1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Public Health
  4. Article 2-A: Prescription Drugs
  5. Title 2: Prescription Drugs; Various Provisions


Section 280 Medicaid drug cap

Public Health (PBH)

1. The legislature hereby finds and declares that there is a significant public interest for the Medicaid program to manage drug costs in a manner that ensures patient access while providing financial stability for the state and participating providers. Since two thousand eleven, the state has taken significant steps to contain costs in the Medicaid program by imposing a statutory limit on annual growth. Drug expenditures, however, continually outpace other cost components causing significant pressure on the state, providers, and patient access operating under the Medicaid global cap. It is therefore intended that the department establish a Medicaid drug cap as a separate component within the Medicaid global cap as part of a focused and sustained effort to balance the growth of drug expenditures with the growth of total Medicaid expenditures.

  2. The commissioner shall establish a year to year department of health state funds Medicaid drug expenditure growth target as follows:

  (a) for state fiscal year two thousand seventeen--two thousand eighteen, be limited to the ten-year rolling average of the medical component of the consumer price index plus five percent and minus a pharmacy savings target of fifty-five million dollars; and

  (b) for state fiscal year two thousand eighteen--two thousand nineteen, be limited to the ten-year rolling average of the medical component of the consumer price index plus four percent and minus a pharmacy savings target of eighty-five million dollars; and

  (c) for state fiscal year two thousand nineteen--two thousand twenty, be limited to the ten-year rolling average of the medical component of the consumer price index plus four percent and minus a pharmacy savings target of eighty-five million dollars.

  3. The department and the division of the budget shall assess on a quarterly basis the projected total amount to be expended in the year on a cash basis by the Medicaid program for each drug, and the projected annual amount of state funds Medicaid drug expenditures on a cash basis for all drugs, which shall be a component of the projected department of health state funds Medicaid expenditures calculated for purposes of sections ninety-one and ninety-two of part H of chapter fifty-nine of the laws of two thousand eleven. For purposes of this section, state funds Medicaid drug expenditures include amounts expended for drugs in both the Medicaid fee-for-service program and Medicaid managed care programs, minus the amount of any drug rebates or supplemental drug rebates received by the department, including rebates pursuant to subdivision five of this section with respect to rebate targets. The department and the division of the budget shall report quarterly to the drug utilization review board the projected state funds Medicaid drug expenditures including the amounts, in aggregate thereof, attributable to the net cost of: changes in the utilization of drugs by Medicaid recipients; changes in the number of Medicaid recipients; changes to the cost of brand name drugs and changes to the cost of generic drugs. The information contained in the report shall not be publicly released in a manner that allows for the identification of an individual drug or manufacturer or that is likely to compromise the financial competitive, or proprietary nature of the information.

  (a) In the event the director of the budget determines, based on Medicaid drug expenditures for the previous quarter or other relevant information, that the total department of health state funds Medicaid drug expenditure is projected to exceed the annual growth limitation imposed by subdivision two of this section, the commissioner may identify and refer drugs to the drug utilization review board established by section three hundred sixty-nine-bb of the social services law for a recommendation as to whether a target supplemental Medicaid rebate should be paid by the manufacturer of the drug to the department and the target amount of the rebate.

  (b) If the department intends to refer a drug to the drug utilization review board pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subdivision, the department shall notify the manufacturer of such drug and shall attempt to reach agreement with the manufacturer on a rebate for the drug prior to referring the drug to the drug utilization review board for review.

  (c) In the event that the commissioner and the manufacturer have previously agreed to a supplemental rebate for a drug pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subdivision or paragraph (e) of subdivision seven of section three hundred sixty-seven-a of the social services law, the drug shall not be referred to the drug utilization review board for any further supplemental rebate for the duration of the previous rebate agreement.

  (d) The department shall consider a drug's actual cost to the state, including current rebate amounts, prior to seeking an additional rebate pursuant to paragraph (b) or (c) of this subdivision and shall take into consideration whether the manufacturer of the drug is providing significant discounts relative to other drugs covered by the Medicaid program.

  (e) The commissioner shall be authorized to take the actions described in this section only so long as total Medicaid drug expenditures are projected to exceed the annual growth limitation imposed by subdivision two of this section.

  4. In determining whether to recommend a target supplemental rebate for a drug, the drug utilization review board shall consider the actual cost of the drug to the Medicaid program, including federal and state rebates, and may consider, among other things:

  (a) the drug's impact on the Medicaid drug spending growth target and the adequacy of capitation rates of participating Medicaid managed care plans, and the drug's affordability and value to the Medicaid program; or

  (b) significant and unjustified increases in the price of the drug; or

  (c) whether the drug may be priced disproportionately to its therapeutic benefits.

  5. (a) If the drug utilization review board recommends a target rebate amount on a drug referred by the commissioner, the commissioner shall require a supplemental rebate to be paid by the drug's manufacturer in an amount not to exceed such target rebate amount. With respect to a rebate required in state fiscal year two thousand seventeen--two thousand eighteen, the rebate requirement shall apply beginning with the month of April, two thousand seventeen, without regard to the date the department enters into the rebate agreement with the manufacturer.

  (b) The supplemental rebate required by paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall apply to drugs dispensed to enrollees of managed care providers pursuant to section three hundred sixty-four-j of the social services law and to drugs dispensed to Medicaid recipients who are not enrollees of such providers.

  (c) If the drug utilization review board recommends a target rebate amount for a drug and the department is unable to negotiate a rebate from the manufacturer in an amount that is at least seventy-five percent of the target rebate amount, the commissioner is authorized to waive the provisions of paragraph (b) of subdivision three of section two hundred seventy-three of this article and the provisions of subdivisions twenty-five and twenty-five-a of section three hundred sixty-four-j of the social services law with respect to such drug; however, this waiver shall not be implemented in situations where it would prevent access by a Medicaid recipient to a drug which is the only treatment for a particular disease or condition. Under no circumstances shall the commissioner be authorized to waive such provisions with respect to more than two drugs in a given time.

  (d) Where the department and a manufacturer enter into a rebate agreement pursuant to this section, which may be in addition to existing rebate agreements entered into by the manufacturer with respect to the same drug, no additional rebates shall be required to be paid by the manufacturer to a managed care provider or any of a managed care provider's agents, including but not limited to any pharmacy benefit manager, while the department is collecting the rebate pursuant to this section.

  (e) In formulating a recommendation concerning a target rebate amount for a drug, the drug utilization review board may consider:

  (i) publicly available information relevant to the pricing of the drug;

  (ii) information supplied by the department relevant to the pricing of the drug;

  (iii) information relating to value-based pricing;

  (iv) the seriousness and prevalence of the disease or condition that is treated by the drug;

  (v) the extent of utilization of the drug;

  (vi) the effectiveness of the drug in treating the conditions for which it is prescribed, or in improving a patient's health, quality of life, or overall health outcomes;

  (vii) the likelihood that use of the drug will reduce the need for other medical care, including hospitalization;

  (viii) the average wholesale price, wholesale acquisition cost, retail price of the drug, and the cost of the drug to the Medicaid program minus rebates received by the state;

  (ix) in the case of generic drugs, the number of pharmaceutical manufacturers that produce the drug;

  (x) whether there are pharmaceutical equivalents to the drug; and

  (xi) information supplied by the manufacturer, if any, explaining the relationship between the pricing of the drug and the cost of development of the drug and/or the therapeutic benefit of the drug, or that is otherwise pertinent to the manufacturer's pricing decision; any such information provided shall be considered confidential and shall not be disclosed by the drug utilization review board in a form that identifies a specific manufacturer or prices charged for drugs by such manufacturer.

  6. (a) If the drug utilization review board recommends a target rebate amount and the department is unsuccessful in entering into a rebate agreement with the manufacturer of the drug satisfactory to the department, the drug manufacturer shall in that event be required to provide to the department, on a standard reporting form developed by the department, the following information:

  (i) the actual cost of developing, manufacturing, producing (including the cost per dose of production), and distributing the drug;

  (ii) research and development costs of the drug, including payments to predecessor entities conducting research and development, such as biotechnology companies, universities and medical schools, and private research institutions;

  (iii) administrative, marketing, and advertising costs for the drug, apportioned by marketing activities that are directed to consumers, marketing activities that are directed to prescribers, and the total cost of all marketing and advertising that is directed primarily to consumers and prescribers in New York, including but not limited to prescriber detailing, copayment discount programs, and direct-to-consumer marketing;

  (iv) the extent of utilization of the drug;

  (v) prices for the drug that are charged to purchasers outside the United States;

  (vi) prices charged to typical purchasers in the state, including but not limited to pharmacies, pharmacy chains, pharmacy wholesalers, or other direct purchasers;

  (vii) the average rebates and discounts provided per payer type in the State; and

  (viii) the average profit margin of each drug over the prior five-year period and the projected profit margin anticipated for such drug.

  (b) All information disclosed pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall be considered confidential and shall not be disclosed by the department in a form that identifies a specific manufacturer or prices charged for drugs by such manufacturer.

  7. (a) If, after taking into account all rebates and supplemental rebates received by the department, including rebates received to date pursuant to this section, total Medicaid drug expenditures are still projected to exceed the annual growth limitation imposed by subdivision two of this section, the commissioner may: subject any drug of a manufacturer referred to the drug utilization review board under this section to prior approval in accordance with existing processes and procedures when such manufacturer has not entered into a supplemental rebate agreement as required by this section; directing managed care plans to remove from their Medicaid formularies those drugs that the drug utilization review board recommends a target rebate amount for and the manufacturer has failed to enter into a rebate agreement required by this section; promoting the use of cost effective and clinically appropriate drugs other than those of a manufacturer who has a drug that the drug utilization review board recommends a target rebate amount and the manufacturer has failed to enter into a rebate agreement required by this section; allowing manufacturers to accelerate rebate payments under existing rebate contracts; and such other actions as authorized by law. The commissioner shall provide written notice to the legislature thirty days prior to taking action pursuant to this paragraph, unless action is necessary in the fourth quarter of a fiscal year to prevent total Medicaid drug expenditures from exceeding the limitation imposed by subdivision two of this section, in which case such notice to the legislature may be less than thirty days.

  (b) The commissioner shall be authorized to take the actions described in paragraph (a) of this subdivision only so long as total Medicaid drug expenditures are projected to exceed the annual growth limitation imposed by subdivision two of this section. In addition, no such actions shall be deemed to supersede the provisions of paragraph (b) of subdivision three of section two hundred seventy-three of this article or the provisions of subdivisions twenty-five and twenty-five-a of section three hundred sixty-four-j of the social services law, except as allowed by paragraph (c) of subdivision five of this section; provided further that nothing in this section shall prevent access by a Medicaid recipient to a drug which is the only treatment for a particular disease or condition.

  8. The commissioner shall report by February first annually to the drug utilization review board on savings achieved through the drug cap in the last year. Such report shall provide data on what savings were achieved through actions pursuant to subdivisions three, five and seven of this section, respectively, and what savings were achieved through other means and how such savings were calculated and implemented.