY-TWO OF SECTION TWO OF THIS CHAPTER.  IF  A  PERSON
DISPUTES  A DETERMINATION THAT HE OR SHE IS NOT IN A SPECIAL POPULATION,
HE OR SHE SHALL BE PROVIDED A HEARING WITHIN SEVENTY-TWO HOURS OF PLACE-
MENT IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT TO CHALLENGE SUCH DETERMINATION.
  (L) (I) ANY SANCTION  IMPOSED  ON  AN  INCARCERATED  PERSON  REQUIRING
SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  SHALL  RUN WHILE THE PERSON IS IN A RESIDENTIAL
REHABILITATION UNIT AND THE PERSON SHALL BE  DISCHARGED  FROM  THE  UNIT
BEFORE OR AT THE TIME THAT SANCTION EXPIRES.
  (II)  WITHIN  THIRTY DAYS OF ADMISSION TO A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNIT AND EVERY SIXTY DAYS THEREAFTER,  THE  ASSESSMENT  COMMITTEE  SHALL
REVIEW  EACH  RESIDENT'S  PROGRESS  AND  DISCHARGE  A RESIDENT UNLESS IT
DETERMINES IN WRITING THROUGH CREDIBLE AND RELIABLE EVIDENCE THAT  THERE
IS  CURRENTLY  A SUBSTANTIAL LIKELIHOOD THAT THE RESIDENT WILL COMMIT AN
ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (III) WITHIN ONE HUNDRED DAYS AFTER ADMISSION TO A  RESIDENTIAL  REHA-
BILITATION UNIT AND EVERY ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS THEREAFTER, A REHABIL-
ITATION  REVIEW  COMMITTEE, COMPRISED OF CORRECTIONAL FACILITY EXECUTIVE
LEVEL PROGRAM, REHABILITATION, AND  SECURITY  STAFF  SHALL  DISCHARGE  A
RESIDENT  FROM A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT UNLESS IT DETERMINES IN
WRITING, AFTER CONSIDERING THE RESIDENT'S ORAL STATEMENT AND ANY WRITTEN
SUBMISSIONS BY THE RESIDENT OR OTHERS, THAT: (A) THERE  IS  CURRENTLY  A
SUBSTANTIAL  LIKELIHOOD  THAT  THE RESIDENT WILL COMMIT AN ACT LISTED IN
SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION,  SIGNIFICANT
THERAPEUTIC  REASONS  EXIST  FOR  KEEPING  THE  RESIDENT  IN THE UNIT TO
COMPLETE SPECIFIC PROGRAM OR TREATMENT GOALS, AND REMAINING IN THE  UNIT
IS IN THE BEST INTEREST OF THE RESIDENT; OR (B) THE RESIDENT HAS COMMIT-
TED  AN ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J) OF THIS SUBDI-
VISION DURING THE ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS PRIOR TO THE REVIEW.
  (IV) IF A RESIDENT HAS SPENT ONE YEAR IN A RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNIT OR IS WITHIN SIXTY DAYS OF A FIXED OR TENTATIVELY APPROVED DATE FOR
RELEASE  FROM  A  CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, HE SHALL BE DISCHARGED FROM THE
UNIT UNLESS HE OR SHE COMMITTED AN ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH  (III)  OF
PARAGRAPH  (J)  OF  THIS SUBDIVISION WITHIN THE PRIOR ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY
DAYS OR HE OR SHE CAUSED THE DEATH OF ANOTHER PERSON WHILE UNDER DEPART-
MENT CUSTODY OR ESCAPED OR ATTEMPTED TO ESCAPE FROM DEPARTMENT OR  OTHER
POLICE  CUSTODY AND THE REHABILITATION REVIEW COMMITTEE DETERMINES HE OR
SHE POSES A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OR  SECURITY
OF  INCARCERATED PERSONS OR STAFF, BUT IN ANY SUCH CASE THE DECISION NOT
TO  DISCHARGE  SUCH  PERSON  SHALL  BE  IMMEDIATELY  AND   AUTOMATICALLY
SUBJECTED  TO  AN  INDEPENDENT  REVIEW BY THE JUSTICE CENTER ENTITY WITH
OVERSIGHT RESPONSIBILITIES UNDER SECTION  FOUR  HUNDRED  ONE-A  OF  THIS
CHAPTER,  WITH  TIMELY  NOTICE  GIVEN  TO THE INCARCERATED PERSON OF THE
SUBMISSION OF THE CASE TO THE JUSTICE CENTER AND OF THE DECISION OF  THE
JUSTICE  CENTER.    IF THE JUSTICE CENTER DISAGREES WITH THE DECISION TO
NOT DISCHARGE, THE RESIDENT WILL BE IMMEDIATELY RELEASED FROM THE  RESI-
DENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT. IF THE JUSTICE CENTER AGREES WITH THE DECI-
SION  TO NOT DISCHARGE, THE DISCHARGE PROCEDURES SET FORTH IN THIS PARA-
GRAPH SHALL APPLY INCLUDING ANNUAL REVIEWS BY THE JUSTICE  CENTER  OF  A

S. 6466--A                          6

DECISION  BY  THE REHABILITATION REVIEW COMMITTEE TO REFUSE TO RELEASE A
RESIDENT, HOWEVER, UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL ANY SUCH PERSON BE  HELD
IN  THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT FOR MORE THAN THREE YEARS UNLESS
THE  REHABILITATION  REVIEW  COMMITTEE DETERMINES HE OR SHE COMMITTED AN
ACT LISTED IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH (J)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION
WITHIN ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY DAYS PRIOR TO THE EXPIRATION OF THE THREE YEAR
PERIOD  AND  POSES  A SIGNIFICANT AND UNREASONABLE RISK TO THE SAFETY OR
SECURITY OF INCARCERATED PERSONS OR STAFF.
  (V) AFTER EACH ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE AND REHABILITATION REVIEW  COMMIT-
TEE DECISION, IF A RESIDENT IS NOT DISCHARGED FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHA-
BILITATION  UNIT,  THE RESPECTIVE COMMITTEE SHALL SPECIFY IN WRITING (A)
THE REASONS FOR  THE  DETERMINATION  AND  (B)  THE  PROGRAM,  TREATMENT,
SERVICE,  AND/OR CORRECTIVE ACTION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISCHARGE. THE RESI-
DENT SHALL BE GIVEN ACCESS TO THE PROGRAMS, TREATMENT AND SERVICES SPEC-
IFIED, AND SHALL BE DISCHARGED FROM THE RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION  UNIT
UPON  COMPLETION  UNLESS  THE  RESIDENT  HAS  COMMITTED AN ACT LISTED IN
SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF PARAGRAPH  (J)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION  DURING  THE
PREVIOUS ONE HUNDRED TWENTY DAYS.
  (VI)  WHEN  A RESIDENT IS DISCHARGED FROM A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION
UNIT, ANY REMAINING SENTENCE TO  SEGREGATED  CONFINEMENT  TIME  WILL  BE
DISMISSED.  IF  A  RESIDENT  SUBSTANTIALLY  COMPLETES HIS REHABILITATION
PLAN, HE OR SHE WILL HAVE ALL GOOD TIME RESTORED UPON DISCHARGE FROM THE
UNIT.
  (M) ALL STAFF, INCLUDING SUPERVISORY STAFF, WORKING  IN  A  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  OR  RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT SHALL UNDERGO A MINIMUM
OF FORTY HOURS OF TRAINING PRIOR TO WORKING ON THE UNIT AND  TWENTY-FOUR
HOURS ANNUALLY THEREAFTER, ON SUBSTANTIVE CONTENT DEVELOPED IN CONSULTA-
TION  WITH  RELEVANT EXPERTS, INCLUDING TRAUMA, PSYCHIATRIC AND RESTORA-
TIVE JUSTICE EXPERTS, ON TOPICS  INCLUDING,  BUT  NOT  LIMITED  TO,  THE
PURPOSE  AND  GOALS  OF  THE  NON-PUNITIVE  THERAPEUTIC  ENVIRONMENT AND
DISPUTE RESOLUTION METHODS. PRIOR TO PRESIDING OVER  ANY  HEARINGS,  ALL
HEARING OFFICERS SHALL UNDERGO A MINIMUM OF FORTY HOURS OF TRAINING, AND
EIGHT  HOURS  ANNUALLY THEREAFTER, ON RELEVANT TOPICS, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED  TO,  THE  PHYSICAL  AND  PSYCHOLOGICAL  EFFECTS  OF  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT,  PROCEDURAL  AND  DUE  PROCESS  RIGHTS  OF THE ACCUSED, AND
RESTORATIVE JUSTICE REMEDIES.
  (N) THE DEPARTMENT SHALL MAKE PUBLICLY AVAILABLE  MONTHLY  REPORTS  OF
THE  NUMBER OF PEOPLE AS OF THE FIRST DAY OF EACH MONTH, AND SEMI-ANNUAL
AND ANNUAL CUMULATIVE REPORTS OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE, WHO ARE (I)
IN SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT; AND (II) IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS;
ALONG WITH A BREAKDOWN OF THE  NUMBER  OF  PEOPLE  (III)  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT AND (IV) IN RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS BY (A) AGE; (B)
RACE;  (C)  GENDER; (D) MENTAL HEALTH LEVEL; (E) HEALTH STATUS; (F) DRUG
ADDICTION STATUS; (G) PREGNANCY  STATUS;  (H)  LESBIAN,  GAY,  BISEXUAL,
TRANSGENDER,  OR  INTERSEX  STATUS;  AND  (I) TOTAL CONTINUOUS LENGTH OF
STAY, AND TOTAL LENGTH OF STAY IN THE PAST  SIXTY  DAYS,  IN  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT OR A RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNIT.
  S  5.  Section  401-a of the correction law is amended by adding a new
subdivision 4 to read as follows:
  4. THE JUSTICE CENTER SHALL ASSESS COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS  OF,  AND
AT  LEAST ANNUALLY REPORT ON AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE DEPARTMENT,
LEGISLATURE, AND PUBLIC IN WRITING, REGARDING ALL ASPECTS OF  SEGREGATED
CONFINEMENT  AND  RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS IN STATE CORRECTIONAL
FACILITIES PURSUANT TO SECTION ONE HUNDRED THIRTY-SEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED  TO  POLICIES  AND  PRACTICES  REGARDING:  (A)
PLACEMENT OF PERSONS; (B) SPECIAL POPULATIONS; (C) LENGTH OF TIME SPENT;

S. 6466--A                          7

(D)  HEARINGS  AND PROCEDURES; (E) CONDITIONS, PROGRAMS, SERVICES, CARE,
AND TREATMENT; AND (F) ASSESSMENTS AND REHABILITATION PLANS, AND  PROCE-
DURES  AND  DETERMINATIONS  MADE  AS TO WHETHER PERSONS SHOULD REMAIN IN
RESIDENTIAL REHABILITATION UNITS.
  S  6. Subdivision 4 of section 45 of the correction law, as amended by
section 15 of subpart A of part C of chapter 62 of the laws of 2011,  is
amended to read as follows:
  4.  (A)  Establish  procedures  to  assure  effective investigation of
grievances of, and conditions affecting, inmates of  local  correctional
facilities.  Such procedures shall include but not be limited to receipt
of  written complaints, interviews of persons, and on-site monitoring of
conditions.  In addition, the commission shall establish procedures  for
the  speedy  and  impartial  review  of grievances referred to it by the
commissioner of the department of corrections and community supervision.
  (B) THE COMMISSION SHALL ALSO ASSESS COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS OF, AND
AT LEAST ANNUALLY REPORT ON AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE  DEPARTMENT,
LEGISLATURE, AND PUBLIC, REGARDING ALL ASPECTS OF SEGREGATED CONFINEMENT
AND  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION UNITS IN FACILITIES GOVERNED BY SECTION
FIVE HUNDRED-K OF THIS CHAPTER, INCLUDING BUT NOT  LIMITED  TO  POLICIES
AND PRACTICES FOR BOTH REGARDING: (I) PLACEMENT OF PERSONS; (II) SPECIAL
POPULATIONS;  (III)  LENGTH OF TIME SPENT; (IV) HEARINGS AND PROCEDURES;
(V) CONDITIONS,  PROGRAMS,  SERVICES,  CARE,  AND  TREATMENT;  AND  (VI)
ASSESSMENTS  AND REHABILITATION PLANS, AND PROCEDURES AND DETERMINATIONS
MADE AS TO WHETHER PERSONS SHOULD REMAIN IN  RESIDENTIAL  REHABILITATION
UNITS.
  S 7. This act shall take effect immediately.

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