senate Bill S6496B

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and at not less than twenty miles per hour on certain designated highways

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
May 14, 2014 print number 6496b
amend (t) and recommit to cities
Mar 04, 2014 print number 6496a
amend (t) and recommit to cities
Jan 29, 2014 referred to cities

Bill Amendments

Original
A
B (Active)
Original
A
B (Active)

Co-Sponsors

S6496 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8478B
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§1643 & 1642, V & T L; amd §19-177, NYC Ad Cd

S6496 - Bill Texts

view summary

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and not less than twenty miles per hour on or along certain designated highways.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6496

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the administrative code of the city of
New York, in relation to reducing the speed limit in the city of New
York to twenty miles per hour

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

This bill would protect pedestrians by reducing the speed limit in New
York City to twenty miles per hour.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section one of the bill would amend the administrative code of the
city of New York, subdivision a of section 19-177, which sets the
official speed limit for a vehicle in the city of New York. Under
current law, the official speed limit is thirty miles per hour. This
bill would reduce the official speed limit to twenty miles per hour
except where the City Council determines a different speed limit is
appropriate and an official sign indicates that a different speed
limit is in effect.

JUSTIFICATION:

In New York City in 2013, nearly as many people died in traffic
accidents as were murdered. The speed at which a motorist is driving
correlates strongly with the likelihood that an accident with a
pedestrian will be fatal. In fact, at speeds of twenty miles per hour,
the likelihood that a pedestrian hit by a motorist will die is only
five percent, but at just thirty miles per hour that likelihood jumps
to forty five percent. Thus, by reducing the speed limit by ten miles
per hour, and by empowering the City Council to make additional speed
limit changes as it deems appropriate, this bill would have a
significant effect on pedestrian safety.

Early numbers from this year suggest that there is a critical need for
this legislation. In the first two weeks of 2014 there have been seven
pedestrian fatalities in NYC from traffic accidents involving motor
vehicles. On one day alone, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, there were
two such fatalities - one child and one senior citizen, both crossing
streets in crosswalks. This bill, by reducing the speed Limit on city
streets, will protect all of New York City's pedestrians.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

Minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall have

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  6496

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  DILAN  -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Cities

AN ACT to amend the administrative code of the  city  of  New  York,  in
  relation to reducing the speed limit in the city of New York to twenty
  miles per hour

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Subdivision a of section 19-177 of the administrative  code
of  the  city of New York, as added by local law number 6 of the city of
New York for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  a. The official speed limit for a vehicle in  the  city  of  New  York
shall  be  [thirty]  TWENTY miles per hour except where THE CITY COUNCIL
DETERMINES A DIFFERENT SPEED LIMIT IS APPROPRIATE AND an  official  sign
indicates that a different speed limit is in effect.
  S  2.  This  act  shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall
have become a law.







 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13595-01-4

Co-Sponsors

view additional co-sponsors

S6496A - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8478B
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§1643 & 1642, V & T L; amd §19-177, NYC Ad Cd

S6496A - Bill Texts

view summary

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and not less than twenty miles per hour on or along certain designated highways.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6496A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the
administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to reducing
the speed limit in the city of New York to twenty miles per hour

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

This bill would protect pedestrians by reducing the speed limit in New
York City to twenty miles per hour.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section one of the bill would amend the administrative code of the
city of New York, subdivision a of section 19-177, which sets the
official speed limit for a vehicle in the city of New York. Under
current law, the official speed limit is thirty miles per hour. This
bill would reduce the official speed limit to twenty miles per hour
except where the City Council determines a different speed limit is
appropriate and an official sign indicates that a different speed
limit is in effect.

JUSTIFICATION:

In New York City in 2013, nearly as many people died in traffic
accidents as were murdered. The speed at which a motorist is driving
correlates strongly with the likelihood that an accident with a
pedestrian will be fatal. In fact, at speeds of twenty miles per hour,
the likelihood that a pedestrian hit by a motorist will die is only
five percent, but at just thirty miles per hour that likelihood jumps
to forty five percent. Thus, by reducing the speed limit by ten miles
per hour, and by empowering the City Council to make additional speed
limit changes as it deems appropriate, this bill would have a
significant effect on pedestrian safety.

Early numbers from this year suggest that there is a critical need for
this legislation. In the first two weeks of 2014 there have been seven
pedestrian fatalities in NYC from traffic accidents involving motor
vehicles. On one day alone, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, there were
two such fatalities - one child and one senior citizen, both crossing
streets in crosswalks. This bill, by reducing the speed Limit on city
streets, will protect all of New York City's pedestrians.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

Minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6496--A

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. DILAN, DIAZ, HOYLMAN, MONTGOMERY -- read twice and
  ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on
  Cities  --  committee  discharged,  bill amended, ordered reprinted as
  amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the administrative  code
  of  the  city  of New York, in relation to reducing the speed limit in
  the city of New York to twenty miles per hour

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Paragraph  26  of  subdivision (a) of section 1642 of the
vehicle and traffic law is renumbered paragraph 27 and a  new  paragraph
26 is added to read as follows:
  26.  WITH  RESPECT  TO  HIGHWAYS  (WHICH TERM FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS
PARAGRAPH SHALL INCLUDE PRIVATE ROADS OPEN TO PUBLIC MOTOR VEHICLE TRAF-
FIC) IN SUCH CITY, OTHER THAN STATE HIGHWAYS MAINTAINED BY THE STATE  ON
WHICH  THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SHALL HAVE ESTABLISHED HIGHER OR
LOWER SPEED LIMITS THAN THE STATUTORY FIFTY-FIVE MILES  PER  HOUR  SPEED
LIMIT AS PROVIDED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY OF THIS TITLE, OR ON
WHICH  THE  DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SHALL HAVE DESIGNATED THAT SUCH
CITY SHALL NOT ESTABLISH ANY MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT AS PROVIDED IN  SECTION
SIXTEEN  HUNDRED  TWENTY-FOUR  OF THIS TITLE, SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATIONS
IMPOSED BY SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-FOUR OF THIS TITLE,  ESTABLISH
MAXIMUM  SPEED  LIMITS AT WHICH VEHICLES MAY PROCEED WITHIN SUCH CITY OR
WITHIN DESIGNATED AREAS OF SUCH CITY HIGHER OR LOWER THAN THE FIFTY-FIVE
MILES PER HOUR MAXIMUM STATUTORY LIMIT. NO SUCH SPEED  LIMIT  APPLICABLE
THROUGHOUT  SUCH  CITY  OR WITHIN DESIGNATED AREAS OF SUCH CITY SHALL BE
ESTABLISHED AT LESS THAN TWENTY MILES PER HOUR.
  S 2. Paragraph 27 of subdivision (a) of section 1642  of  the  vehicle
and  traffic  law,  as  added  by chapter 499 of the laws of 1999 and as
renumbered by section one of this act, is amended to read as follows:
  27. (a) Establishment of  maximum  speed  limits  below  [twenty-five]
TWENTY  miles  per  hour at which motor vehicles may proceed on or along
designated highways within such city for the explicit purpose of  imple-
menting  traffic  calming  measures  as  such  term  is  defined herein;

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13595-05-4

S. 6496--A                          2

provided, however, that no speed limit shall be set below fifteen  miles
per  hour  nor  shall  such speed limit be established where the traffic
calming measure to be implemented consists solely of a  traffic  control
sign.    Establishment of such a speed limit shall, where applicable, be
in compliance with the provisions of sections  sixteen  hundred  twenty-
four  and sixteen hundred eighty-four of this chapter. Nothing contained
herein shall be deemed to alter or affect the  establishment  of  school
speed  limits  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of section sixteen hundred
forty-three of this article. For the purposes of this paragraph,  "traf-
fic  calming  measures"  shall  mean any physical engineering measure or
measures that reduce the negative effects of motor  vehicle  use,  alter
driver  behavior  and  improve conditions for non-motorized street users
such as pedestrians and bicyclists.
  (b) Any city establishing maximum  speed  limits  below  [twenty-five]
TWENTY  miles per hour pursuant to clause (i) of this subparagraph shall
submit a report to the governor, the temporary president of  the  senate
and  the  speaker of the assembly on or before March first, two thousand
[two] FIFTEEN AND BIANNUALLY THEREAFTER on the results of using  traffic
calming  measures and speed limits lower than [twenty-five] TWENTY miles
per hour as authorized by this paragraph. Such report shall include, but
not be limited to the following:
  (i) a description of the designated  highways  where  traffic  calming
measures and a lower speed limit were established and
  (ii)  a  description of the specific traffic calming measures used and
the maximum speed limit established.
  S 3. Subdivision a of section 19-177 of the administrative code of the
city of New York, as added by local law number 6 of the city of New York
for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  a. The official speed limit for a vehicle in  the  city  of  New  York
shall  be [thirty] TWENTY miles per hour [except where] UNLESS SUCH CITY
BY LAW DETERMINES A DIFFERENT OFFICIAL SPEED LIMIT IS APPROPRIATE OR  an
official sign indicates that a different speed limit is in effect.
  S  4.  This  act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall
have become a law.

Co-Sponsors

view additional co-sponsors

S6496B (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8478B
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§1643 & 1642, V & T L; amd §19-177, NYC Ad Cd

S6496B (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and not less than twenty miles per hour on or along certain designated highways.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6496B

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the
administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to speed limits

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This bill would protect pedestrians by
reducing the speed limit in New York City.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: This bill amends the NYC Administrative
Code by changing the speed limit in New York City from 30 miles per hour
to 25 miles per hour (bill section 3). The bill also amends the Vehicle
and Traffic Law (VTL) to permit the reduction of the NYC speed limit.
Specifically, the bill amends VTL section 1643 to permit the NYC speed
limit to be not less than 25 miles per hour, and on designated highways
under certain circumstances, not less than 20 miles per hour. The bill
also amends VTL section 1642(a)(26) by deleting reporting requirements
relating to traffic calming measures.

The B-print seeks to accomplish the same goal - pedestrian safety - as
the A-print, but it does so in a different manner, and the bill has been
substantially rewritten. It now amends section 1643 of the VTL as well
as section 1642; it amends VTL section 1642 in a different manner than
the A-print did; and it amends NYC Administrative Code section 19-177 in
a different manner than the A-print did. The B- print also changes the
effective date.

JUSTIFICATION: In New York City in 2013, nearly as many people died in
traffic accidents as were murdered. The speed at which a motorist is
driving correlates strongly with the likelihood that an accident with a
pedestrian will be fatal.

Early numbers from this year demonstrated the critical need for this
legislation. When this bill was first introduced in mid-January 2014,
there had been seven pedestrian fatalities in NYC from traffic accidents
involving motor vehicles over the course of just 14 days. On one day
alone, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, there were two such fatalities -
one child and one senior citizen, both crossing streets in crosswalks.
This bill, by reducing the speed limit on city streets, will protect all
of New York City's pedestrians.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6496--B

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sens. DILAN, DIAZ, HOYLMAN, ESPAILLAT, GIANARIS, KRUEGER,
  LATIMER,  MONTGOMERY,  PARKER,  PERKINS,  RIVERA,  SERRANO,  SQUADRON,
  STAVISKY  --  read  twice  and ordered printed, and when printed to be
  committed to the Committee on Cities  --  committee  discharged,  bill
  amended,  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
  tee --  committee  discharged,  bill  amended,  ordered  reprinted  as
  amended and recommitted to said committee

AN  ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the administrative code
  of the city of New York, in relation to speed limits

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1. Section 1643 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
chapter 412 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows:
  S 1643. Speed limits on highways in cities and villages. The  legisla-
tive  body  of  any city or village with respect to highways (which term
for the purposes of this section shall include  private  roads  open  to
public  motor vehicle traffic) in such city or village, other than state
highways maintained by the state on which the department of  transporta-
tion shall have established higher or lower speed limits than the statu-
tory  fifty-five  miles  per  hour  speed  limit  as provided in section
sixteen hundred twenty of this title, or  on  which  the  department  of
transportation shall have designated that such city or village shall not
establish any maximum speed limit as provided in section sixteen hundred
twenty-four of this title, subject to the limitations imposed by section
sixteen  hundred  eighty-four of this title may by local law, ordinance,
order, rule or regulation establish maximum speed limits at which  vehi-
cles may proceed within such city or village, within designated areas of
such city or village or on or along designated highways within such city
or  village  higher  or lower than the fifty-five miles per hour maximum
statutory limit. No such speed limit applicable throughout such city  or
village  or  within  designated  areas  of such city or village shall be
established at less than thirty miles per hour; except that in the  city
of  Long Beach, in the county of Nassau, speed limits may be established
at not less than fifteen miles per hour on any portion of the  following

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13595-07-4

S. 6496--B                          2

highways  in  such  city:  Cleveland  avenue,  Harding  avenue, Mitchell
avenue, Belmont avenue, Atlantic avenue, Coolidge avenue, Wilson  avenue
and Taft avenue; AND EXCEPT THAT IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK THE SPEED LIMIT
APPLICABLE  THROUGHOUT  SUCH  CITY  MAY  BE ESTABLISHED AT NOT LESS THAN
TWENTY-FIVE MILES PER HOUR.  No such speed limit applicable on or  along
designated  highways within such city or village shall be established at
less than twenty-five miles per hour, except that  school  speed  limits
may  be  established  at  not  less  than  fifteen miles per hour, for a
distance not to exceed one thousand three  hundred  twenty  feet,  on  a
highway passing a school building, entrance or exit of a school abutting
on  the highway and except that within the cities of Buffalo and Roches-
ter speed limits may be established at not less than fifteen  miles  per
hour  for  any  portion of a highway within a city park, AND EXCEPT THAT
WITHIN THE CITY OF NEW YORK SPEED LIMITS MAY BE ESTABLISHED AT NOT  LESS
THAN  TWENTY  MILES PER HOUR ON OR ALONG DESIGNATED HIGHWAYS WITHIN SUCH
CITY IF SUCH CITY HAS DETERMINED  THAT  THE  IMPLEMENTATION  OF  TRAFFIC
CALMING  MEASURES  AS  SUCH  TERM  IS DEFINED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED
FORTY-TWO OF THIS TITLE IS NOT FEASIBLE ON SUCH HIGHWAYS.
  S 2. Paragraph 26 of subdivision (a) of section 1642  of  the  vehicle
and traffic law, as added by chapter 499 of the laws of 1999, is amended
to read as follows:
  26.  [(a)]  Establishment  of  maximum  speed limits below twenty-five
miles per hour at which motor vehicles may proceed on  or  along  desig-
nated highways within such city for the explicit purpose of implementing
traffic  calming  measures  as  such  term  is defined herein; provided,
however, that no SUCH speed limit shall be set below fifteen  miles  per
hour nor shall such speed limit be established where the traffic calming
measure  to  be  implemented  consists solely of a traffic control sign.
Establishment of such a speed  limit  shall,  where  applicable,  be  in
compliance  with  the provisions of sections sixteen hundred twenty-four
and sixteen hundred eighty-four of this chapter. Nothing contained here-
in shall be deemed to alter or affect the establishment of school  speed
limits pursuant to the provisions of section sixteen hundred forty-three
of  this  article.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "traffic calming
measures" shall mean any physical engineering measure or  measures  that
reduce  the negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter driver behavior
and improve conditions for non-motorized street users such as  pedestri-
ans and bicyclists.
  [(b)  Any  city  establishing  maximum  speed limits below twenty-five
miles per hour pursuant to clause (i) of this subparagraph shall  submit
a  report to the governor, the temporary president of the senate and the
speaker of the assembly on or before March first, two  thousand  two  on
the  results  of  using  traffic calming measures and speed limits lower
than twenty-five miles per hour as authorized by  this  paragraph.  Such
report shall include, but not be limited to the following:
  (i)  a  description  of  the designated highways where traffic calming
measures and a lower speed limit were established and
  (ii) a description of the specific traffic calming measures  used  and
the maximum speed limit established.]
  S 3. Subdivision a of section 19-177 of the administrative code of the
city of New York, as added by Local law number 6 of the city of New York
for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  a.  The  official  speed  limit  for a vehicle in the city of New York
shall be [thirty] TWENTY-FIVE miles per hour except  where  an  official
sign indicates that a different speed limit is in effect.
  S 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

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