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ARTICLE 2
Limitations of Time
Civil Practice Law & Rules (CVP) CHAPTER 8
ARTICLE 2

LIMITATIONS OF TIME

201. Application of article.

202. Cause of action accruing without the state.

203. Method of computing periods of limitation generally.

(a) Accrual of cause of action and interposition of

claim.

(b) Claim in complaint where action commenced by

service.

(c) Claim in complaint where action commenced by

filing.

(d) Defense or counterclaim.

(e) Effect upon defense or counterclaim of termination

of action because of death or by dismissal or

voluntary discontinuance.

(f) Claim in amended pleading.

(g) Time computed from actual or imputed discovery of

facts.

204. Stay of commencement of action; demand for arbitration.

(a) Stay.

(b) Arbitration.

205. Termination of action.

(a) New action by plaintiff.

(b) Defense or counterclaim.

(c) Application.

206. Computing periods of limitation in particular actions.

(a) Where demand necessary.

(b) Based on misconduct of agent.

(c) Based on breach of covenant of seizin or against

incumbrances.

(d) Based on account.

207. Defendant's absence from state or residence under false

name.

208. Infancy, insanity.

209. War.

(a) Cause of action accruing in foreign country.

(b) Right of alien.

(c) Non-enemy in enemy country or enemy-occupied

territory.

210. Death of claimant or person liable; cause of action

accruing after death and before grant of letters.

(a) Death of claimant.

(b) Death of person liable.

(c) Cause of action accruing after death and before

grant of letters.

211. Actions to be commenced within twenty years.

(a) On a bond.

(b) On a money judgment.

(c) By state for real property.

(d) By grantee of state for real property.

(e) For support, alimony or maintenance.

212. Actions to be commenced within ten years.

(a) Possession necessary to recover real property.

(b) Annulment of letters patent.

(c) To redeem from a mortgage.

(d) To recover under an affidavit of support of an

alien.

213. Actions to be commenced within six years: where not

otherwise provided for; on contract; on sealed

instrument; on bond or note, and mortgage upon real

property; by state based on misappropriation of public

property; based on mistake; by corporation against

director, officer or stockholder; based on fraud.

213-a. Residential rent overcharge.

213-b. Action by a victim of a criminal offense.

213-c. Action by victim of conduct constituting certain sexual

offenses.

213-d. Actions to be commenced within three years; medical debt.

214. Actions to be commenced within three years: for non-

payment of money collected on execution; for penalty

created by statute; to recover chattel; for injury to

property; for personal injury; for malpractice other

than medical, dental or podiatric malpractice; to annul

a marriage on the ground of fraud.

214-a. Action for medical, dental or podiatric malpractice to be

commenced within two years and six months; exceptions.

214-b. Action to recover damages for personal injury caused by

contact with or exposure to phenoxy herbicides.

214-c. Certain actions to be commenced within three years of

discovery.

214-d. Limitations on certain actions against licensed engineers

and architects.

214-e. Action to recover damages for personal injury caused by

the infusion of such blood products which result in the

contraction of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

and/or AIDS.

214-f. Action to recover damages for personal injury caused by

contact with or exposure to any substance or

combination of substances found within an area

designated as a superfund site.

214-g. Certain child sexual abuse cases.

214-h. Certain actions by public water suppliers to recover

damages for injury to property.

215. Actions to be commenced within one year: against sheriff,

coroner or constable; for escape of prisoner; for

assault, battery, false imprisonment, malicious

prosecution, libel or slander; for violation of right

of privacy; for penalty given to informer; on

arbitration award.

216. Abbreviation of period to one year after notice.

(a) Action to recover money.

(b) Action to recover property.

217. Proceeding against body or officer; actions complaining

about conduct that would constitute a union's breach of

its duty of fair representation; four months.

217-a. Actions to be commenced within one year and ninety days.

218. Transitional provisions.

(a) Actions barred at effective date.

(b) Cause of action accrued and not barred at effective

date.