To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse

related issues:

Senate Joint Task Force on Heroin and Opioid Addiction
Chair: Senator Terrance Murphy, Senator George A. Amedore, Jr. and Senator Robert Ortt
Sponsor: Senator Martin J. Golden
Public Meeting: To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse
Place: Knights of Columbus, 1305 86th Street, Ground Floor, Brooklyn, New York
Time: 2:00 P.M. – 5:00 P.M.

To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse

related issues:

Senate Joint Task Force on Heroin and Opioid Addiction
Chair: Senator Terrance Murphy, Senator George A. Amedore, Jr. and Senator Robert Ortt
Sponsor: Senator Martin J. Golden
Public Meeting: To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse
Place: Knights of Columbus, 1305 86th Street, Ground Floor, Brooklyn, New York
Time: 2:00 P.M. – 5:00 P.M.

To examine various proposals and current programs aimed at assisting our veteran population in achieving employment opportunities

related issues:

Senate Standing Committee on Veterans, Homeland Security and Military Affairs
Chair: Senator Thomas D. Croci
Co-Sponsor: Senator Joseph Addabbo
Public Meeting: To examine various proposals and current programs aimed at assisting our veteran population in achieving employment opportunities
Place: Room 124, State Capitol Building, Albany New York
Time: 10:30 A.M. – 12:30 P.M. Contact: Jennifer Slagen (518) 455-3570

senate Bill S6603

2015-2016 Legislative Session

Relates to licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status -


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
You must fill out the form below in order to support or oppose this bill. X

Actions

view actions (10)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
May 09, 2016 referred to economic development
delivered to assembly
passed senate
May 03, 2016 amended on third reading 6603b
Apr 11, 2016 advanced to third reading
Apr 06, 2016 2nd report cal.
Apr 05, 2016 1st report cal.535
Mar 01, 2016 print number 6603a
amend and recommit to investigations and government operations
Jan 29, 2016 referred to investigations and government operations

S6603 - Details

Law Section:
Alcoholic Beverage Control Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §106, ABC L

S6603 - Summary

Relates to licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises.

S6603 - Sponsor Memo

S6603 - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  6603

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Investigations and Govern-
  ment Operations

AN ACT to amend the alcoholic  beverage  control  law,  in  relation  to
  licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 106  of  the  alcoholic  beverage  control  law  is
amended by adding a new subdivision 13-a to read as follows:
  13-A.  (A)  NOTWITHSTANDING  THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION THIRTEEN OF
THIS SECTION THE STATE  LIQUOR  AUTHORITY  MAY  ISSUE  A  LICENSE  UNDER
SECTION  EIGHTY-ONE-A OF THIS CHAPTER TO THE OWNER, LESSOR AND/OR OPERA-
TOR OF PARCEL OR PARCELS DESCRIBED IN THIS PARAGRAPH:
  ALL THAT CERTAIN PLOT, PIECE OR PARCEL OF  LAND,  SITUATE,  LYING  AND
BEING  IN  THE BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN, CITY, COUNTY AND STATE OF NEW YORK,
BOUNDED AND DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS:
  BEGINNING AT THE CORNER FORMED BY THE  INTERSECTION  OF  THE  EASTERLY
SIDE OF 3RD AVENUE WITH THE SOUTHERLY SIDE OF EAST 87TH STREET;
  RUNNING  THENCE EASTERLY ALONG THE SOUTHERLY SIDE OF EAST 87TH STREET,
125 FEET;
  THENCE SOUTHERLY AND PARALLEL WITH 3RD AVENUE, 100 FEET  8-1/2  INCHES
TO THE CENTER LINE OF THE BLOCK;
  THENCE WESTERLY ALONG SAID CENTER LINE ON THE BLOCK, 25 FEET;
  THENCE SOUTHERLY AND PARALLEL WITH 3RD AVENUE, 22 FEET 8-1/2 INCHES;
  THENCE  WESTERLY  AND  PARALLEL WITH EAST 87TH STREET, 100 FEET TO THE
EASTERLY SIDE OF 3RD AVENUE;
  THENCE NORTHERLY ALONG THE SAID EASTERLY SIDE OF 3RD AVENUE, 123  FEET
5 INCHES TO THE POINT OR PLACE OF BEGINNING.
  (B)  PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT  THE OWNER, LESSOR AND/OR OPERATOR OF A
LICENSED PREMISES DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH  (A)  OF  THIS  SUBDIVISION  IS
PROHIBITED  FROM SELLING ANY ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES MANUFACTURED OR SOLD AT
WHOLESALE BY ANY BUSINESS THAT IT HAS ANY DIRECT  OR  INDIRECT  INTEREST
IN.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.

S6603A - Details

Law Section:
Alcoholic Beverage Control Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §106, ABC L

S6603A - Summary

Relates to licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises.

S6603A - Sponsor Memo

S6603A - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6603--A

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Investigations and Govern-
  ment  Operations  --  committee  discharged,  bill  amended,   ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  alcoholic  beverage control law, in relation to
  licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Section  106  of  the  alcoholic  beverage control law is
amended by adding a new subdivision 13-a to read as follows:
  13-A. (A) NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF  SUBDIVISION  THIRTEEN  OF
THIS  SECTION  THE  STATE  LIQUOR  AUTHORITY  MAY  ISSUE A LICENSE UNDER
SECTION EIGHTY-ONE-A OF THIS CHAPTER TO THE OWNER, LESSOR AND/OR  OPERA-
TOR OF PARCEL OR PARCELS DESCRIBED IN THIS PARAGRAPH:
  ALL THAT CERTAIN PLOT, PIECE, OR PARCEL OF LAND WITH THE BUILDINGS AND
IMPROVEMENTS  THEREON  ERECTED, SITUATE, LYING, AND BEING IN THE CITY OF
NEW YORK, COUNTY OF KINGS AND STATE OF NEW YORK, AND  MORE  PARTICULARLY
BOUNDED AND DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS:
  THE  CONDOMINIUM  UNIT  (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE "UNIT") IN THE
BUILDING (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE "BUILDING") KNOWN AS 210  JORA-
LEMON  STREET  CONDOMINIUM  AND  BY  THE STREET NUMBER 208-230 JORALEMON
STREET A/K/A 45-63 COURT STREET, COUNTY OF KINGS,  STATE  OF  NEW  YORK,
SAID UNIT BEING DESIGNATED AND DESCRIBED AS RETAIL UNIT (RU) IN A DECLA-
RATION  DATED  4/18/1.2  MADE  BY  THE  CITY  OF NEW YORK, ACTING BY AND
THROUGH ITS DEPARTMENT OF CITYWIDE ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES, PURSUANT  TO
ARTICLE  9-B  OF THE REAL PROPERTY LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK (HEREIN-
AFTER REFERRED TO AS THE "CONDOMINIUM  ACT")  ESTABLISHING  A  PLAN  FOR
CONDOMINIUM OWNERSHIP OF THE BUILDING AND THE LAND (HEREINAFTER REFERRED
TO AS THE "LAND") UPON WHICH THE BUILDING IS SITUATE (WHICH LAND IS MORE
PARTICULARLY DESCRIBED IN EXHIBIT A ANNEXED HERETO AND BY THIS REFERENCE
MADE A PART HEREOF), WHICH DECLARATION WAS RECORDED IN THE OFFICE OF THE
CITY  REGISTER  OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, COUNTY OF KINGS, ON 4/24/12, AS
CRFN 2012000163630, AS AMENDED BY FIRST AMENDMENT TO  DECLARATION  DATED
7/9/13 AND RECORDED 8/14/13 AS CRFN 2013000321931 (WHICH DECLARATION AND

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.

S6603B - Details

Law Section:
Alcoholic Beverage Control Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §106, ABC L

S6603B - Summary

Relates to licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises.

S6603B - Sponsor Memo

S6603B - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6603--B
    Cal. No. 535

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Investigations and Govern-
  ment  Operations  --  committee  discharged,  bill  amended,   ordered
  reprinted  as  amended  and  recommitted to said committee -- reported
  favorably from said committee, ordered to  first  and  second  report,
  ordered  to  a third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining
  its place in the order of third reading

AN ACT to amend the alcoholic  beverage  control  law,  in  relation  to
  licenses to sell at retail for consumption on the premises

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 106  of  the  alcoholic  beverage  control  law  is
amended by adding a new subdivision 13-a to read as follows:
  13-A.  (A)  NOTWITHSTANDING  THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION THIRTEEN OF
THIS SECTION THE STATE  LIQUOR  AUTHORITY  MAY  ISSUE  A  LICENSE  UNDER
SECTION  EIGHTY-ONE-A OF THIS CHAPTER TO THE OWNER, LESSOR AND/OR OPERA-
TOR OF PARCEL OR PARCELS DESCRIBED IN THIS PARAGRAPH:
  ALL THAT CERTAIN PLOT, PIECE, OR PARCEL OF LAND WITH THE BUILDINGS AND
IMPROVEMENTS THEREON ERECTED, SITUATE, LYING, AND BEING IN THE  CITY  OF
NEW  YORK,  COUNTY OF KINGS AND STATE OF NEW YORK, AND MORE PARTICULARLY
BOUNDED AND DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS:
  THE CONDOMINIUM UNIT (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE  "UNIT")  IN  THE
BUILDING  (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE "BUILDING") KNOWN AS 210 JORA-
LEMON STREET CONDOMINIUM AND BY  THE  STREET  NUMBER  208-230  JORALEMON
STREET  A/K/A  45-63  COURT  STREET, COUNTY OF KINGS, STATE OF NEW YORK,
SAID UNIT BEING DESIGNATED AND DESCRIBED AS RETAIL UNIT (RU) IN A DECLA-
RATION DATED 4/18/1.2 MADE BY THE  CITY  OF  NEW  YORK,  ACTING  BY  AND
THROUGH  ITS DEPARTMENT OF CITYWIDE ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES, PURSUANT TO
ARTICLE 9-B OF THE REAL PROPERTY LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW  YORK  (HEREIN-
AFTER  REFERRED  TO  AS  THE  "CONDOMINIUM ACT") ESTABLISHING A PLAN FOR
CONDOMINIUM OWNERSHIP OF THE BUILDING AND THE LAND (HEREINAFTER REFERRED
TO AS THE "LAND") UPON WHICH THE BUILDING IS SITUATE (WHICH LAND IS MORE
PARTICULARLY DESCRIBED IN EXHIBIT A ANNEXED HERETO AND BY THIS REFERENCE
MADE A PART HEREOF), WHICH DECLARATION WAS RECORDED IN THE OFFICE OF THE

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets

senate Bill S6602

2015-2016 Legislative Session

Relates to permitting retired law enforcement officers to own large ammunition feeding devices

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status -


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
You must fill out the form below in order to support or oppose this bill. X

Actions

view actions (1)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 29, 2016 referred to codes

S6602 - Details

Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §265.20, Pen L

S6602 - Summary

Permits retired law enforcement officers to own large ammunition feeding devices.

S6602 - Sponsor Memo

S6602 - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  6602

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to large capacity  ammunition
  feeding devices

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Subdivision e of section 265.20 of the penal law, as  added
by chapter 98 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows:
  e.  Subdivision eight of section 265.02 and sections 265.36 and 265.37
of this chapter shall not apply to  a  qualified  retired  New  York  or
federal law enforcement officer as defined in subdivision twenty-five of
section  265.00  of this article, with respect to large capacity ammuni-
tion feeding devices issued to such officer or purchased by such officer
in the course of his or her official duties and owned by such officer at
the time of his or her retirement or comparable  replacements  for  such
devices,  if:  (i)  the  agency that employed the officer qualified such
officer in the use of the weapon which accepts such device in accordance
with applicable state or federal standards for active duty law  enforce-
ment  officers  within twelve months prior to his or her retirement; and
(ii) such retired officer meets, at his or her own expense, such  appli-
cable  standards  for such weapon at least once within three years after
his or her retirement date and at least once every three years thereaft-
er, provided, however, that any such  qualified  officer  who  has  been
retired for eighteen months or more on the effective date of this subdi-
vision shall have eighteen months from such effective date to qualify in
the use of the weapon which accepts such large capacity ammunition feed-
ing  device  according  to  the provisions of this subdivision, notwith-
standing that such officer did not qualify within three years after  his
or  her  retirement date, provided that such officer is otherwise quali-
fied and maintains compliance with the provisions of  this  subdivision.
FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SUBDIVISION, A COMPARABLE REPLACEMENT SHALL INCLUDE
A LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE THAT IS CAPABLE OF HOLDING UP
TO SIXTEEN ROUNDS.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.

To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse

related issues:

Senate Joint Task Force on Heroin and Opioid Addiction
Chair: Senator Terrance Murphy, Senator George A. Amedore, Jr. and Senator Robert Ortt
Sponsor: Senator Thomas F. O’Mara
Public Meeting: To examine the issues facing communities in the wake of increased heroin abuse
Place: Penn Yan Middle School Auditorium, 515 Liberty Street, Penn Yan, New York
Time: 6:30 P.M. – 9:30 P.M.

assembly Bill A9161

Signed By Governor
2015-2016 Legislative Session

Relates to certificates of occupancy for unmapped streets in the city of New York

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status Via S6388 -


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed by Governor
You must fill out the form below in order to support or oppose this bill. X

Actions

view actions (13)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jul 21, 2016 signed chap.177
Jul 13, 2016 delivered to governor
Jun 16, 2016 returned to senate
passed assembly
home rule request
ordered to third reading rules cal.398
substituted for a9161
Jun 16, 2016 substituted by s6388a
Jun 15, 2016 ordered to third reading rules cal.398
rules report cal.398
reported
Jun 14, 2016 reported referred to rules
Jan 29, 2016 referred to cities

A9161 - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S6388A
Law Section:
General City Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §36, Gen City L

A9161 - Summary

Relates to certificates of occupancy for unmapped streets in the city of New York.

A9161 - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  9161

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced by M. of A. CUSICK -- read once and referred to the Committee
  on Cities

AN  ACT  to  amend  the general city law, in relation to certificates of
  occupancy for unmapped streets in the city of New York

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Subdivision  3  of section 36 of the general city law, as
added by a chapter of the laws of 2015, amending the  general  city  law
relating  to  certificates of occupancy for unmapped streets in the city
of New York,  as  proposed  in  legislative  bills  numbers  A.7487  and
S.3472-A, is amended to read as follows:
  3.  Notwithstanding  any  provision  of law, rule or regulation to the
contrary, a certificate of occupancy for a one or two family residential
dwelling WHICH IS OTHERWISE IN COMPLIANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE LAWS shall
be issued by the department of buildings of the city of New York for any
building abutting an unmapped street without a review by  the  board  of
standards  and appeals in the following circumstances: (a) if the corpo-
ration counsel of the city of New York has issued an opinion determining
that the public way has been open and in use to the public for a minimum
of ten years and has been attested to by documents satisfactory  to  the
municipality,  that the unmapped street abutting such building or struc-
ture shall have been  suitably  improved  to  the  satisfaction  of  the
department  of transportation of the city of New York in accordance with
standards and specifications approved by such department as adequate  in
respect to the public health, safety and general welfare for the special
circumstances  of the particular unmapped street, and that such building
or structure is equipped with an automatic fire sprinkler, or (b) if the
department of buildings of the city of New York determines that  [other]
SUCH  one  or  two family residential [dwellings which have] DWELLING IS
LOCATED WITHIN THE SAME BLOCK AND FRONTING ON THE SAME  UNMAPPED  STREET
IN  QUESTION AS ANOTHER BUILDING OR STRUCTURE THAT successfully appealed
to the board of  standards  and  appeals  and  [have]  HAS  been  issued
[certificates]  A  CERTIFICATE of occupancy [are located within the same
block where such buildings or structures also have frontage that direct-

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.

assembly Bill A9160

Signed By Governor
2015-2016 Legislative Session

Requires the consumer protection division to post on the division website information on the related risks associated with unsecured furniture, televisions, and appliances

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status Via S6399 -


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed by Governor
You must fill out the form below in order to support or oppose this bill. X

Actions

view actions (13)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Apr 08, 2016 signed chap.26
Apr 05, 2016 delivered to governor
Mar 23, 2016 returned to senate
passed assembly
ordered to third reading rules cal.8
substituted for a9160
Mar 23, 2016 substituted by s6399a
Mar 22, 2016 ordered to third reading rules cal.8
rules report cal.8
reported
reported referred to rules
Feb 09, 2016 reported referred to ways and means
Jan 29, 2016 referred to consumer affairs and protection

Multi-Sponsors

A9160 - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S6399A
Law Section:
Consumer
Laws Affected:
Amd §1, Chap of 2015 (as proposed in S.4543 and A.7018)

A9160 - Summary

Requires the consumer protection division to post on the division website information on the related risks associated with unsecured furniture, televisions, and appliances.

A9160 - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  9160

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 29, 2016
                               ___________

Introduced by M. of A. DINOWITZ -- read once and referred to the Commit-
  tee on Consumer Affairs and Protection

AN  ACT  to  amend a chapter of the laws of 2015, requiring the consumer
  protection division to develop an unsecured furniture, television, and
  appliance public awareness campaign, as proposed in legislative  bills
  numbers  S.  4543 and A. 7018, requiring the consumer protection divi-
  sion to post on the division website information on the related  risks
  associated with unsecured furniture, televisions and appliances

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 1 of a chapter of the laws of 2015,  requiring  the
consumer  protection  division  to develop an unsecured furniture, tele-
vision, and appliance public awareness campaign, as proposed in legisla-
tive bills numbers S. 4543 and A. 7018, is amended to read as follows:
  Section 1. The consumer protection division shall  develop,  establish
and  implement  a public [awareness campaign] OUTREACH PROGRAM regarding
the dangers of unsecured furniture, televisions, and  other  appliances.
The [campaign] PROGRAM shall include information on the dangers of unse-
cured furniture, televisions and appliances including potential injuries
and fatalities and prevention methods.  Such public [awareness campaign]
OUTREACH  PROGRAM  SHALL INCLUDE BROCHURES, CONSUMER GUIDES, POSTERS, OR
ANY COMBINATION THEREOF, AND shall be made available to  the  public  by
any means deemed appropriate by the division [including, but not limited
to,]  AND  MAY  INCLUDE  internet, radio, and print advertising [such as
billboards and posters]. The [campaign] PROGRAM may  also  identify  and
recruit  individuals  to serve as visible, public ambassadors to promote
this message. The [campaign] DIVISION shall include [an], ON ITS  inter-
net  website, [providing] information on the risks associated with unse-
cured furniture, televisions, and appliances and the resources available
to prevent related injuries and fatalities. [The campaign]  THE  PROGRAM
shall  begin  no later than [January] APRIL 1, 2016.  The division shall
[prepare an] INCLUDE IN ITS annual report to the governor and the legis-
lature [on or before December first of each year on the public awareness
campaign, including: (i)] INFORMATION RELATED TO actions  taken  by  the

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.