senate Bill S901A

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Relates to the criminal enforcement of violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building code

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Feb 26, 2014 print number 901a
amend and recommit to housing, construction and community development
Jan 08, 2014 referred to housing, construction and community development
Jan 09, 2013 referred to housing, construction and community development

Bill Amendments

Original
A (Active)
Original
A (Active)

S901 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A645A
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Executive Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §382, Exec L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S7235, A10194

S901 - Bill Texts

view summary

Relates to the criminal enforcement of violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building code.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S901

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the executive law, in relation to the criminal enforcement of
violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building code

PURPOSE:
To clarify the procedures for commencing a criminal action for
violating the State's Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code
(Uniform Code). The provisions of Executive Law § 382 have proven to
be ineffective at serving as a deterrent to ensure compliance with
the fire prevention and building code. The ambiguous and vague
provisions have led courts to reach the conclusion that criminal
actions may not be commenced against a defendant until a notice of
violation (NOV) has been issued, see People v. Caravousanos, 2
Misc.3d 138(A) (Sup. Ct. App. Term 2004). Such a reading of Executive
Law § 382 significantly hampers local government officials' ability
to enforce the uniform code and deter flagrant violations of
regulations designed to protect the public's health, safety and
welfare.
The amendment also creates a "violation" for a uniform code
infraction, as some judges have expressed reservations about finding
defendants guilty of misdemeanors for building and fire code
violations.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill amends § 382 of the Executive Law, removing
superfluous language, which the Courts have erroneously interpreted
as requiring local governments to issue a NOV as a prerequisite to
commencing a criminal action. In addition, subdivision 2 of
Executive Law § 382 states that notices of violations must allow
violators an opportunity to comply with an order to correct a
violation "within the time fixed by the regulations promulgated by
the secretary of state" even though the secretary of state has
never promulgated such regulations.

The bill also amends § 382 of the Executive Law to clarify that
individuals who "knowingly" violate the state's uniform fire
prevention and building code may be found guilty of a misdemeanor.

JUSTIFICATION:
The Courts have erroneously interpreted Section 382 of the Executive
Law as requiring local governments to issue a notice of violation as
a prerequisite to commencing a criminal action.
In addition, the fact that the Secretary of State has never fixed a
schedule of times for Complying with the regulations has caused
problems in prosecuting individuals for failing to comply with an NOV
issued by a code enforcement officer. Moreover, the reference later
in this subdivision to "lawful order" makes the first part of
subdivision 2 unnecessary.

This bill also clarifies that a knowing violation of the uniform code
is a misdemeanor. Furthermore, this bill creates a strict liability
"violation" for a uniform code infraction. Some Judges are reluctant
to find individuals guilty of a misdemeanor for a building code
violation. This would give the courts the option of finding


defendants guilty without giving them a criminal record, particularly
in those instances when properties come into quick compliance. It
also allows defendants to enter into plea agreements to "Violations"
instead of misdemeanors.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
S.7235 (2012)

EFFECTIVE DATE:
This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the
date on which it shall become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   901

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. MARTINS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Housing, Construction  and
  Community Development

AN  ACT to amend the executive law, in relation to the criminal enforce-
  ment of violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building
  code

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Subdivision  2  of  section  382 of the executive law, as
amended by chapter 135 of the laws  of  1997,  is  amended  to  read  as
follows:
  2. [Any person, having been served, either personally or by registered
or  certified mail, with an order to remedy any condition found to exist
in, on,  or  about  any  building  in  violation  of  the  uniform  fire
prevention  and  building code, who shall fail to comply with such order
within the time fixed by the regulations promulgated  by  the  secretary
pursuant  to subdivision one of section three hundred eighty-one of this
article, such time period to be stated in the order, and]
  (A) ANY PERSON, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, LIMITED LIABILITY  PARTNER-
SHIP,  OR  CORPORATION  OWNING,  IN CONTROL OF, AGENT FOR, TENANT OF, OR
OTHERWISE RESPONSIBLE FOR A PROPERTY OR BUILDING,  HAVING  BEEN  SERVED,
EITHER  PERSONALLY  OR  PURSUANT  TO  SUBDIVISION  FOUR OF SECTION THREE
HUNDRED EIGHT OF THE CIVIL PRACTICE LAW AND  RULES,  WITH  AN  ORDER  TO
REMEDY ANY CONDITION FOUND TO EXIST IN, ON, OR ABOUT THE PROPERTY OR ANY
BUILDING ON THE PROPERTY IN VIOLATION OF THE UNIFORM FIRE PREVENTION AND
BUILDING CODE, WHO FAILS TO COMPLY WITH SUCH ORDER WITHIN THE TIME STAT-
ED  THEREIN  OR  any  owner,  builder, PROPERTY MANAGER, PROPERTY AGENT,
architect, tenant, contractor, subcontractor,  construction  superinten-
dent  or  their  agents or any other person [taking part or assisting in
the construction of any building], LIMITED  LIABILITY  COMPANY,  LIMITED

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03347-01-3

S. 901                              2

LIABILITY  PARTNERSHIP,  OR  CORPORATION  PARTICIPATING  OR ASSISTING IN
EITHER THE CONSTRUCTION OF ANY BUILDING OR THE MAINTENANCE, CONTROL,  OR
OVERSIGHT  OF  A  PROPERTY  OR  BUILDING who [shall] knowingly [violate]
VIOLATES  any  of  the  applicable provisions of the uniform code or any
lawful order of a local government, a county or the secretary made ther-
eunder  regarding  standards  for  construction,  maintenance,  or  fire
protection  [equipment  and systems, shall be], IS GUILTY OF A MISDEMEA-
NOR, punishable by a fine of not more than [one]  TWO  thousand  dollars
per day of violation, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.
  (B)  ANY PERSON, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNER-
SHIP OR CORPORATION WHO OWNS, IS IN CONTROL OF, IS AN AGENT  FOR,  IS  A
TENANT  OF,  OR  IS  OTHERWISE  RESPONSIBLE  FOR A PROPERTY OR BUILDING,
HAVING BEEN SERVED, EITHER PERSONALLY OR PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION FOUR OF
SECTION THREE HUNDRED EIGHT OF THE CIVIL PRACTICE LAW AND RULES, WITH AN
ORDER TO REMEDY ANY CONDITION FOUND TO EXIST IN, ON, OR ABOUT THE  PROP-
ERTY  OR  ANY  BUILDING ON THE PROPERTY IN VIOLATION OF THE UNIFORM FIRE
PREVENTION AND BUILDING CODE, WHO FAILS TO COMPLY WITH SUCH ORDER WITHIN
THE TIME STATED THEREIN OR ANY OWNER, BUILDER, PROPERTY MANAGER, PROPER-
TY AGENT, ARCHITECT,  TENANT,  CONTRACTOR,  SUBCONTRACTOR,  CONSTRUCTION
SUPERINTENDENT  OR  THEIR  AGENTS OR ANY OTHER PERSON, LIMITED LIABILITY
COMPANY, LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP, OR CORPORATION PARTICIPATING  OR
ASSISTING IN EITHER THE CONSTRUCTION OF ANY BUILDING OR THE MAINTENANCE,
CONTROL,  OR OVERSIGHT OF A PROPERTY OR BUILDING WHO VIOLATES ANY OF THE
APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF THE UNIFORM CODE OR ANY LAWFUL ORDER OF A LOCAL
GOVERNMENT, A COUNTY OR THE SECRETARY MADE THEREUNDER  REGARDING  STAND-
ARDS  FOR  CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE, OR FIRE PROTECTION, IS GUILTY OF A
VIOLATION, PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF NOT MORE THAN  ONE  THOUSAND  DOLLARS
PER  DAY  OF  VIOLATION,  OR IMPRISONMENT NOT EXCEEDING FIFTEEN DAYS, OR
BOTH.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

S901A (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A645A
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Executive Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §382, Exec L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S7235, A10194

S901A (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Relates to the criminal enforcement of violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building code.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S901A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the executive law, in relation to the
criminal enforcement of violations of the state's uniform fire
prevention and building code

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the executive law, in relation to the
criminal enforcement of violations of the state's uniform fire
prevention and building code

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To clarify the procedures for
commencing a criminal action for violating the State's Uniform Fire
Prevention and Building Code (Uniform Code) in relation to an imminent
life safety violation that requires an immediate cure.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Amends section 382 of the Executive
Law by adding subdivision 2 (b): Any person or entity owning, in
control of, agent for, tenant of; or otherwise responsible for a
property or building, having been served with an order to remedy an
imminent life safety violation requiring immediate cure, who fails to
comply with such order immediately may be ordered to vacate the
premise until such imminent life safety violation is resolved. Any
person or entity that knowingly violates the Uniform Code would be
guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than one
thousand dollars per day of violation, or imprisonment not exceeding
one year, or both. The council shall promulgate rules and regulations
it deems necessary to carry into effect this provision.

JUSTIFICATION: Currently under section 382 of the Executive Law,
local governments and their code enforcement officials are authorized
to order in writing the remedying of any condition found in violation
of the uniform fire prevention and building code and to issue
appearance tickets for such violations. The individual or entity
served with such notice must remedy the condition within a proscribed
period of time as stipulated under the uniform code, usually 30 days.
Failure to comply with such order is punishable by a fine of not more
than one thousand dollars per day of violation, or imprisonment not
exceeding one year, or both.

The ambiguous and vague provisions of section 382 of the Executive Law
have led courts to reach the conclusion that criminal actions may not
be commenced against a defendant until a notice of violation (NOV) has
been issued, see People v. Caravousanos, 2 Misc.3d 138(A) (Sup. Ct.
App. Term 2004). Such a reading significantly hampers local government
officials' ability to enforce the uniform code and deter flagrant
violations of regulations designed to protect the public's health,
safety and welfare. In instances when a violation of the uniform code
has led to a condition that poses an imminent threat to life and
safety, the person or entity served with a notice of violation, should
be forced to comply with such order immediately.

This bill creates a new type of compliance order, an order to remedy
an imminent life safety violation requiring immediate cure, which will
enable local code enforcement officials to order any person or entity
who fails to comply with such order immediately to vacate the property
until such imminent life safety violation is resolved. Failure to
comply with such order is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a


fine of not more than one thousand dollars per day of violation, or
imprisonment not exceeding one year or both.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.7235 (2012)

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect the first of November after
this bill shall become law.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 901--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. MARTINS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Housing, Construction  and
  Community  Development  --  recommitted  to  the Committee on Housing,
  Construction and Community Development in accordance with Senate  Rule
  6,  sec. 8 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as
  amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the executive law, in relation to the criminal  enforce-
  ment of violations of the state's uniform fire prevention and building
  code

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Subdivision 2 of section  382  of  the  executive  law,  as
amended  by  chapter  135  of  the  laws  of 1997, is amended to read as
follows:
  2. (A). Any person, having been served, either personally or by regis-
tered or certified mail, with an order to remedy any condition found  to
exist  in,  on,  or  about any building in violation of the uniform fire
prevention and building code, who shall fail to comply with  such  order
within  the  time  fixed by the regulations promulgated by the secretary
pursuant to subdivision one of section three hundred eighty-one of  this
article,  such  time  period  to  be stated in the order, and any owner,
builder,  architect,  tenant,  contractor,  subcontractor,  construction
superintendent  or  their  agents  or  any  other  person taking part or
assisting in the  construction  of  any  building  who  shall  knowingly
violate  any  of  the  applicable  provisions of the uniform code or any
lawful order of a local government, a county or the secretary made ther-
eunder  regarding  standards  for  construction,  maintenance,  or  fire
protection  equipment  and systems, shall be punishable by a fine of not
more than one thousand dollars per day of violation, or imprisonment not
exceeding one year, or both.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03347-03-4

S. 901--A                           2

  (B) ANY PERSON, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, LIMITED LIABILITY  PARTNER-
SHIP,  OR  CORPORATION  OWNING,  IN CONTROL OF, AGENT FOR, TENANT OF, OR
OTHERWISE RESPONSIBLE FOR A PROPERTY OR BUILDING,  HAVING  BEEN  SERVED,
EITHER  PERSONALLY  OR  PURSUANT  TO  SUBDIVISION  FOUR OF SECTION THREE
HUNDRED  EIGHT  OF  THE  CIVIL  PRACTICE LAW AND RULES, WITH AN ORDER TO
REMEDY AN IMMINENT LIFE SAFETY VIOLATION REQUIRING IMMEDIATE CURE, WHICH
IS FOUND TO EXIST IN, ON, OR ABOUT THE PROPERTY OR ANY BUILDING  ON  THE
PROPERTY  IN VIOLATION OF THE UNIFORM FIRE PREVENTION AND BUILDING CODE,
WHO FAILS TO COMPLY WITH SUCH ORDER IMMEDIATELY MAY BE ORDERED TO VACATE
THE PREMISES UNTIL SUCH IMMINENT LIFE SAFETY VIOLATION  IS  RESOLVED  OR
ANY OWNER, BUILDER, PROPERTY MANAGER, PROPERTY AGENT, ARCHITECT, TENANT,
CONTRACTOR,  SUBCONTRACTOR,  CONSTRUCTION SUPERINTENDENT OR THEIR AGENTS
OR ANY OTHER PERSON, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, LIMITED LIABILITY  PART-
NERSHIP,  OR  CORPORATION  PARTICIPATING  OR  ASSISTING  IN  EITHER  THE
CONSTRUCTION OF ANY BUILDING OR THE MAINTENANCE, CONTROL,  OR  OVERSIGHT
OF  A PROPERTY OR BUILDING WHO SHALL KNOWINGLY VIOLATE ANY OF THE APPLI-
CABLE PROVISIONS OF THE UNIFORM CODE OR ANY  LAWFUL  ORDER  OF  A  LOCAL
GOVERNMENT,  A  COUNTY OR THE SECRETARY MADE THEREUNDER REGARDING STAND-
ARDS FOR CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE, OR FIRE PROTECTION, IS GUILTY  OF  A
MISDEMEANOR,  PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF NOT MORE THAN ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS
PER DAY OF VIOLATION, OR IMPRISONMENT NOT EXCEEDING ONE YEAR,  OR  BOTH.
THE COUNCIL SHALL PROMULGATE RULES AND REGULATIONS IT DEEMS NECESSARY TO
CARRY INTO EFFECT THE PROVISION OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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