senate Bill S6599D

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Requires certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea

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Archive: Last Bill Status - Passed Senate


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
May 07, 2014 referred to education
May 06, 2014 delivered to assembly
passed senate
Apr 28, 2014 amended on third reading 6599d
Mar 31, 2014 amended on third reading (t) 6599c
Mar 18, 2014 amended on third reading (t) 6599b
Mar 11, 2014 ordered to third reading cal.278
committee discharged and committed to rules
Feb 21, 2014 print number 6599a
amend and recommit to education
Feb 11, 2014 referred to education

Votes

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Bill Amendments

Original
A
B
C
D (Active)
Original
A
B
C
D (Active)

S6599 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9703
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add §706, Ed L

S6599 - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6599

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to
requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the
East Sea and to include information on "comfort women"

PURPOSE OF THE BILL:

To facilitate the teaching of an unbiased and factual account of
events that occurred during World War II involving the Comfort Women
and to reference that the Sea of Japan is also known as the East Sea.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding two new
sections 706 and 707 which require that any text-book approved and
issued pursuant to section seven hundred one of this article which
refers to the Sea of Japan shall note that it is also referred to as
the East Sea and also include historical information regarding the
"comfort women". The term "comfort women" shall collectively refer to
the acquisition of thousands of women by the government of japan for
the sole purpose of sexual servitude for the Imperial Japanese army
during World War II.

Section 2 sets an immediate effective date and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2019.

JUSTIFICATION:

The purpose of this legislation is to facilitate the teaching of an
unbiased and factual account of events that occurred during World War
II involving the "Comfort Women" and an acknowledgement that the Sea
of Japan is also known as the East Sea.

These two separate issues recognize important historical facts to many
members of the Korean community in New York state and throughout the
United States, therefore it is important to ensure these are
accurately reflected in the text books used to teach our students.

During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army forced thousands of
women to prostitute themselves for the benefit of the Emperor's troops
in Korea and other nations. There have been recent efforts to deny the
existence of this atrocity and to blame it on alleged "racial
conflicts" and efforts to harass the people of Japan. These attempts
to deny or minimize these historic events make it necessary to provide
an unbiased and factual account of these issues to our students. It is
also important to make sure this history is taught in light of the
increasing amount of sex trafficking that is happening within the
United States as well as throughout the world. We cannot allow the
history of the "Comfort Women" to be ignored and we must shed light on
this continuing victimization of women and men that has a long and
torturous legacy dating many thousands of years.

This bill will also facilitate an understanding that the body of water
that separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should be known as the
"East Sea" as well as the "Sea of Japan". While the name "Sea of
Japan" was introduced sometime during the late 1920's during a time


when Japan occupied Korea, both Korea and China have referred to this
same body of water as the "East Sea" for well over 2000 years. In
addition, there are dozens of world maps predating the 19th century
that refer to this body of water as the "East Sea".

Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the
standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution
A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries
sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name,
the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently.
This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on
Geographical Names 111/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that
accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest
would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice.
Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that
seas bordering different countries should not be named after one
particular nation. Therefore acknowledging the dual reference of the
"Sea of Japan" and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with
this international principle.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2014.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  6599

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Education

AN ACT to amend the education law,  in  relation  to  requiring  certain
  text-books  to  reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea and to
  include information on "comfort women"

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The education law is amended by adding two new sections 706
and 707 to read as follows:
  S  706.  REFERENCE  TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED
PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE  WHICH  REFERS  TO
THE SEA OF JAPAN SHALL NOTE THAT IT IS ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE EAST SEA.
  S  707.   COMFORT WOMEN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED PURSUANT TO
SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE  OF  THIS  ARTICLE  SHALL  INCLUDE  HISTORICAL
INFORMATION REGARDING THE "COMFORT WOMEN". SUCH TERM COLLECTIVELY REFERS
TO  THE ACQUISITION OF THOUSANDS OF WOMEN BY THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN FOR
THE SOLE PURPOSE OF SEXUAL SERVITUDE  FOR  THE  IMPERIAL  JAPANESE  ARMY
DURING WORLD WAR II.
  S  2.  This  act  shall take effect immediately and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2014.





 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13988-02-4

S6599A - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9703
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add §706, Ed L

S6599A - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6599A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to
requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the
East Sea and to include information on "comfort women"

PURPOSE OF THE BILL:

To facilitate the teaching of an unbiased and factual account of
events that occurred during World War II involving the Comfort Women
and to reference that the Sea of Japan is also known as the East Sea.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding two new
sections 706 and 707 which require that any text-book approved and
issued pursuant to section seven hundred one of this article which
refers to the Sea of Japan shall change the name from Sea of Japan to
the East Sea, or in the alternative shall note that it is also
referred to as the East Sea and also include historical information
regarding the "comfort women". The term "comfort women" shall
collectively refer to the acquisition of thousands of women by the
government of Japan for the sole purpose of sexual servitude for the
Imperial Japanese army during World War II.

Section 2 sets an immediate effective date and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2014.

JUSTIFICATION:

The purpose of this legislation is to facilitate the teaching of an
unbiased and factual account of events that occurred during World War
II involving the "Comfort Women" and an acknowledgement that the Sea
of Japan should be known as the East Sea or in the alternative that
there is a dual reference to the Sea of Japan and the East Sea.

These two separate issues recognize important historical facts to many
members of the Korean community in New York state and throughout the
United States, therefore it is important to ensure these are
accurately reflected in the text books used to teach our students.

During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army forced thousands of
women to prostitute themselves for the benefit of the Emperor's troops
in Korea and other nations. There have been recent efforts to deny the
existence of this atrocity and to blame it on alleged "racial
conflicts" and efforts to harass the people of Japan. These attempts
to deny or minimize these historic events make it necessary to provide
an unbiased and factual account of these issues to our students. It is
also important to make sure this history is taught in light of the
increasing amount of sex trafficking that is happening within the
United States as well as throughout the world. We cannot allow the
history of the "Comfort Women" to be ignored and we must shed light on
this continuing victimization of women and men that has a long and
torturous legacy dating many thousands of years.

This bill will also facilitate an understanding that the body of water
that separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should be known as the


"East Sea" or in the alternative that the "Sea of Japan" is also known
as the "East Sea". While the name "Sea of Japan" was introduced
sometime during the late 1920's during a time when Japan occupied
Korea, both Korea and China have referred to this same body of water
as the "East Sea" for well over 2000 years. In addition, there are
dozens of world maps predating the 19th century that refer to this
body of water as the "East Sea".

Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the
standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution
A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries
sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name,
the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently.
This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on
Geographical Names III/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that
accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest
would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice.
Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that
seas bordering different countries should not be named after one
particular nation. Therefore, permanently changing the name to the
"East Sea" or in the alternative acknowledging a dual reference of the
"Sea of Japan" and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with
this international principle.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2014.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6599--A

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Education  --  committee
  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
  to said committee

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  education law, in relation to requiring certain
  text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea  and  to
  include information on "comfort women"

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The education law is amended by adding two new sections 706
and 707 to read as follows:
  S 706. REFERENCE TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK  APPROVED  AND  ISSUED
PURSUANT  TO  SECTION  SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE WHICH REFERS TO
THE SEA OF JAPAN SHALL CHANGE THE NAME FROM SEA OF  JAPAN  TO  THE  EAST
SEA, OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE SHALL NOTE THAT IT IS ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE
EAST SEA.
  S  707.   COMFORT WOMEN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED PURSUANT TO
SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE  OF  THIS  ARTICLE  SHALL  INCLUDE  HISTORICAL
INFORMATION REGARDING THE "COMFORT WOMEN". SUCH TERM COLLECTIVELY REFERS
TO  THE ACQUISITION OF THOUSANDS OF WOMEN BY THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN FOR
THE SOLE PURPOSE OF SEXUAL SERVITUDE  FOR  THE  IMPERIAL  JAPANESE  ARMY
DURING WORLD WAR II.
  S  2.  This  act  shall take effect immediately and shall apply to any
text-books issued on and after July 1, 2014.




 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13988-03-4

S6599B - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9703
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add §706, Ed L

S6599B - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6599B

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to
requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the
East Sea and requiring instruction on the servitude of "comfort women"
by the Imperial Japanese army

PURPOSE OF THE BILL: To facilitate the teaching of an unbiased and
factual account of events that occurred during World War II involving
the Comfort Women and to reference that the Sea of Japan is also known
as the East Sea.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding a section 706
which will require that any text-book approved and issued pursuant to
section seven hundred one of this article which refers to the Sea of
Japan shall change the name from Sea of Japan to the East Sea, or in
the alternative shall note that it is also referred to as the East
Sea.

Section 2 of the bill amends section 801 of the education law by
adding the following clause to the this section on courses of
instruction in patriotism and citizenship and in certain historic
documents: "the forced sexual servitude of thousands of "comfort
women" by the Imperial Japanese army during World War II".

Section 3 sets an effective date of the first of July next succeeding
enactment, provided that section one shall apply only to text-books
approved and issued on or after July 1, 2016.

JUSTIFICATION: The purpose of this legislation is to facilitate the
teaching of an unbiased and factual account of events that occurred
during World War II involving the "Comfort Women" and an
acknowledgement that the Sea of Japan should be known as the East Sea
or in the alternative that there is a dual reference to the Sea of
japan and the East Sea.

These two separate issues recognize important historical facts to many
members of the Korean community in New York state and throughout the
United States, therefore it is important to ensure these are
accurately reflected in the text books used to teach our students.

During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army forced thousands of
women into forced sexual slavery for the benefit of the Emperor's
troops in Korea and other nations. There have been recent efforts to
deny the existence of this atrocity and to blame it on alleged "racial
conflicts" and efforts to harass the people of Japan. These attempts
to deny or minimize these historic events make it necessary to provide
an unbiased and factual account of these issues to our students. It is
also important to make sure this history is taught in light of the
increasing amount of sex trafficking that is happening within the
United States as well as throughout the world. We cannot allow the
history of the "Comfort Women" to be ignored and we must shed light on
this continuing victimization of women and men that has a long and
torturous legacy dating many thousands of years.


This bill will also facilitate an understanding that the body of water
that separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should be known as the
"East Sea" or in the alternative that the "Sea of Japan" is also known
as the "East Sea". While the name "Sea of Japan" was introduced
sometime during the late 1920's during a time when Japan occupied
Korea, both Korea and China have referred to this same body of water
as the "East Sea" for well over 2000 years. In addition, there are
dozens of world maps predating the 19th century that refer to this
body of water as the "East Sea".

Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the
standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution
A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries
sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name,
the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently.
This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on
Geographical Names III/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that
accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest
would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice.
Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that
seas bordering different countries should not be named after one
particular nation. Therefore, permanently changing the name to the
"East Sea" or in the alternative acknowledging a dual reference of the
"Sea of Japan" and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with
this international principle.

PR1OR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of July next
succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law, except that
section one shall take effect July 1, 2016 and shall apply to
text-books approved and issued on or after such date.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6599--B
    Cal. No. 278

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Education  --  committee
  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
  to  said  committee -- committee discharged and said bill committed to
  the Committee on Rules -- ordered to  a  third  reading,  amended  and
  ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  education law, in relation to requiring certain
  text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as  also  the  East  Sea  and
  requiring instruction on the servitude of "comfort women" by the Impe-
  rial Japanese army

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The education law is amended by adding a new section 706 to
read as follows:
  S 706. REFERENCE TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK  APPROVED  AND  ISSUED
PURSUANT  TO  SECTION  SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE WHICH REFERS TO
THE SEA OF JAPAN SHALL CHANGE THE NAME FROM SEA OF  JAPAN  TO  THE  EAST
SEA, OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE SHALL NOTE THAT IT IS ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE
EAST SEA.
  S  2. Subdivision 1 of section 801 of the education law, as amended by
chapter 574 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows:
  1. In order to promote a spirit of patriotic  and  civic  service  and
obligation  and  to foster in the children of the state moral and intel-
lectual qualities which are essential in preparing  to  meet  the  obli-
gations of citizenship in peace or in war, the regents of The University
of  the  State  of  New  York  shall prescribe courses of instruction in
patriotism, citizenship, and human rights issues, with particular atten-
tion to the study of the inhumanity of genocide, slavery (including  the
freedom trail and underground railroad), the Holocaust, THE FORCED SEXU-
AL  SERVITUDE  OF  THOUSANDS OF "COMFORT WOMEN" BY THE IMPERIAL JAPANESE
ARMY DURING WORLD WAR II, and the mass starvation in Ireland  from  1845
to  1850, to be maintained and followed in all the schools of the state.
The boards of education and trustees of the several  cities  and  school
districts  of  the  state  shall require instruction to be given in such

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13988-04-4

S. 6599--B                          2

courses, by the teachers employed in the  schools  therein.  All  pupils
attending  such  schools, over the age of eight years, shall attend upon
such instruction.
  Similar  courses  of instruction shall be prescribed and maintained in
private schools in the state, and all pupils in such schools over  eight
years  of age shall attend upon such courses. If such courses are not so
established and maintained in a private school, attendance upon instruc-
tion in such school shall not  be  deemed  substantially  equivalent  to
instruction  given  to  pupils  of like age in the public schools of the
city or district in which such pupils reside.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the first of July  next  succeeding
the date on which it shall have become a law, except that section one of
this  act  shall  take effect July 1, 2016 and shall apply to text-books
approved and issued on or after such date.

S6599C - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9703
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add §706, Ed L

S6599C - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6599C

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to
requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the
East Sea

PURPOSE OF THE BILL:

To require that the Sea of Japan be referenced as the East Sea in
textbooks used in New York.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding a section 706
which will require that any text-book approved and issued pursuant to
section seven hundred one of this article which refers to the Sea of
Japan shall change the name from Sea of Japan to the East Sea, or in
the alternative shall note that it is also referred to as the East
Sea.

Section 2 of the bill sets an effective date of the July 1, 2016 and
the provisions shall apply to books approved and issued after that
date.

JUSTIFICATION:

This bill will facilitate an understanding that the body of water that
separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should be known as the "East
Sea" or in the alternative that the "Sea of Japan" is also known as
the "East Sea". While the name "Sea of Japan" was introduced sometime
during the late 1920's during a time when Japan occupied Korea, both
Korea and China have referred to this same body of water as the "East
Sea" for well over 2000 years. In addition, there are dozens of world
maps predating the 19th century that refer to this body of water as
the "East Sea".

Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the
standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution
A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries
sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name,
the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently.
This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on
Geographical Names 111/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that
accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest
would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice.
Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that
seas bordering different countries should not be named after one
particular nation. Therefore, permanently changing the name to the
"East Sea" or in the alternative acknowledging a dual reference of the
"Sea of Japan" and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with
this international principle.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None.


FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on July 1, 2016 and shall apply to
text-books approved and issued on or after such date.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6599--C
    Cal. No. 278

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Education  --  committee
  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
  to  said  committee -- committee discharged and said bill committed to
  the Committee on Rules -- ordered to  a  third  reading,  amended  and
  ordered  reprinted,  retaining its place in the order of third reading
  -- again amended and ordered reprinted, retaining  its  place  in  the
  order of third reading

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  education law, in relation to requiring certain
  text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The education law is amended by adding a new section 706 to
read as follows:
  S  706.  REFERENCE  TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED
PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE  WHICH  REFERS  TO
THE  SEA  OF  JAPAN  SHALL CHANGE THE NAME FROM SEA OF JAPAN TO THE EAST
SEA, OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE SHALL NOTE THAT IT IS ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE
EAST SEA.
  S 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016 and shall apply to  text-
books approved and issued on or after such date.





 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13988-05-4

S6599D (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9703
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add §706, Ed L

S6599D (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S6599D

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to
requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the
East Sea

PURPOSE OF THE BILL:

To require that the Sea of Japan also be referenced as the East Sea in
textbooks used in New York.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding a section 706
which will require that any text-book approved and issued pursuant to
section seven hundred one of this article which refers to the Sea of
Japan shall also refer to such sea as the East Sea.

Section 2 of the bill sets an effective date of the July 1, 2016 and
the provisions shall apply to books approved and issued after that
date.

JUSTIFICATION:

This bill will facilitate an understanding that the body of water that
separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should also be known as the
"East Sea". While the name "Sea of Japan" was introduced sometime
during the late 1920's during a time when Japan occupied Korea, both
Korea and China have referred to this same body of water as the "East
Sea" for well over 2000 years. In addition, there are dozens of world
maps predating the 19th century that refer to this body of water as
the "East Sea".

Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the
standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution
A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries
sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name,
the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently.
This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on
Geographical Names 111/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that
accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest
would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice.
Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that
seas bordering different countries should not be named after one
particular nation. Therefore, a dual reference to the "Sea of Japan"
and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with this international
principle.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None.


EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on July 1, 2016 and shall apply to
text-books approved and issued on or after such date.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6599--D
    Cal. No. 278

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 11, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee  on  Education  --  committee
  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
  to  said  committee -- committee discharged and said bill committed to
  the Committee on Rules -- ordered to  a  third  reading,  amended  and
  ordered  reprinted,  retaining its place in the order of third reading
  -- again amended and ordered reprinted, retaining  its  place  in  the
  order of third reading -- again amended and ordered reprinted, retain-
  ing its place in the order of third reading

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  education law, in relation to requiring certain
  text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The education law is amended by adding a new section 706 to
read as follows:
  S  706.  REFERENCE  TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED
PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE  WHICH  REFERS  TO
THE SEA OF JAPAN SHALL ALSO REFER TO SUCH SEA AS THE EAST SEA.
  S  2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016 and shall apply to text-
books approved and issued on or after such date.





 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13988-07-4

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