senate Bill S7908

Signed By Governor
2013-2014 Legislative Session

Relates to the designation of criminal sale of a prescription for a controlled substance or a controlled substance by a practitioner or pharmacist

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Archive: Last Bill Status - Signed by Governor


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jun 23, 2014 signed chap.37
delivered to governor
Jun 19, 2014 returned to senate
passed assembly
message of necessity - 3 day message
ordered to third reading rules cal.527
substituted for a10157
referred to codes
delivered to assembly
passed senate
message of necessity - 3 day message
ordered to third reading cal.1639
Jun 17, 2014 referred to rules

Votes

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Co-Sponsors

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S7908 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A10157
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §700.05, CP L; amd §460.10, Pen L

S7908 - Bill Texts

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Relates to the designation of criminal sale of a prescription for a controlled substance or a controlled substance by a practitioner or pharmacist.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S7908

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in
relation to the designation of criminal sale of a prescription for a
controlled substance or a controlled substance by a practitioner or
pharmacist; and to amend the penal law, in relation to creating the
offense of prescription medication fraud and deceit and to criminalize
the sale of a controlled substance by a practitioner or pharmacist

Purpose: New York is confronting a rapidly growing problem involving
the use, abuse and trafficking of heroin and prescription painkillers.
This package of comprehensive legislation will strengthen New York's
ability to combat abuse of these drugs, and provide communities,
families, and individuals devastated by these dangerous substances
with critical tools for addressing crime and addiction.

Summary of Bills:

These 11 bills would:

* amend Public Health L. (PHL) § 3385-a to further enhance the
investigation capabilities of the Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement (BNE)
in the Department of Health (DOH) by directing the Division of
Criminal Justice Services to give BNE access to criminal history
information currently maintained by the Division;

* create a new Penal L. § 178.26 creating the crime of fraud and
deceit related to controlled substances, a Class A misdemeanor;

* rename and amend Penal L. § 220.65 by adding the additional element
of criminal sale of a controlled substance by a practitioner or
pharmacist while he or she purports to act in his or her capacity as a
practitioner or pharmacist;

* amend Criminal Procedure L. § 700.05 (8) (c) to add newly amended
Penal Law § 220.65, as a designated offense for purposes of obtaining
"eavesdropping and surveillance warrants" and amend the Penal L.
460.10 (1)(a) to add Penal L. § 220.65 as a "criminal act" within the
Penal Law definition of "enterprise corruption";

* amend PHL § 3309 to expand distribution of informational cards or
sheets listing, among others, the steps to take before and after an
opioid antagonist is administered;

* amend Mental Hygiene L. § 19.18 to establish the Opioid Addiction
Treatment and Hospital Diversion Demonstration Program whereby the
Commissioner of the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services
(OASAS), is authorized to establish demonstration programs throughout
the state to test new approaches to providing services to individuals
who are attempting to detoxify from heroin where a hospital level of
care is unnecessary;

* amend the Mental Hygiene Law by adding a new § 19.18-a to require
OASAS in consultation with the Department of Health to create a
wraparound services demonstration program which would provide services
to adolescents and adults for up to nine months after the successful
completion of a treatment program;


* amend the definition in Family Court Act (FCA) §§ 712 and 735 to
specify that Persons in Need of Supervision (PINS) diversion services,
in cases where the petitioner alleges the child has a substance use
disorder or is in need of immediate detoxification or substance use
disorder services, may include assessment for substance use disorders;

* amend Education L. § 804 to require the Commissioner of Education to
review the existing health curriculum requirements and to incorporate
standards and requirements related to the risks of heroin and opioid
use;

* amend Mental Hygiene L. § 19.07 to require the OASAS to develop, in
consultation with the Department of Health, a multi-media public
education program regarding heroin and opioid abuse and misuse; and

* amend Insurance L. §§ 3216, 3221 and 4303 to improve access to care
by requiring insurers to use peer-reviewed, clinical review criteria
when making decisions regarding the medical necessity of treatment for
persons suffering from substance use disorders, to require that
medical necessity decisions be made by medical professionals who
specialize in behavioral health and substance use, and to ensure that
individuals requiring treatment have access to an expedited appeals
process and that they are not denied care while the appeals process is
underway.

Existing Law: These bills would amend the Executive Law, the Public
Health Law, the Education Law, the Family Court Act, the Penal Law,
the Insurance Law, and the Mental Hygiene Law.

Justification: The trafficking and abuse of heroin and opioids is
increasing rapidly. To combat this onslaught, New York State must
continue to be a leader in the fight against these devastating drugs.
In New York City alone, from 2010 to 2012, heroin-related deaths rose
84%. The destruction caused by heroin has not been limited to New York
City. From 2002 to 2012, the number of young adults across the state,
ages 18-25, using heroin has more than doubled. Upstate, the treatment
admissions involving heroin have gone up 25%. Heroin is inexpensive
compared to other narcotics and it continues to be readily accessible,
making it the drug of choice for many addicts. In fact, felony drug
court participants that reported heroin as their drug of choice
increased from 13% in 2008 to 24% in 2013. This comprehensive
legislative package takes a bold new approach to curb the spread of
these dangerous drugs.

Give BNE Access to Vital Criminal History Information

Criminal background and other key information about the target of any
investigation is a vital component in the investigative process. The
BNE is a crucial collaborator in the investigation and prosecution of
criminal prescribers of opioids. In order to further enhance the
capabilities of the BNE, it is essential that it be able to run
criminal history checks on targets of investigations. This bill would
provide this necessary investigative tool to the BNE, resulting in
successful investigations.

Make Fraud in Obtaining Controlled Substances a Penal Law Crime


Under PHL § 3397, it is an unclassified misdemeanor for a person to
use fraud or deceit to obtain a controlled substance or a prescription
for controlled substances. Adding a similar section to the Penal Law
will further enhance law enforcement's ability to combat such fraud
and deceit, including doctor shopping, by putting police and district
attorneys throughout the state on notice by creating a clearly defined
crime and related penalty within the Penal Law.

Impose Higher Penalties on Certain Professionals Who Divert Controlled
Substances

Penal L. § 220.65 prohibits the sale of a controlled substance by a
practitioner or pharmacist. Currently the sale of a controlled
substance by anyone is a Class D felony. This amendment would create
the higher class C felony for those licensed professionals, including
physicians and pharmacists, who abuse the public's trust by illegally
selling controlled substances under the guise of legitimate medical
practice or other health care practices.

Give Law Enforcement More Tools to Combat Controlled Substance Abuse

Criminal Procedure L. § 700.05(c) would be amended to include the
newly amended and created crimes in Penal L. § 220.65 as an enumerated
offense under the definition of "eavesdropping warrants." This small
but significant amendment would give law enforcement and prosecutors
the ability to utilize eavesdropping warrants to further fully
investigate crimes involving the distribution of controlled
substances.

Penal L. § 460.10(1)(a) would also be amended to include the newly
amended and created crimes in Penal L. § 220.65 under the definition
of the crime of "enterprise corruption". This would empower law
enforcement to further prosecute organized activity related to
prescription drug trafficking in New York State.

Distribute Information on Opioid Antagonists

In 2006, DOH established community-based opioid overdose prevention
programs to train persons likely to witness an overdose on how to
recognize and respond to such a situation, including the use of
naloxone, an opioid antagonist that can reverse the overdose. Since
that time, 130 programs have been registered and 15,000 responders
have been trained. Among those trained have not only been police and
other traditional first responders, but also family members of opioid
users, homeless shelter staff, employees of drug treatment programs,
and drug users themselves. Since 2006, over 850 overdose reversals
have been reported to the Department of Health. This bill would make
an already successful program even more impactful and save many more
lives through the distribution of informational cards or sheets when
opioid antagonists are dispensed. These informational cards would
provide recipients with the important information on how to recognize
symptoms of an overdose; what steps to take, including calling first
responders; and how to access services through OASAS.

Establish a Demonstration Program to Test New Approaches to Treating
Substance Abuse


Through this demonstration program, OASAS would work with its
providers to test new approaches to providing services to individuals
who are attempting to detox from heroin where a hospital level of care
is unnecessary. This demonstration program would provide alternative
short term community based treatment, thereby avoiding unnecessary
emergency room costs. By demonstrating new approaches statewide, OASAS
will be able to study the effectiveness of the new approaches to
determine their validity while, more importantly, addressing the needs
of individuals in need of care.

Establish a Wraparound Program to Provide Comprehensive Treatment
Services

OASAS in consultation with the Department of Health would create a
wraparound services demonstration program which will provide services
to adolescents and adults for up to nine months after the successful
completion of a treatment program. These services would be in the form
of case management services and include addressing:

* Education resources;

* Legal services;

* Financial services;

* Social services;

* Family services;

* Childcare services;

* Peer to peer support;

* Employment support;

* Transportation assistance.

Wraparound services generally refer to a complete and comprehensive
method of providing services that would have the greatest impact on
the individual who is receiving such services. This legislation would
require OASAS to expand its existing case management services and
build relationships in communities across the state to provide
services that will allow for them to provide services to their clients
that will greatly improve their quality of life and greatly reduce the
likelihood of a person relapsing.

Expand the Availability of PINS Diversion Services for Youth

FCA §§ 712 and 735 would be amended to allow the designated lead
agency for the purpose of providing PINS diversion services (either
the local social services district or the local probation department)
to determine whether an assessment for substance use disorder by an
OASAS certified provider of services is necessary in cases where the
youth is alleged to be suffering from a substance use disorder which
could make the youth a danger to himself or herself or others. The
legislation requires OASAS to make available a list of certified
treatment providers to designated lead agencies. It also provides that


the designated lead agency shall not be required to pay for an
assessment for substance use disorder or related services, except in
cases where Medicaid may be used to pay for such assessment or
services.

Establish through the State Education Department an Updated Drug Abuse
Curriculum

This bill would amend Education L. § 804 to require that the
Commissioner of Education update drug abuse curriculum every three
years so that students have the most current and up-to-date
information on coping with drugs and other substances.

Implement a Public Awareness Campaign

This would amend the Mental Hygiene Law to direct OASAS to undertake a
public awareness and educational campaign in cooperation with DOH
utilizing public forums, media (social and mass) as well as all forms
of advertising to educate youth, parents, healthcare professionals and
others about the risks associated with heroin and opioids, how to
recognize signs of addiction and the resources available to deal with
these issues.

Expand Insurance Coverage of Treatment for Patients Suffering from
Substance Abuse

This legislation would improve access to care by requiring insurers to
use peer-reviewed, nationally recognized clinical review criteria when
making decisions regarding the medical necessity of treatment. This
will require insurers to consistently cover the appropriate level of
treatment for patients suffering from substance use disorders. In
addition, medical necessity decisions will be made by medical
professionals who specialize in behavioral health and substance use.
Further, the legislation would also ensure that individuals requiring
treatment have access to an expedited appeals process and that they
are not denied care while the appeals process is underway.

Budget Implications: There will be sufficient funding for all
proposals through existing and future appropriations.

Effective Date: Each bill has its own effective date.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

    S. 7908                                                 A. 10157

                      S E N A T E - A S S E M B L Y

                              June 17, 2014
                               ___________

IN  SENATE  -- Introduced by Sen. HANNON -- (at request of the Governor)
  -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to
  the Committee on Rules

IN ASSEMBLY -- Introduced by COMMITTEE ON RULES -- (at request of M.  of
  A.  Stirpe)  -- (at request of the Governor) -- read once and referred
  to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation  to  the  desig-
  nation  of  criminal sale of a prescription for a controlled substance
  or a controlled substance by a  practitioner  or  pharmacist;  and  to
  amend   the  penal  law,  in  relation  to  creating  the  offense  of
  prescription medication fraud and deceit and to criminalize  the  sale
  of a controlled substance by a practitioner or pharmacist

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  Paragraph (c) of subdivision 8 of section  700.05  of  the
criminal  procedure law, as amended by section 11 of part AAA of chapter
56 of the laws of 2009, is amended to read as follows:
  (c) Criminal possession of  a  controlled  substance  in  the  seventh
degree  as  defined  in  section  220.03  of  the  penal  law,  criminal
possession of a controlled substance in the fifth degree as  defined  in
section  220.06  of  the  penal law, criminal possession of a controlled
substance in the fourth degree as defined in section 220.09 of the penal
law, criminal possession of a controlled substance in the  third  degree
as  defined in section 220.16 of the penal law, criminal possession of a
controlled substance in the second degree as defined in  section  220.18
of  the  penal law, criminal possession of a controlled substance in the
first degree as defined in section 220.21 of  the  penal  law,  criminal
sale of a controlled substance in the fifth degree as defined in section
220.31  of the penal law, criminal sale of a controlled substance in the
fourth degree as defined in section 220.34 of the  penal  law,  criminal
sale of a controlled substance in the third degree as defined in section
220.39  of the penal law, criminal sale of a controlled substance in the
second degree as defined in section 220.41 of the  penal  law,  criminal

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD12112-01-4

S. 7908                             2                           A. 10157

sale of a controlled substance in the first degree as defined in section
220.43  of  the penal law, criminally possessing a hypodermic instrument
as defined in section 220.45 of  the  penal  law,  CRIMINAL  SALE  OF  A
PRESCRIPTION  FOR  A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE OR A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE BY A
PRACTITIONER OR PHARMACIST AS DEFINED IN SECTION  220.65  OF  THE  PENAL
LAW,  criminal  possession  of methamphetamine manufacturing material in
the second degree as defined in section 220.70 of the penal law,  crimi-
nal  possession  of  methamphetamine manufacturing material in the first
degree  as  defined  in  section  220.71  of  the  penal  law,  criminal
possession of precursors of methamphetamine as defined in section 220.72
of  the  penal law, unlawful manufacture of methamphetamine in the third
degree as defined in section 220.73 of the penal law, unlawful  manufac-
ture  of  methamphetamine  in  the  second  degree as defined in section
220.74 of the penal law, unlawful manufacture of methamphetamine in  the
first  degree  as  defined  in section 220.75 of the penal law, unlawful
disposal of methamphetamine laboratory material as  defined  in  section
220.76  of  the penal law, operating as a major trafficker as defined in
section 220.77 of the penal law, criminal possession of marihuana in the
first degree as defined in section 221.30 of  the  penal  law,  criminal
sale  of  marihuana  in the first degree as defined in section 221.55 of
the penal law, promoting gambling in the second  degree  as  defined  in
section  225.05 of the penal law, promoting gambling in the first degree
as defined in section 225.10 of the penal law,  possession  of  gambling
records  in  the second degree as defined in section 225.15 of the penal
law, possession of gambling records in the first degree  as  defined  in
section  225.20 of the penal law, and possession of a gambling device as
defined in section 225.30 of the penal law;
  S 2. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 of section  460.10  of  the  penal
law,  as  amended  by section 16 of subpart A of part H of chapter 55 of
the laws of 2014, is amended to read as follows:
  (a) Any of the felonies set forth in this  chapter:  sections  120.05,
120.10 and 120.11 relating to assault; sections 121.12 and 121.13 relat-
ing  to  strangulation;  sections 125.10 to 125.27 relating to homicide;
sections 130.25, 130.30 and 130.35 relating to rape; sections 135.20 and
135.25 relating to kidnapping; section 135.35 relating  to  labor  traf-
ficking;  section  135.65  relating to coercion; sections 140.20, 140.25
and 140.30 relating to burglary;  sections  145.05,  145.10  and  145.12
relating  to  criminal  mischief;  article one hundred fifty relating to
arson; sections 155.30, 155.35, 155.40  and  155.42  relating  to  grand
larceny;  sections  177.10, 177.15, 177.20 and 177.25 relating to health
care fraud; article one hundred  sixty  relating  to  robbery;  sections
165.45,  165.50,  165.52  and  165.54 relating to criminal possession of
stolen property; sections 165.72 and 165.73 relating to trademark  coun-
terfeiting;  sections 170.10, 170.15, 170.25, 170.30, 170.40, 170.65 and
170.70 relating to forgery; sections 175.10, 175.25, 175.35, 175.40  and
210.40 relating to false statements; sections 176.15, 176.20, 176.25 and
176.30  relating to insurance fraud; sections 178.20 and 178.25 relating
to criminal diversion of  prescription  medications  and  prescriptions;
sections 180.03, 180.08, 180.15, 180.25, 180.40, 180.45, 200.00, 200.03,
200.04,  200.10, 200.11, 200.12, 200.20, 200.22, 200.25, 200.27, 200.56,
215.00, 215.05 and 215.19; sections 187.10, 187.15,  187.20  and  187.25
relating  to  residential  mortgage  fraud,  sections  190.40 and 190.42
relating to criminal  usury;  section  190.65  relating  to  schemes  to
defraud; any felony defined in article four hundred ninety-six; sections
205.60  and  205.65  relating to hindering prosecution; sections 210.10,
210.15, and 215.51 relating to  perjury  and  contempt;  section  215.40

S. 7908                             3                           A. 10157

relating  to  tampering with physical evidence; sections 220.06, 220.09,
220.16, 220.18, 220.21, 220.31, 220.34, 220.39, 220.41, 220.43,  220.46,
220.55,  220.60,  220.65  and  220.77 relating to controlled substances;
sections  225.10  and  225.20  relating  to  gambling;  sections 230.25,
230.30, and 230.32 relating to promoting  prostitution;  section  230.34
relating  to sex trafficking; sections 235.06, 235.07, 235.21 and 235.22
relating to obscenity; sections 263.10 and 263.15 relating to  promoting
a  sexual  performance  by  a  child;  sections  265.02, 265.03, 265.04,
265.11, 265.12, 265.13  and  the  provisions  of  section  265.10  which
constitute  a  felony  relating to firearms and other dangerous weapons;
sections 265.14 and 265.16 relating  to  criminal  sale  of  a  firearm;
section  275.10,  275.20,  275.30,  or  275.40  relating to unauthorized
recordings; and sections 470.05, 470.10, 470.15 and 470.20  relating  to
money laundering; or
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

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