J6153

Commemorating 194 years of the Independence of Brazil on September 7, 2016

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6153


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating 194 years of the Independence of
Brazil on September 7, 2016

WHEREAS, Brazil became a Portuguese colony in 1500 with the establish-
ment of their first settlement, Sao Vicente; and
WHEREAS, Brazil was ruled from Lisbon for the next 300 years as a very
fruitful colony: rich in lumber, minerals, gold, gemstones; all making
Portugal very wealthy at the hands of indigenous people and imported
slaves from Africa; and
WHEREAS, In 1808, Dom Joao VI and the Portuguese royal family fled
from Napoleon and established the seat of government in Rio de Janeiro;
and
WHEREAS, After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Dom Joao VI thought it
best to establish Brazil as a kingdom similar to Portugal and worked the
next several years toward that cause; and
WHEREAS, Portugal strongly disagreed with Brazilian sovereignty and
Dom Joao's staying in Brazil, and sent an army to stabilize Brazil and
return Dom Joao to Portugal; Dom Joao returned to Portugal leaving his
23 year old son, Pedro, to preside over Brazil; and
WHEREAS, Pedro, now known as Dom Pedro, continued his father's vision
to bring about an autonomous Brazil, similar to what was happening in
nearly every other Latin American territory during that era; and
WHEREAS, In Rio de Janeiro on September 7, 1822, Dom Pedro received a
letter from Portugal saying that all power given to him had been
annulled and that Portugal intended to enslave all of Brazil; and
WHEREAS, Pedro turned to his companions and spoke: "Friends, the
Portuguese Cortes want to enslave and pursue us. From today on our
relations are broken. No ties unite us anymore" and continued after he
pulled out his blue-white armband that symbolized Portugal: "Armbands
off, soldiers. Hail to the independence, to freedom and to the sepa-
ration of Brazil"; and
WHEREAS, When arriving in the city of Sao Paolo on the night of
September 7, 1822, Pedro and his fellow companions had spread the notice
of the Brazilian independence from Portugal; and
WHEREAS, The Portuguese quickly gave in to the idea of a Brazilian
empire; without a single shot being fired, Dom Pedro I became the first
emperor of an independent Brazil; and
WHEREAS, The United States was the first country to recognize Brazili-
an independence in 1822; and
WHEREAS, International recognition of Brazil's independence came about
on August 29, 1825, when a treaty was signed between Britain and Portu-
gal; and
WHEREAS, Many Brazilians have made New York their home, and this
Legislative Body is justly proud to thank the Brazilian people for their
contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate 194 years of the Independence of Brazil on September 7,
2016.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6152

Commemorating the 191st Anniversary of Uruguay's Declaration of Independence on August 25, 2016

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6152


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 191st Anniversary of Uruguay's
Declaration of Independence on August 25, 2016

WHEREAS, Prior to European colonization, what is now Uruguay was home to
Charrua people who were driven south from Paraguay by the Guarani
people; and
WHEREAS, In the early 1500s, Spanish conquerors discovered Uruguay and
despite great native resistance and lack of silver and gold, eventually
colonized the land otherwise undesired by the Portuguese in neighboring
Brazil; and
WHEREAS, Uruguay's true resources such as its sprawling prairies and
nearly inexhaustible water supply were soon recognized by the Spanish;
the Spanish introduced the first cattle, subsequently, Uruguay would
become a livestock colony; and
WHEREAS, Uruguay had grown to be quite prosperous by the early 17th
Century and even more so in the 18th Century after the founding of
Montevideo, a military stronghold and burgeoning commercial center; and
WHEREAS, Upon the passing of Uruguay's formative generations, their
descendents became reasonably aware of the lack of freedoms including
self-government and social promotion; and
WHEREAS, In the wake of the American, French and myriad South American
Revolutions, Uruguay began a revolutionary movement led by Jose Gervasio
Artigas in 1811, which created years of great conflict between the Span-
ish, Portugese and British forces; and
WHEREAS, By 1821, present day Uruguay was annexed by Brazil; and
WHEREAS, Artigas had retreated to Paraguay, but an army of 33 men
continued the Crusade for Liberation culminating on August 25, 1825; the
Declaration of Uruguay's Independence was made and Uruguay joined a
regional federation with Argentina; and
WHEREAS, In 1828, the United Kingdom helped shape and enact the Treaty
of Montevideo, also called the Preliminary Peace Convention which deemed
Uruguay an independent state and by 1830, the first national constitu-
tion was adopted; and
WHEREAS, Uruguay, as a developing nation, has thrived despite the
numerous social, economic and political struggles; and
WHEREAS, Many Uruguayans have made New York their home, and this
Legislative Body is justly proud to thank the Uruguayan people for their
contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 191st Anniversary of Uruguay's Declaration of Independ-
ence on August 25, 2016; and be it further
RESOLVED, That a copy of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran-
smitted to Carlos E. Orlando Bonet, Consul General of Uruguay in New
York.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6151

Commemorating the 191st Anniversary of the Independence of Bolivia on August 6, 2016

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6151


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 191st Anniversary of the Inde-
pendence of Bolivia on August 6, 2016

WHEREAS, The Bolivian region in the Andes has likely been inhabited for
nearly 20,000 years; it was home to the Tiwanakan culture, the Moxos,
Mollos, and later the Incas until the Spanish conquest in 1525; and
WHEREAS, What is today Bolivia was long deemed a part of the Spanish
Viceroyalty of Peru, known as Alto Peru; and
WHEREAS, There was a long conflict in authority between Upper Peru and
Peru, and the colonies with the Spanish crown; this conflict of authori-
ty resulted in a local power struggle in Upper Peru between 1808 and
1810, which constituted the first steps taken toward autonomy; and
WHEREAS, In 1808, the President of the Audiencia, Ramon Garcia Leon de
Pizarro, leaned towards affiliation with Carlotta, but the oidores of
the Audiencia favored the Supreme Central Junta; on May 25, 1809, the
oidores deposed President Garcia Leon de Pizarro and established a junta
to govern in the name of Ferdinand VII; and
WHEREAS, During the following seven years, Upper Peru became the
battleground for forces of the United Provinces of the River Plate and
royalist troops from Peru; although the royalists repulsed three Argen-
tine invasions, guerrillas controlled parts of the countryside, where
they formed six major republiquetas; and
WHEREAS, By 1817, Upper Peru was relatively quiet and under the
control of the Viceroyalty of Peru; and
WHEREAS, By the early 1820s, General Simon Bolivar succeeded in liber-
ating both Venezuela and Colombia from Spanish domination; in 1822, he
dispatched Antonio Jose de Sucre to Ecuador to defeat the Royalists at
the battle of Pichincha; and
WHEREAS, After years of guerrilla action against the Spanish and the
victories of Bolivar and Sucre in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho,
Peru won its independence; and
WHEREAS, At this point, Sucre incited a declaration of independence
for Alto Peru, and exactly one year later, on August 6, 1825, the new
Republic of Bolivia was founded by a constitutional congress in honor of
Simon Bolivar; and
WHEREAS, Bolivar and Sucre served as Bolivia's first and second presi-
dents; and
WHEREAS, Many Bolivians have made New York their home, and this Legis-
lative Body is justly proud to thank the Bolivian people for their
contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 191st Anniversary of the Independence of Bolivia on
August 6, 2016.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6150

Commemorating the 195th Anniversary of the Independence of Peru on July 28, 2016

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6150


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 195th Anniversary of the Inde-
pendence of Peru on July 28, 2016

WHEREAS, The history of the Peruvian people dates back to as early as
10,000 BC and the oldest complex civilization, Norte Chico, flourished
along the coast of the Pacific between 3000 and 1800 BC; and
WHEREAS, Later cultures emerged including the Cipisnique, Chimu, Wari,
Chavin, Paracas, Mochica, Nazca as well as the Incas who in the 15th
Century formed the most powerful empire in Pre-Columbian America; and
WHEREAS, Peru, a Spanish Viceroyalty since 1535, was notably exploited
for its rich mineral deposits and guano used for fertilizers; and
WHEREAS, By the early 19th Century, most South American territories
were swept by wars of independence, while the powerful colonial govern-
ment of the Viceroyalty of Peru remained loyal to Spain, only to be
challenged by the military campaigns for independence led by Jose de San
Martin and later, Simon Bolivar; and
WHEREAS, The revolutionary army led by San Martin was much smaller
than that of royalist forces, so a direct attack on the Spanish was not
a prudent move; and
WHEREAS, The revolution strategy consisted of the Peruvian people
conducting the uprisings themselves while the revolutionary forces began
to organize a new Peruvian government; and
WHEREAS, On February 21, 1821, Jose de San Martin promulgated the
Provisional Rules, a set of legal guarantees for Peruvian citizens; and
WHEREAS, On July 28, 1821, the army led by San Martin took over Lima
and independence from Spain was finally proclaimed; the new Peru named
San Martin their "Protector" and their ruler; and
WHEREAS, On July 26, 1822, San Martin met with Simon Bolivar at Guaya-
quil to plan the future of Latin America; and
WHEREAS, The separation from Spain culminated in 1824 resulting from
the Battles on Junin and Ayachcho; and
WHEREAS, Many Peruvians have made New York their home, and this Legis-
lative Body is justly proud to thank the Peruvian people for their
contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 195th Anniversary of the Independence of Peru on July
28, 2016; and be it further
RESOLVED, That copies of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran-
smitted to Ambassador Maria Teresa Merino Hart, Consul General of Peru
in New York, and the various Peruvian organizations in the State of New
York.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6149

Commemorating the 205th Independence Day of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on July 5, 2016

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6149


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 205th Independence Day of the
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on July 5, 2016

WHEREAS, The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the site of the first
permanent Spanish settlement in South America -- Nuevo Toledo -- estab-
lished in 1522; and
WHEREAS, While it was the first permanent settlement, it was also one
of the most neglected as Spain sought more profitable resources such as
silver and gold from other areas of the Americas; and
WHEREAS, Riots, uprisings, rebellions and insurrections were common
during the 16th Century through the 19th Century as Spanish rule proved
to be overly oppressive and exploitive of the people native to Venezue-
la; and
WHEREAS, In 1810, while Napoleon continued to wage war upon Spain
under Ferdinand VII, Venezuelan revolutionaries began a revolution to
win independence from Spain; and
WHEREAS, April 19, 1810, marked the start of the revolution for Vene-
zuelan Independence; on that day, a forceful dismissal of Spanish Gener-
al Captain Vincente Emparan was followed by the establishment of the
Junta of Caracas; and
WHEREAS, On April 19, 1811, Venezuelan Independence was proclaimed by
the Junta; and
WHEREAS, The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 5, 1811,
and a congress was assembled with the purpose of writing a Constitution
for the new republic; and
WHEREAS, Sovereignty of Venezuela was attained in 1821, under the
leadership of Simon Bolivar, one of the most celebrated individuals in
Venezuela and Latin America; and
WHEREAS, Bolivar is revered by many as a revolutionary hero, vision-
ary, and liberator; he freed not only Venezuela but what are today Boli-
via, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Peru; and
WHEREAS, The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela did not officially form
until 1830 after a separation from Gran Colombia in 1830, following the
resignation and untimely death of Simon Bolivar; and
WHEREAS, Many Venezuelans have made New York their home, and this
Legislative Body is justly proud to thank the Venezuelan people for
their contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 205th Independence Day of the Bolivarian Republic of
Venezuela on July 5, 2016; and be it further
RESOLVED, That a copy of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran-
smitted to the Consulate General of Venezuela in New York.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 09 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6148

Honoring the New York Institute for Special Education upon the occasion of celebrating its 185th Anniversary

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6148


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION honoring the New York Institute for Special
Education upon the occasion of celebrating its 185th Anniversary

WHEREAS, This Legislative Body is justly proud to honor the New York
Institute for Special Education upon the occasion of celebrating its
185th Anniversary; and
WHEREAS, The New York Institute for the Blind was incorporated in 1831
by a group of social activists, including Samuel Wood, a Quaker philan-
thropist, Samuel Akerly, a physician and John Dennison Russ, a philan-
thropist and physician who determined to create opportunities for indi-
viduals who were blind; and
WHEREAS, A single row home in Lower Manhattan was the location of the
first class for children who were blind in the United States when it
opened its doors on March 15, 1832, 185 years ago; later, the school was
moved to the corner of 9th Avenue and 34th Street; and
WHEREAS, In 1924, renamed the New York Institute for the Education of
the Blind, the school was relocated to its present campus on Pelham
Parkway in the Bronx; and
WHEREAS, In 1986, the Institute reaffirmed its mission of service to
children by amending its charter to accept not only children with visual
impairments, but also children with emotional/learning needs and
preschool children with developmental disabilities; and
WHEREAS, Now known as the New York Institute for Special Education,
the school offers programs to children ages 3 to 21 from the five
boroughs of New York City, Long Island, Westchester and Upstate New York
counties; and
WHEREAS, The school is situated on 17 acres of spacious, well cared
for grounds with buildings for classrooms, dormitories, a gymnasium with
a fitness room, indoor track and a swimming pool; there is also a bowl-
ing alley and other areas of both indoor and outdoor play; and
WHEREAS, The school supports four quality programs for 300 children
annually who are blind or visually disabled, emotionally and learning
disabled and preschoolers who are developmentally delayed; and
WHEREAS, Camp Wanaqua is one very unique program as the only summer
camp in New York City for children who are blind or visually impaired;
this is totally dependent on private support, providing children with
classes, field trips and activities that focus on the development of
critical life skills; and
WHEREAS, The Schermerhorn Program recognizes the schools commitment to
185 children who are blind or visually impaired; many of these children,
who range in age from 5 to 21 years, have a mild secondary disability
and need a specialized educational environment in order to be successful
in school; and
WHEREAS, These students are provided a varied and challenging curric-
ulum and placed in either the one day or five day residential program;
the goal is to provide through small classes a high quality individual-
ized experience to assist students in gaining independence; this is
accomplished through adapted physical education, regents classes and
exams, modern technology labs and instruction in the compensatory skills
that are needed by these children to face the challenges of the global
world; and
WHEREAS, The Van Cleve Program is a highly structured educational day
and residential component that includes specialized services such as
counseling for the students and their families; and
WHEREAS, These children have emotional or learning difficulties; the
goal is to reduce the behavioral and learning deficits of students by

providing academic and social skills necessary to enter less restrictive
programs; and
WHEREAS, The Readiness Program is a preschool that helps children who
are developmentally disabled from ages 3 to 5; they have disabilities
that include speech impairment, mild orthopedic impairment or a learning
or emotional disability; and
WHEREAS, By providing special instruction, intensive therapies and
early intervention, many are able to be mainstreamed or are placed in a
least restricted environment when they reach the age of five; and
WHEREAS, The New York Institute for Special Education is operated by
dedicated staff members and teachers led by the internationally recog-
nized, caring, competent and compassionate Executive Director, Dr.
Bernadette M. Kappen, Ph.D. and a Board of Trustees chaired by John
Rhodes; and
WHEREAS, It is the sense of this Legislative Body to recognize the
dedication of the teachers, staff, Executive Director and Board of Trus-
tees for their persistence, dreams and commitment to securing the
futures of the children served by the New York Institute for Special
Education; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
honor the New York Institute for Special Education upon the occasion of
celebrating its 185th Anniversary; and be it further
RESOLVED, That a copy of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran-
smitted to Dr. Bernadette M. Kappen, Ph.D., Executive Director, The New
York Institute for Special Education.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 07 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 07 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

J6147

Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the new Sanctuary and Parish Hall of St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church in Brooklyn, New York

download pdf

Sponsored By

text

J6147


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the new
Sanctuary and Parish Hall of St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church in Brooklyn,
New York

WHEREAS, Religious institutions, and the many spiritual, social and
educational benefits they confer, play a vital role in the development
of the moral fabric of a responsible citizenry; and
WHEREAS, It is the tradition of this State and this Nation to pay
tribute to those institutions and individuals who have contributed to
the ethical and spiritual values of their communities; and
WHEREAS, This Legislative Body takes pleasure in commemorating the
25th Anniversary of the new Sanctuary and Parish Hall of St. Gabriel's
Episcopal Church in Brooklyn, New York; and
WHEREAS, Established in 1906, St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church has been
a cornerstone in its Brooklyn community for over a Century with a
potpourri of nationalities making up its vibrant parish; and
WHEREAS, From its humble beginnings in a basement church seating only
200 people, the new Sanctuary and Parish Hall which was built in 1991,
facilitates a beautiful and vivid worship of faith, welcoming more
members of its community; and
WHEREAS, St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church stands on the threshold of
tomorrow, prepared to meet the challenges of the coming decades while
retaining that spiritual resolve which characterizes its past; and
WHEREAS, It is the custom of this Legislative Body to take note of
enduring religious institutions and to bring such institutions to the
attention of the people of this Empire State; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 25th Anniversary of the new Sanctuary and Parish Hall of
St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church in Brooklyn, New York, fully confident
that this commemoration reflects the belief in those values which
enhance the dignity and purpose of life; and be it further
RESOLVED, That a copy of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran-
smitted to St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church in Brooklyn, New York.

actions

  • 03 / Jun / 2016
    • REFERRED TO FINANCE
  • 07 / Jun / 2016
    • REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
  • 07 / Jun / 2016
    • ADOPTED

Resolution Details

Law Section:
Resolutions, Legislative

Pages