senate Bill S1379

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Prohibits using possession of a condom as evidence in a trial, hearing or proceeding in certain circumstances

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to judiciary
Jan 09, 2013 referred to judiciary

Co-Sponsors

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S1379 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A2736
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Civil Practice Law and Rules
Laws Affected:
Add §4519-a, CPLR; add §60.47, CP L; amd §841, Exec L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S323, A1008
2009-2010: S1289A, A10893

S1379 - Bill Texts

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Provides that possession of a condom may not be received in evidence in any trial, hearing or proceeding as evidence of prostitution, patronizing a prostitute, promoting prostitution, permitting prostitution, maintaining a premises for prostitution, lewdness or assignation, or maintaining a bawdy house.

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BILL NUMBER:S1379

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the civil practice law and rules, the criminal procedure
law and the executive law,
in relation to the use in evidence of the fact of possession
of a condom

PURPOSE:
Possession of contraceptive devices would not be permitted in
specified criminal or civil proceedings as evidence of prostitution.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
A new section 4519-a would be added to the CPLR to prohibit the
introduction of possession of a condom or other contraceptive device
in any trial, hearing or proceeding pursuant to Section 12.1 and
Article 10 of the multiple dwelling law (prohibited use of dwellings
for prostitution); Sections 12-a, 2302 and 2320 of the public health
law (health examinations and buildings and equipment of
prostitution); Section 231 of the real property law (tenant
prostitutes), and Sections 711.5 and 715 of the real property actions
and proceedings law (summary proceedings) as evidence of
prostitution, patronizing a prostitute, lewdness or assignation, or
maintaining a bawdy house.

New Section 60.47 would be added to the Criminal Procedure Law to
prohibit the introduction of possession of a condom or other
contraceptive device in NY trial, hearing or proceeding pursuant to
Section 60.42 of the criminal procedure law or Section 240.37 of the
penal law for the purpose of establishing probable cause for an
arrest or proving any person's commission or attempted commission of
such offense.

EXISTING LAW:
Currently, possession of condoms may be introduced as evidence of
prostitution.

JUSTIFICATION:
It does not promote public health and welfare if the law discourages
prostitutes from carrying condoms. If anything, their use by
prostitutes should be encouraged by public policy as long as the
sanction against prostitution are not affected. Also, the mere act of
carrying or otherwise possessing condoms should not, in whole or in
part, expose the individuals to the risk of being accused of
prostitution or directly related offenses.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
1999-2000 S.1645 Died in Committee
2001-2002 S.2299 Died in Committee
2003-2004 S.1701 Died in Committee
2005-2006 S.1704 Died in Committee
2007-2008 S.4089 Died in Committee
2009-2010 S.1289-A Died in Committee
2011-2012 S.323 Died in Committee


FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of November
next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1379

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sens. MONTGOMERY, ADAMS, AVELLA, BRESLIN, DILAN, HASSELL-
  THOMPSON, KRUEGER, PARKER, PERKINS, RIVERA, SAVINO, SERRANO, SQUADRON,
  STAVISKY, STEWART-COUSINS -- read twice and ordered printed, and  when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary

AN ACT to amend the civil practice law and rules, the criminal procedure
  law  and  the executive law, in relation to the use in evidence of the
  fact of possession of a condom

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The civil practice law and rules is amended by adding a new
section 4519-a to read as follows:
  S 4519-A. POSSESSION OF CONDOMS; RECEIPT INTO EVIDENCE.  POSSESSION OF
A  CONDOM  MAY  NOT  BE  RECEIVED  IN  EVIDENCE IN ANY TRIAL, HEARING OR
PROCEEDING PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION TWELVE AND ARTICLE TEN
OF THE MULTIPLE DWELLING LAW, SECTIONS  TWELVE-A,  TWENTY-THREE  HUNDRED
TWO  AND  TWENTY-THREE  HUNDRED TWENTY OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, SECTION
TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-ONE OF THE REAL PROPERTY LAW OR SUBDIVISION  FIVE  OF
SECTION  SEVEN  HUNDRED  ELEVEN AND SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTEEN OF THE
REAL PROPERTY ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS LAW AS EVIDENCE  OF  PROSTITUTION,
PATRONIZING  A  PROSTITUTE, PROMOTING PROSTITUTION, PERMITTING PROSTITU-
TION, MAINTAINING A PREMISES FOR PROSTITUTION, LEWDNESS OR  ASSIGNATION,
OR MAINTAINING A BAWDY HOUSE.
  S  2.  The  criminal  procedure law is amended by adding a new section
60.47 to read as follows:
S 60.47 POSSESSION OF CONDOMS; RECEIPT INTO EVIDENCE.
  EVIDENCE THAT A PERSON WAS IN POSSESSION OF ONE OR  MORE  CONDOMS  MAY
NOT  BE  ADMITTED  AT ANY TRIAL, HEARING OR OTHER PROCEEDING IN A PROSE-
CUTION FOR ANY OFFENSE, OR AN ATTEMPT TO COMMIT ANY OFFENSE, DEFINED  IN
ARTICLE  TWO  HUNDRED  THIRTY OR SECTION 240.37 OF THE PENAL LAW FOR THE

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03903-01-3

S. 1379                             2

PURPOSE OF ESTABLISHING PROBABLE CAUSE FOR  AN  ARREST  OR  PROVING  ANY
PERSON'S COMMISSION OR ATTEMPTED COMMISSION OF SUCH OFFENSE.
  S  3.  Section  841  of  the  executive law is amended by adding a new
subdivision 7-b to read as follows:
  7-B. TAKE SUCH STEPS AS MAY BE NECESSARY TO  ENSURE  THAT  ALL  POLICE
OFFICERS  AND  PEACE OFFICERS CERTIFIED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION THREE OF
THIS SECTION RECEIVE APPROPRIATE INSTRUCTION REGARDING  THE  EVIDENTIARY
PROHIBITION  SET  FORTH  IN  SECTION 60.47 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW
RELATING TO THE INTRODUCTION OF CONDOMS INTO EVIDENCE IN CERTAIN  CRIMI-
NAL PROSECUTIONS;
  S 4. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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