TITLE OF BILL:
to amend the mental hygiene law and the education law,
in relation to requiring the
office of alcoholism and substance abuse services
a curriculum in
problem gambling which may be provided in grades four through twelve
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BELL:
Requires the Office of Alcoholism and
Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) to develop an adolescent problem
gambling curriculum to be available for schools for grades 4-12.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section 1 amends/section 19.07 of the
mental hygiene law by adding a new subdivision i to require the
OASAS in consultation with the education department to establish a
curriculum for a course of instruction in adolescent problem
gambling, which may, M the option of any school, be provided in
grades 4-1,2. Such course should include materials to educate
students on the dangers and consequences of problem gambling, and
shall be available on the interact website of OASAS.
Section 2 amends section 305 of education law to add new subdivision
42 to require the department to post on their website the curriculum
Section 3 makes the act take effect immediately and section one shall
take effect on September 1, 2012.
A recent study by the New York Council on Problem
Gambling highlighted the need for gambling education in New York State:
While participation in all forms of gambling is illegal for
individuals under the ace of 18 in New York State, 86% of the New
York adolescent respondents said that they bad bet on one or more
types of gambling at some rime, 75% had gambled in the past year and
15% had bet on one or more types of gambling on a weekly basis.
Despite restrictions on underage gambling in New York State, nearly
one-third of the adolescent respondents have been able to purchase
lottery tickets, 9% have been able to wager at horse or dog races, 6%
have been able to participate in Quick Draw and 5% have been able to
gamble at a casino. Despite their substantially lower income,
adolescents in New York report spending approximately one-third as
much, on average, as adults report spending on all types of gambling.
There is concern that lottery gambling may be an experience that encour-
ages young people to engage in other, less broadly sanctioned types of
gambling as well as in other risk-taking behaviors, such as illicit
drug use. A significant increase in lottery play by age was
identified among New York adolescents.
While 20% of 13-year-olds in the sample have purchased lottery
products in the past year, 36% of 17-year-olds have done so. The
increase in lottery play is correlated with increases in other types
of gambling and in the use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana.
In New York, 2.4% 1.09%) of the total sample of adolescent respondents
were classified as problem gamblers, the most serious classification
of gambling-related difficulties among youth. Another 14.0% (-2.05%)
of the total sample of adolescent respondents were classified as
gamblers at risk for developing gambling problems.
Based on the prevalence rates, it is estimated that there are between
15,400 and 41,000 adolescents in New York who have experienced severe
problems with their gambling and between 135,000 and 193,000 whose
gambling involvement has caused them difficulties in the past or,
more likely, places them at risk for developing gambling-related
difficulties in the future.
Problem gamblers are more likely than other adolescents who gamble to
have problems with family members or friends due to gambling and to
have had trouble at school or work due to their gambling. Problem
gamblers are more likely than at-risk or non-problem gamblers to have
shoplifted, sold drugs and engaged in other illegal activities to get
money to gamble or to pay gambling debts.
Gambling involvement among adolescents in New York is correlated with
alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, weekly gamblers are more likely
than less frequent gamblers to have ever tried alcohol, tobacco and
marijuana and to have gotten into trouble in the past year because of
their alcohol or drug use.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2003: A.11639 - Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Committee
2009-10: A.4339 - Referred to Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Committee
This act shall take on September 1, 2012.