senate Bill S5605

2017-2018 Legislative Session

Creates a pilot program to provide for an instant runoff voting method to be used in up to ten local governments for two years and provides for repeal of provisions

download bill text pdf

Sponsored By

Archive: Last Bill Status - In Senate Committee Elections Committee

  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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view actions (2)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 03, 2018 referred to elections
Apr 20, 2017 referred to elections

S5605 (ACTIVE) - Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
Current Committee:
Senate Elections
Law Section:
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2009-2010: S3589
2011-2012: S422
2013-2014: S3274
2015-2016: S2738
2019-2020: S2517, A7387
2021-2022: S824, A7203
2023-2024: A3608

S5605 (ACTIVE) - Summary

Creates a pilot program to provide for an instant runoff voting method to be used in up to ten local governments, selected by the state board of elections, in election years 2020 and 2021; requires report to state legislature.

S5605 (ACTIVE) - Sponsor Memo

S5605 (ACTIVE) - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K


                       2017-2018 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                             April 20, 2017

Introduced by Sens. KRUEGER, SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Elections

AN ACT to create a pilot program to test an instant runoff voting method
  of  elections  and  providing  for  the repeal of such provisions upon
  expiration thereof


  Section  1.  Legislative  findings. The current system of voting often
results in the election of a candidate who does not  have  the  majority
support  of  the  electorate  when  there  are  three or more candidates
running for an elective office. Further, where there are three  or  more
candidates  for an elective office, voters often will not vote for their
preferred candidate to avoid "wasting" their vote on a "spoiler"  candi-
date.    Rather,  they  will  vote  against a candidate they dislike, by
voting for a leading candidate that they perceive as the lesser  of  two
evils.  The result of the current system in multi-candidate races can be
the election of candidates who lack majority support.
  The instant runoff voting method provides for  the  majority  election
for  elective  offices. Instant runoff voting gives voters the option to
rank candidates according to the order of their choice. If no  candidate
obtains  a  majority of first-choice votes, then the candidate receiving
the fewest first-choice votes is eliminated.  Each  vote  cast  for  the
eliminated  candidate  shall be transferred to the candidate who was the
voter's next choice on the ballot. The  process  is  continued  until  a
candidate receives a majority of votes.
  There  are  several  potential  benefits  to the instant runoff voting
method. First, voters are free to mark their ballot  for  the  candidate
they  truly  prefer without fear that their choice will help elect their
least preferred candidate. Second, it ensures that the elected candidate
has true majority support. In addition, the instant runoff voting method
will (1) promote  higher  voter  turnout,  and  (2)  encourage  positive

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.


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