senate Bill S1450

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Penalizes crimes of vehicular assault and vehicular manslaughter as felonies when committed while driving with a suspended or revoked license

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Archive: Last Bill Status - Passed Senate


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jun 11, 2014 referred to codes
delivered to assembly
passed senate
May 28, 2014 advanced to third reading
May 21, 2014 2nd report cal.
May 20, 2014 1st report cal.896
Jan 08, 2014 referred to codes
returned to senate
died in assembly
Jun 04, 2013 referred to codes
delivered to assembly
passed senate
Jun 03, 2013 advanced to third reading
May 30, 2013 2nd report cal.
May 29, 2013 1st report cal.774
Jan 09, 2013 referred to codes

Votes

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May 20, 2014 - Codes committee Vote

S1450
15
1
committee
15
Aye
1
Nay
0
Aye with Reservations
0
Absent
0
Excused
0
Abstained
show Codes committee vote details

May 29, 2013 - Codes committee Vote

S1450
14
1
committee
14
Aye
1
Nay
0
Aye with Reservations
0
Absent
0
Excused
0
Abstained
show Codes committee vote details

Co-Sponsors

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S1450 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A291
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยงยง120.03 & 125.12, Pen L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S2596A, A3275A
2009-2010: A2612

S1450 - Bill Texts

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Penalizes crimes of vehicular assault and vehicular manslaughter as felonies when such crimes are committed while driving with a suspended or revoked license.

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BILL NUMBER:S1450

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to
penalties for causing serious injury or death while knowingly
operating a motor vehicle with a revoked or suspended license

PURPOSE:
To create two new felony crimes addressing those who cause such
serious physical injury or death by operation of a motor vehicle while
knowing or having reason to know that his or her license or privilege
of operating a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 provides for the amending of Section 120.03 of the Penal
Law, to include the new crime of causing serious physical injury by
operation of a motor vehicle while knowing or having reason to know
that one's license or privilege of operating a motor vehicle is
suspended or revoked pursuant to provisions of five hundred ten of the
vehicle and Traffic Law, as vehicular assault in the second degree,
which is a class E felony.

Section 2 also provides for the amending of Section 125.12 of the
Penal Law, to include the new crime of causing the death of such other
person by operation of a motor vehicle while knowing or having reason
to know that his or her license or privilege of operating a motor
vehicle is suspended or revoked pursuant to provisions of section five
hundred ten of the Vehicle and Traffic Law, as vehicular manslaughter
in the second degree, which is a class D felony.

JUSTIFICATION:
Under current law any person who commits vehicular assault, or
vehicular manslaughter, while operating a motor vehicle while knowing
or having reason to know that his or her license or privilege of
operating a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked, pursuant to
provisions of section five hundred ten of the vehicle and traffic law,
may not face serious criminal penalties.

The injuries and tragedies associated with serious vehicular accidents
may be ultimately preventable. An individual who operates a motor
vehicle while knowing or having reason to know that his or her license
or privilege of operating a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked is
making a conscious decision to disregard their suspension or
revocation, and by doing so, are potentially putting lives in danger.

Individuals with suspended or revoked licenses should not be operating
motor vehicles. This bill will be a deterrent. Law enforcement must be
given the ability to prosecute such individuals to make our roadways
safer.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
01/25/05 Referred to Codes
01/04/06 Referred to Codes
01/17/07 Referred to Codes
02/09/08 Referred to Codes
2009/10: Referred to Codes
2011/12: Passed Senate/Assembly Codes Committee


FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None to the state.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding
the date on which it shall have become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1450

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced by Sens. FLANAGAN, MAZIARZ -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  penal law, in relation to penalties for causing
  serious injury or death while knowingly operating a motor vehicle with
  a revoked or suspended license

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1. Section 120.03 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 732
of the laws of 2006, is amended to read as follows:
S 120.03 Vehicular assault in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of vehicular assault in the second degree  when  he
or she causes serious physical injury to another person, and either:
  (1)  operates  a motor vehicle in violation of subdivision two, three,
four or four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the  vehicle  and
traffic  law or operates a vessel or public vessel in violation of para-
graph (b), (c), (d) or (e) of subdivision two of section forty-nine-a of
the navigation law, and as a result of such intoxication  or  impairment
by  the use of a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of alco-
hol and any drug or drugs, operates such motor vehicle, vessel or public
vessel in a manner that causes such  serious  physical  injury  to  such
other person, or
  (2)  operates  a  motor  vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of
more than eighteen thousand pounds which contains flammable gas,  radio-
active  materials  or  explosives  in  violation  of  subdivision one of
section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and  traffic  law,  and
such  flammable gas, radioactive materials or explosives is the cause of
such serious physical injury, and as a result of such impairment by  the
use of alcohol, operates such motor vehicle in a manner that causes such
serious physical injury to such other person, or

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD04329-01-3

S. 1450                             2

  (3) operates a snowmobile in violation of paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of
subdivision  one  of section 25.24 of the parks, recreation and historic
preservation law or operates an all terrain vehicle as defined in  para-
graph (a) of subdivision one of section twenty-two hundred eighty-one of
the  vehicle and traffic law and in violation of subdivision two, three,
four, or four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle  and
traffic  law,  and as a result of such intoxication or impairment by the
use of a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of  alcohol  and
any  drug or drugs, operates such snowmobile or all terrain vehicle in a
manner that causes such serious physical injury to such other person[.],
OR
  (4) CAUSES SUCH SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY BY OPERATION OF A MOTOR  VEHI-
CLE  WHILE  KNOWING  OR HAVING REASON TO KNOW THAT HIS OR HER LICENSE OR
PRIVILEGE OF OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE IS SUSPENDED OR REVOKED  PURSUANT
TO  PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS TWO AND TWO-A OF SECTION FIVE HUNDRED TEN
AND SUBDIVISIONS ONE AND THREE OF SECTION  FIVE  HUNDRED  TEN-A  OF  THE
VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.
  If  it  is  established  that the person operating such motor vehicle,
vessel, public vessel, snowmobile or all  terrain  vehicle  caused  such
serious  physical injury while unlawfully intoxicated or impaired by the
use of alcohol or a drug, then there shall be a  rebuttable  presumption
that, as a result of such intoxication or impairment by the use of alco-
hol  or  a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of alcohol and
any drug or drugs, such  person  operated  the  motor  vehicle,  vessel,
public vessel, snowmobile or all terrain vehicle in a manner that caused
such serious physical injury, as required by this section.
  Vehicular assault in the second degree is a class E felony.
  S 2. Section 125.12 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 732 of the
laws of 2006, is amended to read as follows:
S 125.12 Vehicular manslaughter in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of vehicular manslaughter in the second degree when
he or she causes the death of another person, and either:
  (1)  operates  a motor vehicle in violation of subdivision two, three,
four or four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the  vehicle  and
traffic  law or operates a vessel or public vessel in violation of para-
graph (b), (c), (d) or (e) of subdivision two of section forty-nine-a of
the navigation law, and as a result of such intoxication  or  impairment
by  the use of a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of alco-
hol and any drug or drugs, operates such motor vehicle, vessel or public
vessel in a manner that causes the death of such other person, or
  (2) operates a motor vehicle with a gross  vehicle  weight  rating  of
more  than eighteen thousand pounds which contains flammable gas, radio-
active materials or  explosives  in  violation  of  subdivision  one  of
section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, and
such flammable gas, radioactive materials or explosives is the cause  of
such  death,  and  as a result of such impairment by the use of alcohol,
operates such motor vehicle in a manner that causes the  death  of  such
other person, or
  (3) operates a snowmobile in violation of paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of
subdivision  one  of section 25.24 of the parks, recreation and historic
preservation law or operates an all terrain vehicle as defined in  para-
graph (a) of subdivision one of section twenty-two hundred eighty-one of
the  vehicle  and  traffic  law  in violation of subdivision two, three,
four, or four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle  and
traffic  law,  and as a result of such intoxication or impairment by the
use of a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of  alcohol  and

S. 1450                             3

any  drug or drugs, operates such snowmobile or all terrain vehicle in a
manner that causes the death of such other person[.], OR
  (4)  CAUSES  THE  DEATH  OF  SUCH OTHER PERSON BY OPERATION OF A MOTOR
VEHICLE WHILE KNOWING OR HAVING REASON TO KNOW THAT HIS OR  HER  LICENSE
OR PRIVILEGE OF OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE IS SUSPENDED OR REVOKED PURSU-
ANT  TO PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS TWO AND TWO-A OF SECTION FIVE HUNDRED
TEN AND SUBDIVISIONS ONE AND THREE OF SECTION FIVE HUNDRED TEN-A OF  THE
VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW.
  If  it  is  established  that the person operating such motor vehicle,
vessel, public vessel, snowmobile or all  terrain  vehicle  caused  such
death  while unlawfully intoxicated or impaired by the use of alcohol or
a drug, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption that, as  a  result
of  such  intoxication or impairment by the use of alcohol or a drug, or
by the combined influence of drugs or of alcohol and any drug or  drugs,
such  person  operated the motor vehicle, vessel, public vessel, snowmo-
bile or all terrain vehicle in a  manner  that  caused  such  death,  as
required by this section.
  Vehicular manslaughter in the second degree is a class D felony.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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