1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Public Health
  4. Article 13-F: Regulation of Tobacco Products, Herbal Cigarettes and Smoking Paraphernalia; Distribution To Minors


Section 1399-MM Sale of gutka prohibited

Public Health (PBH)

1. No person shall knowingly sell or provide gutka to any other person under eighteen years of age. No other provision of law authorizing the sale of tobacco products, other than subdivision two of this section, shall authorize the sale of gutka. Any person who violates the provisions of this subdivision shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than five hundred dollars.

  2. (a) The provisions of subdivision one of this section shall not apply to a tobacco business, as defined in section thirteen hundred ninety-nine-n of this chapter.

  (b) Any person operating a tobacco business wherein gutka is sold or offered for sale is prohibited from selling such gutka to individuals under eighteen years of age, and shall post in a conspicuous place a sign upon which there shall be imprinted the following statement, "SALE OF GUTKA TO PERSONS UNDER EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE IS PROHIBITED BY LAW." Such sign shall be printed on a white card in red letters at least one-half inch in height.

  (c) Sales of gutka by a tobacco business shall be made only to an individual who demonstrates, through a driver's license or other photographic identification card issued by a government entity or educational institution indicating that the individual is at least eighteen years of age. Such identification need not be required of any individual who reasonably appears to be at least twenty-five years of age, provided, however, that such appearance shall not constitute a defense in any proceeding alleging the sale of a tobacco product to an individual under eighteen years of age.

  (d) (i) Any person operating a tobacco business wherein gutka is sold or offered for sale may perform a transaction scan as a precondition for such purchases.

  (ii) In any instance where the information deciphered by the transaction scan fails to match the information printed on the driver's license or non-driver identification card, or if the transaction scan indicates that the information is false or fraudulent, the attempted transaction shall be denied.

  (iii) In any proceeding pursuant to section thirteen hundred ninety-nine-ee of this article, it shall be an affirmative defense that such person had produced a driver's license or non-driver identification card apparently issued by a governmental entity, successfully completed that transaction scan, and that the gutka had been sold, delivered or given to such person in reasonable reliance upon such identification and transaction scan. In evaluating the applicability of such affirmative defense the commissioner shall take into consideration any written policy adopted and implemented by the seller to effectuate the provisions of this chapter. Use of a transaction scan shall not excuse any person operating a tobacco business wherein gutka is sold, or the agent or employee of such person, from the exercise of reasonable diligence otherwise required by this chapter. Notwithstanding the above provisions, any such affirmative defense shall not be applicable in any civil or criminal proceeding, or in any other forum.

  (e) A tobacco business or agent or employee of such business shall only use a device capable of deciphering any electronically readable format, and shall only use the information recorded and maintained through the use of such devices, for the purposes contained in paragraph (d) of this subdivision. No tobacco business or agent or employee of such business shall resell or disseminate the information recorded during such a scan to any third person. Such prohibited resale or dissemination includes but is not limited to any advertising, marketing or promotional activities. Notwithstanding the restrictions imposed by this paragraph, such records may be released pursuant to a court ordered subpoena or pursuant to any other statute that specifically authorizes the release of such information. Each violation of this paragraph shall be punishable by a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars.

  (f) A tobacco business or agent or employee of such business may electronically or mechanically record and maintain only the information from a transaction scan necessary to effectuate this section. Such information shall be limited to the following: (i) name, (ii) date of birth, (iii) driver's license or non-driver identification number, and (iv) expiration date.

  (g) As used in this subdivision, "a device capable of deciphering any electronically readable format", "card holder" and "transaction scan" shall have the same meanings as are ascribed to such terms by section thirteen hundred ninety-nine-cc of this article.