senate Bill S731

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Provides a means of incorporation for organized groups affiliated with the Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths

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Archive: Last Bill Status - Passed Senate


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
May 07, 2014 referred to corporations, authorities and commissions
delivered to assembly
passed senate
Mar 26, 2014 advanced to third reading
Mar 25, 2014 2nd report cal.
Mar 24, 2014 1st report cal.331
Jan 08, 2014 referred to corporations, authorities and commissions
returned to senate
died in assembly
Jun 11, 2013 referred to corporations, authorities and commissions
delivered to assembly
passed senate
Jun 10, 2013 ordered to third reading cal.1174
committee discharged and committed to rules
Jan 09, 2013 referred to corporations, authorities and commissions

Votes

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Mar 24, 2014 - Corporations, Authorities and Commissions committee Vote

S731
6
0
committee
6
Aye
0
Nay
0
Aye with Reservations
0
Absent
0
Excused
0
Abstained
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Corporations, Authorities and Commissions Committee Vote: Mar 24, 2014

Jun 10, 2013 - Rules committee Vote

S731
23
0
committee
23
Aye
0
Nay
2
Aye with Reservations
0
Absent
0
Excused
0
Abstained
show Rules committee vote details

Co-Sponsors

S731 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A7116
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Religious Corporations Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §2, add Art 22 §§460 - 469, Art 23 §§470 - 479, Art 24 §§480 - 489, Rel Corp L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S4839

S731 - Bill Texts

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Provides a means of incorporation for organized groups affiliated with the Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths; amends the definition of "clergyman" and "minister" to include a pandit, swami, guru, granthi, imam, moulvi, and maulana.

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BILL NUMBER:S731

TITLE OF BILL:

An act
to amend the religious corporations law, in relation to
providing a means of
incorporation for organized groups affiliated with the Hindu, Sikh and
Islamic faiths

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

The legislation will give organized groups affiliated with the Hindu,
Sikh and Islamic faiths the same rights to incorporation as enjoyed
by more than 20 other religiously affiliated groups under the current
N ew York State Religious Corporations Law.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the fourth undesignated paragraph of
section of the religious corporations law, as amended by chapter 674
of the laws of 1947, by adding to the definition of "clergyman" and
"minister" to include "pandit, swami, guru, granthi, imam, moulvi,
maulana".

Section 2 of the bill amends the religious corporations law by adding
a new article 22 that creates a category for "Organizations of the
Hindu Faith" setting forth following sections:
Section 460. Application; Section 461. Application for incorporation;
Section 462.
Qualification of voters; Section 463. Notice of meeting for
incorporation; Section 464.
Meeting for incorporation; Section 465. Church governance; Section
466. Certificate of incorporation; Section 467. Reincorporation of
present incorporated churches; Section 468. Time, place and notice of
corporate meetings; Section 469. Corporate meetings;

Section 3 of the bill amends the religious corporations law by adding
a new article 23 that creates a category for "Organizations of the
Sikh Faith" setting forth following sections:
Section 470. Application; Section 471. Application for incorporation;
Section 472.
Qualification of voters; Section 473. Notice of meeting for
incorporation; Section 474.
Meeting for incorporation; Section 475. Church governance; Section
476. Certificate of incorporation; Section 477. Reincorporation of
present incorporated churches; Section 478. Time, place and notice of
corporate meetings; Section 479. Corporate meetings;

Section 4 of the bill amends the religious corporations law by adding
anew article 24 that creates a category for "Organizations of the
Islamic Faith" setting forth following sections:
Section 480. Application; Section 481. Application for incorporation;
Section 482.
Qualification of voters; Section 483. Notice of meeting for
incorporation; Section 484.


Meeting for incorporation; Section 485. Church governance; Section
486. Certificate of incorporation; Section 487. Reincorporation of
present incorporated churches; Section 488. Time, place and notice of
corporate meetings; Section 489. Corporate meetings;

Section 5 provides for this act to take effect immediately

JUSTIFICATION:

Current state law allows for a means of incorporation for more than 20
religiously affiliated churches/organizations from Protestant,
Presbyterian and Roman Catholic Churches to Universalists and
Unitarian Societies. However, this same privilege has yet to be
explicitly granted to organized groups affiliated with the Hindu,
Sikh and Islamic faiths.

Each of these religious faiths dates back a minimum of 1,000 years and
their followers have practiced their faiths in the United States for
decades if not centuries. New York State is home to many followers of
each religious faith and their members count into the thousands if
not millions throughout the state.

One of the fundamental tenets of the United States Constitution is
religious freedom and it is time that the state of New York
officially acknowledge the Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths by giving
them the same privilege that is given to more than 20 other faiths
who already enjoy the right to incorporate as a religious corporation
with all of responsibilities and benefits that accompany this
incorporated status.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

2011-12: S.4839

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   731

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Corporations,  Authorities
  and Commissions

AN ACT to amend the religious corporations law, in relation to providing
  a  means  of  incorporation  for  organized groups affiliated with the
  Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The fourth undesignated paragraph of section 2 of the reli-
gious  corporations  law, as amended by chapter 674 of the laws of 1947,
is amended to read as follows:
  The term "clergyman" and the term "minister" include a duly authorized
pastor, rector, priest, rabbi, PANDIT, SWAMI, GURU, GRANTHI, IMAM, MOUL-
VI, MAULANA and a person having authority from, or in  accordance  with,
the  rules  and  regulations of the governing ecclesiastical body of the
denomination or order, if any, to which the church belongs, or otherwise
from the church or synagogue to preside over and  direct  the  spiritual
affairs of the church or synagogue.
  S 2. The religious corporations law is amended by adding a new article
22 to read as follows:
                                ARTICLE 22
                    ORGANIZATIONS OF THE HINDU FAITH
SECTION 460. APPLICATION.
        461. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION.
        462. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
        463. NOTICE OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        464. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        465. CHURCH GOVERNANCE.
        466. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
        467. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03710-01-3

S. 731                              2

        468. TIME, PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS.
        469. CORPORATE MEETINGS.
  S  460.  APPLICATION.  1.  THIS  ARTICLE APPLIES TO ANY UNINCORPORATED
CHURCH AFFILIATED WITH THE HINDU FAITH, AND TO ANY  HERETOFORE  INCORPO-
RATED  CHURCH  OR  BODY,  SO  AFFILIATED, WHICH DESIRES TO REINCORPORATE
PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.  INDEPENDENT CHURCHES MAY INCORPORATE OR REIN-
CORPORATE UNDER THIS ARTICLE IN THE MANNER  PROVIDED  IN  SECTIONS  FOUR
HUNDRED  SIXTY-ONE AND FOUR HUNDRED SIXTY-SEVEN OF THIS ARTICLE, AND ALL
THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL  APPLY  TO  SUCH  CHURCHES  AS  THE
CONTEXT REQUIRES.
  2.  NOTHING HEREINAFTER PROVIDED SHALL PREVENT OR PROHIBIT ANY HERETO-
FORE INCORPORATED CHURCH OR BODY, AFFILIATED WITH THE HINDU  FAITH  FROM
MAINTAINING  AND  CONTINUING  THE RELATIONSHIP WHICH SUCH CHURCH OR BODY
ENJOYED AT THE TIME OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS  ARTICLE  SHOULD  SUCH
CHURCH OR BODY DETERMINE NOT TO REINCORPORATE PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.
  S 461. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION. ANY UNINCORPORATED CHURCH OR ANY
HERETOFORE INCORPORATED CHURCH WISHING TO INCORPORATE UNDER THIS ARTICLE
SHALL  EXECUTE,  ACKNOWLEDGE  AND FILE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AS
HEREINAFTER PROVIDED.
  S 462. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS. THE FOLLOWING PARTIES  AND  NO  OTHERS
SHALL  BE  QUALIFIED  VOTERS  FOR  ALL  PURPOSES UNDER THIS ARTICLE: ALL
PERSONS EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OVER WHO ARE MEMBERS IN GOOD AND  REGU-
LAR  STANDING  OF THE CHURCH OR BODY BY ADMISSION INTO MEMBERSHIP THERE-
WITH, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE  STANDARDS  FOR  MEMBERSHIP  IN  THE  LOCAL
CHURCH AS DETERMINED BY THE LOCAL CHURCH ITSELF.
  S  463.  NOTICE  OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. NOTICE OF A MEETING FOR
THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING AN UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL BE GIVEN  AS
FOLLOWS:
  1.  THE NOTICE SHALL BE IN WRITING AND SHALL STATE, IN SUBSTANCE, THAT
A MEETING OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH WILL BE HELD AT ITS USUAL  PLACE
OF  WORSHIP AT A SPECIFIED DAY AND HOUR FOR THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING
SUCH CHURCH AND ELECTING THREE OR  MORE  TRUSTEES,  BUT  NOT  TO  EXCEED
FIFTEEN.
  2.  THE NOTICE MUST BE SIGNED BY AT LEAST SIX QUALIFIED VOTERS. A COPY
OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE PUBLICLY READ AT EACH  OF  THE  TWO  CONSECUTIVE
MAIN WORSHIP SERVICES, OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH PRECEDING THE MEET-
ING  TO  INCORPORATE, BY THE MINISTER OF SUCH CHURCH, OR IF NONE, BY THE
CHURCH MEMBER WHO HAS BEEN DESIGNATED BY THE MEMBERSHIP OR OTHER AUTHOR-
IZED BODY OF THE CHURCH TO CONDUCT THE WORSHIP  SERVICE  THAT  DAY  (THE
"OFFICIATING  MINISTER");  AND  AT LEAST FIFTEEN DAYS BEFORE THE MEETING
FOR INCORPORATION, A COPY OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE POSTED AT THE PLACE OF
WORSHIP.
  S 464. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. 1. AT THE MEETING FOR  INCORPORATION
HELD  IN PURSUANCE OF SUCH NOTICE, ONLY QUALIFIED VOTERS SHALL BE ELIGI-
BLE TO VOTE.
  2. THE PRESENCE OF ONE-THIRD OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS OR SIX  QUALIFIED
VOTERS,  WHICHEVER  NUMBER IS HIGHER, SHALL BE NECESSARY TO CONSTITUTE A
QUORUM OF SUCH MEETING. THE ACTION OF THE MEETING  UPON  ANY  MATTER  OR
QUESTION SHALL BE DECIDED BY A MAJORITY OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS PRESENT.
  3.  THE  MINISTER OF THE CHURCH, OR IF NONE, THE OFFICIATING MINISTER,
SHALL ACT AS PRESIDING  OFFICER  OF  THE  MEETING  TO  INCORPORATE.  THE
PRESIDING OFFICER SHALL CALL THE MEETING TO ORDER AND SHALL BE THE JUDGE
OF THE QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
  4.  SUCH  MEETING  SHALL  DECIDE BY BALLOT WHETHER THE CHURCH SHALL BE
INCORPORATED, THE NAME OF THE PROPOSED CORPORATION,  THE  NAMES  OF  THE
INITIAL TRUSTEES, AND THE DATE, NOT MORE THAN FIFTEEN MONTHS THEREAFTER,

S. 731                              3

ON WHICH THE FIRST ANNUAL ELECTION OR AFFIRMATION OF THE TRUSTEES THERE-
OF  AFTER  SUCH  MEETING SHALL BE HELD.   THE TRUSTEES SHALL HOLD OFFICE
UNTIL THEIR SUCCESSORS ARE ELECTED OR AFFIRMED.
  5.  AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPORATION, A CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS SHALL
BE ADOPTED SETTING FORTH A FORM OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE THAT IS  CONSISTENT
WITH SECTION FOUR HUNDRED SIXTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S  465. CHURCH GOVERNANCE. 1. A CHURCH INCORPORATED UNDER THIS SECTION
SHALL PROVIDE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR BY-LAWS  FOR  TRUS-
TEES  TO BE ELECTED OR APPOINTED AT LARGE, OR BY VIRTUE OF THEIR OFFICE.
THERE SHALL BE A MINIMUM OF THREE TRUSTEES. TO THE  EXTENT  PRACTICABLE,
TERMS  OF  OFFICE  SHALL  BE FOR THREE YEARS AND STAGGERED. TERMS MAY BE
CONSECUTIVE.
  2. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION TO BE ELECTED  OR  APPOINTED  AT
LARGE  OR  BY  VIRTUE OF THEIR OFFICE. THE PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY SHALL
NOT BE THE SAME PERSON. TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE, TERMS OF OFFICE SHALL
BE FOR THREE YEARS AND STAGGERED.  TERMS MAY BE CONSECUTIVE.
  3. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR SPIRITUAL OVERSIGHT OF THE CHURCH BY AN ELDERSHIP BOARD OR A
SENIOR PANDIT, SWAMI, GURU OR SOME COMBINATION OF THE  ABOVE.  TERMS  OF
OFFICE MAY BE DEFINITE OR INDEFINITE AS THE BY-LAWS MAY SPECIFY.
  4. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR PERIODIC AFFIRMATION OF APPOINTIVE POSITIONS BY A DESIGNATED
BODY OR BOARD.
  S 466. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION. 1. IF AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPO-
RATION  IT SHALL BE DECIDED THAT SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL BECOME
INCORPORATED, THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE MEETING AND TWO OTHERS  SHALL
EXECUTE  AND  ACKNOWLEDGE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION, IN WHICH SHALL
BE STATED THE NAME OR TITLE BY WHICH SUCH BODY SHALL  BE  KNOWN  IN  THE
LAW;  THE  PURPOSE  OF  ITS ORGANIZATION; THE NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF THE
INITIAL TRUSTEES, THE COUNTY, TOWN OR CITY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL  PLACE
OF  WORSHIP  IS  OR  IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED; AND A STATEMENT THAT THE
CHURCH IS IN AFFILIATION WITH THE HINDU FAITH.
  2. ON FILING SUCH CERTIFICATE IN THE OFFICE OF THE COUNTY CLERK OF THE
COUNTY IN WHICH THE PRINCIPAL OFFICE OR PLACE OF WORSHIP OF  THE  CORPO-
RATION  IS  OR  IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED, SUCH CHURCH SHALL BE A CORPO-
RATION BY THE NAME STATED IN THE CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
  S 467. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES. 1. ANY CHURCH
HERETOFORE INCORPORATED MAY, SUBJECT TO RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS  OF
EXISTING  LAWS,  REINCORPORATE  UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE, BY
FILING IN THE COUNTY CLERK'S OFFICE IN THE COUNTY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL
PLACE OF WORSHIP IS LOCATED, A CERTIFICATE, SIGNED AND  ACKNOWLEDGED  BY
ALL THE TRUSTEES OF SAID CHURCH IN OFFICE AT THE TIME OF SUCH REINCORPO-
RATION,  SETTING  FORTH  THAT  THE SAID CHURCH BY A MAJORITY VOTE OF THE
MEMBERS PRESENT AT A DULY CALLED MEETING OF THE  MEMBERSHIP,  AS  DETER-
MINED  BY THE BY-LAWS OF THE EXISTING CORPORATION, DESIRES TO REINCORPO-
RATE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. SUCH  CERTIFICATE  SHALL  SET
FORTH  THOSE  ITEMS  SPECIFIED IN SECTION FOUR HUNDRED SIXTY-SIX OF THIS
ARTICLE.
  2. THE REINCORPORATED CORPORATION SHALL BE DEEMED  A  CONTINUATION  OF
THE  PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED CORPORATION, BUT THEREAFTER IT SHALL HAVE ONLY
SUCH RIGHTS AND POWERS AND BE SUBJECT ONLY TO SUCH  OBLIGATIONS  AS  ANY
CORPORATION  CREATED  UNDER  THIS  ARTICLE,  PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT ALL
PROPERTY RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF THE PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED  CORPORATION
SHALL  BE  VESTED  IN AND ASSUMED BY THE REINCORPORATED CORPORATION. THE
CORPORATE BY-LAWS AND OFFICERS OF THE REINCORPORATED  CORPORATION  SHALL

S. 731                              4

BE  THE  SAME  AS THOSE OF ITS PREDECESSOR UNTIL CHANGED PURSUANT TO THE
SAID BY-LAWS, PROVIDED THEY CONFORM TO THE PROVISIONS  OF  SECTION  FOUR
HUNDRED SIXTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S  468.  TIME,  PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS. 1. THE BY-LAWS
SHALL MAKE PROVISIONS FOR AN ANNUAL CORPORATE  MEETING  AND  FOR  GIVING
APPROPRIATE  NOTICE  TO EACH VOTING MEMBER OF THE DATE AND PLACE OF EACH
SUCH MEETING.
  2. NOTICES OF ANY SPECIAL MEETING SHALL STATE THE PURPOSE OR  PURPOSES
FOR  WHICH  THE MEETING IS CALLED AND NO BUSINESS SHALL BE TRANSACTED AT
SUCH SPECIAL MEETING EXCEPT THAT CONTAINED IN SUCH NOTICE.
  S 469. CORPORATE MEETINGS. 1. EACH CHURCH SHALL DETERMINE THE REQUIRE-
MENTS FOR A QUORUM IN THEIR BY-LAWS THAT SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTY  PERCENT
OF THE MEMBERS.
  2.  THE  ACTION  OF  THE  MEETING UPON ANY MATTER OR QUESTION SHALL BE
DECIDED IN A MANNER PROVIDED BY THE BY-LAWS.
  3. THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF ANY MEETING SHALL BE  THE  SENIOR  PANDIT,
SWAMI  OR  GURU  OF  THE CHURCH OR IF NONE, AS SHALL BE SET FORTH IN THE
BY-LAWS OF THE CHURCH.
  S 3. The religious corporations law is amended by adding a new article
23 to read as follows:
                                ARTICLE 23
                     ORGANIZATIONS OF THE SIKH FAITH
SECTION 470. APPLICATION.
        471. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION.
        472. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
        473. NOTICE OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        474. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        475. CHURCH GOVERNANCE.
        476. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
        477. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES.
        478. TIME, PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS.
        479. CORPORATE MEETINGS.
  S 470. APPLICATION. 1. THIS  ARTICLE  APPLIES  TO  ANY  UNINCORPORATED
CHURCH  AFFILIATED  WITH  THE SIKH FAITH, AND TO ANY HERETOFORE INCORPO-
RATED CHURCH OR BODY, SO  AFFILIATED,  WHICH  DESIRES  TO  REINCORPORATE
PURSUANT  TO THIS ARTICLE. INDEPENDENT CHURCHES MAY INCORPORATE OR REIN-
CORPORATE UNDER THIS ARTICLE IN THE MANNER  PROVIDED  IN  SECTIONS  FOUR
HUNDRED  SEVENTY-ONE AND FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTY-SEVEN OF THIS ARTICLE, AND
ALL THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL APPLY TO SUCH CHURCHES  AS  THE
CONTEXT REQUIRES.
  2.  NOTHING HEREINAFTER PROVIDED SHALL PREVENT OR PROHIBIT ANY HERETO-
FORE INCORPORATED CHURCH OR BODY, AFFILIATED WITH THE  SIKH  FAITH  FROM
MAINTAINING  AND  CONTINUING  THE RELATIONSHIP WHICH SUCH CHURCH OR BODY
ENJOYED AT THE TIME OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS  ARTICLE  SHOULD  SUCH
CHURCH OR BODY DETERMINE NOT TO REINCORPORATE PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.
  S 471. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION. ANY UNINCORPORATED CHURCH OR ANY
HERETOFORE INCORPORATED CHURCH WISHING TO INCORPORATE UNDER THIS ARTICLE
SHALL  EXECUTE,  ACKNOWLEDGE  AND FILE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AS
HEREINAFTER PROVIDED.
  S 472. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS. THE FOLLOWING PARTIES  AND  NO  OTHERS
SHALL  BE  QUALIFIED  VOTERS  FOR  ALL  PURPOSES UNDER THIS ARTICLE: ALL
PERSONS EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OVER WHO ARE MEMBERS IN GOOD AND  REGU-
LAR  STANDING  OF THE CHURCH OR BODY BY ADMISSION INTO MEMBERSHIP THERE-
WITH, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE  STANDARDS  FOR  MEMBERSHIP  IN  THE  LOCAL
CHURCH AS DETERMINED BY THE LOCAL CHURCH ITSELF.

S. 731                              5

  S  473.  NOTICE  OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. NOTICE OF A MEETING FOR
THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING AN UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL BE GIVEN  AS
FOLLOWS:
  1.  THE NOTICE SHALL BE IN WRITING AND SHALL STATE, IN SUBSTANCE, THAT
A MEETING OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH WILL BE HELD AT ITS USUAL  PLACE
OF  WORSHIP AT A SPECIFIED DAY AND HOUR FOR THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING
SUCH CHURCH AND ELECTING THREE OR  MORE  TRUSTEES,  BUT  NOT  TO  EXCEED
FIFTEEN.
  2.  THE NOTICE MUST BE SIGNED BY AT LEAST SIX QUALIFIED VOTERS. A COPY
OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE PUBLICLY READ AT EACH  OF  THE  TWO  CONSECUTIVE
MAIN WORSHIP SERVICES, OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH PRECEDING THE MEET-
ING  TO  INCORPORATE, BY THE MINISTER OF SUCH CHURCH, OR IF NONE, BY THE
CHURCH MEMBER WHO HAS BEEN DESIGNATED BY THE MEMBERSHIP OR OTHER AUTHOR-
IZED BODY OF THE CHURCH TO CONDUCT THE WORSHIP  SERVICE  THAT  DAY  (THE
"OFFICIATING  MINISTER");  AND  AT LEAST FIFTEEN DAYS BEFORE THE MEETING
FOR INCORPORATION, A COPY OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE POSTED AT THE PLACE OF
WORSHIP.
  S 474. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. 1. AT THE MEETING FOR  INCORPORATION
HELD  IN PURSUANCE OF SUCH NOTICE, ONLY QUALIFIED VOTERS SHALL BE ELIGI-
BLE TO VOTE.
  2. THE PRESENCE OF ONE-THIRD OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS OR SIX  QUALIFIED
VOTERS,  WHICHEVER  NUMBER IS HIGHER, SHALL BE NECESSARY TO CONSTITUTE A
QUORUM OF SUCH MEETING. THE ACTION OF THE MEETING  UPON  ANY  MATTER  OR
QUESTION SHALL BE DECIDED BY A MAJORITY OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS PRESENT.
  3.  THE  MINISTER OF THE CHURCH, OR IF NONE, THE OFFICIATING MINISTER,
SHALL ACT AS PRESIDING  OFFICER  OF  THE  MEETING  TO  INCORPORATE.  THE
PRESIDING OFFICER SHALL CALL THE MEETING TO ORDER AND SHALL BE THE JUDGE
OF THE QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
  4.  SUCH  MEETING  SHALL  DECIDE BY BALLOT WHETHER THE CHURCH SHALL BE
INCORPORATED, THE NAME OF THE PROPOSED CORPORATION,  THE  NAMES  OF  THE
INITIAL TRUSTEES, AND THE DATE, NOT MORE THAN FIFTEEN MONTHS THEREAFTER,
ON WHICH THE FIRST ANNUAL ELECTION OR AFFIRMATION OF THE TRUSTEES THERE-
OF  AFTER  SUCH  MEETING SHALL BE HELD.   THE TRUSTEES SHALL HOLD OFFICE
UNTIL THEIR SUCCESSORS ARE ELECTED OR AFFIRMED.
  5. AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPORATION, A CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS  SHALL
BE  ADOPTED SETTING FORTH A FORM OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE THAT IS CONSISTENT
WITH SECTION FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S 475. CHURCH GOVERNANCE. 1. A CHURCH INCORPORATED UNDER THIS  SECTION
SHALL  PROVIDE  IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR BY-LAWS FOR TRUS-
TEES TO BE ELECTED OR APPOINTED AT LARGE, OR BY VIRTUE OF THEIR  OFFICE.
THERE  SHALL  BE A MINIMUM OF THREE TRUSTEES. TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE,
TERMS OF OFFICE SHALL BE FOR THREE YEARS AND  STAGGERED.  TERMS  MAY  BE
CONSECUTIVE.
  2. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS  FOR  OFFICERS  OF THE CORPORATION TO BE ELECTED OR APPOINTED AT
LARGE OR BY VIRTUE OF THEIR OFFICE. THE PRESIDENT  AND  SECRETARY  SHALL
NOT BE THE SAME PERSON. TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE, TERMS OF OFFICE SHALL
BE FOR THREE YEARS AND STAGGERED.  TERMS MAY BE CONSECUTIVE.
  3. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR SPIRITUAL OVERSIGHT OF THE CHURCH BY AN ELDERSHIP BOARD OR A
SENIOR GRANTHI OR GURU OR SOME COMBINATION OF THE ABOVE. TERMS OF OFFICE
MAY BE DEFINITE OR INDEFINITE AS THE BY-LAWS MAY SPECIFY.
  4. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR PERIODIC AFFIRMATION OF APPOINTIVE POSITIONS BY A DESIGNATED
BODY OR BOARD.

S. 731                              6

  S 476. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION. 1. IF AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPO-
RATION  IT SHALL BE DECIDED THAT SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL BECOME
INCORPORATED, THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE MEETING AND TWO OTHERS  SHALL
EXECUTE  AND  ACKNOWLEDGE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION, IN WHICH SHALL
BE  STATED  THE  NAME  OR TITLE BY WHICH SUCH BODY SHALL BE KNOWN IN THE
LAW; THE PURPOSE OF ITS ORGANIZATION; THE NAMES  AND  ADDRESSES  OF  THE
INITIAL  TRUSTEES, THE COUNTY, TOWN OR CITY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL PLACE
OF WORSHIP IS OR IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED; AND  A  STATEMENT  THAT  THE
CHURCH IS IN AFFILIATION WITH THE SIKH FAITH.
  2. ON FILING SUCH CERTIFICATE IN THE OFFICE OF THE COUNTY CLERK OF THE
COUNTY  IN  WHICH THE PRINCIPAL OFFICE OR PLACE OF WORSHIP OF THE CORPO-
RATION IS OR IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED, SUCH CHURCH SHALL  BE  A  CORPO-
RATION BY THE NAME STATED IN THE CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
  S 477. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES. 1. ANY CHURCH
HERETOFORE  INCORPORATED MAY, SUBJECT TO RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF
EXISTING LAWS, REINCORPORATE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF  THIS  ARTICLE,  BY
FILING IN THE COUNTY CLERK'S OFFICE IN THE COUNTY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL
PLACE  OF  WORSHIP IS LOCATED, A CERTIFICATE, SIGNED AND ACKNOWLEDGED BY
ALL THE TRUSTEES OF SAID CHURCH IN OFFICE AT THE TIME OF SUCH REINCORPO-
RATION, SETTING FORTH THAT THE SAID CHURCH BY A  MAJORITY  VOTE  OF  THE
MEMBERS  PRESENT  AT  A DULY CALLED MEETING OF THE MEMBERSHIP, AS DETER-
MINED BY THE BY-LAWS OF THE EXISTING CORPORATION, DESIRES TO  REINCORPO-
RATE  UNDER  THE  PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. SUCH CERTIFICATE SHALL SET
FORTH THOSE ITEMS SPECIFIED IN SECTION FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTY-SIX OF  THIS
ARTICLE.
  2.  THE  REINCORPORATED  CORPORATION SHALL BE DEEMED A CONTINUATION OF
THE PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED CORPORATION, BUT THEREAFTER IT SHALL HAVE  ONLY
SUCH  RIGHTS  AND  POWERS AND BE SUBJECT ONLY TO SUCH OBLIGATIONS AS ANY
CORPORATION CREATED UNDER THIS  ARTICLE,  PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT  ALL
PROPERTY  RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF THE PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED CORPORATION
SHALL BE VESTED IN AND ASSUMED BY THE  REINCORPORATED  CORPORATION.  THE
CORPORATE  BY-LAWS  AND OFFICERS OF THE REINCORPORATED CORPORATION SHALL
BE THE SAME AS THOSE OF ITS PREDECESSOR UNTIL CHANGED  PURSUANT  TO  THE
SAID  BY-LAWS,  PROVIDED  THEY CONFORM TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION FOUR
HUNDRED SEVENTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S 478. TIME, PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS.  1.  THE  BY-LAWS
SHALL  MAKE  PROVISION  FOR  AN  ANNUAL CORPORATE MEETING AND FOR GIVING
APPROPRIATE NOTICE TO EACH VOTING MEMBER OF THE DATE AND PLACE  OF  EACH
SUCH MEETING.
  2.  NOTICES OF ANY SPECIAL MEETING SHALL STATE THE PURPOSE OR PURPOSES
FOR WHICH THE MEETING IS CALLED AND NO BUSINESS SHALL BE  TRANSACTED  AT
SUCH SPECIAL MEETING EXCEPT THAT CONTAINED IN SUCH NOTICE.
  S 479. CORPORATE MEETINGS. 1. EACH CHURCH SHALL DETERMINE THE REQUIRE-
MENTS  FOR A QUORUM IN THEIR BY-LAWS THAT SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTY PERCENT
OF THE MEMBERS.
  2. THE ACTION OF THE MEETING UPON ANY  MATTER  OR  QUESTION  SHALL  BE
DECIDED IN A MANNER PROVIDED BY THE BY-LAWS.
  3. THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF ANY MEETING SHALL BE THE SENIOR GRANTHI OR
GURU  OF  THE CHURCH OR IF NONE, AS SHALL BE SET FORTH IN THE BY-LAWS OF
THE CHURCH.
  S 4. The religious corporations law is amended by adding a new article
24 to read as follows:
                                ARTICLE 24
                   ORGANIZATIONS OF THE ISLAMIC FAITH
SECTION 480. APPLICATION.
        481. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION.

S. 731                              7

        482. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
        483. NOTICE OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        484. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION.
        485. CHURCH GOVERNANCE.
        486. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
        487. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES.
        488. TIME, PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS.
        489. CORPORATE MEETINGS.
  S  480.  APPLICATION.  1.  THIS  ARTICLE APPLIES TO ANY UNINCORPORATED
CHURCH AFFILIATED WITH THE ISLAMIC FAITH, AND TO ANY HERETOFORE INCORPO-
RATED CHURCH OR BODY, SO  AFFILIATED,  WHICH  DESIRES  TO  REINCORPORATE
PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.  INDEPENDENT CHURCHES MAY INCORPORATE OR REIN-
CORPORATE  UNDER  THIS  ARTICLE  IN THE MANNER PROVIDED IN SECTIONS FOUR
HUNDRED EIGHTY-ONE AND FOUR HUNDRED EIGHTY-SEVEN OF  THIS  ARTICLE,  AND
ALL  THE  PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL APPLY TO SUCH CHURCHES AS THE
CONTEXT REQUIRES.
  2. NOTHING HEREINAFTER PROVIDED SHALL PREVENT OR PROHIBIT ANY  HERETO-
FORE INCORPORATED CHURCH OR BODY, AFFILIATED WITH THE ISLAMIC FAITH FROM
MAINTAINING  AND  CONTINUING  THE RELATIONSHIP WHICH SUCH CHURCH OR BODY
ENJOYED AT THE TIME OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS  ARTICLE  SHOULD  SUCH
CHURCH OR BODY DETERMINE NOT TO REINCORPORATE PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.
  S 481. APPLICATION FOR INCORPORATION. ANY UNINCORPORATED CHURCH OR ANY
HERETOFORE INCORPORATED CHURCH WISHING TO INCORPORATE UNDER THIS ARTICLE
SHALL  EXECUTE,  ACKNOWLEDGE  AND FILE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AS
HEREINAFTER PROVIDED.
  S 482. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS. THE FOLLOWING PARTIES  AND  NO  OTHERS
SHALL  BE  QUALIFIED  VOTERS  FOR  ALL  PURPOSES UNDER THIS ARTICLE: ALL
PERSONS EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OVER WHO ARE MEMBERS IN GOOD AND  REGU-
LAR  STANDING  OF THE CHURCH OR BODY BY ADMISSION INTO MEMBERSHIP THERE-
WITH, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE  STANDARDS  FOR  MEMBERSHIP  IN  THE  LOCAL
CHURCH AS DETERMINED BY THE LOCAL CHURCH ITSELF.
  S  483.  NOTICE  OF MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. NOTICE OF A MEETING FOR
THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING AN UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL BE GIVEN  AS
FOLLOWS:
  1.  THE NOTICE SHALL BE IN WRITING AND SHALL STATE, IN SUBSTANCE, THAT
A MEETING OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH WILL BE HELD AT ITS USUAL  PLACE
OF  WORSHIP AT A SPECIFIED DAY AND HOUR FOR THE PURPOSE OF INCORPORATING
SUCH CHURCH AND ELECTING THREE OR  MORE  TRUSTEES,  BUT  NOT  TO  EXCEED
FIFTEEN.
  2.  THE NOTICE MUST BE SIGNED BY AT LEAST SIX QUALIFIED VOTERS. A COPY
OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE PUBLICLY READ AT EACH  OF  THE  TWO  CONSECUTIVE
MAIN WORSHIP SERVICES, OF SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH PRECEDING THE MEET-
ING  TO  INCORPORATE, BY THE MINISTER OF SUCH CHURCH, OR IF NONE, BY THE
CHURCH MEMBER WHO HAS BEEN DESIGNATED BY THE MEMBERSHIP OR OTHER AUTHOR-
IZED BODY OF THE CHURCH TO CONDUCT THE WORSHIP  SERVICE  THAT  DAY  (THE
"OFFICIATING  MINISTER");  AND  AT LEAST FIFTEEN DAYS BEFORE THE MEETING
FOR INCORPORATION, A COPY OF SUCH NOTICE SHALL BE POSTED AT THE PLACE OF
WORSHIP.
  S 484. MEETING FOR INCORPORATION. 1. AT THE MEETING FOR  INCORPORATION
HELD  IN PURSUANCE OF SUCH NOTICE, ONLY QUALIFIED VOTERS SHALL BE ELIGI-
BLE TO VOTE.
  2. THE PRESENCE OF ONE-THIRD OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS OR SIX  QUALIFIED
VOTERS,  WHICHEVER  NUMBER IS HIGHER, SHALL BE NECESSARY TO CONSTITUTE A
QUORUM OF SUCH MEETING. THE ACTION OF THE MEETING  UPON  ANY  MATTER  OR
QUESTION SHALL BE DECIDED BY A MAJORITY OF THE QUALIFIED VOTERS PRESENT.

S. 731                              8

  3.  THE  MINISTER OF THE CHURCH, OR IF NONE, THE OFFICIATING MINISTER,
SHALL ACT AS PRESIDING  OFFICER  OF  THE  MEETING  TO  INCORPORATE.  THE
PRESIDING OFFICER SHALL CALL THE MEETING TO ORDER AND SHALL BE THE JUDGE
OF THE QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS.
  4.  SUCH  MEETING  SHALL  DECIDE BY BALLOT WHETHER THE CHURCH SHALL BE
INCORPORATED, THE NAME OF THE PROPOSED CORPORATION,  THE  NAMES  OF  THE
INITIAL TRUSTEES, AND THE DATE, NOT MORE THAN FIFTEEN MONTHS THEREAFTER,
ON WHICH THE FIRST ANNUAL ELECTION OR AFFIRMATION OF THE TRUSTEES THERE-
OF  AFTER  SUCH  MEETING SHALL BE HELD.   THE TRUSTEES SHALL HOLD OFFICE
UNTIL THEIR SUCCESSORS ARE ELECTED OR AFFIRMED.
  5. AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPORATION, A CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS  SHALL
BE  ADOPTED SETTING FORTH A FORM OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE THAT IS CONSISTENT
WITH SECTION FOUR HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S 485. CHURCH GOVERNANCE. 1. A CHURCH INCORPORATED UNDER THIS  SECTION
SHALL  PROVIDE  IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR BY-LAWS FOR TRUS-
TEES TO BE ELECTED OR APPOINTED AT LARGE, OR BY VIRTUE OF THEIR  OFFICE.
THERE  SHALL  BE A MINIMUM OF THREE TRUSTEES. TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE,
TERMS OF OFFICE SHALL BE FOR THREE YEARS AND  STAGGERED.  TERMS  MAY  BE
CONSECUTIVE.
  2. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS  FOR  OFFICERS  OF THE CORPORATION TO BE ELECTED OR APPOINTED AT
LARGE OR BY VIRTUE OF THEIR OFFICE. THE PRESIDENT  AND  SECRETARY  SHALL
NOT BE THE SAME PERSON. TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE, TERMS OF OFFICE SHALL
BE FOR THREE YEARS AND STAGGERED.  TERMS MAY BE CONSECUTIVE.
  3. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR SPIRITUAL OVERSIGHT OF THE CHURCH BY AN ELDERSHIP BOARD OR A
SENIOR  IMAM, MOULVI, MAULANA OR SOME COMBINATION OF THE ABOVE. TERMS OF
OFFICE MAY BE DEFINITE OR INDEFINITE AS THE BY-LAWS MAY SPECIFY.
  4. PROVISION SHALL ALSO BE MADE IN ITS CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OR
BY-LAWS FOR PERIODIC AFFIRMATION OF APPOINTIVE POSITIONS BY A DESIGNATED
BODY OR BOARD.
  S 486. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION. 1. IF AT THE MEETING FOR INCORPO-
RATION IT SHALL BE DECIDED THAT SUCH UNINCORPORATED CHURCH SHALL  BECOME
INCORPORATED,  THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE MEETING AND TWO OTHERS SHALL
EXECUTE AND ACKNOWLEDGE A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION, IN  WHICH  SHALL
BE  STATED  THE  NAME  OR TITLE BY WHICH SUCH BODY SHALL BE KNOWN IN THE
LAW; THE PURPOSE OF ITS ORGANIZATION; THE NAMES  AND  ADDRESSES  OF  THE
INITIAL  TRUSTEES, THE COUNTY, TOWN OR CITY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL PLACE
OF WORSHIP IS OR IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED; AND  A  STATEMENT  THAT  THE
CHURCH IS IN AFFILIATION WITH THE ISLAMIC FAITH.
  2. ON FILING SUCH CERTIFICATE IN THE OFFICE OF THE COUNTY CLERK OF THE
COUNTY  IN  WHICH THE PRINCIPAL OFFICE OR PLACE OF WORSHIP OF THE CORPO-
RATION IS OR IS INTENDED TO BE LOCATED, SUCH CHURCH SHALL  BE  A  CORPO-
RATION BY THE NAME STATED IN THE CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION.
  S 487. REINCORPORATION OF PRESENT INCORPORATED CHURCHES. 1. ANY CHURCH
HERETOFORE  INCORPORATED MAY, SUBJECT TO RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF
EXISTING LAWS, REINCORPORATE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF  THIS  ARTICLE,  BY
FILING IN THE COUNTY CLERK'S OFFICE IN THE COUNTY IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL
PLACE  OF  WORSHIP IS LOCATED, A CERTIFICATE, SIGNED AND ACKNOWLEDGED BY
ALL THE TRUSTEES OF SAID CHURCH IN OFFICE AT THE TIME OF SUCH REINCORPO-
RATION, SETTING FORTH THAT THE SAID CHURCH BY A  MAJORITY  VOTE  OF  THE
MEMBERS  PRESENT  AT  A DULY CALLED MEETING OF THE MEMBERSHIP, AS DETER-
MINED BY THE BY-LAWS OF THE EXISTING CORPORATION, DESIRES TO  REINCORPO-
RATE  UNDER  THE  PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. SUCH CERTIFICATE SHALL SET
FORTH THOSE ITEMS SPECIFIED IN SECTION FOUR HUNDRED EIGHTY-SIX  OF  THIS
ARTICLE.

S. 731                              9

  2.  THE  REINCORPORATED  CORPORATION SHALL BE DEEMED A CONTINUATION OF
THE PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED CORPORATION, BUT THEREAFTER IT SHALL HAVE  ONLY
SUCH  RIGHTS  AND  POWERS AND BE SUBJECT ONLY TO SUCH OBLIGATIONS AS ANY
CORPORATION CREATED UNDER THIS  ARTICLE,  PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT  ALL
PROPERTY  RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF THE PREVIOUSLY ORGANIZED CORPORATION
SHALL BE VESTED IN AND ASSUMED BY THE  REINCORPORATED  CORPORATION.  THE
CORPORATE  BY-LAWS  AND OFFICERS OF THE REINCORPORATED CORPORATION SHALL
BE THE SAME AS THOSE OF ITS PREDECESSOR UNTIL CHANGED  PURSUANT  TO  THE
SAID  BY-LAWS,  PROVIDED  THEY CONFORM TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION FOUR
HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THIS ARTICLE.
  S 488. TIME, PLACE AND NOTICE OF CORPORATE MEETINGS.  1.  THE  BY-LAWS
SHALL  MAKE  PROVISION  FOR  AN  ANNUAL CORPORATE MEETING AND FOR GIVING
APPROPRIATE NOTICE TO EACH VOTING MEMBER OF THE DATE AND PLACE  OF  EACH
SUCH MEETING.
  2.  NOTICES OF ANY SPECIAL MEETING SHALL STATE THE PURPOSE OR PURPOSES
FOR WHICH THE MEETING IS CALLED AND NO BUSINESS SHALL BE  TRANSACTED  AT
SUCH SPECIAL MEETING EXCEPT THAT CONTAINED IN SUCH NOTICE.
  S 489. CORPORATE MEETINGS. 1. EACH CHURCH SHALL DETERMINE THE REQUIRE-
MENTS  FOR A QUORUM IN THEIR BY-LAWS THAT SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTY PERCENT
OF THE MEMBERS.
  2. THE ACTION OF THE MEETING UPON ANY  MATTER  OR  QUESTION  SHALL  BE
DECIDED IN A MANNER PROVIDED BY THE BY-LAWS.
  3.  THE  PRESIDING  OFFICER  OF  ANY MEETING SHALL BE THE SENIOR IMAM,
MOULVI OR MAULANA OF THE CHURCH OR IF NONE, AS SHALL BE SET FORTH IN THE
BY-LAWS OF THE CHURCH.
  S 5. This act shall take effect immediately.

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