senate Bill S4110

2017-2018 Legislative Session

Enacts the "NYC instant run-off voting act"; repealer

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status - In Senate Committee Elections Committee

  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

Your Voice

do you support this bill?

Please enter your contact information

Home address is used to determine the senate district in which you reside. Your support or opposition to this bill is then shared immediately with the senator who represents you.

Optional services from the NY State Senate:

Create an account. An account allows you to officially support or oppose key legislation, sign petitions with a single click, and follow issues, committees, and bills that matter to you. When you create an account, you agree to this platform's terms of participation.

Include a custom message for your Senator? (Optional)

Enter a message to your senator. Many New Yorkers use this to share the reasoning behind their support or opposition to the bill. Others might share a personal anecdote about how the bill would affect them or people they care about.


view actions (2)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 03, 2018 referred to elections
Feb 03, 2017 referred to elections

S4110 (ACTIVE) - Details

Current Committee:
Senate Elections
Law Section:
Election Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §6-162, El L; rpld §3-705 sub 5, §3-709 sub 6, NYC Ad Cd
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2013-2014: S7033
2015-2016: S3800
2019-2020: S1447

S4110 (ACTIVE) - Summary

Enacts the "NYC instant run-off voting act"; requires an instant run-off in any municipal election in New York City; provides that if one candidate for any municipal office receives a majority of first preferences, such candidate is elected; provides, however, if no candidate is the first choice of at least half the voters, the instant run-off re-tabulation shall be performed and then the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated (view more) makes related changes.

S4110 (ACTIVE) - Sponsor Memo

S4110 (ACTIVE) - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K


                       2017-2018 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 3, 2017

Introduced  by  Sen. SANDERS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Elections

AN ACT to amend the election law,  in  relation  to  enacting  the  "NYC
  instant  run-off  voting  act"; and to repeal subdivision 5 of section
  3-705 and subdivision 6 of section 3-709 of the administrative code of
  the city of New York relating to certain run-off elections in the city
  of New York


  Section  1.  Short title.  This act shall be known and may be cited as
the "NYC instant run-off voting act".
  § 2. Legislative findings. The legislature hereby finds  and  declares
that  the  run-off system of voting in primary elections for the offices
of mayor, comptroller and public advocate in New  York  city  is  unduly
expensive  and  generates  an unacceptably low turnout of voters.  Addi-
tionally, the absence of any run-off system at all for  the  offices  of
borough  president  and  council member has resulted in candidates being
elected with much less than a majority of the votes  cast,  and  signif-
icantly  dilutes minority voting power when multiple minority candidates
compete for the same office. In an "instant run-off" system, voters rank
candidates by order of preference, and if no candidate receives a major-
ity of first-place votes, the top two candidates have the votes of elim-
inated candidates redistributed to them in order of each voter's prefer-
ence. The candidate with the most votes after this "second round" is the
winner. An instant run-off voting system eliminates the need for a cost-
ly and sparsely attended second election, rewards candidates who broaden
their appeal as widely as possible, and promotes minority representation
by limiting the dilution of minority voting power when multiple minority
candidates are on the ballot for the same office.
  § 3. Section 6-162 of the election law, as amended by chapter  424  of
the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows:

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.


Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.